Sunday, January 29, 2012
Published in January 2012
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Wednesday, January 25, 2012
Branches of Knowledge of Hindu Dharma
Hindu Dharma, or the Hindu way of life is more technically called as Vedic dharma or Vedic way of life.
Hindu dharma has fourteen abodes or branches of knowledge.
There are four steps or dasas in learning. Reading, understanding what is read, living according to the teachings contained in what is read, and making others also live in accordance with them.
The Vedas – Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda are the first four authoritative texts of vedic religion.
Six Angas or basic parts of Vedas are Siksha, Vyakarana, Chandas, Nirukta, Jyotisa and Kalpa.
The four upangas or sub parts are Mimamsa, Nyaya, Purana and Dhrmasastra.
The four more branches of intellectual learning which are not part of learning dharma but are part of learning for living are Ayurveda, Arthasastra, Dhanuveda and Gandharva Veda.
Origin of VedasVedas are breath of the Paramatman. Brahma is the primordial sage who saw or received all the mantras of Vedas. They were imparted to him through his heart by the Paramatman. Kanchi Swamiji, Chandrasekharendra Saraswati Swamiji said, Vedas are always present in the heart of Paramatman. They are not created by him.
Content of Vedas
Vedas have Samhita, Brahmanas, Aranyaka and Upanishad as the principal parts.
Rigveda: The Rigveda Samhita is all in the form of poetry. The Rigveda Samhita has 10,170 RKs or Shlokas and 1,028 suktas. It is divided into ten mandalas or eight astkas.
Yajurveda: Yajurveda has the description of worship associated with RKs and suktas.
Yajurveda is available in two different versions – Sukla and Krishna.
Samas of Sama Veda are sung with musical tones.
Athravana Veda: It has mantras with which one wards of misfortunes and disasters and indicates ways of fighting with enemies.
All Vedas have one common goal. The goal is the well-being of the entire world and all creatures living in it.
Brahmanas lay down the various rites to be performed. Aranyakas provide more meaning to the mantras of samhitas. They are more oriented towards enquiry and understanding. Upanishads provide more detailed discussion on some specific issues.
Speeches of Kanchi Swamiji, Chandrasekharendra Saraswati Swamiji, Hindu Dharma, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Mumbai, 2000
If you protect Dharma, Dharma will in turn protect you.
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Maha Bharat Yudh - Is It a Historical Fact?
www.swordoftruth.com September 4th, 1999
Indian Heracles (Krishna) is recorded by the Greeks as having lived 138 generations before the time of Alexander and Sandracottos which we may take to be c. 330 BC. Taking 20 years per generation, which is known to be a good average when ancient Indian dynasties are involved, we are led to the computation 2760 + 330 = 3090 BC which is remarkably close to the Kali date of 3102 BC. So a reckoning based on ancient Greek records takes us again to the traditional date of c. 3100 BC .
For More Study
Search for the Historical Krishna by N.S. Rajaram; Prism Books Pvt Ltd, Bangalore; 210 pp, Rs 165.00
नागेन्द्रहराय त्रिलोचनाय, भस्मागरागाय महेश्वराय ।
नित्याय शुध्धाय दिगम्बराय, तस्मै 'न' काराय नमः शिवाय ॥
मंदाकिनीसलिलचन्दनचर्चिताय, नन्दीश्वर प्रमथनाथ महेश्वराय ।
मन्दारपुष्प बहुपुष्पसुपुजिताय, तस्मै 'म' काराय नमः शिवाय ॥
शिवाय गौरीवदनाब्जवृद सूर्याय दक्षाध्वरनाशकाय ।
श्री नीलकण्ठाय वृषध्वजाय, तस्मै 'शि' काराय नमः शिवाय ॥
वसिष्ठकूम्भोद्भव गौतमार्य, मुनीन्द्र देवार्चिशेखराय ।
चन्द्रार्क वैश्वानरलोचनाय, तस्मै 'वा' काराय नमः शिवाय ॥
यक्षस्वरुपाय जटाधराय, पिनाकहस्ताय सनातनाय ।
दिव्याय देवाय दिगम्बराय. तस्मै 'य' काराय नमः शिवाय ॥
पंचाक्षरमिदं, पुण्यं, यः पठेच्छिवासन्निधौ ।
शिवलोकमवाप्नोति शिवेन सह मोदते ॥
12 Jyotirlingas of Shiva - Eswara
The prominence of this Divya Kshetram is highlighted by the fact that while performing our daily household rituals we specify place of location of our existence with reference to Srisailam.
