Sunday, April 23, 2017

Income for Indian Cricket Players



2017 - 26 March News

Anil Kumble wrote to the board asking them to share 26% of all types of revenues to players. Board is presently sharing only some types of revenue. This may increase income Indian Cricket players.

May be a good suggestion or demand. But the income sharing may be extended up to district level players. So that more number of players who contribute to development of the game as well as to creation of interest in the game across the length and breadth of the country.

In many other disciplines also such sharing may be thought of. This is a way of giving a share of the income generated by players. Also one can think of investing a part of that income in stadiums etc. as capital investment and then distributing a portion of the revenue to the stadium as income for investments. That BCCI, and state boards as well as players and some other investors can invest in sports stadiums in all the districts of the country and increase facilities for sports in the country.

Friday, April 21, 2017

India to Become 3rd Biggest Economy by 2030 - US Department of Agriculture Study - 2015



12 April 2015

US Department of Agriculture made the following projections of GDP for USA, China and India in 2030

Projections

USA  $24.8 trillion
China   $22.2 trillion
India   $6.6 trillion

India will do better.

23 April 2017




The Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog, Dr. Arvind Panagariya briefing the media after the 3rd Governing Council Meeting, in New Delhi on April 23, 2017. The CEO, NITI Aayog, Shri Amitabh Kant is also seen.
CNR :96031 Photo ID :101435
http://pibphoto.nic.in/photo//2017/Apr/l20170423101435.jpg

India GDP will be $7.2 trillion in 2030 - NITI Ayog


Niti Ayog has developed a 15 year plan from the financial year 2015 - 16 to 2030 - 31 and made the forecast that Indian GDP will be $7.2 trillion in 2030.


Meeting related materials

Opening Remarks by PM
http://www.narendramodi.in/pm-delivers-opening-remarks-at-3rd-meeting-of-governing-council-of-niti-aayog--535165

Presentation by Amitabh Kant, CEO, NITI
http://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/new_initiatives/CEO-Amitabh%20Kant_presentation_at_the_3rd_Governing%20Council%20Meet.pdf


PIB Press Release on Accomplishments of NITI during the last three years
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=161229

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/economy-to-grow-over-three-fold-to-7-25-trillion-by-2030-niti-aayog/articleshow/58330158.cms

http://www.hindustantimes.com/business-news/niti-aayog-projects-growth-at-an-average-of-8-in-15-years/story-U4uBHFznIBqWBg8peCRhBK.html


Presentations on NITI Aayog’s work, GST, and raising agricultural income, made at meeting of Governing Council, NITI Aayog
http://www.pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=161238

PM's  closing remarks at 3rd Meeting of Governing Council of NITI Aayog
http://www.pib.nic.in/newsite/erelease.aspx?relid=161240



11 May 2015

 $10 trillion economy by 2034


We need to boost R&D spending to 2.4% of GDP to achieve GDP growth of 9% p.a. for number of years and  become $10 trillion economy by 2034

India's economy would need to increase its research and development (R&D) spending from mere 0.8 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) in 2013 to 2.4 per cent  similar to developed markets of Korea (3.8 per cent), US (2.7 per cent) and China (1.9 per cent)  to grow its GDP by 9 per cent per annum to become a $10 trillion economy over the next two decades. Minister of state for science & technology and earth sciences, Mr Y.S. Chowdary  stressed the point while inaugurating '3rd Innovation Summit-cum-Excellence Awards: Innovative India@2020,' organised by The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) on 11th May 2015.



Focus on innovation should not  be restricted to new technologies and products but also include innovative distribution and financing processes and business models according to the minister.

http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-cm/need-to-boost-r-d-spending-to-2-4-to-achieve-gdp-growth-of-9-p-a-to-become-10-trillion-economy-by-2034-science-technology-minister-115051200273_1.html



Updated 24 April 2017,  1 November 2015
Published on 12 April 2015




Tuesday, April 18, 2017

Companies - Registered and Active in India




4 lakh companies face deregistration for not filing I-T returns


Over a third of the 11 lakh active Indian companies face the prospect of their names being struck off or deregistered as they have failed to furnish income tax returns for years. 

Sunday, April 16, 2017

Make In India - Electronics Engineering Components and Products



http://www.elcina.com/  -

http://www.iesaonline.org/



Technology from NRDC, India available for commercial production
http://www.nrdcindia.com/english/index.php/technology-management/2014-05-20-04-58-53/electrical-electronics









Excerpts from Make in India Site


​The electronics market of India is one of the largest in the world and is anticipated to reach USD 400 billion in 2020. The market is projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 26% per cent during 2014-2020.




Top 10 electronic products by total revenue:

mobile phones,
flat panel display TVs,
notebooks,
desktops,
digital cameras,
inverters / UPS,
memory cards/USB drives,
EMS/LCD monitors
servers.


Expected market size for major electrics sub-sectors in India by 2020:
Telecom Equipment (USD 34 Billion).
Laptops, Desktops, Tablets (USD 34 Billion).
LED (USD 35 Billion).
Consumer Electronics (USD 29 Billion).
Set Top Boxes (USD 10 Billion).
Automotive Electronics (USD 10 Billion).
Medical Electronics (USD 8.5 Billion).


3rd largest pool of scientists in the world.
USD 29 Billion consumer electronics market by 2020.
USD 94.2 Billion – demand projected by 2015.
9.88% industry growth rate between 2011-15.
2 government-driven incentives – National Knowledge Network & National Optical Fibre Network.


STATISTICS
The Indian ESDM industry was estimated to be worth USD 68.31 Billion in 2012 and is anticipated to be worth USD 94.2 Billion by 2015 with a CAGR of 9.88% between 2011-15.

Growth Drivers

65% of the current demand for electronic products is met by imports.

Huge consumption in the Middle East and in emerging markets such as North Africa and Latin America.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES :

Electronics Manufacturing Clusters Scheme (EMC).
Skill Development Scheme.


Supply Facilities

Semiconductor Wafer Fabrication (FAB) manufacturing facilities being set up in India in Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat with a total investment of USD 10.5 Billion.

Human Resources - Skilled Personnel
3rd largest pool of scientists in the world.

SECTOR POLICY
NATIONAL POLICY ON ELECTRONICS (NPE) :
NPE’s vision is to create a globally competitive electronics design and manufacturing industry to meet the country’s needs and serve the international market.
The objective is to build an ecosystem for a globally competitive ESDM sector in the country by attracting investment of about USD 100 Billion and generating employment for 28 Million people at various levels.
The ultimate aim of the policy is to develop core competencies in strategic and core infrastructure sectors like telecommunications, automobile, avionics, industrial, medical, solar, information and broadcasting, railways, intelligent transport systems, etc.
A number of state governments have also defined policies in electronics.
Other important policies include the National Telecom Policy and the National Manufacturing Policy.


PREFERENTIAL MARKET ACCESS :
Preference to domestically manufactured electronics goods in government procurement.
Extent of government procurement from domestic manufacturers will not be less than 30% of the total procurement.


http://www.makeinindia.com/sector/electronic-systems-design/




Additional Information


India is one of the fastest growing markets for electronics.

The demand is projected to reach USD 400 Billion by 2020.

Electronics Industry - India - Policy, Plan and Programmes  - 8 Jan 2014 In the report at that time demand is forecasted at USD 400 billion and called for production in India of apprx. USD 300 billion.  For comparison purpose, Output of China is $823.6 billion in 2010 (http://iaesjournal.com/online/index.php/TELKOMNIKA/article/viewFile/2854/pdf      )

Page providing information regarding important study reports, presentations and other document regarding important policy initiatives regarding electronic items in India
http://deity.gov.in/esdm/policies



Status of Electronics Manufacturing in India
Dec 2016 Report

India  is home to the second-largest user base for smartphones at 220 million,  and on track to hit 500 million in the next five years.

Under the make in India policy, over the past 18 months, 40 new domestic assembly units and 12 new component or accessory manufacturing units were set up.  Research outfit Counterpoint thinks that at least 180 million mobile phones will be assembled in the country out of a total of 267 million phones sold here in 2016.


 But,  Indian companies will produce the $11 billion worth of components going into 267 million phones (which utilize $80 billion worth of components). This is only  6 percent compared to 70 percent in China and 35 percent in Vietnam.

The indigenisation programme can be taken up in three phases. Phase 1 focus will be  things like batteries, chargers, cable, and housing locally; phase 2 manufacturing will be  displays and cameras; and phase 3 semiconductor components generated by local fabs. Regarding fabs, government is involved in negotiations and even announcements regarding setting up the factories have been made.

http://www.zdnet.com/article/india-makes-some-gains-in-electronic-manufacturing-but-faces-a-long-arduous-road-ahead/


Make in India - Strategy for Electronic Products  - Draft released in May 2016

http://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/document_publication/Electronics%20Policy%20Final%20Circulation.pdf

Electronics  industry  is  among  the  largest  and  fastest  growing  manufacturing Industry  in  the  world.  The  total  Electronics  Equipment  Production  of  the  world during  the  year  2014  was  estimated  to  be  around  US$  2.0  trillion.

Production shares of various segments are:

Computer Systems and Peripherals (26.6 percent)
communication equipment (21.7 percent),
Consumer Electronics (12.6 percent),
Instruments  (10.7%),
industrial  equipment  (9.5  percent)
Equipment  for Government / Military (8.8 percent).

