Monday, December 10, 2018

TB Elimination by 2025 - Indian Government


PM Modi announced in Delhi End TB Summit in 2018 that Mission to eliminate TB in 2025 is launched. State governments were invited to partcipate in it.

March 2018.

ICMR was given the 2017 Kochon Prize for TB Research in the year 2018
Global DOTS strategy was shaped by it ICMR research.

Utpadan Pranali - Deendayal Upadyaya






इसका अर्थ है कि कमाने वाला परिवार में बच्चे, बूढ़े, रोगी, अपाहिज, अतिथि आदि सब के भरण-पोषण की चिंता करेगा और देश में अभावग्रस्त, निर्धन-निर्बल व्यक्ति के निर्वाह का भी समाज का दायित्त्व होगा, इसी में से आगे चलकर ‘अन्त्योदय’ के लिए आर्थिक नीति बनाने की दिशा सामने आयी| और अधिक विचार करने पर यह भी ध्यान आया कि यदि कमाने वाला खिलायेगा और जन्मा सो खायेगा, इतना ही कहकर छोड़ दिया तो इससे मुफ्तखोरी और काम न करने की प्रवृति पनपने का खतरा हो सकता है, अत: इस नारे के साथ ‘खाने वाला कमाएगा’ भी जोड़ा गया| इस समूचे विचार को ध्यान में रखकर ही हमें भारत की अर्थरचना करनी होगी| इसी में से रोजगार-परक उत्पादन प्रणाली का ढांचा खड़ा होगा| दीनदयाल जी का कहना था कि हमें आर्थिक प्रश्नों पर विचार करते समय नैतिकता एवं आर्थिकेतर कारकों का भी विचार करना चाहिए|

Source
दीनदयाल जी का एकात्म अर्थचिन्तन

-    डॉ. बजरंगलाल गुप्ता




Refer also
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=qYhtCwAAQBAJ&pg=PA61#v=onepage&q&f=false


Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya Vichar Darshan - Part - 4: ekaatm arthaneeti
By Sharad Anant Kulkarnee

This is book has interesting information on economic theories by various top economists.

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=vW41DwAAQBAJ&pg=PA103#v=onepage&q&f=false





Senses, Mind, Atman, Avyakta and Purusha



Beyond the sense is the mind.
Beyond mind is the intuition
Beyond that is Atman, the great soul.
Beyond that is Avyakta, the non-manifested invisible Supreme.
Above that is Purusha, the all pervading, all-Knowing Atman

Katha Upanishad


In Thrd Valli of Katha Upanishad
http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/sbe15/sbe15012.htm


Katha Upanishad - Shankara Bhashya
https://www.wisdomlib.org/hinduism/book/katha-upanishad-shankara-bhashya/d/doc145213.html

https://www.wisdomlib.org/hinduism/book/katha-upanishad-shankara-bhashya/d/doc145214.html

Saturday, December 1, 2018

Achievements of India in Science, Engineering and Technology



Math, Science, and Technology in India From the Ancient to the Recent
http://asiasociety.org/education/math-science-and-technology-india




2018

December 2018

Came to know of development of a process of for making B6. Project led by Dr. T. Ravindranathan.
Came across the case study the book Indigenous R&D in India.


Also came across a patent
Novel substituted 2-(6-benzyl-5-oxo-3-phenyl-(S3,7S,7AR)- perhydroimidazol (1,5-C) (1,3) thiazol-7YL) compounds
Patent Grant No, EP1219625B1 date 2006-05-17

Inventors Subhash Prataprao Chavan, Amar Gopal Chittiboyina, Subhash Krishnaji,  Kamat Uttam Ramrao Kalkote, Thotapallil Ravindranathan

Current Assignee:  Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
https://patents.google.com/patent/EP1219625B1/


January

A prototype of Saras, the country's first indigenously developed civil aeroplane, flew successfully on 23 January 2018
http://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/india-s-first-civic-plane-saras-takes-to-the-skies-after-nearly-a-decade-118012400539_1.html



