Sunday, June 10, 2018

People Problems - Solutions From Politicians - Annual Plan by MPs and MLAs



Every representative of people has to be on his own in giving suggestions about solving people problems. It has to be made mandatory for every representative to give an annual plan for solving the problems of the people in the next year. It can coincide with budget. The frequency can be increased to match with the meetings of assembly or parliament. We have to know the thoughts of each MLA and MP on the people's problems through a written document. Needless to say that such documents are to be made after holding consultations and information seeking exercises by the MLAS and MPs.

Suggestion


MLAs and MPs have to submit annual plans to government and parliament/assembly regarding people's problems and possible solutions.

Wednesday, June 6, 2018

Mudra Yojana - Telugu - ముద్ర యోజన విశిష్టత


ముద్ర యోజన విశిష్టత

ముద్ర యోజనను రాజకీయ పార్టీ కార్యకర్తలు, సాంఘిక కార్య రతులు , సమాజ చింతన కలిగిన వ్యాపారస్తులు కలిసి ప్రోత్సహించాలి. ఇది మోడీ ప్రభుత్వము యొక్క ఒక మంచి ప్రణాళిక. సూక్ష్మ వ్యాపారములను ప్రత్యేకముగా అభివృద్ధి చెయ్యడము వలన తరువాత కాలములో చిన్న, మధ్య తరహ వ్యాపార సంస్థలను ప్రారంభించడానికి కావలసిన అనుభవము లభిస్తుంది. అదే విధముగా ముందు సూక్ష్మ వ్యాపార సంస్థలలో పని చెయ్యడము ద్వారా ఉద్యోగములు చేసేవారికి శిక్షణ, అనుభవము లభిస్తాయి. అందరకి అంటే చాలా మందికి ఉద్యోగ అవకాశములు సూక్ష్మ సంస్థల ద్వారానే సాధ్యం. ప్రభుత్వమూ వచ్చే కాలములో ఈ సూక్ష్మ సంస్థల వ్యవస్థను మరింత పటిష్టము చేసే ప్రణాలికలను రూపొందిచవచ్చు. అప్పుడు ముద్ర యోజను మంచిగా అమలు పరిచిన అనుభవము ఉపయోగములోకి వస్తుంది. భారత్ ఆర్ధిక వ్యవస్థ మెరుగు పడడములో ముద్ర యోజన మంచి చేయూతను ఇస్తుంది అని నేను భావిస్తున్నాను.


విజయవాడ అర్బన్ తెలుగు దేశం పార్టీ వాణిజ్య విభాగం
ముద్రా రుణాలు పొందాల‌నుకుంటున్నారా? అయితే ఇవి చదవండి
http://vijayawadaurbantdpmudra.com/mudrasamacharam.html

న్యూఢిల్లీ, మే 29, 2018
ప్రధానమంత్రి ముద్రా యోజన (పీఎంఎంవై) పథకం కింద దేశంలో ఇప్పటివరకు 12 కోట్ల మంది లబ్ధిపొందారు - ప్రధానమంత్రి నరేంద్రమోదీ
బ్యాంకులు, ఆర్థిక సంస్థలు రూ. 6లక్షల కోట్ల రుణాలు ఇచ్చాయి.
http://www.happytimesinfo.com/2018/05/29/mudhra-yojana/

22nd May 2018
ముద్రా స్కీమ్ కింద  రుణాలకు -  40 సంస్థల తోడ్పాటు
లభ్ది దారులకు శిక్షణ వ్యాపార ప్రణాళికలు
https://www.sakshibusiness.com/view/finmin-ties-up-with-40-entities-to-extend-funding-under-mudra-scheme-16648


April 08, 2018

ముద్రా యోజన 2018 - ప్రధాని నరేంద్ర మోదీ వరుస ట్వీట్లు 

“మూడు సంవత్సరాల క్రితం, ఈ రోజున ముద్రా యోజన మన పౌరుల ఆకాంక్షలకు రెక్కలు ఇవ్వడానికి మరియు మన యువతలో వ్యవస్థాపక శక్తిని పెంపొందించడానికి ప్రారంభించబడింది.  మూడు సంవత్సరాల తరువాత, నేను ముద్రా యోజన అనేకమంది జీవితాలపై తెచ్చిన  సంపదను  చూడడానికి సంతోషంగా ఉన్నాను". అని ప్రధాని నరేంద్ర మోదీ  ట్వీట్లలో తెలిపారు.