Over  the years,  production bases have shifted
from USA and EU to Asia and the latter’s share in global production  has increased to
over 60%.

Electronics Industry  is conventionally divided into six  segments. The production (revenue) share of each of these segments are
 Indian Electronics Industry Revenues by Segment 2014-15

Segment                   $Billion               Percent
Consumer electronics      9.1                         28
Electronic components    5.1                         16
Industrial Electronics      5.6                          17
Computer Hardware        1.7                            5
Communication & Broadcast Equipment  9.5  29
Strategic Electronics        1.7                            5
Total                               32.7                        100

In  several  countries,  the  controbution  of  electronic  industry  to  GDP  is  significant.
For  example,  it  contributes  15.5%  to  GDP  in  Taiwan,  15.1%  in  South  Korea  and
12.7% in  China.  But in India, this proportion is only 1.7%.

Initiatives in the country

Skill Development
There have been large-scale initiatives to create skilled manpower to achieve  targets  of
1,500 Ph.D.  in  Electronics Sector Design and Manufacturing  (ESDM)  and  another  1,500
Ph.D.  in  Information  Technology  and  Information  Technology  Enabled  Services
IT/lTES)  per  year  by  2020.  The  scheme  for  setting  up  seven  new  Electronics  and  IT
Academies  has  been  approved  and  the  Special  Manpower  Development  Program  for
VLSI and Chip Design has also been approved. Financial assistance to the states/UTs for
skill  development  and  vocational  training  has  been  approved  with  a  target  of  400,000
individuals in the ESDM sector.


Turnaround time  of ships at ports averages two to three days  compared with 8 to 12 hours at Hong Kong  and Singapore.  Transporting internally from production location to destination port can
take a long time—14 days from Delhi to Mumbai, according to one estimate.

Real  wages  in manufacturing in China have been rising at 10% per year since 2007. In 2014, they
stood at more than Rs. 5 lakh  per year. These increased wages are rendering China uncompetitive in employment-intensive  activities.

Coastal Eport Zones may be set up with more liberal policies.

It would be worth considering a  ten-year  tax  holiday  for  a  firm  that  invests  a  substantial  pre-specified  sum  and generates  a  large  pre-specified  volume  of  direct  employment.   For  example,  the investment  threshold  may  be  set  at  $1  billion  and  employment  at  20,000.

News - Electronics Manufacturing in India


2017

Television sales is expected to touch Rs. 1,30,500 crores  by 2020.
(The Economic Times article on 31 January 2017)

India’s television market is expected to grow at CAGR of 15.5 per cent to reach US$ 15.2 billion in 2019.
http://www.ibef.org/industry/entertainment-presentation  accessed on 1 February 2017.

https://www.techsciresearch.com/news/2008-india-television-market-to-cross-9-billion-by-2021.html

http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/india-television-market-forecast--opportunities-2021-techsci-research-report-59457http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/india-television-market-forecast--opportunities-2021-techsci-research-report-594573561.html





2016


October 2016
http://www.ibef.org/industry/manufacturing-sector-india.aspx

http://www.maiervidorno.com/indian-electronics-industry-growth-healthy-pace-consumer-electronics/

http://www.nasscom.in/nasscom-perspective-2025-shaping-digital-revolution




March 2016

India Electronics and Semiconductor Association (IESA), the premier trade body representing the Indian Electronic System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM) industry and The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM), today signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to enable India in becoming a leading player in the next era of ESDM and IT.

25% of country’s GDP by 2025 from IT and ESDM
http://www.nasscom.in/iesa-and-nasscom-partner-speed-%E2%80%98make-india-and-digital-india%E2%80%99-agenda-esdm-and-it



Jan 2016

On 13 January 2016, China - India Mobile phone and component manufacturing summit is taking place and 80 Chinese companies are participating in it.


The telecom industry is expected provide 7 lakh new job opportunities in the next five years (by 2020), a top telecom skill development group said in its assessment that it has submitted to national planning committee NITI Aayog.

Of the total workforce in the sector, the retail and handset segments will employ 35%, service providers 29%, network and IT vendors 18%, telecom gear manufacturing 15% and infrastructure providers 3%, according to its estimate.
http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/telecom/telecom-sector-to-generate-7-lakh-new-jobs-in-five-years/articleshow/50505375.cms



Electronics Manufacturing with the aim of Zero Net Imports - A Pillar of Digital India Policy - Details
http://www.digitalindia.gov.in/content/electronics-manufacturing



2 Feb 2015
Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad, Union Minister wrote in an Times of India article that India consumes up to $100 billion in electronics every year, most of which is imported.


14 Feb 2015

One billion dollar Analog Wafer Fab MOU

IESA (India Electronics & Semiconductor Association) enabled the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between US-based Cricket Semiconductor and the Government of Madhya Pradesh for an analog fab proposed to be set-up in the state. The proposed investment is expected to be Rs 6000 crore ($1 BILLION) to set up an analog wafer fab in the country.

The creation of this fab ecosystem coupled with the products and systems value chain is expected to create close to 4,50,000 new jobs, making a potential future economic impact of $40 billion, over its project life span and reduce electronics import burden for the nation.
http://www.firstpost.com/business/us-based-cricket-semiconductor-plans-set-rs-6000-crore-analog-chip-fab-india-2098659.html



The government expects to double the export of telecom equipment and services to $10 billion (Rs 62,000 crore) in the next five years (14% growth rate).

Current telecom export is Rs 32,000 crore (Rs 320 billion), about Rs 20,000 crore (Rs 200 billion) comes from equipment and products and Rs 12,000 crore (Rs 120 billion) from telecom services such as consultancy projects.

Telecom Equipment and Services Export Promotion Council promotes  export of telecom equipment and services.
http://www.rediff.com/business/report/telecom-export-to-double-in-5-years-says-govt/20150214.htm



December 2015

Investment in the electronics manufacturing sector has jumped over six-fold in a year to reach Rs 1.14 lakh crore by December 2015

The turnover of consumer electronics during the year 2014 was Rs 45,000 crore and during 2015 it is likely to be Rs 50,000 crore.
http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2015-12-31/news/69427004_1_electronic-manufacturing-clusters-1-14-lakh-crore-december-2015




2010

Employment Potential of Electronics Sector in India


It is estimated that around 16.1 million people will be directly employed in the industry by 2014 and 27.8 million by 2020, as compared to the current 4.4 million. According to the report on Manpower for electronics industry, the concentration of manpower is in the manufacturing segment followed by after sales and sales support. R&D on the other hand employs the least number of people. Regulations relating to over-time and contracts also need to be revamped to meet the highs and lows of demand. Hence, the government needs to focus proactively on skill development. The recent report on ‘Human Resource and Skill Requirements in Electronics and IT Hardware’ by the National Skill Development Mission may be referred to in this regards.

Electronics Industry - India - China - USA - World Comparison

India

India is one of the fastest growing markets for electronics.

The demand is projected to reach USD 400 Billion by 2020.

Electronics Industry - India - Policy, Plan and Programmes  - 8 Jan 2014 In the report at that time demand is forecasted at USD 400 billion and called for production in India of apprx. USD 300 billion.


China

For comparison purpose, Output of China is $823.6 billion in 2010 (http://iaesjournal.com/online/index.php/TELKOMNIKA/article/viewFile/2854/pdf      )


USA


World

Related Information

International Competitiveness in Electronics

Competitiveness of Indian Electronics and IT Hardware Industry
NPC 2010 Report
http://nmcc.nic.in/pdf/ithardware_03july2010.pdf

1983 USA report
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=PWHa1jDUSdQC





Follow Twitter Hashtag  MakeinIndia
https://twitter.com/hashtag/Makeinindia?src=hash



Saturday, April 15, 2017

List of Approved Journals by UGC India




http://www.ugc.ac.in/journallist/

the list is classified into Science, Social Science, and Arts and Humanities. Engineering is included in science. Management is included in social science.

The Greatest Indian after independence: DR. B.R. Ambedkar







Photo taken by me on 13 April 2017 - On that lecture on Ambedkar - Nationalism and Constitution was delivered by Prof. Aniruddha Deshpande.

The Greatest Indian after independence: Dr. B.R. Ambedkar - 2012 CNN IBN Poll



Ambedkar is definitely is the greatest Indian after Mahatma Gandhi in the 20th Century. No doubt the RSS founder Keshav Baliram Hedgewar is there for his achievement of establishing RSS, whose guidance and support has made BJP the ruling party that won power in many elections. The present BJP government in Delhi is also led by an RSS Pacharak, Shri Narendra Modi.  After Congress, BJP is the biggest and the successful national political party of India.  But Ambedkar symbolizes the fight of an oppressed man. The rise of an oppressed man. Ambedkar worked his way up through normal life of a boy who studied as per the direction of his teachers. He went to do his doctorate in economics. His rise to that level from his downtrodden birth and family is itself an achievement. Then, social consciousness captured him. He became a leader of his community and delivered his community from the oppressive social system of the day. He studied law in to support the cause he has taken up. He used to write the constitution of India. He is given lot of credit for writing the constitution with his own hands.

