Tuesday, July 17, 2018

Plan to Provide Employment to 2 Crore Persons Per Year in Micro Units Using Mudra Finance Scheme


Use Mudra Scheme for New Self Employment, New Jobs, and for Increase in Income of The Entrepreneurs.


Create three sub-categories in Mudra Scheme - New Self Employment, New Job creation, Expansion of the Units without additional job creation

#PositiveIndia - Employment Potential of Mudra Finance - Employment to 2 Crore Persons per Annum

Presentation of the Plan in National Conference on Inclusive Growth of India

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You can send a mail to kvssnrao55 at gmail dot com for full conference paper.

I tell the plan to people of Maharashtra also.

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26 September 2017

Where are the 2 Cr Jobs promised by the BJP? RSSurjewala, Congress
Published in Page 2 of The Economic Times, 26 September 2017, Mumbai Edition
Also published by RSSurjewala in FaceBook post
https://www.facebook.com/RSSurjewala/posts/1325682374208089

An answer is available in this post that you are reading
Plan for employment to 2-cr persons
http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2017/08/plan-to-provide-employment-to-2-crore.html
(This plan is posted in the comment on the FaceBook post of RSSurjewala)  I want all parliamentarians to become aware of the plan.




20 September 2017

Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi on Tuesday (10 September 2017) admitted that the UPA government had been "unable" to deliver on the 30,000 jobs it promised to create everyday

The challenge is how to solve the job problem in a democratic environment, and frankly the Congress party was unable to do it," Rahul admitted.
Despite its victory, Rahul believes Modi and the BJP haven't understood how important it is to keep the promise to create jobs.

While Rahul said he appreciates the intention of 'Make in India', he added that its implementation leaves much to be desired. He said it does not mainstream the needs of India's medium and small enterprises, which he believes are the engines of employment and innovation.
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/congress-could-not-deliver-on-job-creation-neither-can-modi-rahul-gandhi/articleshow/60761013.cms



First posted on 25 August 2017



The plan is based on the data provided by NSS 73rd ROUND (July 2015 - June 2016) on micro units in India

First understand the data provided by NSS 73rd ROUND (July 2015 - June 2016)



Key Indicators of Unincorporated Non-Agricultural Enterprises (Excluding Construction) in India

NSS 73rd ROUND
(July 2015 - June 2016)
http://www.mospi.gov.in/sites/default/files/publication_reports/NSS_KI_73_2.34.pdf


Sample Size


First stage units (Villages and urban blocks): For rural India, the number of villages ( Census Enumeration Blocks
for Kerala) surveyed in the central sample was 8484 and the number of urban blocks/ Census
Enumeration Blocks surveyed was 7839. In addition to this, a “State Sample” was also
surveyed by the State/UT Governments who participated in this survey. The results presented
in this document are, however, based on central sample alone.


Second Stage Units: The unincorporated non-agricultural enterprises were the
ultimate sampling units in NSS 73rd round survey. At all India level a total of 290113
enterprises were surveyed (143179 enterprises in rural and 146934 enterprises in urban
sector).



Estimated number of Enterprises

3.2.1 The survey estimated the number of unincorporated non-agricultural enterprises in the
country during 2015-16 as 6.34 crore

Out of the total number of enterprises 51.3 % were in rural areas and the remaining 48.7 % were in urban areas. Out of the total estimated number of enterprises at all India level, 31 % were engaged in manufacturing, 36.3 % enterprises were in trading and 32.6 % were in other services.


As per the results obtained from the survey, the Own Account Enterprises (OAEs)
(i.e. enterprises that do not employ any hired worker on a fairly regular basis) had a dominant
share in the unincorporated non-agricultural enterprises (excluding construction). At all India
level 84.2 % of the estimated number of enterprises under coverage was OAEs. The share of
OAEs was 91.4 % in the rural areas and 76.6 % in the urban areas.

Estimated number of Workers


The results of the survey reveals that during 2015-16, about 11.13 crore workers were
engaged in unincorporated non-agricultural enterprises (excluding construction) in the
country. Among the workers, 55 % worked in urban areas and 45 % worked in rural areas.


The Own Account Enterprises (OAEs) accounted for 62 % of the workforce in the
unincorporated non-agricultural sector (excluding construction) in the country. At all India
level, workers in the OAEs outnumbered those engaged by establishments in all the broad
activity categories

Gross Value Added (GVA)

3.9.1 Gross Value Added (GVA) is an important economic indicator that measures the
contribution of a particular sector to the economy. It gives the value of goods and services
produced less the cost of all intermediate consumption that are directly attributable to that
production.

During the year 2015-16, the aggregate annual gross value added by the unincorporated non-agricultural enterprises engaged in market production was estimated as Rs.1152338 crores.

At all-India level, annual GVA per enterprise in the unincorporated nonagricultural
sector was estimated at Rs. 1,81,908.

For rural India, annual GVA per enterprise
for OAEs and establishments were estimated as Rs. 71,217 and Rs. 4,78,319 respectively.
The corresponding estimates for urban areas were Rs. 1,26,529 and Rs. 7,03,848 respectively.



3.11 Gross Value Added (GVA) per Worker
3.11.1 Gross Value Added per Worker (GVAPW) is a very important measure of labour
productivity obtained by dividing the real output (i.e. gross value added) by the total number
of workers employed by the enterprises.

3.11.2 The annual GVA per Worker for enterprises engaged in market production at all India
level was estimated as Rs. 1,03,744.

3.12.2 The average annual emolument per hired worker estimated from the survey was Rs. 87,544


3.13.2 The estimated value of total owned fixed assets per enterprise by broad activity
category for different enterprise types are presented in Statement 25. At all India level, the
market value of owned fixed assets per enterprise was estimated as Rs. 2,31,869.

Averge Annual GVA per enterprise:  Rs. 1,81,908.
Average owned fixed assets: Rs. 2,31,869.

Value added for Rs. 1,00,000 fixed assets: Rs. 1,81,908/Rs. 2,31,869 =  Rs.78.450 (rounded)
Salary that can be paid to hired workers for 1,00,000 fixed assets =  Rs. 87,544 *Rs.78.450/Rs. 1,03,744 = 66,200



India - MUDRA - Finance Scheme for Micro Units

Mudra loan scheme is a success in meeting its targets of credit delivery. The performance of the units and recovery of loans is to be watched.

http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2015/04/india-mudra-finance-for-micro-units.html



                                                             14 September 2017

8 crore loan accounts were opened. How many new businesses got loans? How many new jobs were created. Both are not available in documented form. Mudra Finance can be implemented in a better way with authentic record of new businesses created and new jobs created.

Plan for Creating Employment to 2 Crore Persons  per Year in Micro Units Using Mudra Finance 


1. Self employment to one crore persons


Provide rupees one lakh loan to new units

Provide rupees one lakh crores to one crore new micro units at average of one lakh per unit. Self employment to one crore persons each unit generating valued added of Rs, 78,450.


Micro Unit Business Consultants - To Guide Potential Micro Unit Entrepreneurs


For facilitating this new enterprise creation, one lakh, 100,000 micro unit business consultants have to be trained and given the opportunity to prepare business plans and assist 100 persons to start 100 new units. They can charge a fee of Rs. 1000/- per year per unit for the first five years.  MSME training institutes and enterpreneurship development units can train these business consultants. Skill development ministry can conduct special programmes to develop the business consultants.

2. Wage employment to one crore persons


Provide rupees one lakh rupees loan to existing units with plan to employ one more person.

Provide rupees one lakh  loan to one crore enterprises each having a plan to employ one more person giving wages of Rs, 66,200.


The finance required for supporting the two schemes providing a total employment to 2 crore persons is within the resources of Government of India and the Banking system.

Target of Rs. 3.5 lakh crore for the Year 2018-19 for Mudra Finance Scheme


For the year 2018-19 fix a target of Rs. 3.5 lakh crores for Mudra Finance Scheme with three sub targets

1. One lakh crore for one crore new units.
2. One lakh crore for one crore existing units each giving a job to one person.

3. Remaining 1.5 lakh crore under old scheme - 60% loans to Shishu and remaining to Kishore and Tarun.

The above scheme can create employment to minimum 2 crore persons. Unemployment problem in the country can be tackled through micro units.

The job opportunities in small and medium units, large units, government are still there to people to provide higher income job opportunities.


If you feel plan is feasible, mail this blog post to MLAs, MPs and Ministers asking them to implement the plan.

Please sign the petition to the Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi

https://www.change.org/p/shri-narendra-modi-use-mudra-finance-scheme-to-provide-2-crore-persons-jobs-and-employment-in-india

If you have any doubts, please write a comment. Let us develop ways to solve the challenges and provide employment and livelihood to crores of Indians.


I also advocate

Participatory Politics - Introduction
http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2017/08/participatory-politics-introduction.html

Participatory Budgeting - Innovation in Planning and Budgeting by Government at National, State and Local Levels
http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2017/06/participatory-budgeting-innovation-in.html


Related Articles

Role of Small and Micro Business Units in Various Countries
http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2017/08/role-of-small-and-micro-business-units.html


Job Creation; Recipe for Economic Growth'. 

Dr. Indira Rajaraman, former professor IIM Bangalore & Member of the 13th Finance Commission, Dr. Jahangir Aziz, Head Emerging Market Economics, JP Morgan,
Mr. Niranjan Rajadhyaksha, Executive Editor, Mint &
Mr. Surendra Srivastava, CFO, MUDRA
Moderator: Dr. Soumya Kanti Ghosh, Group Chief Economic Advisor, SBI.
6 July 2017

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State Bank of India upload

Updated  18 July 2018, 26 September 2017,  21 September 2017,   7 September 2017, 2 September 2017, 25 August 2017






Saturday, July 14, 2018

Hiranandani Estate, Ghodbunder Road, Thane - Information

Hiranandani Estate, Ghodbunder Road, Thane (West) - 400607


Buildings


Apollo, Canosa, Cassia, Carrara, Leonardo, Oxford,  Palladio, Penrith, Penrose,  Queens gate, Waldorf





Arcadia Shopping Center



I Floor

II Floor

Daffodils - School

Genius Kids  -  Day Care and Activity Center

2nd floor, 206, Arcadia, 8355810336, 022-49718798
email: geniuskids.thane@gmail.com

Vijaya Classes

III Floor

IV Floor

V Floor


Walk - Shopping Center



Banks

Andhra Bank
Axis Bank
Indian Bank
State Bank of India


Hospitals, Clinics and Doctors


Hiranandani Hospital

Varun Polyclinic


Joints and Motion
4, Vega, Hiranandani Estate, Thane (W) – 400 607
TELEPHONE:022 4012 6500
EMAIL:info@jointsnmotion.com
http://jointsnmotion.com/

Dr Lal PathLabs, Hiranandani
Phone Number: 022 25861643, 8291316444
Shop No. 8, Penrith,Opp Hermis Ground, Hiranandani Estate, Patlipada, Thane (w)
Lab timings:7:30 AM to 8:00 PM (Monday to Saturday) & Sunday Closed


Schools, Nursery, Day Care Centers

Vibrant Indian Economy - $20 Trillion GDP Possible by 2047 - 100th Year of Indian Independence from British Rule


Indians are managing their economy well.
India exploited as a colony for 200 years is rebuilding its economy brick by brick.

India vs England - Economy Ball 2019


If we keep growing at the rate which is being projected, it is likely that next year we will be the 5th largest economy ahead of Great Britain.
Arun Jaitley
July 13 at 1:29 PM
https://www.facebook.com/ArunJaitley/posts/825524797636070

Let us focus on the economy this year. I appeal to all Indians to focus on economic activities and extra production this year.