______________


______________

8 October 2017
 సుజాన చౌదరి - ముద్రా యోజన (ప్రభుత్వ పథకాలు) అనుకున్న విధంగా లబ్ధిదారులకు చేరువ కావాలంటే బ్యాంకర్లు,  స్థానిక ప్రజాప్రతినిధులు కలిసి పని చేయాలి.
http://andhrabhoomi.net/content/ap-6958


చిన్న వ్యాపారులకు వరం ‘ముద్ర యోజన’
29-09-2015 09:25:
కడప జిల్లాలో 32 బ్యాంకులు, 350 బ్రాంచ్‌లున్నాయి . ఇందులో ఒక్కో బ్రాంచ్‌ నుంచి 20 నుంచి 25 మంది లబ్ధిదారులకు రుణాలు అందించారు. నిరుద్యోగ యువతకు ఈ పథకం ఎంతో ప్రయోజనకరంగా ఉంటుంది.
http://www.andhrajyothy.com/artical?SID=156552

Sunday, June 3, 2018

Winning Elections Based on Performance - 2019 Lok Sabha Elections - BJP Strategic Options


Can BJP increase its vote share in 2019 Lok Sabha Elections?

Votes garnered by Political Parties during 2014 Lok Sabha Elections




BJP  31.3%, 171,660,230

INC 19.5%, 106,935,942

AIADMK 3.3%, 18,111,579

AITC 3.8%, 20,378,052

BJD 1.7%, 9,489,946

SS 1.9%, 10,050,652

TDP 2.5% 14,099,230

TRS 1.2% 6,736,270

Refer: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_general_election,_2014

So BJP got 17.166 crore votes during the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. It can increase the votes in its favour in 2019 Lok Sabha elections based on its claims regarding serving crores of people during the last four years.


1. Bottom of the Pyramid People Outreach Option

The Government claims that its performance is exemplary and its schemes benefited crores of bottom of the pyramid families. It made a website showcasing its performance during 4 years of rule. Does it believe that it delighted crores of individuals with its economic and social transformation policies? If the answer is yes, it can locate the beneficiaries and reach them for further support during 2019 Lok Sabha elections through its 12 crore members.

People Contact Effort by  BJP Field - Party Members


BJP as an incumbent government is truly at an advantage to motivate the beneficiaries of its schemes and programme to lend support. It has to martial its field members to contact the beneficiaries, find their further economic and social needs during the next five years and communicate them back to the party headquarters to include them in the next manifesto. Thus they can effectively capture the beneficiary votes through their past actions and future promises.


If BJP is able to to reach the beneficiaries effectively, Congress will be at a disadvantage. But at the moment, media analysis indicates that Congress has seized the initiative in building up news in its favour. In UP and Bihar, the combination of Akhilesh - Tejaswi - Jayant is being highlighted as the young new brigade that can upset BJP.

What are the schemes of BJP - Modi Government that benefitted Crores of Persons and Families in the last Four Years?


Visit https://48months.mygov.in/


Impact of Various Schemes and Initiatives  scheme

LEDs Distributed under Ujala Scheme

LEDs Distributed
300,890,730 - 30 crores plus - 2 per family - 15 crore+ families benefitted.
31/05/2018
300,890,730


Loans Sanctioned under Mudra Yojana
Loans Sanctioned
129,073,857  -  12.90 crores loans sanctioned
31/05/2018
129,073,857


Households Electrified under Saubhagya since Oct. 2017
Total no. of Households Electrified
6,492,031  - 64.92 lakhs
31/05/2018
6,492,031


Children vaccinated under Mission Indradhanush
No. of Children vaccinated
31,500,000
31/05/2018
31,500,000


Soil Health Cards Dispatched
SHC Dispatched
134,546,471  - 13.45 crores 
31/05/2018
134,546,471


Direct Benefit Transfer since FY 2014-15
Direct Benefit Transfer since FY 2014-15
Rs. 3,821,785,000,000
31/05/2018
Rs 3,821,785,000,000

 s
Subscribers under Atal Pension Yojana
Number of Subscribers
More Than 10,000,000
31/05/2018
More Than 10,000,000


Gram Panchayats connected by Optical Fiber
Gram Panchayats connected by Optical Fiber
115,978
31/05/2018
115,978


Household Toilets Constructed under Swachh Bharat
No. of Household Toilets Constructed (Rural+Urban)
77,979,293   -  7.79 crore families provided toilets
31/05/2018
77,979,293