14 April is his birthday. Every time one feel social injustice in the country, one has to remember Ambedkar. You can reverse social injustice. You can use nonviolent methods in the footsteps of Gandhi and Ambedkar, You can mobilize public opinion and make Kings and Dictators tremble before you. Don't obey an unjust order and command.  Be ready to die. If you a true Hindu and believe in God, in Soul and Rebirth, lose your life for Dharma. There is nothing to lose. Your soul is eternal. Build a better society by losing this temporary body. A great act inspires generations. A great act by you in this life helps your soul also in many births.


Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (14 April 1891 – 6 December 1956) is popularly known as Babasaheb Ambedkar. He was a jurist, economist, politician and social reformer. He came up in life against great odds and handicaps.  He campaigned successfully against social discrimination against Untouchables (Harijans (Gandhi), Scheduled castes in constitutions,  Dalits), women and labour. He was Independent India's first law minister and the principal architect of the Constitution of India.

__________________

__________________


BR Ambedkar, the Father of Indian Constitution, is the overwhelming choice.


http://www.ambedkar.org/Babasaheb/quotations.htm

http://ijmcr.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/Paper22105-107.pdf



Books by Ambedkar

Writings & Speeches of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
17 Volumes - 18 Books - pdfs available for download
http://www.mea.gov.in/books-writings-of-ambedkar.htm

The Untouchables


Dr. Bheemrao Ambedkar
Gautam Book Center, 1948 - Dalits - 168 page
https://books.google.co.in/books/about/The_Untouchables.html?id=iH2nqo7ADeUC


Annihilation of Caste, Volume 1


Dr B.R. Ambedkar
Ssoft Group, INDIA, 03-Nov-2014 - HISTORY - 134 pages


Annihilation of Caste is an undelivered speech written in 1936 by B. R. Ambedkar, an Indian writer,activist,politician who fought against the country's concept of untouchability. The speech was prepared as the presidential address for the annual conference of a Hindu reformist group Jat-Pat Todak Mandal, on the ill effects of caste in Hindu society. After his invitation to speak at the conference was withdrawn due to the address's "unbearable" content, Ambedkar self-published 1,500 copies of the speech in May 1936.
https://books.google.co.in/books/about/Annihilation_of_Caste.html?id=Eio8BQAAQBAJ

IDEAS OF A NATION: B. R. AMBEDKAR

Bhim Rao Ambedkar
Penguin UK, 05-Feb-2010 - Political Science - 112 pages

To celebrate the sixtieth anniversary of the Indian Republic; the Words of Freedom series showcases the landmark speeches and writings of fourteen visionary leaders whose thought animated the Indian struggle for Independence and whose revolutionary ideas and actions forged the Republic of India as we know it today.
https://books.google.co.in/books/about/IDEAS_OF_A_NATION_B_R_AMBEDKAR.html?id=VojESQFvJ_cC




Books on Ambedkar

Dr. Ambedkar and Social Justice
M. G. Chitkara
APH Publishing, Jan 1, 2002 - 259 pages
On the life and social thought of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, 1892-1956, Indian statesman and some previously published articles.
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=riTiTry4U3EC

Socio-economic and Political Vision of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
S. N. Mishra
Concept Publishing Company, 2010 - Constitutional law - 280 pages
https://books.google.co.in/books/about/Socio_economic_and_Political_Vision_of_D.html?id=N2XLE22ZizYC



Updated 14 April 2017,   14 April 2014
Posted 1 August 2013

Skill India - Mission, Programme and Projects



http://www.skilldevelopment.gov.in/    http://msde.gov.in/pmkvy.html


15-July-2015

Prime Minister Launches SKILL INDIA on the Occasion of World Youth Skills Day



Source: http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=123296

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi launched  the logo of the Skill India Mission, on the occasion of the World Youth Skills Day, in New Delhi on July 15, 2015.

18,000 plus ITI graduating students received job offer letters on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day

Government sets target to provide skill training to 40.02 crore people by 2022

Government here today launched SKILL INDIA on the occasion of the first-ever World Youth Skills Day. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi was the Chief Guest for the event, which was held in the Plenary Hall of Vigyan Bhavan. The Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy was the Guest of Honour on this occasion. Union Ministers Shri Arun Jaitley, Shri Manohar Parrikar, Shri Suresh Prabhu, Shri Anant Geete, Shri Jagat Prakash Nadda, Shri Ananth Kumar, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar, Shri Thaawar Chand Gehlot, Shri Piyush Goyal and Shri Santosh Kumar Gangwar were present on the dais.

Several Chief Ministers, State Ministers, Secretaries to the Government of India and other representatives from central and state governments were also present at the event. Foreign dignitaries, including Ambassadors and High Commissioners, senior industry leaders, representatives of multilateral organizations and from industry associations also attended the two-hour long main function. ITI faculty, skill trainers and trainees from a range of training programs also participated.

During the event, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi unveiled the Skill India logo and launched four landmark initiatives of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship: National Skill Development Mission, National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship 2015, Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) scheme and the Skill Loan scheme.

The Skill India logo depicts a clenched hand in which a spanner and pencil are firmly held, exemplifying the empowerment of the individual through skilling. The spanner and pencil are held together, suggesting that both skill and general education are at parity and aspirational for India’s youth. The tagline, ‘Kaushal Bharat, Kushal Bharat’ suggests that skilling Indians (‘Kaushal Bharat’) will result in a happy, healthy, prosperous and strong nation (‘Kushal Bharat.’) A short film unveiling the logo was shown, which featured the Sanskrit chant ‘SarvadaVigyataVijaya,’bmeaning ‘Skill Always Wins.’

The Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), the Ministry’s flagship, demand-driven, reward-based skill training scheme will incentivise skill training by providing financial rewards to candidates who successfully complete approved skill training programmes. Over the next year, PMKVY will skill 24 lakh youth, across India. For the first time, the skills of young people who lack formal certification, such as workers in India’s vast unorganised sector, will be recognised. Through an initiative known as ‘Recognition of Prior Learning’ (RPL), 10 lakh youth will be assessed and certified for the skills that they already possess.

Prime Minister also launched the Skill Loan scheme. Loans ranging from Rs 5,000-1.5 lakhs will be made available to 34 lakh youth of India seeking to attend skill development programmes over the next five years.Sanction letters for the first ever Skill Loans were handed out by the Prime Minister to aspiring trainees.

During the function, Shri Narendra Modi awarded Skill Cards and Skill Certificates to trainees who had recently completed training through the Pilot Phase of PMKVY, which started in May 2015. Such Skill Cards and Skill Certificates will allow trainees to share their skill identity with employers. Each Skill Card and Skill Certificate features a Quick Response Code (QR Code), which can be read through a QR reader on mobile devices. Trainees can use these to share their skill qualifications with employers in a quick and reliable way during the job search process.

The Prime Minister addressed the audience, articulating a clear overarching vision for Skill India. He highlighted the centrality of skills to India’s development and called on government, private sector and India’s youth to work together to make this vision a reality. The Prime Minister also highlighted the potential for skilled Indian youth to be recognized around the world. He congratulated six award winners from WorldSkills Oceania, an international skill competition and wished them success as they go on to compete at the World Skills Competition in Sao Paolo next month.

Across the country, 2,33,000 youth were awarded certificates from ITIs, and 18,000 plus graduating students received job offer letters on the occasion of World Youth Skills Day. The Prime Minister personally presented industry job offer letters to five female ITI graduates at the event.

The Finance, Corporate Affairs and Information & Broadcasting Minister Shri Arun Jaitley shared his vision and commitment for Skill India and highlighted the importance of coordination of skill development efforts across Ministries through the National Skill Development Mission.

The Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship welcomed the audience at the outset of the event. He outlined the steps the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship is taking to turn the Prime Minister’s vision of a skilled India into reality. He also underscored the importance of strategic partnerships in achieving the Skill India vision, showcasing inter-Ministerial initiatives to scale up skill development efforts.

Five eminent persons shared their vision for Skill India. The distinguished speakers were Mr S. Ramadorai, Chairman NSDC and NDSA, Dr. Alim Chandani, Adjunct Assistant Professor, Gallaudet University, Mr Manish Sabharwal, Co-founder and CEO, Team Lease Services, Dr Romesh Wadhwani, Founder, Wadhwani Foundation and CEO, Symphony Group and Professor Mukti Misra, Founder and President, Centurion University.

Earlier soon after reaching the venue of the main event, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi visited a demonstration of the Safeducate Container School installed at Vigyan Bhavan for the event. India’s first Container School was set up in Ambala by Safeducate by refurbishing discarded containers and using them for skill training in logistics. 189 students per month will be trained using four such containers under PMKVY with a view to scale up skill initiatives quickly in areas with low levels of infrastructure.

At the exhibition, the Prime Minister interacted with students across the country through a distance learning tool being used to deliver training of trainers at 200 ITIs, with plans to deliver training directly to students. He launched the Apprenticeship portal, a one stop shop for apprenticeship related issues, which can be used by industry, students and trainers alike. He also viewed a demonstration of six simulators (drone, weaving, fork lift, tractor, driving, welding) being used to deliver skill training at centres across the country by Tata Consultancy Services.

World Youth Skills Day and the launch of SKILL INDIA were celebrated nation-wide. State Governments organized events to emphasize the importance of skill development for the youth in their states, mobilizing candidates, launching fresh training programs and felicitating successful trainees. ITIs across the country also participated in the event through a live feed of the event.