GDP Comparison - India vs England


UK

2016  2,647,898,654,635   2.648 trillion UK

1960 UK          72.33 USD Billion
https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/MKTGDPGBA646NWDB

India

2017. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in India was worth 2597.49 billion US dollars 
https://tradingeconomics.com/india/gdp


1960 India 36.54 USD Billion
https://www.oneindia.com/2007/08/13/india-economic-progression-since-1947.html

 $20 Trillion GDP Possible by 2047 - 100th Year of Indian Independence from British Rule


Indian Economy Has Overtaken France's Economy in 2017


World Bank Data for 2017

GDP India: $2.597 trillion - Sixth Position

USA: $19.390 trn,  China: 12.237 trn,  Japan: 4.872 trn,  Germany: 3.677 trn, UK: 2.622 trn, India: 2.597trn


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________________


30 Year Dream for India - $20 trillion GDP - Modiji's Dream - Developed India 2047

Visit for News Coverage

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/india-becomes-worlds-sixth-largest-economy-muscles-past-france/articleshow/64941102.cms

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/india-becomes-worlds-sixth-largest-economy-muscles-past-france/articleshow/64941102.cms

https://www.bloombergquint.com/global-economics/2018/07/11/india-overtakes-france-as-worlds-sixth-largest-economy-world-bank

https://www.indiatoday.in/india/story/india-overtakes-france-as-6th-biggest-economy-in-the-world-1282562-2018-07-11


https://www.business-standard.com/article/economy-policy/india-becomes-world-s-6th-biggest-economy-beats-france-for-spot-report-118071100398_1.html


http://fortune.com/2017/12/25/india-economy-uk-france-2018/


Updated 15 July 2018
Posted 11 July 2018

Allow Industry 4.0 Technology in New Units in Backward Locations


Allow building new plants with Industry 4.0 Technology in backward industrial locations up to a cumulative capacity of 10%

Remove the Idea of Job Losses

Regulation of Industry 4.0 

Allow Industry 4.0 Technology in New Units in Backward Locations - Increase Employment and Infrastructure


Now Industry 4.0 technology is being implemented world over. There are worries about employment issues due to introduction of new technology. Government has to regulate its introduction and diffusion to protect current employees.  In this context, I propose that in the first installment Government may allow building new plants in backward industrial locations up to a cumulative capacity of 10%.  The objectives of such a policy are allowing technological absorption and its further development concurrently with the rest of the world, backward area development and decongestion of existing industrial locations. We have to note that when already congested industrial locations are being used for further setting up facilities, new infrastructure development is not taking place. All concerned are ignoring infrastructure and overusing existing facilities. Instead, if new technology is allowed only in new backward location, infrastructure development also takes to an adequate extent.

Allowing only 10% expansion in new location with new technology may not disturb existing employment at all, as the market may absorb the new production at the reduced cost of production that the new technology may be able to produce. In this context, productivity of the new technology is an important consideration.

To my email communication campaign on this issue, I got one reply saying the limit can be increased to 20% to encourage employment in new locations.

By taking up this policy stance, Government can actively promote startups in Industry 4.0 Factories and Service Facilities.


Progress of Industry 4.0 in India


Feb 2018
Many Indian companies have started exploring applications of Industry 4.0 in their operations.
According to a recent BCG-CII survey, almost 60% of the surveyed companies have started deploying data analytics in some fashion.
20-40% are experimenting with autonomous robots and additive manufacturing.
More than 75% of the companies indicated that they will be trying at least three or more of industry 4.0  technologies over the next five years.
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/company/corporate-trends/et-gbs-2018-industry-4-0-can-transform-indian-manufacturing/articleshow/62893842.cms


Updated 15 July 2018
First published on 3 July 2018


Industry 4.0 - Estimated Job Losses - Government Regulation and Policy



Based on a study of the labor force in 46 countries, McKinsey Global Institute concludes that almost half of work activities globally have the potential to be automated. Helping workers to acquire new skills is crucial.
07/17/2017
http://blogs.worldbank.org/psd/future-jobs-and-fourth-industrial-revolution-business-usual-unusual-business


The ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution’ can lead to loss of low-skilled jobs
Dec 28, 2016
https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/the-future-of-jobs-in-india/story-k5IvU9uSGyjlbSybqodzFL.html

The Fourth Industrial Revolution, will lead  to a net loss of over 5 million jobs in 15 major developed and emerging economies
18 Jan 2016
https://www.weforum.org/press/2016/01/five-million-jobs-by-2020-the-real-challenge-of-the-fourth-industrial-revolution/


Industry 4.0 to be huge job killer
The World Economic Forum warns Industry 4.0 will likely lead to millions of jobs being lost.
18.01.2016
https://www.dw.com/en/industry-40-to-be-huge-job-killer/a-18987635

For India - Government Regulation and Policy Suggestion to Prevent Job Losses and Allow Industry 4.0 Technology Absorption


Allow building new plants with Industry 4.0 Technology in backward industrial locations up to a cumulative capacity of 10%
Remove the Idea of Job Losses
Regulation of Industry 4.0
http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2018/07/allow-industry-40-technology-in-new.html



Search for: Industry 4.0 employment loss


Updated 15 July 2018
First pubished  6 July 2018

Tuesday, July 10, 2018

Hotels - Bangalore - Bengaluru



_________



__________


Sunheri
Woodlands Hotel, Sampangirama Nagar, Central Bangalore
₹ 600 for two (approx.)
South Indian


https://www.dineout.co.in/bangalore-restaurants/central-bangalore#

Monday, July 9, 2018

Maharashtra - Manufacturing Industry Locations Information



MIDC Areas

https://www.midcindia.org/list-of-all-areas







Achalpur

   
  Objective : To Promote Industrial Growth
  Industry Category : Growth Center
Achalpur Industrial Area is a Growth Centre in Amravati District.
MIDC has partly developed the Achalpur Growth Centre and all efforts taking about it.

  Land Rates

Industrial Plots per sq. mtr : 50
Commercial Plots per sq. mtr : 100
Residential Plots per sq. mtr : NA
  NOTE :
MIDC reserves the right to revise the rates without prior notice.



Ambernath

   
  Objective : Host leading industrial gaints
  Industry Category : Major industrial area
MIDC has plans to develop 507 hectares of land for the Additional Ambernath Industrial Area near Ambernath. Out of 507 hectares of land, 503 hectares have come into MIDCs possession. Of these, 125 hectares have been developed as an engineering zone, 80 hectares each are being developed for the Knitwear complex and Leather complex, and 40 hectares for an institutional zone. The Export Promotion Industrial park (EPIP) is part of the Additional Ambernath Industrial Area and is spread over 80 hectares. The EPIP Knitwear Hosiery and Leather units have been provided 30 hectares each, the remaining 20 hectares being allotted to other units.


  Land Rates

Industrial Plots per sq. mtr : 4000
Commercial Plots per sq. mtr : 12000
Residential Plots per sq. mtr : 8000





Kadegaon

   
  Objective : Addl Land for Weavers Park
  Industry Category : Mini Industrial area
Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) has developed an Industrial Area on 17.87 Hectares of land at Kadegaon. The Industrial Area is situated along the Karad-Vita State Highway No. 78. The land came in MIDC's possession in the year 1992 after which the development work began. By now the Industrial Area is fully developed as a Mini Indl. Area & all Infrastructure facilities have been provided to this industrial area. MIDC has also developed the Additional Industrial area known as Addl.Kadegaon (Shivajinagar) Industrial Area which is situated near the existing Industrial Area. The land admeasuring this industrial is 96.71 Hectares. Out of this 4 Hectares of land has been kept for KVIB. Partly layout for 2 Hectares have been approved and 41 Plots admeasuring 200 to 400 Sq.mtrs. have been carved out, and till today 17 plots are allotted to the applicants. Plot Availability: All the plots are allotted in the (Mini) Industrial area. However, 24 plots in Addl. Kadegaon - Shivajinagar Industrial Area (KVIB) are reserve for Khadi Village Units. which are available for allotment. These plots are allotted through this office. Also,Weaver Park developed in the said Addl. Kadegaon Indl.Area on admeasuring 13 Hector Land in First Phase. There are 69 plots are cavrved out. Out of these plots 64 plots are allotted There are 5 plots are availabel for allotment. Land Rates Industrial plots : Rs. 25\- per sq.mt. Commercial plots : Rs. 50\- per sq.mt. Residential plots : Rs. 38\- per sq.mt. NOTE : MIDC reserves the right to revise the rates without prior notice.

  Land Rates

Industrial Plots per sq. mtr : 130
Commercial Plots per sq. mtr : 250
Residential Plots per sq. mtr : 200

Mahad

 
  Objective : Rates
  Industry Category : Major industrial area


  Land Rates

Industrial Plots per sq. mtr : 450
Commercial Plots per sq. mtr : 880
Residential Plots per sq. mtr : 660

Thursday, July 5, 2018

Wisdom 4.0 - Wise Employment Promoting Industry 4.0 Regulation


With Best Regards to Mr. Sajid Khan - The Wisdom Coach
Wisdom 3.0
WASHINGTON, DC, WASHINGTON, DC, USA, July 5, 2018 /EINPresswire/ -- A very simple paradigm shift is all that is required to change the current chaotic world mess into an authentic wisdom powered world of harmonious order.
https://www.einpresswire.com/article/447331841/wisdom-3-0




Allow building new plants with Industry 4.0 Technology in backward industrial locations up to a cumulative capacity of 10%

Remove the Idea of Job Losses

Regulation of Industry 4.0 

Allow Industry 4.0 Technology in New Units in Backward Locations - Increase Employment and Infrastructure


Now Industry 4.0 technology is being implemented world over. There are worries about employment issues due to introduction of new technology. Government has to regulate its introduction and diffusion to protect current employees.  In this context, I propose that in the first installment Government may allow building new plants in backward industrial locations up to a cumulative capacity of 10%.  The objectives of such a policy are allowing technological absorption and its further development concurrently with the rest of the world, backward area development and decongestion of existing industrial locations. We have to note that when already congested industrial locations are being used for further setting up facilities, new infrastructure development is not taking place. All concerned are ignoring infrastructure and overusing existing facilities. Instead, if new technology is allowed only in new backward location, infrastructure development also takes to an adequate extent.

Allowing only 10% expansion in new location with new technology may not disturb existing employment at all, as the market may absorb the new production at the reduced cost of production that the new technology may be able to produce. In this context, productivity of the new technology is an important consideration.

To my email communication campaign on this issue, I got one reply saying the limit can be increased to 20% to encourage employment in new locations.

By taking up this policy stance, Government can actively promote startups in Industry 4.0 Factories and Service Facilities.



Sunday, July 1, 2018

2019 Lok Sabha - Congress Party - Challenger Strategies


In Lok Sabha 2019 election, BJP/NDA is the leader having won the election in the last one in 2014. Hence its strategies are similar to a market leader in product marketing.

Congress party and any coalition it forms is a challenger. Hence, Congress party's strategies are to be analyzed by comparing them to the challenger strategies outlined in Marketing books.

DELHI
Findings of survey to guide Congress’ 2019 poll strategy
6 June 2018

Congress likely to win 5 of the 7 seats
https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Delhi/findings-of-survey-to-guide-congress-2019-poll-strategy/article24091373.ece


Eye on Elections 2019, Congress to target the poor in urban areas
The Congress has consistently ceded its urban vote bank to the BJP, and now by targeting informal workers in cities, the party wants to reverse that trend
Mon, Apr 02 2018.
https://www.livemint.com/Politics/Ue0nRDtYEYs4Nfb2DL804J/Eye-on-Elections-2019-Congress-to-target-the-poor-in-urban.html


https://www.quora.com/How-can-Congress-win-the-2019-election
89 answers on Quora
August 20, 2017


Winning Elections Based on Performance - 2019 Lok Sabha Elections - BJP Strategic Options


Can BJP increase its vote share in 2019 Lok Sabha Elections?