15 May 2016
Indian Railways goes green as solar-powered train set for trial
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Indian-Railways-goes-green-as-solar-powered-train-set-for-trial/articleshow/52249707.cms

Indian Railways’ First Solar Train Prototype Unveiled in Jodhpur
http://www.thequint.com/videos/2016/05/13/indian-railways-first-solar-train-prototype-unveiled-in-jodhpur


A Book Published by Institution of Engineers, India

Achievement of Engineering in India in New Milennium


https://www.ieindia.org/PDF_IMAGES/publication/Advancement%20of%20Engineering.pdf


September 2015

15 September - Engineers' Day in India

IIT-B - 10-inch netbook  costing less than $100
700g - Equipped with a 1GHz dual core processor, 1GB of memory and 8GB Nand Flash - Wifi enabled.
http://www.livemint.com/Industry/HK4y3fHG8kSts2cDK0ykJN/IITB-develops-10inch-netbook-that-costs-less-than-100.html


April 2015

State of the art Scorpene submarine which has superior stealth and has precision guided weapons was undocked on 6 April 2015 by Defence Minister Manohar Parikkar at Mazagon Dock Limited.  MDL has to make five more of these submarines.

January 2015


The 50-tonne inter-continental ballistic missile, Agni-V capable going up to 5000 Km, the country's first such missile, was tested for the first time in a canisterised version. This was the third test-firing of the three-stage missile but first time in canister version.

India's first successful double hand transplant


Indian doctors have registered a rare feat by conducting India's first successful double hand transplant in a 16-hour-long surgery.
It was conducted at Amrita Institute of Medical Science in Kochi on a 30-year-old train accident victim, who received both hands of a 24-year-old road accident victim.

This transplant has put the Indian scientific community among the league of a few developed nations in the field of composite tissue allotransplant.
Only 110 successful hand transplants have been conducted so far in the US, European countries, China and Australia.

The entire expenses for the transplant were borne by the Mata Amritanandamayi Math.




BMC Engineers repaired giant sewage pump check valve giving the ability to repair valves and prolong their life for some more years saving crores of rupees.
News reported in Mumbai Mirror, 7 January 2015
Reported by  Chaitanya.Mapakwar@timesgroup.com
Tweets@chaitanya_pm

Aurobindo Pharma and Lupin got FDA, USA approval for Valsartan

Aurobindo Pharma on Tuesday announced that the company has received final approval from the U.S. Food & Drug Administration to manufacture and market Valsartan Tablets USP, 40mg, 80mg, 160mg and 320mg (ANDA 202223).

Valsartan Tablets are the generic equivalent to Novartis' Diovan Tablets, which is indicated for the treatment of hypertension to lower blood pressure. The product has a market size of approximately $2 billion for the 12 months ending October 2014, according to IMS.

January 06, 2015: Pharma Major Lupin Limited announced today that its US subsidiary, Lupin Pharmaceuticals Inc. (collectively Lupin) has launched its Valsartan Tablets USP, 40 mg, 80 mg, 160 mg and 320 mg, the generic for Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation’s (Novartis) Diovan® Tablets 40 mg, 80 mg, 160 mg and 320 mg strengths, having received final approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
Lupin's Valsartan Tablets 40 mg, 80 mg, 160 mg and 320 mg are the AB rated generic equivalent of Novartis’s Diovan® Tablets and is indicated for the treatment of hypertension and heart failure.
Diovan® Tablets had annual U.S sales of US$ 2.08 billion (IMS MAT September, 2014).
http://www.lupinpharmaceuticals.com/06Jan2015.htm

Updated on 2018 - 2 Dec 2018, 25 January
  22 Decmber 2017,  26 Mar 2016, 12 Sep 2015

Friday, November 23, 2018

Migration from India - Information

Outflow of Workers (in thousands)