The presiding Deities of this kshetram Lord Mallikarjuna Swamy is one of the twelve Jyothirlingas and Goddess Bhramaramba Devi is one of the eighteen Mahasakthis and both are self-manifested. The unique feature of this kshetram is the combination of Jyothirlingam and Mahasakthi in one campus, which is very rare and only one of its kind.
There is a common belief in vogue that this Holy Kshetram exists from times immemorial. The antiquity and origin of God Mallikarjuna Swamy and Goddess Bhramaramba Devi is not known.
In the beginning, there was nothing in the universe. The brahman (the divine essence) alone was everywhere. The brahman had neither colour nor scent, it could not be felt or touched. It had no origin, no beginning or no end. The brahman was constant and it was the origin of everything that was destined to be in the universe and the universe was shrouded in darkness.
When it was time for creation to begin, the brahman divided itself into three. The first part became Brahma, the creator of the universe. The second part was Vishnu, the preserver of the universe. And the third part was Shiva, the destroyer.
At the time of creation, water appeared in the universe and the water was everywhere. In the water was created a golden (hiranya) egg (anda) that floated like a gigantic bubble. Brahma was born inside the egg. Since garbha means womb, Brahma came to be known as Hiranyagarbha. Since he effectively created (bhu) himself (svayam), he is also referred to as Svayambhu.
Brahma had four faces.
Also inside the egg were all the worlds (lokas) that would be created, in embryonic form. The earth was there, with its land, mountains, oceans and rivers. The moon, the sun, the stars and the planets were there. Also present were gods, demons, humans and other living beings who would be created.
This was the original creation of the universe (sarga).
But at the end of one of Brahma’s days, a minor destruction takes place. The universe is once again flooded with water during Brahma’s night. Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are not however destroyed. Each of Brahma’s days is known as a kalpa (cycle). Thus, a minor destruction takes place at the end of every kalpa. When a new day dawns for Brahma, creation begins afresh. This periodical process of destruction (pralaya) and re-creation is known as pratisarga.
The present kalpa is known as varaha kalpa.
For more detailed summary of Vayu Puranam visit
In the dream, he saw Lord Lakshmeenarasimha of Ahobilam and he heard his command to appear before him at Ahobilam and don the robe of a sanyasi and be instructed in his future mission of life there. He informed his Guru, Gatikasatham Ammal his dream. The guru told his disciple Srinivasacharya to obey the mandate.
Ahobilam. Having arrived there, he climbed the hill amidst dense forest (which
Thirumangai Azhvar describes as one which none can reach except God), had a dip
in the river Bhavanasini and took up abode in that wilderness. Meanwhile
Mukundaraya, the local chieftain also reached the, place to receive him on
divine command. Lord Narasimha appeared before Srinivasacharya in the form of a
sanyasi and initiated him with the "Preshmantra", gave him 'Sanyasa asrama'''
and named him 'Satakopa Jeeyar'. Thus was born Sri Ahobila Mutt and its First
Direct Disciples of Shri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa
Important Events in Their Life
Swami Saradananda went to the United States in 1896 on the request of Swami Vivekananda. His calm and gentle disposition, courteous and loving manners and able exposition of Vedanta won him many friends and admirers in America.
Books on or by the Swamijis
Sri Ramakrishna Math
Ramakrishna Paramahamsa - Biography and Teachings - Birthday 18 February
2455 Bowditch Street
Berkeley, California 94704-2429
Phone: 1-510-848 8862
Fax: 1-510-845 4583
- A library with 2904 books.
- Regular worship, meditation, and celebration of special religious events.
- Spiritual counselling to seekers.
- Lectures on Sundays, classes on Tuesdays and Thursdays, and discussion on Vedanta scriptures on other weekdays.
- Invited by different organizations and colleges, the swami delivered several lectures in the neighbourhood and other cities of the United States as well as in Canada. He also participated in several interfaith meetings. He gave fortnightly talks in the Society's house at San Jose.
Ramakrishna Vedanta Society
58 Deerfield Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02215
Phone: 1-617-536 5320
Website: www.vedantasociety.net; www.vivekananda.org
- A shrine for prayer and meditation.
- Celebration of the birthdays of Sri Ramakrishna, Holy Mother Sarada Devi, Swami Vivekananda, Jesus, the Buddha and Sri Krishna.
- Sunday lectures and weekly classes.
- Swami Tyagananda gave lectures at the Boston and Harvard Universities, and also at MIT.
- A children's camp, regular classes, and a retreat for devotees at the Society's Sarada Ashrama, 60 km to the southeast at Marshfield, which also maintained a shrine for daily prayer and meditation.