Votes garnered by Political Parties during 2014 Lok Sabha Elections




BJP  31.3%, 171,660,230

INC 19.5%, 106,935,942

AIADMK 3.3%, 18,111,579

AITC 3.8%, 20,378,052

BJD 1.7%, 9,489,946

SS 1.9%, 10,050,652

TDP 2.5% 14,099,230

TRS 1.2% 6,736,270

Refer: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_general_election,_2014

So BJP got 17.166 crore votes during the 2014 Lok Sabha elections. It can increase the votes in its favour in 2019 Lok Sabha elections based on its claims regarding serving crores of people during the last four years.


1. Bottom of the Pyramid People Outreach Option

The Government claims that its performance is exemplary and its schemes benefited crores of bottom of the pyramid families. It made a website showcasing its performance during 4 years of rule. Does it believe that it delighted crores of individuals with its economic and social transformation policies? If the answer is yes, it can locate the beneficiaries and reach them for further support during 2019 Lok Sabha elections through its 12 crore members.

People Contact Effort by  BJP Field - Party Members


BJP as an incumbent government is truly at an advantage to motivate the beneficiaries of its schemes and programme to lend support. It has to martial its field members to contact the beneficiaries, find their further economic and social needs during the next five years and communicate them back to the party headquarters to include them in the next manifesto. Thus they can effectively capture the beneficiary votes through their past actions and future promises.


If BJP is able to to reach the beneficiaries effectively, Congress will be at a disadvantage. But at the moment, media analysis indicates that Congress has seized the initiative in building up news in its favour. In UP and Bihar, the combination of Akhilesh - Tejaswi - Jayant is being highlighted as the young new brigade that can upset BJP.


PM Personally Doing Outreach on His Government's Welfare Schemes

Economic Times 30 June 2018
Via Namo App
PM leads bid to create awareness on Central Schemes
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/modi-leads-bid-to-create-awareness-on-central-schemes/articleshow/64801498.cms

5 June 2018 - Young entrepreneurs involved in startups and innovations (Mudra Yojana?)
7 JUne  - Aushadi Yojana and Stent price capping
15 June - Digital India beneficiaries
20 June - Farmers - Doubling farm incomes
27 - Social security and insurance programmes

What are the schemes of BJP - Modi Government that benefitted Crores of Persons and Families in the last Four Years?


Visit https://48months.mygov.in/


Impact of Various Schemes and Initiatives  scheme

LEDs Distributed under Ujala Scheme

LEDs Distributed
300,890,730 - 30 crores plus - 2 per family - 15 crore+ families benefitted.
31/05/2018
300,890,730


Loans Sanctioned under Mudra Yojana
Loans Sanctioned
129,073,857  -  12.90 crores loans sanctioned
31/05/2018
129,073,857


Households Electrified under Saubhagya since Oct. 2017
Total no. of Households Electrified
6,492,031  - 64.92 lakhs
31/05/2018
6,492,031


Children vaccinated under Mission Indradhanush
No. of Children vaccinated
31,500,000
31/05/2018
31,500,000


Soil Health Cards Dispatched
SHC Dispatched
134,546,471  - 13.45 crores 
31/05/2018
134,546,471


Direct Benefit Transfer since FY 2014-15
Direct Benefit Transfer since FY 2014-15
Rs. 3,821,785,000,000
31/05/2018
Rs 3,821,785,000,000

 s
Subscribers under Atal Pension Yojana
Number of Subscribers
More Than 10,000,000
31/05/2018
More Than 10,000,000


Gram Panchayats connected by Optical Fiber
Gram Panchayats connected by Optical Fiber
115,978
31/05/2018
115,978


Household Toilets Constructed under Swachh Bharat
No. of Household Toilets Constructed (Rural+Urban)
77,979,293   -  7.79 crore families provided toilets
31/05/2018
77,979,293


Length of Road Constructed under PM Gram Sadak Yojana Since FY 2013-14
Completed Length
171,659
Kms
31/05/2018
171,659 Kms


People Enrolled under PM Suraksha Bima Yojana
People Enrolled
135,341,000   -  13.53 crores
31/05/2018
135,341,000


LPG Connections Released under Ujjwala Yojana
BPL LPG Connections Released
41,030,010   -   4.10 crores families
31/05/2018
41,030,010


Beneficiaries under PM Jan Dhan Yojana
Total Number of Beneficiaries
316,700,000
31/05/2018
316,700,000


Open Defecation Free-Villages
Open Defecation Free-Villages
374,371
31/05/2018
374,371


Pensioners benefited by Jeevan Pramaan
No. of Pensioners submitted their Digital Life Certificates on Jeevan Pramaan
16,892,000
31/05/2018
16,892,000


MyGov Subscribers
Number of Registered Users
5,933,140
31/05/2018
5,933,140


Citizens Enrolled under PM Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana
Citizens Enrolled
53,475,000  -  5.34 crores
31/05/2018
53,475,000


No. of Un-electrified Villages
Number of Un-electrified Villages under DDUGJY
0
31/05/2018
0


Fresh Registrations on National Scholarship Portal
Total Fresh Registrations
12,044,589
31/05/2018
12,044,589


Houses Completed under PM Awas Yojana
Number of Houses Completed (Urban + Rural)
10,000,000 - 1 crore families
31/05/2018


2. Intellectuals (Researchers and Developers) Outreach Option




___________


Numerous universities, 7 IITs, 7 IIMs, 14 IIITs, 1 NIT started functioning. AIIMS were also started.
PM Research Fellowship started.

____________



20 Institutes of Eminence will declared and funded.

_____________

Government has promoted research and development through various higher educational institutes. It can initiate a dialogue with research and invention communities and explain their activities so far and can take inputs for the next five years.


Vigyan Se Vikas
Advertisement in Times of India and Economic Times dated 7 June 2018

Mann Ki Baat on 25 February 2018

______________


______________




English translation
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=176780

Updated  2 July 2018,  6 June 2018
First posted 3 June 2018

Saturday, June 30, 2018

Use social media innovatively - Continue expressing and discussing freely - @narendramodi



Use  social media innovatively.  Continue expressing and discussing freely.
Greetings on #SocialMediaDay! 2018 June 30


Narendra Modi@narendramodi
30 June 2018
Greetings on #SocialMediaDay! The world of social media has played a key role in democratising our discourse and giving a platform to millions of people around the world to express their views and showcase their creativity.

Narendra Modi @narendramodi
30 June 2018
I would particularly like to congratulate my young friends for their innovative usage of social media. Their frank method of conveying opinions is extremely endearing. I urge youngsters to continue expressing and discussing freely. #SocialMediaDay
https://twitter.com/narendramodi/status/1012961124248104960


About Social Media Day - 30 June

Wednesday, June 27, 2018

PM Narendra Modi's Mudra Finance and Jan Banking - Effective in Reducing Poverty


Support for the thinking

https://www.brookings.edu/blog/future-development/2018/06/19/the-start-of-a-new-poverty-narrative/

https://www.moneycontrol.com/news/india/india-may-get-rid-of-extreme-poverty-by-2030-under-3-to-remain-poor-by-2020-report-2639461.html

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/india-no-longer-home-to-the-largest-no-of-poor-study/articleshow/64754988.cms

Tuesday, June 26, 2018

Sunday, June 10, 2018

People Problems - Solutions From Politicians - Annual Plan by MPs and MLAs



Every representative of people has to be on his own in giving suggestions about solving people problems. It has to be made mandatory for every representative to give an annual plan for solving the problems of the people in the next year. It can coincide with budget. The frequency can be increased to match with the meetings of assembly or parliament. We have to know the thoughts of each MLA and MP on the people's problems through a written document. Needless to say that such documents are to be made after holding consultations and information seeking exercises by the MLAS and MPs.

Suggestion


MLAs and MPs have to submit annual plans to government and parliament/assembly regarding people's problems and possible solutions.

Wednesday, June 6, 2018

Mudra Yojana - Telugu - ముద్ర యోజన విశిష్టత


ముద్ర యోజన విశిష్టత

ముద్ర యోజనను రాజకీయ పార్టీ కార్యకర్తలు, సాంఘిక కార్య రతులు , సమాజ చింతన కలిగిన వ్యాపారస్తులు కలిసి ప్రోత్సహించాలి. ఇది మోడీ ప్రభుత్వము యొక్క ఒక మంచి ప్రణాళిక. సూక్ష్మ వ్యాపారములను ప్రత్యేకముగా అభివృద్ధి చెయ్యడము వలన తరువాత కాలములో చిన్న, మధ్య తరహ వ్యాపార సంస్థలను ప్రారంభించడానికి కావలసిన అనుభవము లభిస్తుంది. అదే విధముగా ముందు సూక్ష్మ వ్యాపార సంస్థలలో పని చెయ్యడము ద్వారా ఉద్యోగములు చేసేవారికి శిక్షణ, అనుభవము లభిస్తాయి. అందరకి అంటే చాలా మందికి ఉద్యోగ అవకాశములు సూక్ష్మ సంస్థల ద్వారానే సాధ్యం. ప్రభుత్వమూ వచ్చే కాలములో ఈ సూక్ష్మ సంస్థల వ్యవస్థను మరింత పటిష్టము చేసే ప్రణాలికలను రూపొందిచవచ్చు. అప్పుడు ముద్ర యోజను మంచిగా అమలు పరిచిన అనుభవము ఉపయోగములోకి వస్తుంది. భారత్ ఆర్ధిక వ్యవస్థ మెరుగు పడడములో ముద్ర యోజన మంచి చేయూతను ఇస్తుంది అని నేను భావిస్తున్నాను.


విజయవాడ అర్బన్ తెలుగు దేశం పార్టీ వాణిజ్య విభాగం
ముద్రా రుణాలు పొందాల‌నుకుంటున్నారా? అయితే ఇవి చదవండి
http://vijayawadaurbantdpmudra.com/mudrasamacharam.html

న్యూఢిల్లీ, మే 29, 2018
ప్రధానమంత్రి ముద్రా యోజన (పీఎంఎంవై) పథకం కింద దేశంలో ఇప్పటివరకు 12 కోట్ల మంది లబ్ధిపొందారు - ప్రధానమంత్రి నరేంద్రమోదీ
బ్యాంకులు, ఆర్థిక సంస్థలు రూ. 6లక్షల కోట్ల రుణాలు ఇచ్చాయి.
http://www.happytimesinfo.com/2018/05/29/mudhra-yojana/

22nd May 2018
ముద్రా స్కీమ్ కింద  రుణాలకు -  40 సంస్థల తోడ్పాటు
లభ్ది దారులకు శిక్షణ వ్యాపార ప్రణాళికలు
https://www.sakshibusiness.com/view/finmin-ties-up-with-40-entities-to-extend-funding-under-mudra-scheme-16648


April 08, 2018

ముద్రా యోజన 2018 - ప్రధాని నరేంద్ర మోదీ వరుస ట్వీట్లు 

“మూడు సంవత్సరాల క్రితం, ఈ రోజున ముద్రా యోజన మన పౌరుల ఆకాంక్షలకు రెక్కలు ఇవ్వడానికి మరియు మన యువతలో వ్యవస్థాపక శక్తిని పెంపొందించడానికి ప్రారంభించబడింది.  మూడు సంవత్సరాల తరువాత, నేను ముద్రా యోజన అనేకమంది జీవితాలపై తెచ్చిన  సంపదను  చూడడానికి సంతోషంగా ఉన్నాను". అని ప్రధాని నరేంద్ర మోదీ  ట్వీట్లలో తెలిపారు.