         2007    2008 2009    2010    2011   2012     2013      2014     2015     2016
India 809       849    610     641   627   747     817       805     781      521

Source: Table 1.1: Outflows of Workers from Selected Asian Countries, 2007–2016
Page 4 of LABOR MIGRATION IN ASIA: Increasing the Development Impact of Migration through
Finance and Technology
© 2018 Asian Development Bank Institute, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, and International Labour Organization
https://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/publication/410791/adbi-labor-migration-asia.pdf


Around 8 lakh workers are going abroad and doing work. As every year 2 crore persons are looking for employment in India, 8 lakh workers going out in search better opportunities elsewhere in the world is not a surprise phenomenon.


In the total immigrants world wide,  In 2017, the ADB  found 17 million migrants from India, while PRC (People's Republic of China) contributed some 10 million and Bangladesh about 7.5 million.

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/india-has-most-outward-migrants-in-2017-says-adb-report/articleshow/66337342.cms

Number of Books in Libraries of Universities of India




It is an interesting question.

How many books are there in libraries of universities of India?
Why?
Because there are universities in USA with more than one crore books (10 million).

https://www.infoplease.com/arts-entertainment/literature-and-books/largest-libraries-us

ALA, August 2005 information

Harvard University: 15,181,349
Yale University:       11,114,308


Mumbai University Library

Today (23 November 2018), I came to know that Mumbai University library has around 8 lakh books.

Today it has a stock of nearly 8 lakhs seventy thousand books, periodicals and other material.

Books : 6,99,321

Theses & dessertation: 20,000

Periodicals: 12,000

Manuscripts: 15,000

Microforms: 2,000

http://archive.mu.ac.in/service_library.html


Banaras Hindu University Library

The Banaras Hindu University Library system, the largest University Library System in the country.

The Banaras Hindu University Library System consists of Central Library at apex and 3 Institute Libraries, 8 Faculty Libraries, 25 Departmental Libraries, with a total collection of over 13 lakh volumes.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sayaji_Rao_Gaekwad_Library


This shows Indian University Libraries are no match for libraries of USA universities. We need to increase our investment in libraries.



MIT Ad Hoc Task Force Report  on the Future of Libraries - 2015

https://v3.pubpub.org/pub/future-of-libraries




Books in IIT Bombay Library



 Collection Total as on 31 March 2015
Books, Theses, CDs & Videos 2,40,101
TLL & BC (Book Bank) Collection 12,084
Bound Volumes of Journals 1,18,925
Reports, Pamphlets, Standards 67,677
Photocopies 4,417
Journals (Print, Online) 40,000+


MIT has 13 lakhs collection

Tuesday, November 20, 2018

Deendayal Upadhyaya - Economic Policy Prescriptions - Implementation Suggestions




Philosophy of Deendayal Upadhyaya


Deen Dayal Upadhyay - Integral Humanism - Part 1

Quotes of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya

http://deendayalupadhyaya.org/home.html

---------------------------------------


Deendayal Upadhyaya -   Economic Policy Prescriptions


My argument  is that the policy prescriptions made by Shri Deendayal in his lecture entitled “Economic Structure Suited to National Genius” are logical and can be applied without any great obstacles. No doubt as Shri Deendayal himself points out every economic action based on policy guidelines has to be undertaken based on socio-economic cost benefit analysis. The action has to be based on facts we call data and analysis that tells us that there is economic benefit to the society.

The important points made are:

1. The economic system must help in the development of every human being (who is born ignorant and helpless) into God-like being (Divine being). As we know, each of us start as an infant and become a person like sanyasi who desires less from the people around but does lot for the society. No doubt in the last stages of life, most of the persons may not be able to do anything. That is why people have to start helping others as soon as possible and increase the quantity to the highest level when they have the energy in their body.

2. Economic system of the nation has to be designed to provide all human necessities of the population and goods and services required to protect the nation from aggressors. In addition to these,  there has to be objective of helping people of other nations also.

