Monday, November 27, 2017

The Bhagavad Gita - Summaries of Chapter

I am writing on Vedas. I am also trying to create lessons to learn Sanskrit. Within this context, reading the Bhagavad Gita is appropriate. I started reading Gita today and I am starting this knol to record my understanding of each chapter. The initial versions is that of  Sri A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. It is appropriate that I use his english version, as I am using the telugu detailed version of Swamiji for my reading now. The material will keep changing as I add my interpretation. I plan to write detailed summary of every chapter in due course of time.
Lord Krishna is the avatar (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu. Wherever, Krishna is mentioned, it is to be interpreted as Lord Vishnu. Vedas talk of unity in diversity. There is only one supreme Lord but all of us see many divine beings. We cannot see all of them at once. There is a difference in their messages.  The spiritual quest is to see that one great person through this diversity around us.
Chapter One:  Arjuna's Reactions on the Battle field.

In the battle field, at the start of the battle of the first day, Arjuna sees his intimate relatives, teachers and friends in both armies ready to fight and sacrifice their lives. he is overcome by grief and pity, his mind becomes bewildered, and he gives up his determination to fight and tells Krishna that he is not interested in fighting.
 Videos of Jyotirveda2

Chapter 1 - Part 1 - Gita - Sanskrit - Moolam


Chapter 2


Chapter Two:  Krishna Starts his Answer
In the first chapter, Arjuna submits to Lord Krishna as His disciple and tells him to show him the way from his predicament.  Krishna begins His teachings to Arjuna by explaining the fundamental distinction between the temporary material body and the eternal spiritual soul. The Lord explains the process of eternal soul leaving and entering physical bodies. He also talks of duties of a person on the earth. He tells Arjuna that action has to be done, but the result may not come as expected. A man must not blame himself for the lack of result, if the effort was done properly. A person who understand this will keep on serving the world and through this Lord of this world. This is the nature of selfless service to the Supreme and it is the characteristic of a self-realized person. A person ever-ready to serve the society but does not feel dejected when things do not go expected.

Chapter Three:  Karma-yoga.

Everyone must engage in some sort of activity in this material world. No body can sit idle in world. The basic nature of a human will not allow him to sit idle.
 But actions can either bind one to this world or liberate one from it.
At some stage in life, a person has to go beyond the desires of his sense organs and be ready to leave this world peacefully. Once a person attains this state, he is liberated. By acting for the pleasure of the Supreme, without selfish motives, one can be liberated from the law of karma (action and reaction) and attain transcendental knowledge of the self and the Supreme. The pleasure of supreme is the pleasure of people of the world. Service to people is service to God.

Chapter Four:  Transcendental knowledge.

Transcendental knowledge - the spiritual knowledge of the soul, of God, and of their relationship - is both purifying and liberating. Such knowledge is the fruit of selfless devotional action (karma-yoga). The Lord explains the remote history of the Gita, the purpose and significance of His periodic descents to the material world, and the necessity of approaching a guru, a realized teacher. Why a guru is required. A guru is a role model. A guru achieved it. He helps the disciple to achieve it.

Chapter Five:  Karma-yoga - Action in Krishna Consciousness.

Outwardly performing all actions but inwardly renouncing their fruits, the wise man, purified by the fire of transcendental knowledge, attains peace, detachment, forbearance, spiritual vision and bliss. INward renouncing of the fruit is equivalent to going beyond desire. The fruits are not any more for him alone. The fruits are for others if the effort succeeds due to the support from Lord.

Chapter Six:  Dhyana-yoga.

Ashtanga-yoga, a mechanical meditative practice, controls the mind and senses and focuses concentration on Paramatma (the Supersoul, the form of the Lord situated in the heart). This practice culminates in samadhi, full consciousness of the Supreme.

Chapter Seven:  Knowledge of the Absolute.

Lord Krishna or Lord Vishnu is the Supreme Truth, the supreme cause and sustaining force of everything, both material and spiritual. Advanced souls surrender unto Him in devotion, whereas impious souls divert their minds to other objects of worship as well as pleasing of sense organs without a limit.

Chapter Eight:  Attaining the Supreme.

By remembering Lord Krishna in devotion throughout one's life, and especially at the time of death, one can attain to His supreme abode, beyond the material world. Remembering at the time of death means accepting the death with happiness. Only a person who has done his required duties can die peacefully.

Chapter Nine:  The most confidential knowledge.

Lord Krishna is the Supreme Godhead and the supreme object of worship. The soul is eternally related to Him through transcendental devotional service (bhakti). By reviving one's pure devotion one returns to Krishna in the spiritual realm.