Across India, special PMKVY mobilization camps are being organized at 100 locations with Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS). A national SMS campaign is being rolled out to build awareness of the program, reaching about 40 crore subscribes. Fresh PMKVY training was initiated in 1,000 centres across all States and Union Territories in India today, covering 50,000 youth in 100 job roles across 25 sectors. In New Delhi, Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy flagged off 150 Skill Vans to create awareness among people of Delhi and NCR region on government’s policies and initiatives on skill development. He said that the government has set a target to provide skill training to 40.02 crore people by 2022.

http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=123296

Friday, April 14, 2017

Smart/Intelligent Agriculture in India









Creative Agri Solutions (CASPL)



Introduction

CASPL was formed to play a catalyzing role in the ongoing agricultural revolution from traditional to modern farming practices with emphasis on issues of inclusiveness and sustainability.

India is in the midst of an agricultural revolution whereby modern farming systems meeting international quality norms are emerging alongside traditional agricultural systems. Many new concepts of agriculture are emerging – warehouse receipts, cold chains, logistics, multi-commodity exchanges, rural business hubs, GLOBALGAP/organic certification, agriculture and food parks etc.

In the emerging agricultural situation, farmers have multiple options for sale of agricultural commodities along with traditional markets, which were earlier not available – sale to processors and retailers, commodity exchanges, export markets etc.

Many agribusinesses have invested in modern farming systems to meet quality requirements for agricultural exports, processing, marketing and retailing.

Farmers’ benefit from modern farming systems characterized by better co-ordination of farm activities - access to quality inputs, information about modern production techniques, harvesting and post harvest management, processing and marketing.

Recognizing the benefits of improved farming systems for quality of produce and productivity along with implications for farm incomes, government sector, donor agencies and NGO's are partnering to engage in upgrading traditional agricultural systems through innovative approaches of multi-party projects.

Many creative efforts will be required to ensure that the revolution is inclusive and does not bypass small and marginal farmers.

CASPL will contribute to these endeavors by providing technical support, network, resources combined with out of the box thinking to identify successful practices and models on the ground


http://creativeagrisolutions.com/

Services Offered

Addressing Issues in Field Crop Production

Increase productivity by enhancing access to quality inputs - seeds, fertilizers and pesticides.
Provide information regarding modern techniques of farmingusing new methods of information technology – computer, mobile interface etc.
Strengthen marketing practices/systems.
Use of information technology for market information.
Analytical support to policy issues - Minimum Support Price, Public Distribution systems, food security issues.
Horticultural Produce
Traditional Marketing of Horticultural Produce
Horticultural Crops – strengthening traditional and modern value chains
Enhance production/ productivity by ensuring access to quality inputs and production technology.
Provide information regarding selection of varieties and modern package of practices.
Efficient practices Post Harvest Management for minimizing losses – including practices for harvesting, packaging and transport.
Explore options for developing infrastructure for post harvest management and processing.
Provide marketing information and developing linkages with buyers/processors.
Develop modern value chains and upgrade traditional value chains to meet the requirements for processing, exports and organized retailing through supermarkets.
Cluster development for specific regions/crops.
Modernizing infrastructure of whole sale markets.
Use of modern ICT for enhancing information flow through the chain.





Support to Organic Farming Sector

Recognizing the role of women in organic farming.
Opportunities for inclusion of small, poor and marginal farmers.
Development of sustainable supply chain.
Supporting certification of organic produce including grower group certification.
Supporting the harmonization of regulatory framework to facilitate trade of organic products.


Strengthen Dairy farming – Small scale and Large Scale Operations

Support to small scale dairy farming.
Enhance access to veterinary services.
Providing extension information regarding management of dairy animals.
Provide support and necessary inputs for breed development.
Develop linkages for access to finance for purchase of dairy animals.
Strengthen milk marketing channels by increasing transparency in milk pricing.
Ensure quality of milk.
Support to modern large scale dairy farming operation.
Setting up modern large-scale dairy farms by corporate sector.
Setting up milk collection system including procurement and chilling centers in specified areas to be used for processing.
Developing linkages to finance and veterinary services.
Setting up milk processing units.



Development of Sheep and Goat Sector – Traditional and Commercial

- Traditional sheep and goat farming.

Importance in rural livelihoods.
Access to veterinary services.
Access to extension information.
Breed development.
Ensure quality of meat.
Strengthen marketing channels for sale of animals.
Develop linkages with exports, processing and emerging supermarkets.
Providing input on policy related to small ruminants to compete with emerging commercial sector.
- Modern Commercial Goat Farming.

Technical Support for setting up commercial goat farms.
Ensure quality of meat.
Develop modern value chains for exports, processing and sale to supermarkets.



Semi/Commercial Poultry Farming (Broiler and Layer)
Promotion of semi-commercial broiler farming as a livelihood option.
Opportunity for women to manage semi-commercial or small scale poultry operations.
Availability and accessibility of veterinary services for semi-commercial or small-scale poultry farming.
Success and sustainability of semi-commercial or small scale poultry farming operations.
Fluctuations in price of feed.
Availability of required inputs in rural/interior areas.
Strengthening channels for Marketing of birds/eggs.
Policies/issues related to contract farming in poultry.


Backyard poultry sector

Backyard Poultry in Rural Livelihood
Development of Backyard poultry sector
Importance of backyard poultry in rural livelihoods – linkages with issues is rural incomes, nutrition and women empowerment.
Enhance access to veterinary services, prevention of diseases.
Issues regarding production, distribution and supply of backyard poultry birds.
Provide support to initiatives of government sector, donor agencies and NGOs for development of backyard poultry.

http://creativeagrisolutions.com/areas_of_expertise.htm

CONTACT Creative Agri Solutions

For any query or information, please don't hesitate to contact us :

Contact Us
Creative Agri Solutions
I - 290,
2nd Floor,
Karampura, Moti Nagar
New Delhi - 110015

Tel. No. - 91-11-45679186, 25192749
Fax No. - 91-11-45679186
Email - info@creativeagrisolutions.com


Robert Bosch Engineering and Business Solutions Private Limited


Smart Agriculture


The population of the globe is projected to be 9.6 billion people by 2050. The world is struggling to keep up as crop yields have already levelled off in many parts of the world. Soil, water and other natural resources are stretched to their maximum capacity. 1 in 8 people suffer from chronic hunger and more than 1 million are undernourished. Figuring out how to feed the growing population – while also having advancements in rural development, protecting the natural resources and reducing the gas emissions – is one of the greatest challenge that the world faces.

Governments, Corporations and even farmers need technology experts to use innovation and develop products that are cost effective and increase food production under already stressed eco-system.

With its enviable experience in the new product development domain, Bosch Engineering & Business Solutions delivers agriculture solutions to the agriculture industry (Agri-Input, Farm Mechanization, end-user farmers etc), enabling them to make optimal use of their available resources and further enhance productivity.

Bosch provides agriculture expertise in the areas of Precision Agriculture, Smart Irrigation, Remote Sensing Technology, Drone Applications, and Cold Storage Solution etc. all under the Internet of Things umbrella.

http://www.bosch-india-software.com/en/products_and_solutions/agriculture/agriculture_1.html

Contact Robert Bosch Engineering


Robert Bosch Engineering and Business Solutions Private Limited
123, Industrial Layout
Hosur Road, Koramangala
Bangalore 560 095
Tel : +91 80 6657 5757

Government of India wants suggestions from people on smart farming


https://secure.mygov.in/group-issue/ideas-smart-farming/

Overview:-

The Internet of Things (IoT) can transform the agriculture industry and enable farmers to contend with the enormous challenges they face. The industry must overcome increasing water shortages, limited availability of lands, fertility of lands difficult to manage cost, while meeting the increasing consumption needs of a global population that is expected to grow by 70% by 2050.

Objective:-

New innovative IoT applications will address these issues and help in increasing the quality, quantity, sustainability and cost effectiveness of agricultural production. For example, leverage IoT can be leveraged to allow the farmers to evaluate the soil conditions, moisture level, livestock feed levels density and level of pest control. say if the level of pest control exceeds prescribed range, through sensors alarm and alerts can be generated to warn the farmers to take actions.

The purpose of “Smart Farming” is to increase the quality and quantity of agricultural production by using sensing technology to make farmers more intelligent and more connected.

With the help of this discussion platform we request you to share your valuable inputs on:

• How an individual or an organization may contribute to Smart Farming.
• Experiences and challenges in using technology as a tool in farming.
• Practical/workable solutions for complete imposition of the future of farming- “Smart Farming” using IoT

15 April 2017 - 413 replies are there on the site. You can read all of them.


Smart Agriculture IoT Vertical Kit

Product Code: CH-SAIVK
Brand: Cooking Hacks
This kit enables monitoring of environmental parameters in agriculture, vineyards, greenhouses or golf courses. Soil moisture and temperature, humidity, leaf wetness and atmospheric pressure sensors allow to control the amount of sugar in grapes to enhance wine quality, as well as to control micro-climate conditions to maximize the production of fruits and vegetables in greenhouses.