3. Production system has to understand the limitation of the nature and only milk it and leave it in an able state to provide future generations also the resources. The biodiversity in nature that keeps certain desirable properties of the nature in proper quantities has to be understood and preserved.

4. In the production system only a limited number work and they have to provide all the facilities to the remaining population. Children, old people, housewives have to be provided all the facilities required by employed persons. So the system has to recognize that people with ability, work and provide to all. A man works not only for his bread alone, but also to provide for the needs of all others who are dependent on him.

5. Education is compulsory for all children. The economic system has to involve both family members and society to see to it that children are provided with adequate education. Education is a social responsibility along with it being the responsibility of parents.

6. Adequate medical facilities have to be there in the economic system and even free medical treatment has to be provided.

7. Everybody who wants to work must find employment in the economic system.

8. Capital formation has to take place and it will be good if every person can see the capital that is formed due to his effort. When the capital formed due to a person is credited to his account only, he will not feel that he is being exploited by people creating capital. Therefore a system is to be designed that accumulates  a certain amount of capital in the account of every person who is working.

9. We have to employ machines to the extent we relieve workers from the burden and increase productivity. Machines should not replace labour and make them unemployed. Buying and installing machines have to be planned in such a way that they do not displace existing workers. New employment must come up with new investment as needed by the society.

10. Seven ‘M’s are to be properly understood and employed optimally in the production system. These are 1. Man  2. Material 3. Money  4. Management  5. Motive power  6. Market and 7. Machine.

11. The ownership of capital can be with the state, individuals or any other entity based on pragmatic or economic analysis.

12. Swadeshi and Decentralization are the two words that characterise the economic system to be designed for India.

Swadeshi means increase or improvement of all parameters of our Swadesh. Some of these  parameters are GDP, National Income, Per capita income, literacy rate, life expectancy etc. Decentralization of power of allocating resources is required to ensure effectiveness and also efficiency. According to my studies, India needs to invest Rs. 55 lakh crore in 2016-2017. This means on an average investment of Rs. 10,000 crore has to take place in every parliamentary constituency. Lok Sabha members are the representatives of people interacting with the political executive as well as public administrative service executives. They have to take up the task of facilitating this investment target in the constituency. They have to arrange for interactive sessions with other representatives of people, mayors, municipal chairmen, panchayat presidents, local organizations belonging to agriculture, industry, services,  academicians and researchers to identify investment opportunities and set up organizations to increase production of goods and services. There is clear existing  opportunity for MPs and MLAs to take initiative and guide development in a decentralized manner in the country. I think, as a part of NITI Ayog budget, each MP is given say Rs. One crore per year to organize development related seminars and publish its proceedings in print, broadcast and online media. Such an activity makes discussion related to development a local issue and people come to know of their role in providing themselves with goods and services through various special organizations and their family production units.

Deendayalji concluded his lecture by saying that we have to revitalize our culture to make it dynamic and in tune with the times (Yuganukul) so that our society is enabled to live a healthy, progressive and purposeful life. We have to produce such institutions as will kindle a spirit of action in us.

Let us turn our attention to analytical imperatives suggested by Deendayalji.

Machine: A machine developed internally or imported must provide economic return. Machines have to be brought only after proper economic analysis that indicates adequate expected profit.

Idle machine is losing proposition to an industrialist. Similarly idle manpower is losing proposition to the society. Full employment of all willing people of the society has to be the primary objective of economic planning and technology choices have to be made with full employment as a constraint. There has to be advance planning for the skills required for the technologies to be implemented. You should not keep your recently acquired machines idle because required skilled manpower is not there. You should not bring foreign technicians.

Availability of raw materials has to be assessed and then only investment decisions are made to optimally utilize available resources.

Capital formation has to be planned. Available capital has to be appropriately allocated to fixed capital and working capital.

Economic energy forms are to be used based on their availability. Energy productivity analysis is to be done and energy input has to be minimized.