Vivekananda Vedanta Society of Chicago
14630 South Lemont Road,
Homer Glen, IL 60491
Phone: 1-708 301 9062
Fax: 1-708-301 9063
When you utter the word, the image comes into your mind. When you think of God's noble qualities, you would like to emulate them. You become a noble man by praising Lord's noble qualities.
Glorious Names of Lord Vishnu: 1 to 50
Visvam Vishnuh Vashatkaarah Bhoota-bhavya-bhavat-prabhuh
Bhoota-krit Bhoota-bhrit Bhaavah Bhootaatmaa Bhoota-bhaavanah
1. Visvam: The person who is the cause of universe, The person who created universe from himself with himself as cause and sustainer of it.
2. Vishnuh: He who pervades everything in the universe. Every thing in the universe contains him.
3. Vashatkaarah: For whom oblations are poured in yajnas with mantras ending with 'vashat'.
4. Bhoota-bhavya-bhavat-prabhuh: Lord of the past, future and present.
5. Bhoota-krit: Creator of all creatures and destroyer of all creatures. All creatures come from him, because of him and all creatures go back to him; go into him.
6. Bhoota-bhrit: One who nurtures and nourishes all living creatures.
7. Bhaavah: The person who is in everything in this universe.
8. Bhootaatmaa: The "Be' in all the living things. (Atma of all living beings).
9. Bhoota-bhaavanah: The person responsible for creating the living creatures.
10. Poota-atmaa: The purest self (atma) in the universe.
11. Parama-atmaa: The supreme self (atma) in the universe
12. Muktaanaaam paramaa gatih: The final goal of all liberated souls
13. Avyayah: The person with no change or ageing, the indestructible person in the universe
14. Purushah: The supreme person among the persons. A person is the controller of the body (the body thought of as fort with nine door).
15. Saakshee: The witness to every happening in the world.
16. Kshetrajnah: Knower of body and its experiences
17. Aksharah: The indestructible person in the universe
18. Yogah: The one person (the supreme being) who is understood and realized through yoga.
19. Yoga-vidaam netaa: One who is the leader or experts in yoga.
20. Pradhana-purusha-eesvarah: Lord of of pradhana and purusha. Purusha is the person who is the controller of the body and pradhana is maayaa which is responsible for many happenings in the universe, which happen because living beings participate in them.
21. Naarasimha-vapuh: The person who appeared as half human and half lion in Narasimha avatara and protected his devotee Prahlada and killed Hiranyakasipu, a mighty asura king and father of Prahlada.
22. Sreeman: Lakhsmi (Sree) stands for all powers and all faculties. Lakshmi is always in him and on him. Hence Vishnu is Sreeman.
23. Keshavah: The person who destroyed demon Kesin sent to kill child-Krishna by Kamsa.
24. Purushottamah: Supreme among purushas, the selfs or spirits (Every living being is made of perishable body and the spirit, self or atma)
25. Sarvah: He himself is all the universe and everything in this universe.
26. Sharvah: He who gives auspiciousness to those who meditate upon Him and serve his creation.
27. Sivah: The one who is eternally pure.
28. Sthaanuh: The pillar, the supporter of the universe
29. Bhootaadih: The person who created the five elements (bhootas) space, air, fire, water, earth.
30. Avyayah Nidhih: The holder of inexhaustible treasure.
31. Sambhavah: The person who makes anything and everything possible by his own will.
32. Bhaavanah: One who gives everything to his devotees. The meaning of "Bhaavana' is to give. Telugu people term the amount given to vedic pundits as sambhaavana.
33. Bhartaa: The person who governs the entire living world.
34. Prabhavah: The person responsible for the creation of five elements from various beings and things in the universe emerge. The womb of all the five basic elements.
35. Prabhuh: The All-powerful, Almighty Lord.
36. Eesvarah: One who can do anything without the help of others.
37. Svayambhooh: The person who came into existence on his own.
38. Sambhuh: The person who brings auspiciousness - both for the inner self and outer body (comforts).
39. Aadithyah: Vishnu is one of the Adithyas who provide energy to the universe.
40. Pushkaraakshah: The person with eyes like lotus that show peace, joy and perfection.
41. Mahaasvanah: The person with a thundering voice that reaches people even if only a whisper is made. It is the compelling whisper of the Highest person.
42. Anaadi-nidhanah: The person who has no birth and death.
43. Dhaataa: The person who is the substratum for the world.
44. Vidhaataa: The person who dispenses the fruits of action
45. Dhaatur-uttamah: Dhaatus are identifiable but common elements that we observe. the body is made up of 7 dhaatus: marrow, bone, fat, flesh, blood, lower-skin and upper skin. Vishnu is himself a dhaatu as he is the person or thing responsible for the existence of everything in this universe. He is the most precious and valuable dhaatu.