Length of Road Constructed under PM Gram Sadak Yojana Since FY 2013-14
Completed Length
171,659
Kms
31/05/2018
171,659 Kms


People Enrolled under PM Suraksha Bima Yojana
People Enrolled
135,341,000   -  13.53 crores
31/05/2018
135,341,000


LPG Connections Released under Ujjwala Yojana
BPL LPG Connections Released
41,030,010   -   4.10 crores families
31/05/2018
41,030,010


Beneficiaries under PM Jan Dhan Yojana
Total Number of Beneficiaries
316,700,000
31/05/2018
316,700,000


Open Defecation Free-Villages
Open Defecation Free-Villages
374,371
31/05/2018
374,371


Pensioners benefited by Jeevan Pramaan
No. of Pensioners submitted their Digital Life Certificates on Jeevan Pramaan
16,892,000
31/05/2018
16,892,000


MyGov Subscribers
Number of Registered Users
5,933,140
31/05/2018
5,933,140


Citizens Enrolled under PM Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
Citizens Enrolled
53,475,000  -  5.34 crores
31/05/2018
53,475,000


No. of Un-electrified Villages
Number of Un-electrified Villages under DDUGJY
0
31/05/2018
0


Fresh Registrations on National Scholarship Portal
Total Fresh Registrations
12,044,589
31/05/2018
12,044,589


Houses Completed under PM Awas Yojana
Number of Houses Completed (Urban + Rural)
10,000,000 - 1 crore families
31/05/2018


2. Intellectuals (Researchers and Developers) Outreach Option




___________


Numerous universities, 7 IITs, 7 IIMs, 14 IIITs, 1 NIT started functioning. AIIMS were also started.
PM Research Fellowship started.

____________



20 Institutes of Eminence will declared and funded.

_____________

Government has promoted research and development through various higher educational institutes. It can initiate a dialogue with research and invention communities and explain their activities so far and can take inputs for the next five years.


Vigyan Se Vikas
Advertisement in Times of India and Economic Times dated 7 June 2018

Mann Ki Baat on 25 February 2018

______________


______________




English translation
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=176780

Updated 6 June 2018
First posted 3 June 2018

Saturday, June 2, 2018

Marathon Running in India - Fitness Interest in India



China has 2.8 million persons who participated in 328 running events in 2017.

http://www.parklu.com/running-chinese-fitness-kol-marketing/


In India also many running events are being organized. It will be interesting to know the corresponding numbers.

Recorded races alone are touching 900 annually in India.  225 of them are in northern India, with 120 held in and around the capital.

https://www.hindustantimes.com/other-sports/marathon-high-india-s-road-running-culture-spawns-big-business/story-U4fjeFqUgmVumj9R0MXdOI.html




http://indiarunning.com/marathon-calendar.html

http://indiarunning.com/half-marathons.html


http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/spectrum/rise-of-the-marathon-runner/572358.html


2018 - World wide statistics on Marathon

https://runrepeat.com/research-marathon-performance-across-nations



Friday, May 25, 2018

MSME Parks in Every Assembly Constituency in Andhra Pradesh




https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/small-biz/sme-sector/ap-government-plans-msme-parks-in-every-assembly-segment/articleshow/64253688.cms


The idea is to have one M-Park with an investment of Rs 225 crore to create 1,500 jobs in each of the 175 Assembly constituencies.

The newly-created AP MSME Development Corporation will oversee the process.

200 parks will be set up by 2023 and will have  30,000 MSMEs with an employment potential for three lakh people. The total investment amount will be  Rs 45,000 crore.


http://apedb.gov.in/enterprises-sector.html

https://www.apindustries.gov.in/VCIC/Data/PolicyDocuments/MSME_Policy_2015_20_Booklet_Final_July_08_2015.pdf 

http://www.thehansindia.com/posts/index/Business/2018-02-26/Micro-small-and-medium-enterprises-feel-neglected-in-AP/361625


Thursday, May 24, 2018

2018 - Narendra Modi - BJP Government after 4 Years - Performance Report and Analysis



Narendra Modi Government is confident about its governance record. While everything may not be right as per manifesto and expectation, there are many areas and programmes about which the government is feeling good and satisfied. They have put together all the positive aspects before the Indian Citizens through a dedicated microsite.