We have to educate and  develop managers/leaders.  If we cannot develop people who can coordinate at least a dozen people, all other resources remain underutilized and we will underperform other nations.

Good understanding of the consumers’ requirements has to be there in the economic system. The economic analysis has to be based on the preferences indicated by the people.

Bharatiya technology has to be developed. Technology suited to optimal utilization of our resources subject to the constraint of full employment of persons with the desire to work is Bharatiya technology. Swadeshi ideal demands that we develop and employ Bharatiya technology.

I feel the policy prescriptions made by the proponents of Ekatma Manav Darshan are practical and productive.  We need to apply them in our economic practice at microeconomic level and ask the representatives of people and the politicians in government to implement them in macroeconomic decision making. It is only through writing memorandums and engaging in dialogue process that we can enrich the economic thought based on Ekatma Manav Darshan and also come across difficulties likely to come up during implementation.


New
Suggestions for Implementing the 12 Prescriptions


1. The economic system must help in the development of every human being (who is born ignorant and helpless) into God-like being (Divine being). As we know, each of us start as an infant and become a person like sanyasi who desires less from the people around but does lot for the society. No doubt in the last stages of life, most of the persons may not be able to do anything. That is why people have to start helping others as soon as possible and increase the quantity to the highest level when they have the energy in their body.

Suggestion for Implementation

In the society it is to be emphasized that every individual has to take care of self interest as well as social interest. Man is a social animal because he takes care of social interest.  As a consumer, every many takes care of self interest as well as social interest. He maximizes a combination of self interest and social interest.

2. Economic system of the nation has to be designed to provide all human necessities of the population and goods and services required to protect the nation from aggressors. In addition to these,  there has to be objective of helping people of other nations also.

Suggestion for Implementation

Every year, the GDP of the country is analysed and shortages are identified and actions are initiated to make corrections in the next year.

3. Production system has to understand the limitation of the nature and only milk it and leave it in an able state to provide future generations also the resources. The biodiversity in nature that keeps certain desirable properties of the nature in proper quantities has to be understood and preserved.

Suggestion for Implementation

A measure of the degradation of the nature is developed, measured and reported so that we understand when there significant degradation and take steps to alter production and consumption.

4. In the production system only a limited number work and they have to provide all the facilities to the remaining population. Children, old people, housewives have to be provided all the facilities required by employed persons. So the system has to recognize that people with ability, work and provide to all. A man works not only for his bread alone, but also to provide for the needs of all others who are dependent on him.

Suggestion for Implementation

The salary structures of individuals have to reflect his obligation to his family members and to the society.

5. Education is compulsory for all children. The economic system has to involve both family members and society to see to it that children are provided with adequate education. Education is a social responsibility along with it being the responsibility of parents.

Suggestion for Implementation
Education allowance is specified in the salary structures of people so that as parents they realize the obligation to spend it on their child's education.

6. Adequate medical facilities have to be there in the economic system and even free medical treatment has to be provided.

Suggestion for Implementation 
Medical services are given special emphasis in GDP analysis

7. Everybody who wants to work must find employment in the economic system.

Suggestion for Implementation

8. Capital formation has to take place and it will be good if every person can see the capital that is formed due to his effort. When the capital formed due to a person is credited to his account only, he will not feel that he is being exploited by people creating capital. Therefore a system is to be designed that accumulates  a certain amount of capital in the account of every person who is working.

Suggestion for Implementation
Workers can be made financial capital owners through various schemes. Some workers or technicians even today become capital owners by producing some equipment and giving it on rent (hire purchase or lease). Like bonus, we can create capital component in compensation.

9. We have to employ machines to the extent we relieve workers from the burden and increase productivity. Machines should not replace labour and make them unemployed. Buying and installing machines have to be planned in such a way that they do not displace existing workers. New employment must come up with new investment as needed by the society.