46. Aprameyah: A person who cannot be measured.
47. Hrisheekesah: The Lord of sense organs and the Lord of Sun and Moon who excite the senses.
48. Padmanaabhah: The person from whose navel sprang the lotus, the seat of Brahma.
49. Amaraprabhuh: Lord of all deities.
50. Visvakarmaa: Sculptor of all objects in the universe and director of all dramas in the universe.
Glorious Names of Lord Vishnu: 51 - 100
51. Manuh: One meaning is the greatest thinker (Mananaseelah Manuh). The other meaning is the creator of vedas (mantras).
52. Tvashtaa: The person who dissolves the universe into himself.
53. Sthavishthah: The person who creates and re-creates this universe.
54. Sthaviro dhruvah: The most ancient person of the universe and the motion less person (time does not apply to him - he does not become old, does not change)
55. Agraahyah: The person who cannot be comprehended totally even by great sages.
56. Saasvatah: The permanent person in the universe.
57. Krishna: The person who provide pleasure always. The person who attracts people. The dark man. The person who cannot be understood.
58. Lohitaakshah: The person with red eyes (angry eyes towards evil minded people).
59. Pratardanah: The person who will totally dissolve this universe. He can totally destroy evil also.
60. Prabhootah: The everfull person. Everything is in abundance with him. He can give anything to devotees but it will not diminish anything from his possessions.
61. Trikakubdhaama: One who supports the three worlds - Earth, the world above and the world below
62. Pavitram: The person who gives purity to devotees.
63. Param Mangalam: By a mere remembrance of him, inauspiciousness will disappear and auspiciousness will appear in people. (In India, the tradition is to utter Vishnu's names before doing anything to make oneself pure (pavitram) and auspicious (in thinking and feeling).
64. Easaanah: The Lord or Controller of all the five Great elements.
65. Praanadah: The person who gave life (pran) to all living beings.
66. Praanah: He himself is the life in every being (The creator of life (pran)).
67. Jyeshtah: The oldeest person.
68. Sreshtah: The most glorious person (The best person).
69. Prajaapatih:Prajas mean 'children'. Hence Great father. Creator of all creatures.
70. Hiranyagarbhah: On who dwells in the womb of the world.
71. Bhoogarbhah: The person who is the womb of this universe.
72. Maadhavah: The person who controls maayaa. The person who is beyond maayaa.
73. Madhusudhanah: The slayer of demon Madhu.
74. Eesvarah: One who has all the powers in him.
75. Vikramee: One who is full of prowess.
76. Dhanvee: The great archer. Refers to Sri Ram
77. Medhavee: Supremely intelligent person.
78. Vikramah: The person who has special footsteps. Refers to Vamana avatara of Vishnu wherein he measured the universe in two steps.
79. Kramah: The all pervading person.
80. Anuttamah: A person who is incomarably great.
81. Duraadharshah: Person who cannot be attacked successfully. All powerful person.
82. Kritajnah: He knowls everything done by everybody in this universe.
83. Kritih: The person who rewards all actions of all people.
84. Aatmavan: He is the self in all beings. All selfs are created by him and he only resides in them.
85. Suresah: Lord of suras (the persons in heaven who can bless their devotees for fulfilment their desires).
86. Saranam: The refuge for all.
87. Sarma: The person with infinite bliss.
88. Visvaretah: Seed for the universe and its objects
89. Prajaabhavah: He is the womb. He is the seed. He is the womb.
90. Ahah: He who does not ever destroy his followers.
91. Samvatsarah: Lord of time
92. Vyaalah: A slippery person who cannot be easily caught.
93. Pratyayah: The person whose very nature is knowledge. The most knowledgeable person in the world.
94.Sarvadarsanah:The person who sees all events in the universe
95. Ajah: The unborn person.
96. Sarvesvarah: God of all gods.
97. Siddhah: The person who achieved all that is to be achieved.
98. Siddhih: He is the fruit of all actions. People want to become one with him.
99. Sarvaadih: He is the first first person in this universe.
100.Achyutah: One who has never fallen; one who has never failed.
Glorious Names of Lord Vishnu: 101 to 150
101. Vrishakapih: The person who uplifts dharma.
102. Ameyaatma: The person who has countless number of souls (atmaa) in him. He also takes the form of countless souls in the universe.