The three levels of depth of the soil moisture sensor are helpful to reduce waste of water by selective irrigation in dry zones. On the other hand, controlling humidity and temperature levels in hay, straw, etc. can prevent fungus and other microbial contaminants.
https://www.mgsuperlabs.co.in/estore/Smart-Agriculture-IoT-Vertical-Kit


Updated 15 April 2017, 11 April 2017

Indian Wisdom, Values, Ethics and Management Theory




Vedic Statements that can be related to Modern Management Thought

Collected from

Vedic Management
by Dr. S. Kannan
Taxmann Publications


Modern management is explained under five heads:

Planning, Organizing, Commanding, Coordinating, and Controlling (Henri Fayol)

Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Directing and Controlling  (Koontz and O'Donnel)

Planning, Organizing, Resourcing, Executing and Controlling  (Prof. Narayana Rao)


Planning


One shall meditate and reflect upon the objects contemplated.  (p 236, Kanna)

Strategy means the broad program for defining and achieving an organization's objectives: the organization's response to its environment over time. (p 237)

Prepare the implements, make everything ready and move forward.

Organizing


A person with the mental temperament of a Kshatriya is ideally suited for proper administration and execution of a planned task.

The Yajurveda mentions about manager (Kalpinah) and Chief Manager (Adhi Kalpinah)

Powers shall be shared.

Cohesiveness is the degree of solidarity and positive feelings held by individuals toward their group.

The resolution should be common, minds and thought be united so that all may happily concur.



Leadership


Leadership is to be bestowed upon a deserving person in a befitting manner (p 240)

The leader is the doer of many deeds for the benefit of others.

Leader shall be for the benefit of his followers.

He hears the words of his followers.

He is a thinker.

He knows. Directs others properly.

He is very wise.

Motivation

Motivation refers to the factors that cause, channel and sustain an individual's behavior.

For conquering, the energies of the heroes have to excited and their noises should go up together.

Communication

Communication is the process by which people attempt to share meaning via the transmission of symbolic messages.

Co-ordination

Control


Control is the process of ensuring that actual activities conform to planned activities.




Google Books

Kautilya Arthshastra and the Science of Management: Relevance for the Contemporary Society



S.D.Chamola
Hope India Publications, 01-Jan-2007 - Management science in literature - 208 pages


Kautilya's Arthshastra contains some universal truths which transcend the boundaries of time and space. Arthsh-astra is also very relevant for solving the problems of the present day society, especially in the field of management. The main object of the present work is to identify solutions from Kautilya's Arthshastra to the issues being faced by the economies today and to examine the Kautilian Model in the context of contemporary societies in general and India in particular. Prof. S.D.Chamola is an eminent eco-nomist. During the course of his long association with the CCS Haryana Agriculture University, Hisar, he worked in various capacities in the fields of teaching and research. He headed the Department of Agricultural Economics there, from 1991 to 1994 and the Department of Business Adm-inistration, from 1996 to 2001. He was Senior Fellow, ICSSR, from 2003 to 2005
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=G67dC_wgK3MC

Human Values and Ethics: Achieving Holistic Excellence


S.K. Chakraborty
Debangshu Chakraborty
ICFAI Books, 2006 - Business ethics - 441 pages


After three years of learning, practicing, teaching and writing on this subject, the authors of this book have come out with this primer on values and ethics that answers many doubts and questions. It is targeted at practicing professionals and takes off.
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=3pafjETF6EAC


Humanising Management Transformation Through Human Values


Ane Books Pvt Ltd, 2010 - Management - 217 pages
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=WrdnZCotlU8C

Value Based Management For Organizational Excellence


Editors: Santosh Dhar, Upinder Dhar, Rajesh K Jain, Sapna Parashar
Excel Books India, 2009 - Business ethics - 272 pages
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=nLa-P9byUM8C


Management in India: Trends and Transition

Herbert J. Davis, Samir R Chatterjee, Mark Heuer
SAGE, 04-Jan-2006 - Business & Economics - 441 pages


This volume discusses the emerging changes in Indian management culture both at the macro and micro levels and their impact on domestic and multinational businesses based in India. While the Indian business scenario is changing rapidly, the attitude, orientation and practice of management has been slow to adapt. Indian managers have found it difficult to change policies both at the enterprise and the employee level to match an increasingly global and international environment.
This book discusses key issues such as: Indian management culture and emerging challenges; leadership styles and leadership issues that face Indian corporations; ethics and values and their impact on leadership and management culture; the issues confronting global corporations working in India; tackling human resources issues in the Indian context; and the emergence of the new global Indian manager.
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=k_A6WV1Fe8sC


Better Management & Effective Leadership Through the Indian Scriptures


Narayanji Misra
Pustak Mahal, 18-Sep-2007 - Management in literature - 207 pages


Management as a subject and various theories associated with it are largely considered as brainchild of the West. the moment this topic is raised, the names of western thinkers, such as F.W. Taylor, Robert Owen and Peter F. Drucker, come to our mind. However, the fact is that all the management theories and hypotheses propounded so far, draw heavily from the Indian scriptures. Indian sages and gurus, like Sukra, Kautilya and Vedavyas laid the foundation to better management through their literary works as early as in the pre-Christian era. This book, Better Management and Effective Leadership through the Indian Scriptures, aims at discovering the treasure hidden in the Indian texts, making the management scholars all over the world feel proud of our literary heritage and appreciate the farsightedness of the Indian thinkers. It is an endeavour to reveal that, be it in any sphere of academics, Indian scholars were in no way secondary to their western counterparts; they were rather the precursors.
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=Yq6UmGUgBJEC

Good Governance and Ancient Sanskrit Literature

Aruna Goel
Deep and Deep Publications, 01-Jan-2003 - Polity - 228 pages
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=El_VADF13pUC


Updated 15 April 2017,  10 April 2017, 24 September 2016

Thursday, April 13, 2017

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in Telugu - భీంరావ్ అంబేడ్కర్




అంబేడ్కర్ 



భీంరావ్ రాంజీ అంబేడ్కర్ 1891 సంవత్సరం ఏప్రిల్ 14 నాడు అప్పటి సెంట్రల్ ప్రావిన్సెస్ లో సైనిక స్థావరమైన మహోం అను ఊరిలో (ఇప్పటి మధ్యప్రదేశ్ లో)  రాంజీ మలోజీ సాక్పాల్ మరియు భీమాబాయ్ దంపతుల 14 వ మరియు చివరి సంతానంగా జన్మించాడు.

రామ్‍జీ కుటుంభం  పిల్లల చదువుకోసం బొంబాయి చేరింది. . భీమ్‌రావ్ ఎల్‌ఫిన్‌స్టన్ హైస్కూల్ లో చేరి మెట్రిక్యులేషన్ పాసయ్యాడు. బరోడా మహారాజు శాయాజీరావ్ గైక్వాడ్ ఇచ్చిన 25 రూపాయల విద్యార్థి వేతనంతో 1912లో బి.ఏ. పరీక్షల్లో నెగ్గాడు.  పై చదువులు చదవాలన్న పట్టుదలవల్ల  మహారాజుకు తన కోరికను తెలిపాడు. విదేశంలో చదువుపూర్తిచేసిన తరువాత బరోడా సంస్థానంలో పదేళ్లు పనిచేసే షరతుపై 1913లో రాజాగారి ఆర్థిక సహాయం అందుకొని కొలంబియా విశ్వవిద్యాలయం చేరాడు. 1915లో ఎం.ఏ. 1916లో పి.హెచ్.డి. డిగ్రీలను సంపాదించాడు. ఆనాటి సిద్ధాంత వ్యాసమే పదేళ్ల తర్వాత "ది ఎవల్యూషన్ ఆఫ్ ప్రొవిన్షియల్ ఫైనాన్సస్ ఇన్ ఇండియా" అను పేరుతో ప్రచురించబడింది. 1917 లో డాక్టర్ అంబేద్కర్‍గా స్వదేశం వచ్చాడు.  1916-1917 కాలంలో ఆయన ఇంగ్లాన్డ్ లో కూడా పరిశోధన మొదలు పెట్టారు. అందువలన ఆయన తిరిగి ఇంగ్లాన్డ్కి వెళ్లి పరిశోధన పూర్తి చేసి D.Sc. పట్టా పొందారు. 

భారత్ దేశములో ఆయన కులవ్యవస్థ వాళ్ళ వస్తున్న ఇబ్బందులను, హేళనలను, అవమానాలను ఎదుర్కొంటూ   ఆయన తన వృత్తిని చేసుకుంటూ ఆ వ్యవస్థని మార్చే ఉద్యమాన్ని చేపట్టారు. 