Narendra Modi Government - Performance Dashboard Transformation of  India in 48 Months 


https://48months.mygov.in/


Public, other political parties,  political and economic thinkers, and media analysts now has the opportunity to take every claim and analyze it.


Time Mega Poll - 23 to 25 May 2018  - 71.9% for Narendra Modi as PM again


71.9% say they want Narendra Modi as PM again in 2019 Elections.
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/mega-times-group-poll-71-9-of-indians-say-they-will-vote-for-narendra-modi-as-pm-again-in-2019/articleshow/64324490.cms

More news items and views to be added.


How Indian economy has fared under Modi government and where it’s headed
Team Mint Money spoke to experts on the macro numbers in the last four years of the Narendra Modi government and how they affected individual investors
Thu, May 24 2018.
https://www.livemint.com/Money/RQzAZHtFzG2Pdp95zdVKoM/How-Indian-economy-has-fared-under-Modi-government-and-where.html


Updated 2018 - 26 May,  24 May 

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

100 Smart Cities Project of India - Plans and Programmes



World Developments - Smart Cities

What is a Smart City


2015 Video
________________

________________
uploaded by Vinci Energies


Watch Hangouts Organized by World Smart City Partnership Organization


https://www.worldsmartcity.org/hangouts/

2018 Hangout - Internet of Outdoor Things


__________________

___________________
Uploaded by World Smart City

Know About World Smart Cities


http://www.worldsmartcity.org/  16 July 2016 World Smartcity Forum

Four Main Themes of the Forum
Transportation/Mobility for smart cities  http://www.worldsmartcity.org/category/mobility/
Water for smart cities  http://www.worldsmartcity.org/category/water/
Energy for smart cities
Cybersecurity and privacy for smart cities

World's Smart Cities: San Diego

http://www.forbes.com/sites/peterhigh/2015/03/09/the-top-five-smart-cities-in-the-world/#657b21735a0e

Top 10 Smart Cities - 2014 - IESE Rankings  http://www.ieseinsight.com/doc.aspx?id=1582



India Development - Smart Cities

About Each Smart City in India

Kakinada

2017

Smart Cities Guidelines

http://smartcities.gov.in/content/innerpage/guidelines.php


http://moud.gov.in/cms/smart-cities.php


https://www.thescif.in/


Pune Smart City - Interesting Lighting Project

Savings commitment of 51%
https://punesmartcity.in/project/smart-street-lighting/


Tata's Concept for Smart Public Transport in Smart Cities

http://www.digit.in/car-tech/this-is-tatas-vision-of-converting-indian-metros-into-smart-cities-33505.html


2016


13 new smart cities announced by govt

24 May 2016

Lucknow, New Town in Kolkata, Bhagalpur,  Dharamsala, Chandigarh, Faridabad, Raipur, Ranchi, Warangal, Agartala, Imphal, Port Blair and Panaji

http://www.msn.com/en-in/news/newsindia/lucknow-chandigarh-agartala-among-13-new-smart-cities-announced-by-govt/ar-BBtor0N?

Smart cities - Critical voices
http://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/dec/17/truth-smart-city-destroy-democracy-urban-thinkers-buzzphrase

28 Jan 2016

First batch of 20 smart cities today.

Bhubaneswar, NDMC Delhi,
Pune, Jaipur, Surat, Kochi, Ahmedabad, Jabalpur, Visakhapatnam, Solapur, Davanagere, Indore, Coimbatore, Kakinada, Belagavi, Udaipur, Guwahati, Chennai, Ludhiana and Bhopal


September 2015

98 cities were identified for 100 Smart Cities Project. Uttar Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir have to pick up one each soon to touch 100 cities mark.
         
The announcement of future smart cities list is raising hope.  Development, especially roads and highways, would have a multiplier effect and boost rural jobs. Experts say the infrastructure is the backbone of the smart city mission which is all set to get boost due to these developments.
       

            The list of cities includes Varanasi, Allahabad, Lucknow, Ghaziabad, Bareilly and Agra from Uttar Pradesh, Tiruchirapalli, Thanjavur, Salem, Vellore, Chennai, Coimbatore and Madurai from Tamil Nadu, Nashik, Thane, Solapur, Nagpur, Navi Mumbai, Aurangabad and Pune from Maharashtra, and Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur, Gwalior and Ujjain from Madhya Pradesh. It also encompasses Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar and Baroda in Gujarat, and Bhagalpur and Muzaffarpur in Bihar.

            Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu have the maximum number of 12 cities under the list followed by Maharashtra with 10, Madhya Pradesh with seven, Karnataka and Gujarat with six each, Rajasthan with four, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Punjab with three each. Of those chosen for the project, 24 are capital cities, as many business hubs and 18 cultural centers.

             Eight smart cities nominees have a population of one lakh and below, while 35 cities and towns between one to five lakh. There are 21 cities, with a population ranging between five to 10 lakh, 28 cities above 10 lakh and below 25 lakh. A set of five cities are in the population range of 25 to50 lakh.

            Four cities- Chennai, Greater Hyderabad, Ahmedabad and Greater Mumbai-have population of above 50 lakh. Population statistics suggest that 64 towns and cities are in the category of small to medium, while the remaining 34 are large ones.

            The Government will release Rs 2 crore for each of the 98 cities for preparation of smart city plans. The region-wise panels of reputed agencies for assisting smart cities aspirants for preparation of smart city plans have been formed by the urban ministry. In the second stage of the city challenge competition, all smart city plans received by the Urban Development ministry will be evaluated, based on a set of six broad criteria. The top scoring 20 cities in the first round of competition in the second stage will be chosen for financing during this financial year. The remaining will be asked to address the deficiencies identified before participating in the second and the third rounds of competition. Forty cities each will be identified for financing during the second and third rounds.

            The Central government proposes to give financial support to Mission to the extent of Rs 48,000 crore over five years. The chosen smart city will be given Rs 100 crore per city per year over the next five years. Accordingly, the Central government has made a provision of Rs 48000 crore for the next five years for the smart cities mission. The States/UTs and Urban local bodies have to make an equal matching contribution. This in effect means that Central and state governments and ULBs will invest about Rs 1 lakh crore over the next five years for making 100 chosen cities smart.

            Smart city plans will be implemented by a special purpose vehicle to be set up for each identified city to enable a focused effort for effective implementation.
                   
            Urban population, according to 2011 census, was about 37 crore accounting for 31 per cent of total population. The cities also generate 63% of the nation’s economic activity. These numbers are rapidly increasing, with almost half of India’s population projected to live in its cities by 2030.

 AMRUT Project        

            A statutory town is one that has a municipal body. There are 4,041 statutory cities/ town as per 2011 records. Out of these, about 500 cities with a population of above one lakh each, are focus of AMRUT. These 500 cities account for 73 per cent of India’s urban population. Number of cities that can be nominated for AMRUT so far are like this : A&N ( 1), Andhra Pradesh (31), Arunachal Pradesh (1 ),  Assam(7), Delhi( 1), Karnataka( 27), Kerala( 18), Uttar Pradesh (54), WB (28) Maharashtra ( 37), Bihar ( 27), Jharkhand(11) etc.

             AMRUT, entailing an investment of Rs50,000 crore, envisages proper infrastructure services relating to water supply, sewerage, seepage management, storm water drains, transport and development of green spaces and parks with special plans of meeting needs of children.      
         
            A reform matrix with timelines will be circulated to states in the guidelines.  JNNURM projects relating to the urban development sanctioned during 2005-2012 and achieved physical progress of fifty per cent availing 50 per cent central assistance released and those sanctioned during 2012-2014 will be supported till March 2017. Accordingly, 102 and 296 projects will get central support for balance funding to complete these projects.

More information
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/efeatures.aspx?relid=126563

         

___________________________________________________________

India - Smart City - Concept




A Smart City to be developed as a well planned city is a sustainable business and residential area of 2 to 10 lakh population.

For  its sustainability, a smart city needs to offer economic activities and employment opportunities
to a wide section of its residents, regardless of their level of education, skills or income levels. In planning a smart city, planners  need to identify  comparative or unique advantage and core competence in specific areas of economic activities and  have to develop the required institutional, physical, social and economic infrastructures for it and promote those features and their benefits to
attract investors and professionals to take up those economic activities. It also needs to support
the required skill development for such activities in a big way. This would help a Smart
City in developing the required environment for creation of economic activities and
employment opportunities.

Apart from employment, it is also important for a Smart City to offer decent living options to every resident. This would mean that it will have to provide a very high quality of life (comparable with any developed European City) i.e. good quality but affordable housing, cost efficient physical, social and institutional infrastructure such as adequate and quality water supply, sanitation, 24 x 7 electric supply, clean air, quality education, cost efficient health care, dependable security, entertainment, sports, robust and high speed interconnectivity, fast & efficient urban mobility etc.