______________


______________

8 October 2017
 సుజాన చౌదరి - ముద్రా యోజన (ప్రభుత్వ పథకాలు) అనుకున్న విధంగా లబ్ధిదారులకు చేరువ కావాలంటే బ్యాంకర్లు,  స్థానిక ప్రజాప్రతినిధులు కలిసి పని చేయాలి.
http://andhrabhoomi.net/content/ap-6958


చిన్న వ్యాపారులకు వరం ‘ముద్ర యోజన’
29-09-2015 09:25:
కడప జిల్లాలో 32 బ్యాంకులు, 350 బ్రాంచ్‌లున్నాయి . ఇందులో ఒక్కో బ్రాంచ్‌ నుంచి 20 నుంచి 25 మంది లబ్ధిదారులకు రుణాలు అందించారు. నిరుద్యోగ యువతకు ఈ పథకం ఎంతో ప్రయోజనకరంగా ఉంటుంది.
http://www.andhrajyothy.com/artical?SID=156552

Saturday, June 2, 2018

Marathon Running in India - Fitness Interest in India



China has 2.8 million persons who participated in 328 running events in 2017.

http://www.parklu.com/running-chinese-fitness-kol-marketing/


In India also many running events are being organized. It will be interesting to know the corresponding numbers.

Recorded races alone are touching 900 annually in India.  225 of them are in northern India, with 120 held in and around the capital.

https://www.hindustantimes.com/other-sports/marathon-high-india-s-road-running-culture-spawns-big-business/story-U4fjeFqUgmVumj9R0MXdOI.html




http://indiarunning.com/marathon-calendar.html

http://indiarunning.com/half-marathons.html


http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/spectrum/rise-of-the-marathon-runner/572358.html


2018 - World wide statistics on Marathon

https://runrepeat.com/research-marathon-performance-across-nations



Friday, May 25, 2018

MSME Parks in Every Assembly Constituency in Andhra Pradesh




https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/small-biz/sme-sector/ap-government-plans-msme-parks-in-every-assembly-segment/articleshow/64253688.cms


The idea is to have one M-Park with an investment of Rs 225 crore to create 1,500 jobs in each of the 175 Assembly constituencies.

The newly-created AP MSME Development Corporation will oversee the process.

200 parks will be set up by 2023 and will have  30,000 MSMEs with an employment potential for three lakh people. The total investment amount will be  Rs 45,000 crore.


http://apedb.gov.in/enterprises-sector.html

https://www.apindustries.gov.in/VCIC/Data/PolicyDocuments/MSME_Policy_2015_20_Booklet_Final_July_08_2015.pdf 

http://www.thehansindia.com/posts/index/Business/2018-02-26/Micro-small-and-medium-enterprises-feel-neglected-in-AP/361625


Thursday, May 24, 2018

2018 - Narendra Modi - BJP Government after 4 Years - Performance Report and Analysis



Narendra Modi Government is confident about its governance record. While everything may not be right as per manifesto and expectation, there are many areas and programmes about which the government is feeling good and satisfied. They have put together all the positive aspects before the Indian Citizens through a dedicated microsite.

Narendra Modi Government - Performance Dashboard Transformation of  India in 48 Months 


https://48months.mygov.in/


Public, other political parties,  political and economic thinkers, and media analysts now has the opportunity to take every claim and analyze it.


Time Mega Poll - 23 to 25 May 2018  - 71.9% for Narendra Modi as PM again


71.9% say they want Narendra Modi as PM again in 2019 Elections.
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/mega-times-group-poll-71-9-of-indians-say-they-will-vote-for-narendra-modi-as-pm-again-in-2019/articleshow/64324490.cms

More news items and views to be added.


How Indian economy has fared under Modi government and where it’s headed
Team Mint Money spoke to experts on the macro numbers in the last four years of the Narendra Modi government and how they affected individual investors
Thu, May 24 2018.
https://www.livemint.com/Money/RQzAZHtFzG2Pdp95zdVKoM/How-Indian-economy-has-fared-under-Modi-government-and-where.html


Updated 2018 - 26 May,  24 May 

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

100 Smart Cities Project of India - Plans and Programmes



World Developments - Smart Cities

What is a Smart City


2015 Video
________________

________________
uploaded by Vinci Energies


Watch Hangouts Organized by World Smart City Partnership Organization


https://www.worldsmartcity.org/hangouts/

2018 Hangout - Internet of Outdoor Things


__________________

___________________
Uploaded by World Smart City

Know About World Smart Cities


http://www.worldsmartcity.org/  16 July 2016 World Smartcity Forum

Four Main Themes of the Forum
Transportation/Mobility for smart cities  http://www.worldsmartcity.org/category/mobility/
Water for smart cities  http://www.worldsmartcity.org/category/water/
Energy for smart cities
Cybersecurity and privacy for smart cities

World's Smart Cities: San Diego

http://www.forbes.com/sites/peterhigh/2015/03/09/the-top-five-smart-cities-in-the-world/#657b21735a0e

Top 10 Smart Cities - 2014 - IESE Rankings  http://www.ieseinsight.com/doc.aspx?id=1582



India Development - Smart Cities

About Each Smart City in India

Kakinada

2017

Smart Cities Guidelines

http://smartcities.gov.in/content/innerpage/guidelines.php


http://moud.gov.in/cms/smart-cities.php


https://www.thescif.in/


Pune Smart City - Interesting Lighting Project

Savings commitment of 51%
https://punesmartcity.in/project/smart-street-lighting/


Tata's Concept for Smart Public Transport in Smart Cities

http://www.digit.in/car-tech/this-is-tatas-vision-of-converting-indian-metros-into-smart-cities-33505.html


2016


13 new smart cities announced by govt

24 May 2016

Lucknow, New Town in Kolkata, Bhagalpur,  Dharamsala, Chandigarh, Faridabad, Raipur, Ranchi, Warangal, Agartala, Imphal, Port Blair and Panaji

http://www.msn.com/en-in/news/newsindia/lucknow-chandigarh-agartala-among-13-new-smart-cities-announced-by-govt/ar-BBtor0N?

Smart cities - Critical voices
http://www.theguardian.com/cities/2014/dec/17/truth-smart-city-destroy-democracy-urban-thinkers-buzzphrase

28 Jan 2016

First batch of 20 smart cities today.

Bhubaneswar, NDMC Delhi,
Pune, Jaipur, Surat, Kochi, Ahmedabad, Jabalpur, Visakhapatnam, Solapur, Davanagere, Indore, Coimbatore, Kakinada, Belagavi, Udaipur, Guwahati, Chennai, Ludhiana and Bhopal


September 2015

98 cities were identified for 100 Smart Cities Project. Uttar Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir have to pick up one each soon to touch 100 cities mark.
         
The announcement of future smart cities list is raising hope.  Development, especially roads and highways, would have a multiplier effect and boost rural jobs. Experts say the infrastructure is the backbone of the smart city mission which is all set to get boost due to these developments.
       

            The list of cities includes Varanasi, Allahabad, Lucknow, Ghaziabad, Bareilly and Agra from Uttar Pradesh, Tiruchirapalli, Thanjavur, Salem, Vellore, Chennai, Coimbatore and Madurai from Tamil Nadu, Nashik, Thane, Solapur, Nagpur, Navi Mumbai, Aurangabad and Pune from Maharashtra, and Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur, Gwalior and Ujjain from Madhya Pradesh. It also encompasses Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar and Baroda in Gujarat, and Bhagalpur and Muzaffarpur in Bihar.

            Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu have the maximum number of 12 cities under the list followed by Maharashtra with 10, Madhya Pradesh with seven, Karnataka and Gujarat with six each, Rajasthan with four, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Punjab with three each. Of those chosen for the project, 24 are capital cities, as many business hubs and 18 cultural centers.

             Eight smart cities nominees have a population of one lakh and below, while 35 cities and towns between one to five lakh. There are 21 cities, with a population ranging between five to 10 lakh, 28 cities above 10 lakh and below 25 lakh. A set of five cities are in the population range of 25 to50 lakh.

            Four cities- Chennai, Greater Hyderabad, Ahmedabad and Greater Mumbai-have population of above 50 lakh. Population statistics suggest that 64 towns and cities are in the category of small to medium, while the remaining 34 are large ones.

            The Government will release Rs 2 crore for each of the 98 cities for preparation of smart city plans. The region-wise panels of reputed agencies for assisting smart cities aspirants for preparation of smart city plans have been formed by the urban ministry. In the second stage of the city challenge competition, all smart city plans received by the Urban Development ministry will be evaluated, based on a set of six broad criteria. The top scoring 20 cities in the first round of competition in the second stage will be chosen for financing during this financial year. The remaining will be asked to address the deficiencies identified before participating in the second and the third rounds of competition. Forty cities each will be identified for financing during the second and third rounds.

            The Central government proposes to give financial support to Mission to the extent of Rs 48,000 crore over five years. The chosen smart city will be given Rs 100 crore per city per year over the next five years. Accordingly, the Central government has made a provision of Rs 48000 crore for the next five years for the smart cities mission. The States/UTs and Urban local bodies have to make an equal matching contribution. This in effect means that Central and state governments and ULBs will invest about Rs 1 lakh crore over the next five years for making 100 chosen cities smart.

            Smart city plans will be implemented by a special purpose vehicle to be set up for each identified city to enable a focused effort for effective implementation.
                   
            Urban population, according to 2011 census, was about 37 crore accounting for 31 per cent of total population. The cities also generate 63% of the nation’s economic activity. These numbers are rapidly increasing, with almost half of India’s population projected to live in its cities by 2030.

 AMRUT Project        

            A statutory town is one that has a municipal body. There are 4,041 statutory cities/ town as per 2011 records. Out of these, about 500 cities with a population of above one lakh each, are focus of AMRUT. These 500 cities account for 73 per cent of India’s urban population. Number of cities that can be nominated for AMRUT so far are like this : A&N ( 1), Andhra Pradesh (31), Arunachal Pradesh (1 ),  Assam(7), Delhi( 1), Karnataka( 27), Kerala( 18), Uttar Pradesh (54), WB (28) Maharashtra ( 37), Bihar ( 27), Jharkhand(11) etc.

             AMRUT, entailing an investment of Rs50,000 crore, envisages proper infrastructure services relating to water supply, sewerage, seepage management, storm water drains, transport and development of green spaces and parks with special plans of meeting needs of children.      
         
            A reform matrix with timelines will be circulated to states in the guidelines.  JNNURM projects relating to the urban development sanctioned during 2005-2012 and achieved physical progress of fifty per cent availing 50 per cent central assistance released and those sanctioned during 2012-2014 will be supported till March 2017. Accordingly, 102 and 296 projects will get central support for balance funding to complete these projects.

More information
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/efeatures.aspx?relid=126563

         

___________________________________________________________

India - Smart City - Concept




A Smart City to be developed as a well planned city is a sustainable business and residential area of 2 to 10 lakh population.

For  its sustainability, a smart city needs to offer economic activities and employment opportunities
to a wide section of its residents, regardless of their level of education, skills or income levels. In planning a smart city, planners  need to identify  comparative or unique advantage and core competence in specific areas of economic activities and  have to develop the required institutional, physical, social and economic infrastructures for it and promote those features and their benefits to
attract investors and professionals to take up those economic activities. It also needs to support
the required skill development for such activities in a big way. This would help a Smart
City in developing the required environment for creation of economic activities and
employment opportunities.