Chapter Ten:  The Opulence of the Absolute - The Splendor.

All wondrous phenomena showing power, beauty, grandeur or sublimity, either in the material world or in the spiritual, are but partial manifestations of Krishna's divine energies and opulence. As the supreme cause of all causes and the support and essence of everything, Krishna is the supreme object of worship for all beings.

Chapter Eleven:  The Universal Form (Viswa Roopa Darshanam).

Lord Krishna grants Arjuna divine vision and reveals His spectacular unlimited form as the cosmic universe. Thus He conclusively establishes His divinity. Krishna explains that His own all-beautiful humanlike form is the original form of Godhead. One can perceive this form only by pure devotional service.

Chapter Twelve:  Devotional Service (Bhakti-yoga).

Bhakti-yoga, pure devotional service to Lord Krishna, is the highest and most expedient means for attaining pure love for Krishna, which is the highest end of spiritual existence. Those who follow this supreme path develop divine qualities. Bhakti-yoga involves listening to the Lord all the time. Hanuman is the ideal for Bhakti Yoga.

Chapter Thirteen:  Nature, the Enjoyer and Consciousness.

One who understands the difference between the body, the soul and the Supersoul beyond them both attains liberation from this material world.

Chapter Fourteen:  The Three Modes of Material Nature.

All embodied souls are under the control of the three modes, or qualities, of material nature: goodness (Sattva), passion  (Rajas) and ignorance (Tamas). Lord Krishna explains what these modes are, how they act upon us, how one transcends them, and the symptoms of one who has attained the transcendental state.

Chapter Fifteen:  The Yoga of the Supreme Person.

The ultimate purpose of Vedic knowledge is to detach oneself from the entanglement of the material world and to understand Lord Krishna as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. One who understands Krishna's supreme identity surrenders unto Him and engages in His devotional service.

Chapter Sixteen:  The Divine and Demoniac Natures.

Those who possess demoniac qualities and who live whimsically, without following the regulations of scripture, attain lower births and further material bondage. But those who possess divine qualities and live regulated lives, abiding by scriptural authority, gradually attain spiritual perfection. Demons trouble the society by not following its mores and morals.

Chapter Seventeen:  The Divisions of Faith.

There are three types of faith, corresponding to and evolving from the three modes of material nature.  Acts performed by those whose faith is in passion and ignorance yield only impermanent, material results, whereas acts performed in goodness, in accord with scriptural injunctions, purify the heart and lead to pure faith in Lord Krishna and devotion to Him. Such pure people like Sankaracharya, Ramanujacharya etc. are remembered for ages and they stay with the Lord for ages.

Chapter Eighteen:  Conclusion - The Perfection of Renunciation.

Krishna explains the meaning of renunciation and the effects of the modes of nature on human consciousness and activity. He explains Brahman realization, the glories of the Bhagavad-gita, and the ultimate conclusion of the Gita: the highest path of religion is absolute, unconditional loving surrender unto Lord Krishna. This will prevent one from committing any sin, brings one to complete enlightenment, and enables one to return to Lord's eternal spiritual abode.
Source for Swamiji's Summaries

Updated 29 November 2017, Gita Jayanti Day, Margashirsha bahula ekadashi
First started on 25 January 2012

10 Trillion Dollars GDP for India - A Target for 2030 - Many Economists and Business Experts Support It.

November 2017

India has potential to be $10 trillion economy: McKinsey MD Dominic Barton
By Vinod Mahanta, ET Bureau|Updated: Nov 26, 2017,

22 April 2016

India would become $10 Trillion economy by 2032

On 21 April 2016, Niti Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant said India would become a $10 trillion economy by 2032. Kant made the projection assuming that growth would average 10% over the 16-year period. The presentation was made during Civil Services Day function attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and large number of civil servants. Mr,. Kant also said, a average growth rate of ten per cent during the next 16 years.

China is the only country that has managed to grow at over 8% consistently over three decades. Its growth rate averaged 10% from 1982 to 2012. Can we do it? Think. would also help in creation of 175 millions jobs by 2032.

28 December 2015
Bloomberg says India will reach 6.6 billion dollars by 2030. See the link below.

31st July

ITC Limited 104th Annual General Meeting - Address by Chairman Y.C. Deveshwar

It is aspiration of ITC to achieve, at the very least, a revenue of Rs.1,00,000 crores from new FMCG Businesses by 2030. The present turnover is Rs. 11,000 crores.