Smart Cities have to attract investments and experts & professionals. Good quality infrastructure, simple and transparent online business and public services processes that make it easy to practice one’s profession or to establish an enterprise and run it efficiently without any bureaucratic hassles are essential features of a citizen centric and investor-friendly smart city. Adequate availability of the required skills in the labour force is a necessary requirement for sustainability of a Smart City. Entrepreneurs, themselves, look for a decent living and so they also look for smart housing, high level of healthcare, entertainment and quality education. Safety and security is a basic need for them as to any other resident. A city that is considered unsafe is not attractive. Besides an entrepreneur or a professional needs to be there as someone who helps a city to prosper and adds value to it rather than
someone who only benefits from it.


Smart City will have:

 Competitiveness: It refers to a city’s ability to create employment opportunities, attract investments, experts, professionals and people. The ease of being able to do business and the quality of life it offers determines its competitiveness.
 Sustainability: It includes social sustainability, environmental sustainability and financial sustainability.
 Quality of Life: It includes safety and security, inclusiveness, entertainment, ease of seeking and obtaining public services, cost efficient healthcare, quality education, transparency, accountability and opportunities for participation in governance.



Pillars of a Smart City

 Institutional Infrastructure (including Governance), Physical Infrastructure, Social Infrastructure and Economic Infrastructure constitute the four pillars on which a city rests. The centre of attention for each of these pillars is the citizen. In other words a Smart City works towards ensuring the best
for its entire people, regardless of social status, age, income levels, gender, etc.

 Institutional Infrastructure refers to the activities that relate to governance,
planning and management of a city. The new technology (ICT) has provided a new
dimension to this system making it citizen-centric, efficient, accountable and
transparent. It includes the participatory systems of governance, e-governance,
inclusive governance, the sense of safety and security and the opportunities for
creativity.

 Physical Infrastructure refers to its stock of cost-efficient and intelligent
physical infrastructure such as the urban mobility system, the housing stock, the
energy system, the water supply system, sewerage system, sanitation facilities,
solid waste management system, drainage system, etc. which are all integrated
through the use of technology.

 Social Infrastructure relate to those components that work towards developing
the human and social capital, such as the education, healthcare, entertainment, etc.
It also includes performance and creative arts, sports, the open spaces, children’s
parks and gardens.

These together determine the quality of life of citizens in a city. It is also
necessary that city promotes inclusiveness and city has structures which
proactively bring disadvantageous sections i.e. SCs, STs, socially and financially
backwards, minorities, disabled and women into the mainstream of development.

 Economic Infrastructure
For a city to attract investments and to create the appropriate economic
infrastructurefor employment opportunities, it has to first identify its core
competence, comparative advantages and analyse its potential for generating
economic activities. Once that is done, the gaps in required economic
infrastructure can be determined. This would generally comprise the following:
 Incubation centres
 Skill Development Centres
 Industrial Parks and Export Processing Zones
 IT / BT Parks
 Trade centers
 Service Centres
 Financial Centers and Services
 Logistics hubs, warehousing and freight terminals
 Mentoring and Counselling services


Physical Infrastructure
Urban Mobility
Our existing  cities are witnessing rapid motorization. This has led to severe congestion,
deteriorating air quality, increasing incidence of road accidents and a rapidly increasing
energy bill. Walking and cycling have been rendered unsafe due to poor infrastructure and
public transport has been inadequate. Urban living is making having the personal motor vehicle essential. Public transport systems have been planned in isolation with the result that a well-integrated multi-modal system has not come up. This has resulted in high cost facilities not giving the outcomes that were sought.

Ease of being able to move from one place to another is at the core of a “Smart
City”. Seoul, Singapore, Yokohama and Barcelona (all considered Smart Cities) have a
sound transport system as the core of their “Smartness”. The smart transport system
emphasizes walking, cycling and public transport as the primary means for mobility with
personal motor vehicles being actively discouraged. In fact, smart cities lay considerable
emphasis on the walkability and cycling in the city. The pedestrian is given a place of
prominence as every trip has a leg that involves walking. However, smart city need to look
into the bottlenecks of road/rail networks also and wherever required underpasses,
elevated roads, additional rail networks need to be put in place urgently.