Apart from employment, it is also important for a Smart City to offer decent living options to every resident. This would mean that it will have to provide a very high quality of life (comparable with any developed European City) i.e. good quality but affordable housing, cost efficient physical, social and institutional infrastructure such as adequate and quality water supply, sanitation, 24 x 7 electric supply, clean air, quality education, cost efficient health care, dependable security, entertainment, sports, robust and high speed interconnectivity, fast & efficient urban mobility etc.

Smart Cities have to attract investments and experts & professionals. Good quality infrastructure, simple and transparent online business and public services processes that make it easy to practice one’s profession or to establish an enterprise and run it efficiently without any bureaucratic hassles are essential features of a citizen centric and investor-friendly smart city. Adequate availability of the required skills in the labour force is a necessary requirement for sustainability of a Smart City. Entrepreneurs, themselves, look for a decent living and so they also look for smart housing, high level of healthcare, entertainment and quality education. Safety and security is a basic need for them as to any other resident. A city that is considered unsafe is not attractive. Besides an entrepreneur or a professional needs to be there as someone who helps a city to prosper and adds value to it rather than
someone who only benefits from it.


Smart City will have:

 Competitiveness: It refers to a city’s ability to create employment opportunities, attract investments, experts, professionals and people. The ease of being able to do business and the quality of life it offers determines its competitiveness.
 Sustainability: It includes social sustainability, environmental sustainability and financial sustainability.
 Quality of Life: It includes safety and security, inclusiveness, entertainment, ease of seeking and obtaining public services, cost efficient healthcare, quality education, transparency, accountability and opportunities for participation in governance.



Pillars of a Smart City

 Institutional Infrastructure (including Governance), Physical Infrastructure, Social Infrastructure and Economic Infrastructure constitute the four pillars on which a city rests. The centre of attention for each of these pillars is the citizen. In other words a Smart City works towards ensuring the best
for its entire people, regardless of social status, age, income levels, gender, etc.

 Institutional Infrastructure refers to the activities that relate to governance,
planning and management of a city. The new technology (ICT) has provided a new
dimension to this system making it citizen-centric, efficient, accountable and
transparent. It includes the participatory systems of governance, e-governance,
inclusive governance, the sense of safety and security and the opportunities for
creativity.

 Physical Infrastructure refers to its stock of cost-efficient and intelligent
physical infrastructure such as the urban mobility system, the housing stock, the
energy system, the water supply system, sewerage system, sanitation facilities,
solid waste management system, drainage system, etc. which are all integrated
through the use of technology.

 Social Infrastructure relate to those components that work towards developing
the human and social capital, such as the education, healthcare, entertainment, etc.
It also includes performance and creative arts, sports, the open spaces, children’s
parks and gardens.

These together determine the quality of life of citizens in a city. It is also
necessary that city promotes inclusiveness and city has structures which
proactively bring disadvantageous sections i.e. SCs, STs, socially and financially
backwards, minorities, disabled and women into the mainstream of development.

 Economic Infrastructure
For a city to attract investments and to create the appropriate economic
infrastructurefor employment opportunities, it has to first identify its core
competence, comparative advantages and analyse its potential for generating
economic activities. Once that is done, the gaps in required economic
infrastructure can be determined. This would generally comprise the following:
 Incubation centres
 Skill Development Centres
 Industrial Parks and Export Processing Zones
 IT / BT Parks
 Trade centers
 Service Centres
 Financial Centers and Services
 Logistics hubs, warehousing and freight terminals
 Mentoring and Counselling services


Physical Infrastructure
Urban Mobility
Our existing  cities are witnessing rapid motorization. This has led to severe congestion,
deteriorating air quality, increasing incidence of road accidents and a rapidly increasing
energy bill. Walking and cycling have been rendered unsafe due to poor infrastructure and
public transport has been inadequate. Urban living is making having the personal motor vehicle essential. Public transport systems have been planned in isolation with the result that a well-integrated multi-modal system has not come up. This has resulted in high cost facilities not giving the outcomes that were sought.

Ease of being able to move from one place to another is at the core of a “Smart
City”. Seoul, Singapore, Yokohama and Barcelona (all considered Smart Cities) have a
sound transport system as the core of their “Smartness”. The smart transport system
emphasizes walking, cycling and public transport as the primary means for mobility with
personal motor vehicles being actively discouraged. In fact, smart cities lay considerable
emphasis on the walkability and cycling in the city. The pedestrian is given a place of
prominence as every trip has a leg that involves walking. However, smart city need to look
into the bottlenecks of road/rail networks also and wherever required underpasses,
elevated roads, additional rail networks need to be put in place urgently.

Cycling is one of the, most cost efficient and environmentally sustainable mode for
commuting in cities. Many cities across the world have given emphasis to it and developed
the required infrastructure for promoting cycling. Also programs like bicycle sharing such
as Velib in Paris can be promoted to decongest the CBDs.

If cities are to be efficient engines of economic growth, it is important that goods
are able to move from production centres to consumption centres at low cost and high
speed. Therefore, a good freight movement system acquires importance.
Hence, improved mobility will involve a three pronged approach whereby there are:
1. Improvements in public transport – Metro Rail, BRT, LRT, Monorail, Trams etc.
2. Improvements in infrastructure of other motor vehicles – ring roads, bypasses,
underpasses, elevated roads, improvements in the existing road ways
3. Improvements in infrastructure for walking, cycling and waterways


Reliable Utility Services
 Reliable, adequate and high quality Utility services are critical in a Smart City.
Whether it is electricity or telephony or ICT services, they need to be very reliable and
adequate. 24x7 services are necessary. For example, a minimum of 100 Mbps of internet
bandwidth and wide availability of Wi-Fi will be very important features. It should be the
right of every citizen to get these facilities on demand. Similarly, municipal services such
water supply, drainage, solid waste management need to be of very high quality and
available 24x7. Telephone services based on Direct-to-Home Fibre should be available for
every household. A Smart City cannot have only a few hours of water supply a day or
electricity that goes off for several hours or the streets littered with garbage. The
general appearance of the city has to be pleasing and clean. The main utilities that need
to ensured are the following:

Water Supply
Safe and adequate water supply is a public good as it has very large positive
externalities. Access to water supply is important for all the urban residents and lack of
safe water supply can keep the mortality rates high in general and among the poor in
particular. It has been estimated that access to water increases the productive working
hours of urban poor in general and the poor women in particular by 1.5 to 2 hours. Smart
cities should therefore have adequate availability of piped water supply that also meets
benchmarks of water quality, pressure, etc. across the city. Dual water supply systems
that serve the needs of drinking water and other needs would help in recycling water and
conserving it. Adoption of new methods especially smart metering for reducing loss and
energy consumption in water networks needs to be ensured. This is possible by installing
sensors in the supply system that measure water consumption, water levels, and water
flow rates on a real time basis. These models will help in not only identifying and localize
leaks, it would also assist to optimize energy consumption in the network. In addition,
smart water meters may be installed for measuring water consumption more efficiently
and providing water customers with data to help them monitor their water usage and
reduce costs.


Sanitation
Sanitation is important for all the urban residents. Lack of sanitation causes
outbreaks of epidemics, health disorders and keeps the mortality rates high in general
and among the poor in particular. It is well known that higher incidences of morbidity
pushes low income households below the poverty line. It is therefore essential that cities
should have a City Wide Sanitation Plan for all parts of the city. The Plan is expected to
be based on the concept of Decentralized Sewerage and Solid Waste Management
System. Also, each and every household should have a toilet so that no citizen needs to
defecate in the open. Further, all commercial and other public buildings should have clean
and hygienic toilets. There is a need for 100% recycling in the sanitation system. Idea is
that not even a drop of waste water should go out of the local area (one such example of
New Moti Bagh Township in New Delhi). Moreover, only treated water should get into
water body i.e. lake, pond, river etc.


Internet and Telephone
A 100 Mbps internet backbone coupled with 100% coverage of the area by cell
phone towers and a high level of telephone penetration will be essential in a Smart City as
most services will have to be offered online. Local service providers should also have
multiple service kiosks that can be accessed by people for evaluating public services and
accessing public information. Fibre Optic connectivity to each home, Wi-Fi in all public
places and educational institutions would be important features of a Smart City. This
would need a transparent and efficient system of providing Right of Way by Municipal
Authorities.

http://indiansmartcities.in/downloads/CONCEPT_NOTE_-3.12.2014__REVISED_AND_LATEST_.pdf


http://indiansmartcities.in/site/index.aspx

http://moud.gov.in/


Individual Smart City - Plans, Programmes and Achievements



Kakinada


http://kakinada.cdma.ap.gov.in/en/kakinada-smart-city

http://www.livemint.com/Politics/cMXZqsIvDHpFZMpCNN3uDM/Pensioners-paradise-Kakinada-coming-of-age.html


Updated 2018 - 24 May

 11 April 2017, 24 May 2016, 9 Feb 2016,  28 Jan 2016,   24 Sep,   5 May 2015








Tuesday, May 15, 2018

India - Aspirational Districts Programme




http://niti.gov.in/content/about-aspirational-districts-programme


Conference on Transformation of Aspirational Districts: Presentations on Jan 4-5, 2018
http://niti.gov.in/content/conference-transformation-aspirational-districts-presentations-jan-4-5-2018


Plenary Session: Evolving Strategies for Transforming Aspirational Districts
Date:   20th April, 2018         Time:  1130 – 1300 Webcast (link is external)

Venue: Plenary Hall, Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi

Key Discussion Points

Discussion on evolving strategies for transforming Aspirational Districts focusing on key sectors such as agriculture, health, education ,skilling etc.
Web Cast of the session:  http://webcast.gov.in/darpg/session1.html
https://darpg.gov.in/plenary-session-evolving-strategies-transforming-aspirational-districts

The Aspirational Districts Programme is transformative
Till date, no other developing country has undertaken a data-driven programme of this massive scale to advance the holistic development of one-fifth of its population.
OPINION Apr 14, 2018 in Hindustan Times
https://www.hindustantimes.com/opinion/the-aspirational-districts-programme-is-transformative/story-zl34THWuh2sjpEnbVL7LwK.html

http://iasexamportal.com/civilservices/the-gist/yojana-transforming-indias-aspirational-districts--a-developmental-journey  Summary of article published in Yojana in March 2018


Press Information Bureau
Government of India
NITI Aayog
28-March-2018 16:17 IST
NITI Aayog releases Baseline Ranking of Aspirational Districts

'Champions of Change' Real-Time Monitoring Dashboard to go Live on 1 April;

Delta Ranking of Districts to be Available from May 2018



The NITI Aayog today launched the baseline ranking for the Aspirational Districts based on published data of 49 indicators (81 data points) across five developmental areas of Health and Nutrition, Education, Agriculture and Water Resources, Financial Inclusion and Skill Development, and Basic Infrastructure. The ranking was released by Shri Amitabh Kant, CEO of NITI Aayog.

The CEO also announced that the ‘Champions of Change’ Dashboard for real-time data collection and monitoring will be open for public viewing from 1 April. The dashboard will facilitate District Collectors of all the aspirational districts to input the latest available data of their respective districts. A Workshop was organized on 23 March to train representatives of the Districts to familiarise them to the Dashboard and its functioning, including data input, verification and presentation.

"We want to create competition at the State, District and even the block level. Why do some districts lag on crucial indicators of human development while other districts in the same State excel? Bridging this 'distance to frontier' is key to ensuring the States' prosperity and the Nation's progress", said Amitabh Kant.

"The Aspirational Districts programme, through real-time monitoring and proactive course corrections, reinforces the mechanisms of cooperative & competitive federalism between the Centre and the States, down to the Districts."