23 July 2015

India Can Be A $10-trillion Economy

16 January 2015

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's $20 Trillion GDP Vision for India

Prime Minister Narendra Modi said  in is his speech:  "Let us Dream 20 Trillion Dollars GDP for India." Yes, He can create the vision for a $20 Trillion GDP India.

Already many experts have come out with $10 Trillion India. Let us achieve this intermediate target first by 2030 and then aim for the next. No rest till we are declared the best.

Yes, India can aim for $10 Trillion - Support from Gary Hamel, Strategy Guru
Vineer Nayar, Former CEO, HCL Technologies supporting the target and bringing leading consultants from the Globe to convince Indian Businessmen to create appropriate visions for their organizations.


ET Now upload

24 November 2014
PWC Report on India - Future of India - Winning Leap
Scenario 3: The Winning Leap includes investment in both human and physical capital as per the previous two scenarios but also focuses on investment in R&D and innovation and envisions a 9.0% CAGR for GDP by 2034. This scenario forecasts the most aggressive growth and is the only scenario which will generate the 240 million new jobs India's growing demography needs. This is supported by a massive transformation in the investment outlook and productivity metrics in India, supported through significant investments (domestic and foreign) and research and development.

Development of R&D Important for $10 Trillion GDP

Business world

Video - NDTV

February 2014
Finance Minister Chidambaram announced that India will be the third largest economy in the world by 2043. Can it be achieved by Modiji much before?
Policies to make India the third largest economy - Shri Chidambaram

National Solar Mission
Objective: to make India a global leader in solar energy and envisages an installed solar generation
capacity of 20,000 MW by 2020, of 1,00,000 MW by 2030 and of 2,00,000 MW by 2050.
Was it already revised by Modi Government?

Updated   2017 - 28 November,  2016 - 22 Apr 2016
Updated  2015 -   15 August, 12 April,  23 Feb 2015

Sunday, November 26, 2017

Bhagavadgita - Explanation - Hindi - English

Being uploaded by Bhaktisongs, Shemaroo

Episode 4


Episode 7


Episode 8


Episode 11


Episode 12


Chapter 1

Shlokas of Chapter 2

Explanation of Saankhyam has Saankhyam in Telugu

Updated on 27 November 2017, 25 June 2014

Mahatma Gandhi - Hindi Essays

राष्‍ट्रपिता महात्‍मा गांधी

मोहनदास करमचन्द गाँधी का जन्म 2 अक्टूबर 1869 को गुजरात  पोरबंदर में हुअ।  पिता राजकोट के दीवान थे। मोहनदास गाँधी मैट्रिक  करने के बाद इंग्लॅण्ड गए और वहां उन्होंने न्यायशास्त्र  अध्ययन किया। गांधी बैरिस्टर बनकर भारत  आए और मुम्बई  में अधिवक्ता के  रूप में काम  करने लगा।

राष्‍ट्रपिता महात्‍मा गांधी
Web Dunia Article

महात्‍मा गांधी  - Bharat Discovery Article

अहिंसा और सत्य के पुजारी महात्मा गांधी

महात्‍मा गांधी की स्मृति में

महात्मा गांधी

गांधीजी की जीवनी

Chapters 10 chapters are there
जन्म और प्रारंभिक शिक्षा

राष्‍ट्रपिता महात्‍मा गांधी - सुभाष चन्द्र बोस

4 जून 1944 को सुभाष चन्द्र बोस ने सिंगापुर रेडियो से एक संदेश प्रसारित करते हुये महात्मा गांधी को ‘देश का पिता’ कहकर संबोधित किया।
पुनः 6 जुलाई 1944 को सुभाष चन्द्र बोस ने रेडियो सिंगापुर रेडियो से एक संदेश प्रसारित करते हुये महात्मा गांधी को ‘राष्ट्रपिता’ कहकर संबोधित किया।

Bharat Discovery Org Article

गांधीजी के साथ जुड़े हुए मुंबई के जगे

TV9 Marathi upload

More Hindi Essays -

Updated 27 November 2017, 2 October 2014

Dharma Sansad - Vedic Way - India Issues - Discussions and Resolutions

Dharma Sansad 2017 - Final Day - 26 November 2917 - News

The sculptor of Indian Constitution B R Ambedkar said only through guidance of saints in Hindu society, untouchability can be eradicated. Now the saints come forward in full force.