Suggestion for Implementation
Allow Industry 4.0 Technology in New Units in Backward Locations
Allow building new plants with Industry 4.0 Technology in backward industrial locations up to a cumulative capacity of 10%
Remove the Idea of Job Losses
http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2018/07/allow-industry-40-technology-in-new.html

10. Seven ‘M’s are to be properly understood and employed optimally in the production system. These are 1. Man  2. Material 3. Money  4. Management  5. Motive power  6. Market and 7. Machine.

Suggestion for Implementation
In the economic system, research and education in science, engineering and  management of each resource used in the economy has to take place. It is a service in the economy and it has to happen adequately.

11. The ownership of capital can be with the state, individuals or any other entity based on pragmatic or economic analysis.

Suggestion for Implementation
The role of private individuals, state (social action at control institution level), and cooperatives (social productive institutions) has to be recognized and various types of organizations are to be used appropriately. Management models and practices are to be developed for each type of ownership.

12. Swadeshi and Decentralization are the two words that characterise the economic system to be designed for India.


Swadeshi
Suggestion for Implementation
Focus on India: 20 Trillion Dollar Economy  by 2047


Decentralization
Suggestion for Implementation
Constituency Domestic Product - Role of MPs and MLAs in CDP Growth



Comments and Suggestions from Shri Ravindra Mahajan, An accomplished Scholar and Author on Deendayal's Philosophy and Ekatma Manav Darshan


Books by Shri Ravindra Mahajan

National Policy Studies in the light of Ekatma Manav Darshan, Center for Integral Studies and Reserach, Pune, 2013

Ekatma Manav Darshan - Vichar Sangrah, Bharatiya Vichar Manch, Ahmedabad, 2014

Prescription 1 - Upliftment of the Human to Divine - Self interest to Social interest
Supplementary points – 1 Generally self-interest and social interest go together. If there is some clash social interest deserves priority. 2 Desirable social should be put forward to all and individual goals  should be set by the individuals for themselves in the light of what is desired, possible and can be aimed)


Prescription 2 - Production in society
Supplementary points – 1 Use word basic necessities, 2 Define these after discussion.


Prescription 4 - Production by some for many
Supplementary points – 1 The individual does need meaningful work and hence, as far as possible, design of work in every establishment has to be to make is useful and satisfying.

Prescription 5 - Education
Supplementary points – 1 Education is the best gift parents and society gives to an individual. 2 It should be affordable and free for vulnerable sections of society. 3 Burdening students with high fee to make educational institution self-supporting or making it a business hurts everybody and is counterproductive.

Prescription 6 - Medical and Health Facilities
Supplementary points – 1 Emphasize ‘prevention’ than ‘treatment’ of disease. 2 Education should stress healthy ahar, vihar and above all vichar. 3 Encourage charitable institutions to provide affordable healthcare to counter menace of high-cost treatments.


Prescription 7 - Employment 
Supplementary points – 1 Employment - both wage and self-employment – should become the central theme of planning and development instead of it being a by-product as at present.

Prescription 9 - Use of Machines
Supplementary points – 1 Emphasis should be on machines operated by individual in the family. 2 R&D should be oriented towards increase of individual productivity through systems like 3D printing machines and use of digital tech for decentralized  component manufacture in homes, 3 Can present giant factories producing components or small items can be economically dispersed in homes?

I thank shri Ravindra Mahajan for going through the article and endorsing it by giving additional suggestions to make ideas more useful to the society.





Economic Ideas of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya

Front Cover
Deep and Deep PublicationsJan 1, 1999 - 167 pages










https://books.google.co.in/books?id=Y6BuFhAGQtYC

PhD Thesis

Socio political and economic ideas of Deendayal Upadhyaya -  A study of integral humanism

Researcher: Kumar, Suresh,  2003
http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/handle/10603/120572

India Information Blog - 2.5 Million Page Views - 15 November 2018

https://guide-india.blogspot.com/2018/11/25-million-page-views-15-november-2018.html



Updated on 21 November 2018, 15 November 2018