From May 2018, Districts will be ranked on their "incremental progress" i.e. Delta Ranking, exemplifying the spirit of competitive federalism. Districts can learn from each other's experiences using the "Best Practices" document that NITI Aayog has prepared and circulated to the district collectors.

About ‘Transformation of Aspirational Districts’ programme

Launched by the Hon’ble PM in January, the ‘Transformation of Aspirational Districts’ programme aims to quickly and effectively transform some of the most underdeveloped districts of the country.

The broad contours of the programme are Convergence (of Central & State Schemes), Collaboration (of Central, State level ‘Prabhari’ Officers & District Collectors), and Competition among districts driven by a Mass Movement or a Jan Andolan. With States as the main drivers, this program will focus on the strength of each district, identify low-hanging fruits for immediate improvement, measure progress, and rank districts.

The Government is committed to raising the living standards of its citizens and ensuring inclusive growth for all – SabkaSaath, SabkaVikas.

To enable optimum utilization of their potential, this program focusses closely on improving people’s ability to participate fully in the burgeoning economy. Health & Nutrition, Education, Agriculture & Water Resources, Financial Inclusion & Skill Development, and Basic Infrastructure are this programme’s core areas of focus.

After several rounds of consultations with various stakeholders, 49 key performance indicators have been chosen to measure progress of the districts. Districts are prodded and encouraged to first catch-up with the best district within their state, and subsequently aspire to become one of the best in the country, by competing with, and learning from others in the spirit of competitive & cooperative federalism.

NITI Aayog in partnership with the Government of Andhra Pradesh has created a dashboard for monitoring the real-time progress of the districts. District Information Officers underwent training on March 23, 2018 on how to enter data to the dashboard and generate MIS (Management Information System) reports. On April 1, 2018 districts will start entering data. Beginning May 2018, districts will be ranked based on progress made (‘delta ranking’) on a real-time basis. The dashboard will be open to the public to monitor the progress of the Aspirational Districts.

http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=178133

India Vision 2025 - $5 Trillion GDP








14 May 2018

ET-Accenture Digital Fast Forward 2018

All the panelists felt that $5 trillion GDP target by 2025 was achievable. They felt it is probably underwhelming. Thus the corporate sector is highly positive about the target.

The contribution of Digital to GDP by that time will be $1 trillion. Hence Digital is going to grow in a big way.


New initiatives for $5 T economy soon: Suresh Prabhu

Apr 28, 2018,
The commerce ministry has sent a proposal to the Cabinet for investments of Rs. 5,000 crore in 12 champion sectors to push growth.
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/policy/new-initiatives-for-5-t-economy-soon-suresh-prabhu/articleshow/63948663.cms

Aug 22, 2015
 
Kolkata - Union Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu on Friday said he was optimistic about the Indian economy growing to $20 trillion in size over the next 20 years.
https://www.firstpost.com/business/suresh-prabhu-confident-india-will-be-a-20-trillion-economy-in-20-years-2403304.html


'Manufacturing sector will soon own 20% share of GDP'
http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/manufacturing-sector-will-soon-own-20-share-of-gdp-118042800093_1.html
(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)


India will be a $5 trillion economy soon
__________________


__________________


Why India is on course to become a $5-trillion economy by 2025?
Apr 28, 2018

India is a $2.6-trillion economy.
There are forecasts that it would grow to $5 trillion by 2025. Can India do it?
Considering that its GDP doubled from $1 trillion to $2 trillion during 2007-14, it is certainly possible.
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/why-india-is-on-course-to-become-a-5-trillion-economy-by-2025/articleshow/63948216.cms

How India can become a $5 trillion economy
AJAY SRIVASTAVA
April 16, 2018
Our perspective must shift from policy to projects
To reach 5T, we need to shift our perspective from policy to projects. Select sectoral initiatives can be converted into 100 projects. Each to be led by a competent leader with proven skills.
https://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/columns/ajay-srivastav/how-india-can-become-a-5-trillion-economy/article23562940.ece

____________________

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India Will Be A $5 Tn Eco By 2025: Morgan Stanley

_____________________


_____________________

India Vision 2025 - Discussion 

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21 March 2017

India's Consumption will triple to $4 Trillion by 2025.

India to Become Third-Largest Consumer Market Economy by 2025


Consumption will triple to $4 Trillion by 2025. Middle income Householders Will Represent Biggest Share of Spending; Urbanization and More Nuclear and Digital Households Will Also Shape New Spending Patterns

According to a report released today by The Boston Consulting Group’s (BCG) Center for Customer Insight (CCI), The New Indian: The Many Facets of a Changing Consumern nominal year-over-year expenditure growth of 12% in India is more than double the anticipated global rate of 5% and will make India the third-largest consumer market by 2025.

The shape of this growth will be influenced by the following factors:

The high income segments will constitute 40% of all spending by 2025; for the first time, this group will represent the largest consumption segment
Emerging cities (those with populations of less than 1 million) will be the fastest growing and will constitute one-third of total consumer spending by 2025
Three-fourths of all households will be nuclear families
Digital channels will influence 30% to 35% of all retail sales by 2025 and 8% to 10% of retail spending will be online



Among the factors that will shape consumption is India’s unique pattern of urbanization, in which emerging cities are the fastest growing.  About 40% of India’s population will be living in urban areas by 2025, and city dwellers will account for more than 60% of consumption. Expenditures in these cities are already rising by nearly 14% a year, while consumer spending in India’s biggest cities is increasing at about 12% a year. Consumers in these cities behave differently from big-city consumers. They have a strong value-for-money orientation, significant local-culture affinity, and a more conservative financial outlook.

The proportion of nuclear households, which has been on the rise during the past two decades, has reached 70% and is projected to increase to 74% by 2025. This ongoing shift is significant to marketers because nuclear families spend 20% to 30% more per capita than joint families.


BCG CCI’s most recent consumer survey in India included 10,000 consumers in 30 locations nationwide and studied consumption in more than 50 categories.   The biggest desires of aspirer households used to be to own a house and a car; today, many more of these consumers want to take international vacations. Similarly, affluent households are becoming comfort seekers, and they are willing to pay for it.

In addition, the internet is an increasingly pervasive factor in India’s commerce, and its influence will only expand.  Online spending is taking off: in the past three years, the number of online buyers has increased sevenfold to 80 million to 90 million.  Digital’s influence on broader consumer spending is significant and growing rapidly. Digitally influenced spending is currently about $45 billion to $50 billion a year, and that figure is projected to increase more than tenfold to $500 billion to $550 billion—and to account for 30% to 35% of all retail sales—by 2025. As a result, omnichannel interaction is more and more important, but its significance varies by category.

Already, a rising number of consumers in all segments are using the internet as their first port of call in framing and driving their purchase decisions. Research found that about 70% of those who have access to the internet go online to make informed purchase decisions.

https://www.bcg.com/d/press/21march2017-new-indian-changing-consumer-149010

https://www.bcg.com/publications/2017/marketing-sales-globalization-new-indian-changing-consumer.aspx


By 2030, India is projected to house the world's largest middle class consumer market surpassing USA and China.

Deloitte Report - Why India Matters?
https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/uk/Documents/about-deloitte/deloitte-uk-about-india-matters.pdf

29 July 2016

In a meeting of CEOs of Tata group companies on this day, the birthday of Bharat Ratna J.R.D. Tata (29 July). chairman of the group, Mistry called for touching $350 billion revenue by 2025. During the year 2015-16, Tata group invested $9 billion globally. Tata group turnover was $103 billion during 2015-16.  $350 billion revenue would mean a GDP contribution of $175 billion. This sort of estimate would give an estimate of $3 trillion of large scale organizations. MSMEs and India Uninc. can contribute equal amount of $3 trillion. That leaves $1 trillion as contribution from agriculture.

So the break up of $7 trillion would be

Agriculture           $1 trillion
Mining                 $ 0,25 trillion
Manufacturing -   $ 1.75 trillion; (Large $1.25, Small $0.5)
Services           -   $ 4  trillion; (Large $2.0, Small $2.0)

29 May 2016

Startups in Digital Technology Space in India by 2025 - One Lakh

India will have one lakh startups by 2025 contributing $500 billion of value and giving employment to 70 lakh people. Mohan Das Pai now angel investor (formerly CFO, Infosys).

Average size of the successful start up (a small scale organization) will be $5 million (around 30 to 35 crore rupees). It provides employment to 70 people.


India Will Be Fastest-Growing Economy for Coming Decade, Harvard Researchers Predict

By RAYMOND ZHONG
Jan 1, 2016 - Wall Street Journal
http://blogs.wsj.com/indiarealtime/2016/01/01/india-will-be-fastest-growing-economy-for-coming-decade-harvard-researchers-predict/


GDP of India - $7 trillion by 2025


A.T. Kearney in a report of April 2014 gives estimated GDP of India as $7 trillion.

Mumbai City will grow to $370 to 390 billion from $80 billion now.

18 Mega cities will emerge.

India 2025 - $7 Trillion  from 2 Trillion in 2014

https://www.atkearney.com/documents/10192/4408576/Supply+Chain+2025-Trends+and+Implications+for+India.pdf/5a65965e-2378-404e-8829-7664bc1b637c


India is 3rd Largest Economy in terms of GDP-PPP Valuation (2015)

                           
                                  Unit: Billion, US  Dollar

                                                         China                        USA                         India
GDP-PPP Valuation                       18,976                      18,125                        7,997

Source : International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook WEO, April 2015

Industry Visions for 2025

Automobiles - Vision 2025


2.15 Million vehicles produced in 2013-14.
7% of the country’s GDP.
6 Million-plus vehicles to be sold annually, by 2020.
The auto industry produced a total of 2.15 Million vehicles, including passenger vehicles, commercial vehicles, three-wheelers and two-wheelers in 2013-14 as against 2.06 Million in 2012-13, registering a growth of 4.04% in a year.
The total turnover in 2010-11 was USD 58.5 Billion, turnover by 2016 is slated to be USD 145 Billion.
Automotive mission plan, 2006-16:
To emerge as the world’s destination of choice for design and manufacture of automobiles and auto components with output reaching a level of USD 145 Billion, accounting for more than 10% of the GDP and providing additional employment to 25 Million people by 2016.

Automobile Components - Vision 2025


US$ 200 billion by 2025.
Source: Make in India - Automobile Components
http://guide-india.blogspot.in/2015/02/make-in-india-automobile-components-20.html



Aviation - Vision 2025

The Tata SIA Airlines Ltd’s research gives the estimate that civil aviation in India has the potential to create an economic value of $250 billion and contribute to around 5 percent of the country’s GDP by 2025.  It sees a three-fold rise in domestic air traffic by 2025.

Contribution of Civil Aviation sector to India’s GDP in 2009 is estimated to be 1.5% as per the recent study carried out by Oxford Economics. The study has also estimated that the sector supports a total of 9.95 million jobs. 

• Passenger handling capacity has risen three-folds from 72 million (FY 06) to over 220
million (FY 11)
• Cargo handling capacity has risen from 0.5 million MT (FY 06) to 3.3 million MT (FY 11) 

If every Indian in the middle-class income bracket takes just one flight per annum, it would result in a sale of 300 million tickets, a big jump from the 70 million domestic tickets sold in 2014-15.

The first vision statement in the draft NCAP 2015 speaks of creating an ecosystem that will enable 30 crore (300 million) domestic tickets to be sold by 2022 and 50 (500 million) crore by 2027, from the current seven crore (70 million). 