తెలుగులో అంబేడ్కర్ ఉపన్యాసాలు పుస్తకాలు  అనువాదము   బడ్డాయి. 
తెలుగు విశ్వ విద్యాలయ అంతర్జాల స్థలము నుండి ఆ పుస్తకాలను మీరు మీ కంపూటరు లోనికి దించుకోవచ్చు. 

http://teluguuniversity.ac.in/dr-b-r-ambedkar-writing-speeches/


13 April 2017 Discussion on Ambedkar's Contribution to Constitution
___________________


___________________
ETV Andhra Pradesh


Ambedkar is a great thinker - Speech by Shri Chandrababu Naidu, CM, Andhra Pradesh
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Social Change and Social Revolution in India - Elimination of Untouchability - Free and Equal Public Education




People who used the opportunity and helped the acceleration of the change


Dr. B.R. Ambedkar


Books by Ambedkar

Writings & Speeches of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
17 Volumes - 18 Books - pdfs available for download
http://www.mea.gov.in/books-writings-of-ambedkar.htm



Babu Jagjivanram
Damodaram Sanjivayya


K.R. Narayanan
Kumari Selja
Kanshi Ram
Mayawati
Ram Vilas Paswan
G.M.C. Balayogi
Dr. Ch. Penchalayya
Dr. R.B. Barman
Dr. Narendra Jadhav
Dr.  S.D. Awale
Dr. Bhimrao Ghodeshwar



Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in Hindi - Dr. भीमराव आंबेडकर



भीमराव आंबेडकर

अंबेडकर

अंबेडकर  का जन्म भारत के मध्य भारत प्रांत (अब मध्य प्रदेश में) में स्थित नगर सैन्य छावनी महू में हुआ था। वे रामजी मालोजी सकपाल और भीमाबाई की १४ वीं व अंतिम संतान थे।

गायकवाड शासक ने सन १९१३ में संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका के कोलंबिया विश्वविद्यालय मे जाकर अध्ययन के लिये भीमराव आंबेडकर का चयन किया गया|  न्यूयॉर्क शहर में आने के बाद, डॉ॰ भीमराव आंबेडकर को राजनीति विज्ञान विभाग के स्नातक अध्ययन कार्यक्रम में प्रवेश दे दिया गया।  १९१६ में, उन्हे उनके एक शोध के लिए पीएच.डी. से सम्मानित किया गया। इस शोध को अंततः उन्होंने पुस्तक इवोल्युशन ओफ प्रोविन्शिअल फिनान्स इन ब्रिटिश इंडिया के रूप में प्रकाशित किया।  अपनी डाक्टरेट की डिग्री लेकर सन १९१६ में डॉ॰ आंबेडकर लंदन चले गये जहाँ उन्होने ग्रेज् इन और लंदन स्कूल ऑफ इकॉनॉमिक्स में कानून का अध्ययन और अर्थशास्त्र में डॉक्टरेट शोध की तैयारी के लिये अपना नाम लिखवा लिया। अगले वर्ष छात्रवृत्ति की समाप्ति के चलते मजबूरन उन्हें अपना अध्ययन अस्थायी तौर बीच मे ही छोड़ कर भारत वापस लौटना पडा़  १९२० में कोल्हापुर के महाराजा, अपने पारसी मित्र के सहयोग और अपनी बचत के कारण वो एक बार फिर से इंग्लैंड वापस जाने में सक्षम हो गये। १९२३ में उन्होंने अपना शोध प्रोब्लेम्स ऑफ द रुपी (रुपये की समस्यायें) पूरा कर लिया। उन्हें लंदन विश्वविद्यालय द्वारा "डॉक्टर ऑफ साईंस" की उपाधि प्रदान की गयी। और उनकी कानून का अध्ययन पूरा होने के, साथ ही साथ उन्हें ब्रिटिश बार मे बैरिस्टर के रूप में प्रवेश मिल गया।  उन्हें औपचारिक रूप से ८ जून १९२७ को कोलंबिया विश्वविद्यालय द्वारा पीएच.डी. प्रदान की गयी।

Wikpedia article


Special Documentary on Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
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DD News

Important Facts about Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar
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Zee News





Download Books by Dr. Ambedkar

Writings & Speeches of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
17 Volumes - 18 Books - pdfs available for download
http://www.mea.gov.in/books-writings-of-ambedkar.htm





Geographical Thought of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

Deepak Mahadeo Rao Wankhede
Gautam Book Center, 2009 - India - 281 pages
https://books.google.co.ke/books/about/Geographical_Thought_of_Dr_B_R_Ambedkar.html?id=1QT2oec2u3oC

Monday, April 10, 2017

MSME Sector India - Vision 2020 - 2025 - 2030- 2035



http://www.smechamberofindia.com/  - http://www.indiansmechamber.com/

CII - MSME Sector -


Grant Thornton - FICCI MSME Sector Vision 2020
MSME contributes 8% to India's GDP. Next to Agriculture this is the biggest single biggest grouping.
http://www.ficci.com/spdocument/20143/Grant-Thornton-FICCI%20MSME.pdf


2017

The Rs 9-lakh crore MSME industry is likely to double in the coming years, and to reach that kind of size and scale, automation will play a big role.
http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/indl-goods/svs/engineering/make-in-india-india-made-robot-tata-brabo-to-be-launched-in-next-2-months/articleshow/51006144.cms

2016
This table probably presents the right picture of MSME in India.

CONTRIBUTION OF MSME SECTOR IN GDP AND OUTPUT
 (at 2004-05 prices)
Year          Gross Value of       Share of MSME sector in total GDP (%)      Share of MSME
                 Output of MSME    Manufacturing   Services           Total               Manufacturing
                 Manufacturing         Sector MSME   Sector MSME                         output in total
                 Sector                                                                                                 Manufacturing
                 (` in crore)                                                                                          Output (%)
2006-07    1198818                    7.73                  27.40                35.13                 42.02
2007-08    1322777                    7.81                  27.60                35.41                 41.98
2008-09    1375589                    7.52                  28.60                36.12                 40.79
2009-10    1488352                    7.45                 28.60                 36.05                 39.63
2010-11    1653622                    7.39                 29.30                 36.69                 38.50
2011-12    1788584                    7.27                 30.70                 37.97                 37.47
2012-13    1809976                    7.04                 30.50                 37.54                 37.33

Source for the table  Table 2.3 Annual Report 2015 - 16 of Ministry of MSME, Government of India
http://msme.gov.in/WriteReadData/DocumentFile/MEME%20ANNUAL%20REPORT%202015-16%20ENG.pdf

http://www.eaindustry.nic.in/industrial_handbook_200809.pdf

MSME census 2007 - http://fisme.org.in/document/FinalReport010711.pdf

2015

The share of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprise (MSME) contribution to GDP will significantly increase from the current 8 percent to 15 percent by 2020, according to a study report by KPMG-CII.

The MSME sector contributed 8% to India's GDP  for 2011-12. India has the potential to increase the share of contribution to GDP from its MSME sector from current 8 percent to about 15 percent by the year 2020," it said.

According to study,  employment to the extent of 50 percent of the overall employment representing 300 million jobs across agricultural, manufacturing and services sectors will be provided by MSME.

The GDP growth rate is likely to achieve 8.5 percent level and India is expected to be an approximately USD 5 trillion economy by the year 2025.
http://www.smetimes.in/smetimes/news/top-stories/2014/Oct/28/share-of-msme-in-gdp-may-reach-15-pc-by-2020-study631653.html



Budget
Government of India has announced founding a apex bank to fund MSME sector through indigenous money lenders and small banks. It also announced Credit Guarantee fund for MSME units. Thus it has taken steps to increase bank credit/finance support to MSME sector in India.


Updated  12 April 2017,   30 July 2016,  17 June 2015

Saturday, April 8, 2017

Make in India - Electrical Engineering Products and Components










India will require an additional 455 GW of installed capacity and significant investment in setting up transmission and distribution network to meet the country's power demand by 2034, research firm PwC said.

By 2034  annual per capita consumption of 1,800kW will be for those connected to the grid.

Using traditional sources to achieve these targets would require investments of almost $900 billion over the next two decades, the report said.

http://www.dnaindia.com/money/report-india-needs-additional-455-gw-capacity-needed-to-meet-power-demand-by-2034-2056036




Make in India - Mechanical Engineering Products and Components









Automotive/Automobile Industry - Prospects


The Indian automotive industry is experiencing an interesting evolutionary phase.


India is the sixth largest automotive producer in the world (with an average annual production of 24 million vehicles in 2016, of which 3.6 million exported).

Production volumes are expected to reach 36.4 million units by 2020 registering 8% annual growth.

India is the second largest two-wheeler manufacturer and the largest motorcycle manufacturer.

The automotive industry accounts for 45 per cent of the country’s manufacturing gross domestic product (GDP), 7.1 per cent of the country’s GDP and employs about 19 million people both directly and indirectly.

300 car models will be in production and total production will be 6 million cars.

By 2026, India is expected to be the third largest automotive market by volume in the world.

The Government of India’s Automotive Mission Plan (AMP) - 2026

The vision statement of AMP 2026 is “Vision 3/12/65”.

3: By 2026, the Indian automotive industry will be among the top three of the world in engineering,
manufacture and export of vehicles and auto components,

12: Over the next decade, the Indian automotive sector is likely to contribute in excess of 12 % of the country’s GDP and  comprise more than 40 % of its manufacturing sector.

65: The potential for incremental number of both direct and indirect jobs to be created by the Indian automotive industry over the next decade is nearly 65 mn.

Growth targets:AMP 2026 envisages that the Indian automotive industry will grow 3.5-4 times in value from its current output of around `464,000 cr (circa 2015, at 2004-05 constant prices)
which is one year before the end of the Mission Plan period) to about `1,616,000-1,888,500 cr by 2026.



According to the Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India (ACMA), the Indian auto-components industry is expected to register a turnover of US$ 66 billion by FY 15–16 with the likelihood to touch US$ 115 billion by 2020  and US$ 200 billion by 2025. In addition, industry exports are projected to reach US$ 12 billion by FY 15–16 and add up to US$ 30 billion by 2020 further rising to US$ 80 billion by 2025.