103. Sarva yoga vinissritah: One who is totally free of all attachments.
104. Vasuh: The support of all elements.
105. Vasumanaah: The person with supremely pure mind.
106. Satyah: Only he will be there all the time. Rest of all creation is asatyah. It is created and dissolved.
107. Samaatmaa: He who is equally in all souls.
108. Sammitah: The person accepted by rishis as the supreme person.
109. Samah: The same person in all souls.
110. Amoghah: Everuseful person.
111. Pundareekakhshah: The person who can be fully experienced in the heart (Pundareekam: heart).
112. Vrishakarmaa: Vrisha means dharma (right conduct). The person who acts only to establish dharma.
113. Vrishaakritih: He is the form for Dharma. He is dharma personified.
114. Rudrah: The person who liquidates all sorrows.
115 Bahusiraah: The person who has many heads
116. Babhruh: One who rules over the worlds.
117. Visvayonih: The person who is the cause of this universe. He is womb for this universe.
118. Suchisravaah: The person who has ears everywhere in the universe.
119. Amritah: The immortal person
120. Saasvata-sthanuh: The permanent and immoval person.
121. Vararohah: The person whom everybody wants to reach as the most glorious destination.
122. Mahatapaah: The person with great knowledge, great prosperity, and great strength.
123. Sarvagah: One who pervades everything in the universe.
124. Sarvavid-bhaanuh: All knowing and dispelling all ignornance (illuminates every thing).
125. Vishvaksenah: The Almighty
126. Janaardanah: The person who takes care of good people and punished wicked people.
127. Vedah: Lord himself is called Vedah, because he only gives the knowledge of reality.
128. Vedavit: One who knows the Veda, the reality of this universe.
129. Avyangah: He has no imperfections in him.
130. Vedangah: The person whose very limbs are the Vedas.
131. Vedavit: The person who contemplates on Veda.
132. Kavih: A person who can visualize things. A visionary. A seer.
133. Lokaadhyakshah: He presides over all the fields of activities in the universe.
134. Suraadhyakshah: President of deities and heavens.
135. Dharmaadhyakshah: The factor that makes all living organisms function.
136. Kritaakritah: He is at the same Sagunah and Nirgunah. He has manifested. He has not manifested.
137. Chaturaatmaa: The waker, dreamer, deep-sleeper and Tureeya are four states of self.
138. Chaturvyoohah: One who manifests into four mighty powers (vyooha). Vaasudeva, Samkarshana, Pradyumna and Aniruddha.
139. Chatur-damshtrah: This refers to narasimha avatara of Vishnu
140. Chaturbhujah: Maha Vishnu has four hands carrying the conch, the discuss (sudarasana chakra), the mace and the lotus.
Glorious Names of Lord Vishnu: 151 to 200
Sukla Veda Sahasram
Learning Sanskrit Through English
Learning Sanskrit Through English - Part 1
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Saturday, January 21, 2012
Chief Minister of Gujarat, Mr. Narendra Modi went on a Sadhbhavana Fast in Godhra. The Times of India in its paper dated 21 January 2012, in page 15 of Mumbai edition published the comment by VHP Leader Pravin Togadia with the caption "All netas in race to appease minorities" within the news item on Modi's fast. It is reported that Pravin Togadia took on CM Narendra Modi and asked whether there was any sadbhavana for those killed in the Godhra train carnage. While what Pravin Togadia said in this connection is difficult to know, we know only the reporting of the Times of India reporter Sachin Sharma.
In India, there are people of more religions apart from the main stream Hindu religion and many variants of Hindu religion. There are organizations which are working for the cause of sustaining and promoting Hindu religion. What is their outlook regarding other religions in the country? Advani, a senior leader of BJP, a party considered to argue that Hinduism is not getting its due in the country and minority appeasement is being practised by the ruling governments, advocates cultural unity. He does not advocate one religion for the country. Hinduism itself does not advocate one religion or prayer of only God. It has the concept of crores of deities or divine beings and even the supreme God is different in different occasions or scriptures. Even though in principle one God is stated, who is this one God in form is subject to belief of each person or family or group of people. Hinduism accepts that salutation to any God ultimately reaches that single person who is the world when there is pralaya and every other form is destroyed.
So there is an attempt by certain people to create alignment within all the people in India towards protecting and growing India. Even Viswa Hindu Parishad needs to have a plan for creating this alignment and in this regard they are participating in multi-religious functions and discourses. So VHP leaders in principle will not criticize every relation that Hindus have with other religion people as appeasement.
The news paper reporters also have to be careful to understand the context and report the statements and replies of various persons appropriately. There is a need for more discussion on this topic of alignment versus appeasement issue.
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