One of the ideas floated by the government is to cap fares at Rs 2,500 (all-inclusive) per passenger for a one-hour flight on select regional routes.
http://civilaviation.gov.in/sites/default/files/moca_001320.pdf  - 12 plan working group document.





Biotechnology Vision 2025


Modi Govt. Unveiled National Biotechnology Development Strategy 2015-2020 with the objective of achieving $100 billion by 2025. The present industry size is $7 billion.

150 technology transfer organizations will come up in India as a part indigenous technology development mission.


Chemicals

Chemical Industry Size Could be $400 billion by 2025


Proposal to establish an autonomous USD 100 Mn chemical innovation fund by securing 10% of the total inclusive national innovation fund set up by the National Innovation Council

The Indian Chemical Industry comprises both small and large-scale units, and presently, there are about 70,000 chemical manufacturing units located in the country (Deptt. Of Chemicals and
Petrochemicals-Draft National Chemical Policy-December 2013) a major component (in numbers) are covered in the small scale sector.

Indian chemical industry is expected to register a growth of 8-9% in the next decade.

India’s chemical industry is likely to touch $214 billion (approx ₹13,91,000 crore) in the next four years from $139 (approx ₹9,03,500 crore) in fiscal 2014 with estimated growth of around 9 per cent a year.  There is robust growth of consuming sectors till fiscal 2025. Hence there is very strong outlook for the key end-user industries. The demand for intermediate chemical products and basic chemical is expected to surge in the coming years.

A Tata Strategic Management Group study  report states that  critical issues for the chemical industry are availability of key feedstock, infrastructure status,  access to technology, energy security and ease of doing business.
http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/economy/macro-economy/indias-chemical-industry-to-touch-214b-by-2019-report/article7818782.ece

Petrochemical Intermediates


The installed capacity is  6 million tons per annum (MTPA).   India would fall short by 25–30 MT by 2025, which would mean an additional import cost of INR 150,000 to 200,000 crore (USD 24 to 32 billion) a year for intermediates.

A level of 85 per cent self-sufficiency in petrochemical intermediates is a necessary and achievable aspiration for the country to have a vibrant downstream chemical industry. This would require India to install 20–25 MTPA of additional petrochemical intermediate capacity – a number four times the volume of the entire current installed capacity. It means 70–90 additional plants (at economically viable scale) across 30–40 products have to be planned and implemented.

▪ Petrochemical Intermediates
– Acetic acid, vinyl acetate, acetic anhydride, acetate ester
– Ethylene oxide, glycols, ethoxylate, ethanolamine, glycol ether
– Cumene, phenol, acetone, resin
– Propylene oxide, polyols, propylene glycol
– Acrylic acid, acrylic acid ester, superabsorbent polymer
– SBR, PBR, NBR, PCR
– Ethyl benzene, styrene, ABS resin

Basic inputs to make Petrochemical Intermediates
Petrochemical building blocks
▪ Methanol
▪ Ethylene
▪ Propylene
▪ C4, C5
▪ Benzene, toluene, xylene

Although the Petrochemical Industry has consistently outperformed the GDP Growth rates of India – growing at around 1.5 times the GDP growth rate, recent developments consequent to advantaged feedstock availability in the US and Middle East have led to a situation where announced investments by Indian Companies on production of Petrochemical Building Blocks have fallen short of future requirements.


The chemical industry’s R&D spends would need to go up significantly from current levels of less than 0.5% of sales to reach closer to global benchmarks of 4% of sales (implying R&D spends of ~$12 billion by 2017.

The chemical industry is central to the modern world economy having a typical sales-to-GDP ratio of 5-6%. 

With the current size of $108 billion the Indian chemical industry accounts for approximately 7% of Indian GDP. The chemicals sector accounts for about 14% in overall index of industrial production (IlP). Share of industry in national exports is around 11% (2011?)

Source Documents

Download them and read them in detail to understand the growth of the sector

http://www.petrochemconclave.com/presentation/2016/Mr.SMitra.pdf
http://www.petrochemconclave.com/presentation16.html - Index to presentations
http://ficci.in/spdocument/20441/Knowledge-Paper-chem.pdf
http://planningcommission.gov.in/aboutus/committee/wrkgrp12/wg_chem0203.pdf
http://www.mckinsey.com/global-locations/asia/india/en/latest-thinking
Handbook on India Chemical Industry
https://www.rolandberger.com/media/pdf/Roland_Berger_India_Chem_20101109.pdf



Construction - Vision 2025

Construction industry plays a pivotal role in developing country’s infrastructure and accounts for nearly 45% of the total investment in the Infrastructure. Construction sector is also the second
largest employer after the agriculture sector.

Construction industry can be broadly classified into two sectors i.e. organized and unorganized. The organized sector includes more than 30,000 organisations whereas the standalone contractors in the unorganized sector number more than 120,000.

Construction equipment accounts for 21-23 % of the total project cost

As per estimates by Off-Highway research, the sale of construction equipment is expected to reach 84,000 units by 2014, of which infrastructure and real estate sectors will account for 70%. This translates into a CAGR of about 20% over the next five years (2009-2014) in sales of construction
equipment.

About 250 ancillary industries such as cement, steel, brick, timber and building material are dependent on the construction industry. A unit increase in expenditure in this sector has a multiplier effect and the capacity to generate income at much higher growth rates.


Real Estate


11.5 million homes a year - US$ 1 trillion a year market


The country is expected to become the world's third largest construction market by 2025, adding 11.5 million homes a year to become a US$ 1 trillion a year market, according to a study by Global Construction Perspectives and Oxford Economics.
http://www.ibef.org/archives/detail/b3ZlcnZpZXcmMzY0OTgmNTI1

Roads

The road network stands at 3.3 million km in (2006?). Of this, rural roads comprise around 2.7 million km, i.e. about 85 percent. Overall village accessibility stood at 54 percent in the year 2000, although position in respect of accessibility to large size habitations has been much better.

 However, in order to give a boost to rural connectivity, a Rural Roads Programme known as the
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched in December 2000. As a departure from
the earlier programmes, the PMGSY is being implemented as a 100 percent centrally funded scheme. As per the current guidelines, the PMGSY covers all habitations above 500 population to be provided with all-weather rural roads. In case of hills, deserts and tribal areas, the threshold is relaxed and covers all habitations above 250 population. It is estimated that about 1.79 lakh unconnected habitations need to be taken up under the PMGSY programme. This would involve new construction in a length of about 375,000 km at an estimated cost of Rs. 78,000 crore and improvements of 372,000 km at an estimated cost of Rs. 59,000 crore. Upto the end of December, 2006, a total of about 83,000 habitations have been covered and rural road works for an amount of Rs.38,387 crore have been sanctioned.

When the PMGSY was launched in 2000, it was estimated that about 347,000 habitations
out of a total of 825,000 habitations were without any all-weather access. Thus, 40 per cent of the
habitations were cut off from the country’s mainstream of development. According to latest figures
made available by the state governments under a detailed survey undertaken to identify core networks
about 1.79 lakh unconnected habitations need to be taken up under the PMGSY programme.

PMGSY Programme: New Connectivity

Habitation                Number of Rural                        Length Required            Total Estimated cost
Population Group    Unconnected Habitations           (km)                                (Rs billion)
1000+                        60,030                                      138,888
500-999                    79,208                                       160,754                             784.18
250-499 *                 39,530                                         75,690
Total                       178,768                                       375,332                             784.18
* Only in hill states, desert and tribal areas as per PMGSY eligibility.


In addition, upgradation of roads of the core network will be undertaken where required to provide
connectivity to market centres and other social infrastructure. A length of 372,816 km for upgrading at an estimated cost of Rs.590.330 billion has been included out of a total length of 1,134,112 km,











Roads in India - Estimates up to 2015
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTSARREGTOPTRANSPORT/3562298-1182924139500/21389008/3_CES_Presentation.pdf
Vision 2025 for Rural Roads. Doc of 2005:  http://pmgsy.nic.in/downloads/3julsep05_eng.pdf


Cement Industry


Cement demand is projected to grow to 2.5 to 2.7 times the current volumes and reach 550 to 600 MTPA by 2025. Per capita cement consumption is likely to increase from 185 kg currently to 385 to 415 kg in 2025. This growth will likely be led by investments in the infrastructure sector, with subsectors such as roads, power, and irrigation leading the charge.

An additional capacity of 330 to 380 MTPA for cement and 240 to 270 MTPA for clinker could be required by 2025, translating to an investment of close to Rs 300,000 crore.
http://www.indiainfoline.com/article/news/cement-vision-2025-scaling-new-heights-5915139538_1.html

Dairy Industry and Activity - Vision 2025


Present production 137.6 million tonnes.
The demand of milk and milk products in India is projected to increase to 142.9 million tonnes in 2015 and further to 191.3 million tonnes in 2020. The demand will further rise to 231.18 million tonnes in 2035.

The demand projections show that there is scope to increase diary farms at the various scale levels. Large scale diary farms having 200 milk giving animals may be encouraged to increase productivity and quality of milk. Also, setting up advanced diary plants and implementing modern IT systems like internet of things in the entire supply chain including the cattle will take place. Already, some diary plants have used RFID tags attached to animals to monitor their behaviour and inform the animal owners about various steps to be taken.
http://guide-india.blogspot.in/2015/03/dairy-industry-and-activity-vision-2025.html

Electrical Machinery - Vision 2025


Output of US$ 100 billion by 2022

As of 2011-12, the Indian EE industry has grown close to  Rs. 1.20 lakh crore (US$ 25 billion). It
contributes 1.4% to the nation’s GDP and 10.0% to the manufacturing GDP.

Based on investment estimates and capacity addition targets, domestic demand for generation equipment (BTG) could be in the range of US$ 25-30 billion by 2022; for the T&D equipment industry, it may be US$ 70–75 billion. The EE industry is projected to provide direct employment to 1.5 million people and indirect employment to 2 million by 2022.
http://dhi.nic.in/writereaddata/Content/indian_mission_plan_2012-2022.pdf


Electronics Design and Manufacturing - Vision 2025


Production in India of apprx. USD 300 billion.

25% of country’s GDP by 2025 from IT and ESDM (Nasscom-IESA)
http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2015/01/make-in-india-electronic-systems.html


Food Processing - Vision 2025

The Indian food processing industry is valued at approx. ` 78,094 crore for the year 2011-
12.
The industry has shown  Compounded
Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 8.4% during the period 2006-07 to 2011-12.

Information Technology and Business Process Services - Vision 2025


Indian technology and services industry is on track to reach its goal of $200 billion to $225 billion in revenues by 2020 and furthermore, to reach revenues of $350 billion by 2025.
http://www.nasscom.in/nasscom-perspective-2025-shaping-digital-revolution
http://www.livemint.com/Industry/z0n81ojxkSBELvmZw1cEyI/Digital-tech-startups-to-drive-ITBPM-growth.html

Insurance - Vision 2025

USD 250 bn insurance industry in India


CII sets 2025 vision for building a customer centric and value creating USD 250 bn insurance industry in India
Life insurance industry to grow at 12% CAGR over next decade to reach USD 160 bn – USD 175 bn and general insurance to grow at 22% CAGR to reach a GWP of USD 80 bn. 


General Insurance Vision 2025


From a ` 12,000 crore top-line industry in 2001–02, today it is worth ` 70,000 crore (FY 2013), clocking an annual growth rate of 17%. The industry today provides a cover of ` 1,000
lakh crore,

2025 - GWP to GDP penetration of 1.4%

Gross Written Premium

— Growth CAGR of ~14–15% resulting in GWP of ~Rs. 3,50,000 crore by 2025. (5 times of 2013 GWP)
— With no improvement in combined ratio, the industry would continue to have a negative value creation of ` 20–25,000 crore while delivering average RoE of 10–12%.
— Capital requirements remain relatively high –  RS.` 20–25,000 crore of fresh infusion.