The first edition of AUTO SCM Summit organised by Indian Transport & Logistics News (ITLN) held from December 6-7, 2016 at Chakan, Pune  The theme of the maiden summit was ‘Transforming the future of India’s automotive supply chain’.

Panelist on the session ‘Enhancing Auto Components Supply Chain’
Santosh Bhanu, Manager, Supply Chain, Ford India;
Nikhil Khairnar, Sr. Manager, Logistics and Sourcing, Supply Chain Management Division, Tata Autocomp Systems;
Pramod Kumar, Head of EDC Maharashtra & Goa, Gati KWE
Muralidhar Wadappi, Head of Supply Chain Management, Benteler Automotive India.

Enhancing the supply chain is important. Vendor Managed Inventory is a traditional concept and Vendor Owned Inventory (VOI) will be the next age concept.
Maintaining service level at the same time in a cost-effective manner is the key.

The session ‘Finished Vehicle Logistics’
The inadequacy of infrastructure has by far been the biggest challenge in the transportation of finished vehicles.

The session panelists

Rakesh Pathak, Professor of Supply Chain & Logistics Management, International Institute of Management Studies, Pune
Nidhish Kuchhal, General Manager, Logistics, Mahindra & Mahindra
Jiten Munot, Head Sales Admin & Logistics, Force Motors.



Session on ‘After Market Supply Chain: Challenges and Opportunities’

Pankaj Chandak, Head, After Sales & Parts, FCA India Automobiles.
Rakesh Pathak, Professor of Supply Chain & Logistics Management, International Institute of Management Studies, Pune
Mandar Palsule, Head of solutions, Spear Logistics.

The session discussed thin line between “DIFM” (do it for me) and DIY (do it yourself) segment. DIFM constitutes a majority of aftermarket size.



The session on ‘Transforming the Future of Supply Chains Through Disruptive Innovation’
Reji John, Editor, ITLN
Suhail Kazi, Deputy Commission Customs, Pune;
Pankaj Narang, General Manager, Central Purchase, Supply Chain Management Division, Tata Autocomp Systems
Dirk Schusdziara, Senior Vice President, Cargo, Fraport AG.

New concepts discussed
Internet of Things,
Advanced robotics
Driverless electric automobile
3D printing




AT Kearney Report

http://www.itln.in/auto-scm-summit-2016-deliberates-on-transforming-future-of-indias-auto-supply-chain-2/


20 Most Profitable Mechanical Engineering Business Opportunities
http://muvsi.in/mechanical-engineering-business-opportunities/


Air Conditioners - Demand, Production and Industry in India
http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2017/04/air-conditioners-demand-production-and.html

Friday, April 7, 2017

Kakinada - Smart City

100 Smart Cities Project of India - Plans and Programmes



World Developments - Smart Cities

Know About World Smart Cities

http://www.worldsmartcity.org/  16 July 2016 World Smartcity Forum

Four Main Themes of the Forum
Transportation/Mobility for smart cities  http://www.worldsmartcity.org/category/mobility/
Water for smart cities  http://www.worldsmartcity.org/category/water/
Energy for smart cities
Cybersecurity and privacy for smart cities

World's Smart Cities: San Diego

http://www.forbes.com/sites/peterhigh/2015/03/09/the-top-five-smart-cities-in-the-world/#657b21735a0e

Top 10 Smart Cities - 2014 - IESE Rankings  http://www.ieseinsight.com/doc.aspx?id=1582



India Development - Smart Cities


2017

Smart Cities Guidelines

http://smartcities.gov.in/content/innerpage/guidelines.php


http://moud.gov.in/cms/smart-cities.php


https://www.thescif.in/


Tata's Concept for Smart Public Transport in Smart Cities

http://www.digit.in/car-tech/this-is-tatas-vision-of-converting-indian-metros-into-smart-cities-33505.html


2016


13 new smart cities announced by govt

24 May 2016

Lucknow, New Town in Kolkata, Bhagalpur,  Dharamsala, Chandigarh, Faridabad, Raipur, Ranchi, Warangal, Agartala, Imphal, Port Blair and Panaji

http://www.msn.com/en-in/news/newsindia/lucknow-chandigarh-agartala-among-13-new-smart-cities-announced-by-govt/ar-BBtor0N?

Smart cities - Critical voices
http://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/dec/17/truth-smart-city-destroy-democracy-urban-thinkers-buzzphrase

28 Jan 2016

First batch of 20 smart cities today.

Bhubaneswar, NDMC Delhi,
Pune, Jaipur, Surat, Kochi, Ahmedabad, Jabalpur, Visakhapatnam, Solapur, Davanagere, Indore, Coimbatore, Kakinada, Belagavi, Udaipur, Guwahati, Chennai, Ludhiana and Bhopal


September 2015

98 cities were identified for 100 Smart Cities Project. Uttar Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir have to pick up one each soon to touch 100 cities mark.
         
The announcement of future smart cities list is raising hope.  Development, especially roads and highways, would have a multiplier effect and boost rural jobs. Experts say the infrastructure is the backbone of the smart city mission which is all set to get boost due to these developments.
       

            The list of cities includes Varanasi, Allahabad, Lucknow, Ghaziabad, Bareilly and Agra from Uttar Pradesh, Tiruchirapalli, Thanjavur, Salem, Vellore, Chennai, Coimbatore and Madurai from Tamil Nadu, Nashik, Thane, Solapur, Nagpur, Navi Mumbai, Aurangabad and Pune from Maharashtra, and Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur, Gwalior and Ujjain from Madhya Pradesh. It also encompasses Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar and Baroda in Gujarat, and Bhagalpur and Muzaffarpur in Bihar.

            Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu have the maximum number of 12 cities under the list followed by Maharashtra with 10, Madhya Pradesh with seven, Karnataka and Gujarat with six each, Rajasthan with four, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Punjab with three each. Of those chosen for the project, 24 are capital cities, as many business hubs and 18 cultural centers.

             Eight smart cities nominees have a population of one lakh and below, while 35 cities and towns between one to five lakh. There are 21 cities, with a population ranging between five to 10 lakh, 28 cities above 10 lakh and below 25 lakh. A set of five cities are in the population range of 25 to50 lakh.

            Four cities- Chennai, Greater Hyderabad, Ahmedabad and Greater Mumbai-have population of above 50 lakh. Population statistics suggest that 64 towns and cities are in the category of small to medium, while the remaining 34 are large ones.

            The Government will release Rs 2 crore for each of the 98 cities for preparation of smart city plans. The region-wise panels of reputed agencies for assisting smart cities aspirants for preparation of smart city plans have been formed by the urban ministry. In the second stage of the city challenge competition, all smart city plans received by the Urban Development ministry will be evaluated, based on a set of six broad criteria. The top scoring 20 cities in the first round of competition in the second stage will be chosen for financing during this financial year. The remaining will be asked to address the deficiencies identified before participating in the second and the third rounds of competition. Forty cities each will be identified for financing during the second and third rounds.

            The Central government proposes to give financial support to Mission to the extent of Rs 48,000 crore over five years. The chosen smart city will be given Rs 100 crore per city per year over the next five years. Accordingly, the Central government has made a provision of Rs 48000 crore for the next five years for the smart cities mission. The States/UTs and Urban local bodies have to make an equal matching contribution. This in effect means that Central and state governments and ULBs will invest about Rs 1 lakh crore over the next five years for making 100 chosen cities smart.

            Smart city plans will be implemented by a special purpose vehicle to be set up for each identified city to enable a focused effort for effective implementation.
                   
            Urban population, according to 2011 census, was about 37 crore accounting for 31 per cent of total population. The cities also generate 63% of the nation’s economic activity. These numbers are rapidly increasing, with almost half of India’s population projected to live in its cities by 2030.

 AMRUT Project        

            A statutory town is one that has a municipal body. There are 4,041 statutory cities/ town as per 2011 records. Out of these, about 500 cities with a population of above one lakh each, are focus of AMRUT. These 500 cities account for 73 per cent of India’s urban population. Number of cities that can be nominated for AMRUT so far are like this : A&N ( 1), Andhra Pradesh (31), Arunachal Pradesh (1 ),  Assam(7), Delhi( 1), Karnataka( 27), Kerala( 18), Uttar Pradesh (54), WB (28) Maharashtra ( 37), Bihar ( 27), Jharkhand(11) etc.

             AMRUT, entailing an investment of Rs50,000 crore, envisages proper infrastructure services relating to water supply, sewerage, seepage management, storm water drains, transport and development of green spaces and parks with special plans of meeting needs of children.      
         
            A reform matrix with timelines will be circulated to states in the guidelines.  JNNURM projects relating to the urban development sanctioned during 2005-2012 and achieved physical progress of fifty per cent availing 50 per cent central assistance released and those sanctioned during 2012-2014 will be supported till March 2017. Accordingly, 102 and 296 projects will get central support for balance funding to complete these projects.

More information
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/efeatures.aspx?relid=126563

         

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India - Smart City - Concept




A Smart City to be developed as a well planned city is a sustainable business and residential area of 2 to 10 lakh population.