Speech of Shri Mohan  Bhagawat at Dharma Sansad - Important Points



Times Now



Dharma Sansad 12
Dharma Sansad 2017

Core issues for discussion

Building a nation where there will be no untouchability,
Protection of cattle resources,
Legislation banning cow slaughter,
Building of Ram Mandir at Ram Janmabhoomi,
Liberating Hindu temples from the clutches of governments

Press Release 24 November 2017

'धर्म संसद' में मोहन भागवत ने कहा, अयोध्या में राम मंदिर के अनुकूल परिस्थितियां

2005 - 06

Dharma Sansad  11
Resolutions passed

Updated 27 November 2017, 24 November 2017

Saturday, November 25, 2017

Smart/Intelligent Agriculture in India

Agritech Summit in Visakhapatnam in November 2017
Bill Gates attended.

Creative Agri Solutions (CASPL)


CASPL was formed to play a catalyzing role in the ongoing agricultural revolution from traditional to modern farming practices with emphasis on issues of inclusiveness and sustainability.

India is in the midst of an agricultural revolution whereby modern farming systems meeting international quality norms are emerging alongside traditional agricultural systems. Many new concepts of agriculture are emerging – warehouse receipts, cold chains, logistics, multi-commodity exchanges, rural business hubs, GLOBALGAP/organic certification, agriculture and food parks etc.

In the emerging agricultural situation, farmers have multiple options for sale of agricultural commodities along with traditional markets, which were earlier not available – sale to processors and retailers, commodity exchanges, export markets etc.

Many agribusinesses have invested in modern farming systems to meet quality requirements for agricultural exports, processing, marketing and retailing.

Farmers’ benefit from modern farming systems characterized by better co-ordination of farm activities - access to quality inputs, information about modern production techniques, harvesting and post harvest management, processing and marketing.

Recognizing the benefits of improved farming systems for quality of produce and productivity along with implications for farm incomes, government sector, donor agencies and NGO's are partnering to engage in upgrading traditional agricultural systems through innovative approaches of multi-party projects.

Many creative efforts will be required to ensure that the revolution is inclusive and does not bypass small and marginal farmers.

CASPL will contribute to these endeavors by providing technical support, network, resources combined with out of the box thinking to identify successful practices and models on the ground

Services Offered

Addressing Issues in Field Crop Production

Increase productivity by enhancing access to quality inputs - seeds, fertilizers and pesticides.
Provide information regarding modern techniques of farmingusing new methods of information technology – computer, mobile interface etc.
Strengthen marketing practices/systems.
Use of information technology for market information.
Analytical support to policy issues - Minimum Support Price, Public Distribution systems, food security issues.
Horticultural Produce
Traditional Marketing of Horticultural Produce
Horticultural Crops – strengthening traditional and modern value chains
Enhance production/ productivity by ensuring access to quality inputs and production technology.
Provide information regarding selection of varieties and modern package of practices.
Efficient practices Post Harvest Management for minimizing losses – including practices for harvesting, packaging and transport.
Explore options for developing infrastructure for post harvest management and processing.
Provide marketing information and developing linkages with buyers/processors.
Develop modern value chains and upgrade traditional value chains to meet the requirements for processing, exports and organized retailing through supermarkets.
Cluster development for specific regions/crops.
Modernizing infrastructure of whole sale markets.
Use of modern ICT for enhancing information flow through the chain.

Support to Organic Farming Sector

Recognizing the role of women in organic farming.
Opportunities for inclusion of small, poor and marginal farmers.
Development of sustainable supply chain.
Supporting certification of organic produce including grower group certification.
Supporting the harmonization of regulatory framework to facilitate trade of organic products.

Strengthen Dairy farming – Small scale and Large Scale Operations

Support to small scale dairy farming.
Enhance access to veterinary services.
Providing extension information regarding management of dairy animals.
Provide support and necessary inputs for breed development.
Develop linkages for access to finance for purchase of dairy animals.
Strengthen milk marketing channels by increasing transparency in milk pricing.
Ensure quality of milk.
Support to modern large scale dairy farming operation.
Setting up modern large-scale dairy farms by corporate sector.
Setting up milk collection system including procurement and chilling centers in specified areas to be used for processing.
Developing linkages to finance and veterinary services.
Setting up milk processing units.

Development of Sheep and Goat Sector – Traditional and Commercial

- Traditional sheep and goat farming.

Importance in rural livelihoods.
Access to veterinary services.
Access to extension information.
Breed development.
Ensure quality of meat.
Strengthen marketing channels for sale of animals.
Develop linkages with exports, processing and emerging supermarkets.
Providing input on policy related to small ruminants to compete with emerging commercial sector.
- Modern Commercial Goat Farming.

Technical Support for setting up commercial goat farms.
Ensure quality of meat.
Develop modern value chains for exports, processing and sale to supermarkets.