Leather Industry - Vision 2025

Total production of Indian leather industry stands at USD 11 Billion
Exports have grown from USD 1.42 Billion in 1990-91 to USD 6 Billion in 2013-14
India produces 2 Billion sq. feet of leather, accounting for 10% of the world leather requirements
Domestic market expected to double in next five years
Exports projected to grow at 24% per annum over next five years

The global footwear market is estimated to be worth $192.3 bnin 2008, a growth of 2% over
the 2007 value. The Indian footwear industry is estimated to be worth just INR 160 bn or $4 bn[2].
It is the second largest global producer of footwear after China, accounting for more than 14 % of
global footwear production of 14.52 bn pairs.

The Indian footwear market is expected to worth INR 475 bn by 2025, representing a compounded
annual growth rate of 7%.


Media & Entertainment - Vision 2025


Media and entertainment (M&E) industry in India has the potential to reach $100 billion (about Rs 6.5 lakh crore) by 2025
http://www.dnaindia.com/money/report-india-s-media-and-entertainment-sector-has-potential-to-touch-100-billion-by-2025-2136016

Mining - Vision 2025


Mining Contribution to GDP - $61 billion by 2025


The contribution of mining to India’s GDP has fallen from 1.2 per cent to 1 per cent in the recent years.

The mining industry has the potential to create 6 million additional total jobs by 2025, accounting for 12 per cent of the new non-farm job gap. The mining industry could contribute USD 125 billion to India’s output and additional USD 47 billion to India’s GDP by 2025.

In 2012, the mining sector accounted for 3 million jobs directly, and induced an additional 8 million
jobs.

If mining grows more rapidly, it could increase its direct and induced contribution to India’s output
from USD 50 billion in 2012 to USD 126 billion by 2025 (additional USD 47 billion over business-as usual scenario). Additional contribution to GDP will be USD 47 billion )

India’s mining sector has been growing slower than other major mining jurisdictions such as China, Brazil, Canada, the United States, Chile and Australia. The real value add of India’s mining sector to the GDP is very low at USD 14.4 billion against that of China (USD 150 billion), Australia (USD 38 billion) and Brazil (USD 21 billion). Between 2010 and 2012, India’s mining sector grew at 0.8 per cent compared to 15 per cent for China, 5.3 per cent for the United States, 2.5 per cent for Canada and 2 per cent for Brazil. So there is substantial scope for increasing mining output in India. India has
endowment of the top 5 or 6 reserves globally across commodities such as thermal coal and iron
ore. So availability of ore is there. Investment and technology to mine the ore and process it have to be arranged.

Download Report on Mining by CII-McKinsey from
http://www.mckinsey.com/global-locations/asia/india/en/latest-thinking

Oil and Gas - Vision 2025


The natural gas demand is all set to grow significantly at a CAGR of 6.8% from 242.6 MMSCMD in 2012-13 to 654.55 MMSCMD in 2026-27
http://www.pngrb.gov.in/Hindi-Website/pdf/vision-NGPV-2030-06092013.pdf


Pharmaceuticals - Vision 2025


The Indian pharmaceuticals market increased at a CAGR of   17.46 per cent in 2015 from US$ 6 billion in 2005 and is expected   to expand at a CAGR of 15.92 per cent to US$ 55 billion by 2020.

http://www.ibef.org/industry/pharmaceutical-india.aspx


Ports and Shipping - Vision 2025

Ports


Long coastline of 7,517 km and navigable inland waterways of 14,500 km offering immense potential
 for maritime sector development.
150 + projects for investment  identified in Indian maritime sector
Opportunities for investment of USD 19 Billion in Inland Waterway development and USD 50 Billion in Port-led Development under ‘Sagarmala’

‘Sagarmala’ - New Port Development and Port Modernization
Greenfield major ports at Vadhavan (Maharashtra), Sagar Island (West Bengal),  Paradip Outer Harbour and Potential locations in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu

Trans-shipment Hubs at Enayam (Tamil Nadu) and Vizhinjam (Kerala)

Port Mordernization:
Increasing draft at Kamarajar (Ennore), Paradip and Mormugao Ports to 18m
500 MMTPA port capacity augmentation in Major Ports by 2025
‘Jal Marg Vikas’ project for capacity augmentation for navigation and shipping in River Ganga: NW-1 (1620 km)
Development of 111 National Waterways
Development of cruise terminals at Mormugao, Chennai, Mumbai, Chennai and Kochi.

Shipping

Market size of shipbuilding expected in 2025 – US$ 25 billion
Market size of shipbuilding at present – US$ 5 billion
http://www.mapsofindia.com/my-india/government/indias-fleet-of-flying-dutchman

Railways


Investment in Railways


Indian Railways plans to invest $ 142 billion in five years (2016-2020) and hope to double this investment figure in the next five-year cycle (2020-2025)
http://www.business-standard.com/content/b2b-manufacturing-industry/indian-railways-plans-to-invest-142-billion-in-five-years-suresh-prabhu-116011800166_1.html

Railway Revenue


Freight 600 million tonnes
Passengers: 2175 billion Passenger Kilometres
http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2015/06/make-in-india-railway-sector-items.html


Renewable Energy - Vision for 2025


Government announced in Budget of 2015-16, the target o 175 GW by 2022.At a capacity addition ability of 15 GW per year, 2025 vision can be 230 GW.
http://www.livemint.com/Opinion/0YGX9c5vv0WyRiI3QhLCuL/Make-in-India-and-renewable-energy.html

Roads and Highways - Vision for 2025


India will develop road projects spanning 50,000 kilometers and entailing investments of about $250 billion over the next five years (FY 2016-17 to FY2020-2021).

The 12th five year plan 2012-17 estimated the road sector’s investment to be $95 billion.

NHAI has a target of awarding 10,000 km of projects in the fiscal year 2015-16. Upto January, 6353 km of projects have already been awarded. Cabinet Minister Shri Nitin Gadkari is confident of completing 100 km per day in due course of time.
http://www.livemint.com/Politics/Q8f0KV6DV4tybWo25GZBZJ/NHAI-plans-50000-km-road-projects-worth-250-billion.html

Space Exploration and Satellite Launching - Vision 2025


The current budget of ISRO is around $12 billion.
Global space industry volume is $300 billion. India has talent and space to grow.
http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/science/make-in-india-isro-lures-industry-into-space-with-technology-promise-brand-benefit/articleshow/51027630.cms

Vision 2025 for Textiles




Document created by expert committee and presented to textile ministry
http://texmin.nic.in/Reports/Vision%20Strategy%20Action%20Plan%20for%20Indian%20Textile%20Sector.pdf

$350 billion  for domestic consumption
$300 billion for exports


Thermal Power - Vision 2025


Thermal power is the mainstay of electricity generation in India. It stood at over 196 GW in 2015, of which coal-based capacities alone amounted to 171 GW. Plans are in progress for addition of another 175 GW of thermal power capacity by 2022.
http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/toshiba/power-systems/thermal/the-twin-problems-that-indias-thermal-power-sector-must-overcome/articleshow/51056423.cms

http://www.epw.in/journal/2016/10/commentary/private-thermal-power-liberal-policy-regime.html

Tourism and Hospitality - Vision 2025


$88.6 billion by 2025

Tourism and hospitality contributed about $44.1 billion to India’s GDP in 2015 and is likely to touch $88.6 billion by 2025.

Wellness

http://www.wellnessindia.com/interview/beauty-and-wellness/ic.2/



Sectors' Review Ends
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A.T. Kearney in a report of April 2014 gives estimated GDP of India as $7 trillion.

Mumbai City will grow to $370 to 390 billion from $80 billion now.

18 Mega cities will emerge.

India 2025 - $7 Trillion  from 2 Trillion in 2014

https://www.atkearney.com/documents/10192/4408576/Supply+Chain+2025-Trends+and+Implications+for+India.pdf/5a65965e-2378-404e-8829-7664bc1b637c


New Technology Contribution - $1 Trillion by 2025


Potential adoption of 12 empowering technologies in India

Mobile internet, cloud technology, Automation of knowledge work (through mobile phones), Digital payments, Digital identity, internet of things, Intelligent transportation and distribution, Advanced geographic information systems, Next generation genomics, Advanced oil and gas exploration and recovery, Renewable energy, Advanced energy storage

To assess the potential impact of the 12 technologies on the economy of India, McKinsey sized more than 40 applications in six sectors of the economy: financial services, education and skills, healthcare, agriculture and food, energy, and infrastructure.

The total impact of the sized applications could amount to $240 billion to $500 billion a year by 2025. Given the contributions of these sectors to India's GDP, the estimate across the entire economy, is estimated to be $550 billion to $1 trillion by 2025.

Financial services. The applications  could have an economic value of $32 billion to $140 billion a year by 2025. As many as 300 million Indians could gain access to banking services and raise their incomes by 5 to 30 percent thanks to better access to credit and the ability to save and make remittances.

Education and skills. The remote learning, massive open online courses (MOOCs), and other digital systems could have an economic impact of $60 billion to $90 billion a year by 2025 thanks to higher productivity among a larger number of skilled workers. India could have about 24 million more high-school and college-educated workers and 18 million to 33 million more vocationally trained workers by 2025 as a result of digitization in the education sector.

Health Care: By 2025, the total economic impact could be $25 billion to $65 billion a year, including $15 billion that could be saved through systems to reduce the problem of counterfeit drugs. Some 400 million of India's poor could get access to better care through technologies that bring medical expertise to modestly skilled health workers in remote areas.

Agriculture and food. Technology applications could create $45 billion to $80 billion a year in additional value in the sector. More than half of that would come from hybrid and genetically modified crops, precision farming (using sensors and GIS-based soil, weather, and water data to guide farming decisions), and mobile Internet–based farm-extension and market-information services. These improvements could raise the incomes of as many as 100 million farmers

Energy. Collectively, the technology applications  in energy could have an economic value of $50 billion to $95 billion a year by 2025.  The largest benefit would come from smart metering, which could save $15 billion to $20 billion a year by 2025 in reduced transmission losses. Unconventional-oil and -gas development might generate value of $10 billion a year by 2025.

Together, infrastructure technologies can contribute $30 billion to $45 billion a year in value by 2025.

India needs to  raise its investment in research and development, which in 2010 was 0.87 percent of GDP, compared with 1.7 percent in China and 3.36 percent in South Korea to make good use of new technologies.
http://www.mckinsey.com/industries/high-tech/our-insights/indias-tech-opportunity-transforming-work-empowering-people


Indo - US Trade

Due to the fourfold growth of bilateral trade since 2006 to 100 billion USD in 2014, both the governments are now keen and committed to further improving trade relations. The time is ripe for a new ambition to be set in its trade relations and improve the trade to $500 billion.


1.6 trillion USD worth of investment will be required by 2025 and 3.6 trillion USD by 2034 for India to transform into a 10 trillion USD economy. An important share of this investment will need
to come from international sources investing in new technologies and setting up global research and development (R&D) centres in India. Foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows to India rose by
26% in 2014 to an estimated 35 billion USD.
http://www.pwc.in/assets/pdfs/publications/2015/indo-us-trade-mission-500-billion-usd-iacc-report.pdf


Updated  2018 -  16 May 2018,  1 May 2018,  28 January

23 March 2017, 12 March 2017,   31 July 2016,  30 May 2016, 16 May 2916, 12 March 2016, 8 March 2016, 1 Jan 2016



Please inform if you have come across any interesting information regarding any sector through comments