Cycling is one of the, most cost efficient and environmentally sustainable mode for
commuting in cities. Many cities across the world have given emphasis to it and developed
the required infrastructure for promoting cycling. Also programs like bicycle sharing such
as Velib in Paris can be promoted to decongest the CBDs.

If cities are to be efficient engines of economic growth, it is important that goods
are able to move from production centres to consumption centres at low cost and high
speed. Therefore, a good freight movement system acquires importance.
Hence, improved mobility will involve a three pronged approach whereby there are:
1. Improvements in public transport – Metro Rail, BRT, LRT, Monorail, Trams etc.
2. Improvements in infrastructure of other motor vehicles – ring roads, bypasses,
underpasses, elevated roads, improvements in the existing road ways
3. Improvements in infrastructure for walking, cycling and waterways


Reliable Utility Services
 Reliable, adequate and high quality Utility services are critical in a Smart City.
Whether it is electricity or telephony or ICT services, they need to be very reliable and
adequate. 24x7 services are necessary. For example, a minimum of 100 Mbps of internet
bandwidth and wide availability of Wi-Fi will be very important features. It should be the
right of every citizen to get these facilities on demand. Similarly, municipal services such
water supply, drainage, solid waste management need to be of very high quality and
available 24x7. Telephone services based on Direct-to-Home Fibre should be available for
every household. A Smart City cannot have only a few hours of water supply a day or
electricity that goes off for several hours or the streets littered with garbage. The
general appearance of the city has to be pleasing and clean. The main utilities that need
to ensured are the following:

Water Supply
Safe and adequate water supply is a public good as it has very large positive
externalities. Access to water supply is important for all the urban residents and lack of
safe water supply can keep the mortality rates high in general and among the poor in
particular. It has been estimated that access to water increases the productive working
hours of urban poor in general and the poor women in particular by 1.5 to 2 hours. Smart
cities should therefore have adequate availability of piped water supply that also meets
benchmarks of water quality, pressure, etc. across the city. Dual water supply systems
that serve the needs of drinking water and other needs would help in recycling water and
conserving it. Adoption of new methods especially smart metering for reducing loss and
energy consumption in water networks needs to be ensured. This is possible by installing
sensors in the supply system that measure water consumption, water levels, and water
flow rates on a real time basis. These models will help in not only identifying and localize
leaks, it would also assist to optimize energy consumption in the network. In addition,
smart water meters may be installed for measuring water consumption more efficiently
and providing water customers with data to help them monitor their water usage and
reduce costs.


Sanitation
Sanitation is important for all the urban residents. Lack of sanitation causes
outbreaks of epidemics, health disorders and keeps the mortality rates high in general
and among the poor in particular. It is well known that higher incidences of morbidity
pushes low income households below the poverty line. It is therefore essential that cities
should have a City Wide Sanitation Plan for all parts of the city. The Plan is expected to
be based on the concept of Decentralized Sewerage and Solid Waste Management
System. Also, each and every household should have a toilet so that no citizen needs to
defecate in the open. Further, all commercial and other public buildings should have clean
and hygienic toilets. There is a need for 100% recycling in the sanitation system. Idea is
that not even a drop of waste water should go out of the local area (one such example of
New Moti Bagh Township in New Delhi). Moreover, only treated water should get into
water body i.e. lake, pond, river etc.


Internet and Telephone
A 100 Mbps internet backbone coupled with 100% coverage of the area by cell
phone towers and a high level of telephone penetration will be essential in a Smart City as
most services will have to be offered online. Local service providers should also have
multiple service kiosks that can be accessed by people for evaluating public services and
accessing public information. Fibre Optic connectivity to each home, Wi-Fi in all public
places and educational institutions would be important features of a Smart City. This
would need a transparent and efficient system of providing Right of Way by Municipal
Authorities.

http://indiansmartcities.in/downloads/CONCEPT_NOTE_-3.12.2014__REVISED_AND_LATEST_.pdf


http://indiansmartcities.in/site/index.aspx

http://moud.gov.in/


Individual Smart City - Plans, Programmes and Achievements



Kakinada


http://kakinada.cdma.ap.gov.in/en/kakinada-smart-city

http://www.livemint.com/Politics/cMXZqsIvDHpFZMpCNN3uDM/Pensioners-paradise-Kakinada-coming-of-age.html


Updated 2018 - 24 May

 11 April 2017, 24 May 2016, 9 Feb 2016,  28 Jan 2016,   24 Sep,   5 May 2015