Semi/Commercial Poultry Farming (Broiler and Layer)
Promotion of semi-commercial broiler farming as a livelihood option.
Opportunity for women to manage semi-commercial or small scale poultry operations.
Availability and accessibility of veterinary services for semi-commercial or small-scale poultry farming.
Success and sustainability of semi-commercial or small scale poultry farming operations.
Fluctuations in price of feed.
Availability of required inputs in rural/interior areas.
Strengthening channels for Marketing of birds/eggs.
Policies/issues related to contract farming in poultry.

Backyard poultry sector

Backyard Poultry in Rural Livelihood
Development of Backyard poultry sector
Importance of backyard poultry in rural livelihoods – linkages with issues is rural incomes, nutrition and women empowerment.
Enhance access to veterinary services, prevention of diseases.
Issues regarding production, distribution and supply of backyard poultry birds.
Provide support to initiatives of government sector, donor agencies and NGOs for development of backyard poultry.

CONTACT Creative Agri Solutions

For any query or information, please don't hesitate to contact us :

Contact Us
Creative Agri Solutions
I - 290,
2nd Floor,
Karampura, Moti Nagar
New Delhi - 110015

Tel. No. - 91-11-45679186, 25192749
Fax No. - 91-11-45679186
Email -

Robert Bosch Engineering and Business Solutions Private Limited

Smart Agriculture

The population of the globe is projected to be 9.6 billion people by 2050. The world is struggling to keep up as crop yields have already levelled off in many parts of the world. Soil, water and other natural resources are stretched to their maximum capacity. 1 in 8 people suffer from chronic hunger and more than 1 million are undernourished. Figuring out how to feed the growing population – while also having advancements in rural development, protecting the natural resources and reducing the gas emissions – is one of the greatest challenge that the world faces.

Governments, Corporations and even farmers need technology experts to use innovation and develop products that are cost effective and increase food production under already stressed eco-system.

With its enviable experience in the new product development domain, Bosch Engineering & Business Solutions delivers agriculture solutions to the agriculture industry (Agri-Input, Farm Mechanization, end-user farmers etc), enabling them to make optimal use of their available resources and further enhance productivity.

Bosch provides agriculture expertise in the areas of Precision Agriculture, Smart Irrigation, Remote Sensing Technology, Drone Applications, and Cold Storage Solution etc. all under the Internet of Things umbrella.

Contact Robert Bosch Engineering

Robert Bosch Engineering and Business Solutions Private Limited
123, Industrial Layout
Hosur Road, Koramangala
Bangalore 560 095
Tel : +91 80 6657 5757

Government of India wants suggestions from people on smart farming


The Internet of Things (IoT) can transform the agriculture industry and enable farmers to contend with the enormous challenges they face. The industry must overcome increasing water shortages, limited availability of lands, fertility of lands difficult to manage cost, while meeting the increasing consumption needs of a global population that is expected to grow by 70% by 2050.


New innovative IoT applications will address these issues and help in increasing the quality, quantity, sustainability and cost effectiveness of agricultural production. For example, leverage IoT can be leveraged to allow the farmers to evaluate the soil conditions, moisture level, livestock feed levels density and level of pest control. say if the level of pest control exceeds prescribed range, through sensors alarm and alerts can be generated to warn the farmers to take actions.

The purpose of “Smart Farming” is to increase the quality and quantity of agricultural production by using sensing technology to make farmers more intelligent and more connected.

With the help of this discussion platform we request you to share your valuable inputs on:

• How an individual or an organization may contribute to Smart Farming.
• Experiences and challenges in using technology as a tool in farming.
• Practical/workable solutions for complete imposition of the future of farming- “Smart Farming” using IoT

15 April 2017 - 413 replies are there on the site. You can read all of them.

Smart Agriculture IoT Vertical Kit

Product Code: CH-SAIVK
Brand: Cooking Hacks
This kit enables monitoring of environmental parameters in agriculture, vineyards, greenhouses or golf courses. Soil moisture and temperature, humidity, leaf wetness and atmospheric pressure sensors allow to control the amount of sugar in grapes to enhance wine quality, as well as to control micro-climate conditions to maximize the production of fruits and vegetables in greenhouses.

The three levels of depth of the soil moisture sensor are helpful to reduce waste of water by selective irrigation in dry zones. On the other hand, controlling humidity and temperature levels in hay, straw, etc. can prevent fungus and other microbial contaminants.

Updated 25 November 2017,  15 April 2017, 11 April 2017

Grassroot Innovations in Andhra - Telugu Villages