For  its sustainability, a smart city needs to offer economic activities and employment opportunities
to a wide section of its residents, regardless of their level of education, skills or income levels. In planning a smart city, planners  need to identify  comparative or unique advantage and core competence in specific areas of economic activities and  have to develop the required institutional, physical, social and economic infrastructures for it and promote those features and their benefits to
attract investors and professionals to take up those economic activities. It also needs to support
the required skill development for such activities in a big way. This would help a Smart
City in developing the required environment for creation of economic activities and
employment opportunities.

Apart from employment, it is also important for a Smart City to offer decent living options to every resident. This would mean that it will have to provide a very high quality of life (comparable with any developed European City) i.e. good quality but affordable housing, cost efficient physical, social and institutional infrastructure such as adequate and quality water supply, sanitation, 24 x 7 electric supply, clean air, quality education, cost efficient health care, dependable security, entertainment, sports, robust and high speed interconnectivity, fast & efficient urban mobility etc.

Smart Cities have to attract investments and experts & professionals. Good quality infrastructure, simple and transparent online business and public services processes that make it easy to practice one’s profession or to establish an enterprise and run it efficiently without any bureaucratic hassles are essential features of a citizen centric and investor-friendly smart city. Adequate availability of the required skills in the labour force is a necessary requirement for sustainability of a Smart City. Entrepreneurs, themselves, look for a decent living and so they also look for smart housing, high level of healthcare, entertainment and quality education. Safety and security is a basic need for them as to any other resident. A city that is considered unsafe is not attractive. Besides an entrepreneur or a professional needs to be there as someone who helps a city to prosper and adds value to it rather than
someone who only benefits from it.


Smart City will have:

 Competitiveness: It refers to a city’s ability to create employment opportunities, attract investments, experts, professionals and people. The ease of being able to do business and the quality of life it offers determines its competitiveness.
 Sustainability: It includes social sustainability, environmental sustainability and financial sustainability.
 Quality of Life: It includes safety and security, inclusiveness, entertainment, ease of seeking and obtaining public services, cost efficient healthcare, quality education, transparency, accountability and opportunities for participation in governance.



Pillars of a Smart City

 Institutional Infrastructure (including Governance), Physical Infrastructure, Social Infrastructure and Economic Infrastructure constitute the four pillars on which a city rests. The centre of attention for each of these pillars is the citizen. In other words a Smart City works towards ensuring the best
for its entire people, regardless of social status, age, income levels, gender, etc.

 Institutional Infrastructure refers to the activities that relate to governance,
planning and management of a city. The new technology (ICT) has provided a new
dimension to this system making it citizen-centric, efficient, accountable and
transparent. It includes the participatory systems of governance, e-governance,
inclusive governance, the sense of safety and security and the opportunities for
creativity.

 Physical Infrastructure refers to its stock of cost-efficient and intelligent
physical infrastructure such as the urban mobility system, the housing stock, the
energy system, the water supply system, sewerage system, sanitation facilities,
solid waste management system, drainage system, etc. which are all integrated
through the use of technology.

 Social Infrastructure relate to those components that work towards developing
the human and social capital, such as the education, healthcare, entertainment, etc.
It also includes performance and creative arts, sports, the open spaces, children’s
parks and gardens.

These together determine the quality of life of citizens in a city. It is also
necessary that city promotes inclusiveness and city has structures which
proactively bring disadvantageous sections i.e. SCs, STs, socially and financially
backwards, minorities, disabled and women into the mainstream of development.

 Economic Infrastructure
For a city to attract investments and to create the appropriate economic
infrastructurefor employment opportunities, it has to first identify its core
competence, comparative advantages and analyse its potential for generating
economic activities. Once that is done, the gaps in required economic
infrastructure can be determined. This would generally comprise the following:
 Incubation centres
 Skill Development Centres
 Industrial Parks and Export Processing Zones
 IT / BT Parks
 Trade centers
 Service Centres
 Financial Centers and Services
 Logistics hubs, warehousing and freight terminals
 Mentoring and Counselling services


Physical Infrastructure
Urban Mobility
Our existing  cities are witnessing rapid motorization. This has led to severe congestion,
deteriorating air quality, increasing incidence of road accidents and a rapidly increasing
energy bill. Walking and cycling have been rendered unsafe due to poor infrastructure and
public transport has been inadequate. Urban living is making having the personal motor vehicle essential. Public transport systems have been planned in isolation with the result that a well-integrated multi-modal system has not come up. This has resulted in high cost facilities not giving the outcomes that were sought.

Ease of being able to move from one place to another is at the core of a “Smart
City”. Seoul, Singapore, Yokohama and Barcelona (all considered Smart Cities) have a
sound transport system as the core of their “Smartness”. The smart transport system
emphasizes walking, cycling and public transport as the primary means for mobility with
personal motor vehicles being actively discouraged. In fact, smart cities lay considerable
emphasis on the walkability and cycling in the city. The pedestrian is given a place of
prominence as every trip has a leg that involves walking. However, smart city need to look
into the bottlenecks of road/rail networks also and wherever required underpasses,
elevated roads, additional rail networks need to be put in place urgently.

Cycling is one of the, most cost efficient and environmentally sustainable mode for
commuting in cities. Many cities across the world have given emphasis to it and developed
the required infrastructure for promoting cycling. Also programs like bicycle sharing such
as Velib in Paris can be promoted to decongest the CBDs.

If cities are to be efficient engines of economic growth, it is important that goods
are able to move from production centres to consumption centres at low cost and high
speed. Therefore, a good freight movement system acquires importance.
Hence, improved mobility will involve a three pronged approach whereby there are:
1. Improvements in public transport – Metro Rail, BRT, LRT, Monorail, Trams etc.
2. Improvements in infrastructure of other motor vehicles – ring roads, bypasses,
underpasses, elevated roads, improvements in the existing road ways
3. Improvements in infrastructure for walking, cycling and waterways


Reliable Utility Services
 Reliable, adequate and high quality Utility services are critical in a Smart City.
Whether it is electricity or telephony or ICT services, they need to be very reliable and
adequate. 24x7 services are necessary. For example, a minimum of 100 Mbps of internet
bandwidth and wide availability of Wi-Fi will be very important features. It should be the
right of every citizen to get these facilities on demand. Similarly, municipal services such
water supply, drainage, solid waste management need to be of very high quality and
available 24x7. Telephone services based on Direct-to-Home Fibre should be available for
every household. A Smart City cannot have only a few hours of water supply a day or
electricity that goes off for several hours or the streets littered with garbage. The
general appearance of the city has to be pleasing and clean. The main utilities that need
to ensured are the following:

Water Supply
Safe and adequate water supply is a public good as it has very large positive
externalities. Access to water supply is important for all the urban residents and lack of
safe water supply can keep the mortality rates high in general and among the poor in
particular. It has been estimated that access to water increases the productive working
hours of urban poor in general and the poor women in particular by 1.5 to 2 hours. Smart
cities should therefore have adequate availability of piped water supply that also meets
benchmarks of water quality, pressure, etc. across the city. Dual water supply systems
that serve the needs of drinking water and other needs would help in recycling water and
conserving it. Adoption of new methods especially smart metering for reducing loss and
energy consumption in water networks needs to be ensured. This is possible by installing
sensors in the supply system that measure water consumption, water levels, and water
flow rates on a real time basis. These models will help in not only identifying and localize
leaks, it would also assist to optimize energy consumption in the network. In addition,
smart water meters may be installed for measuring water consumption more efficiently
and providing water customers with data to help them monitor their water usage and
reduce costs.


Sanitation
Sanitation is important for all the urban residents. Lack of sanitation causes
outbreaks of epidemics, health disorders and keeps the mortality rates high in general
and among the poor in particular. It is well known that higher incidences of morbidity
pushes low income households below the poverty line. It is therefore essential that cities
should have a City Wide Sanitation Plan for all parts of the city. The Plan is expected to
be based on the concept of Decentralized Sewerage and Solid Waste Management
System. Also, each and every household should have a toilet so that no citizen needs to
defecate in the open. Further, all commercial and other public buildings should have clean
and hygienic toilets. There is a need for 100% recycling in the sanitation system. Idea is
that not even a drop of waste water should go out of the local area (one such example of
New Moti Bagh Township in New Delhi). Moreover, only treated water should get into
water body i.e. lake, pond, river etc.


Internet and Telephone
A 100 Mbps internet backbone coupled with 100% coverage of the area by cell
phone towers and a high level of telephone penetration will be essential in a Smart City as
most services will have to be offered online. Local service providers should also have
multiple service kiosks that can be accessed by people for evaluating public services and
accessing public information. Fibre Optic connectivity to each home, Wi-Fi in all public
places and educational institutions would be important features of a Smart City. This
would need a transparent and efficient system of providing Right of Way by Municipal
Authorities.

http://indiansmartcities.in/downloads/CONCEPT_NOTE_-3.12.2014__REVISED_AND_LATEST_.pdf


http://indiansmartcities.in/site/index.aspx

http://moud.gov.in/


Individual Smart City - Plans, Programmes and Achievements



Kakinada


http://kakinada.cdma.ap.gov.in/en/kakinada-smart-city

http://www.livemint.com/Politics/cMXZqsIvDHpFZMpCNN3uDM/Pensioners-paradise-Kakinada-coming-of-age.html


Updated 11 April 2017, 24 May 2016, 9 Feb 2016,  28 Jan 2016,   24 Sep,   5 May 2015