Friday, August 24, 2018

Jana Jagruti Party Launched by Araku MP Kothapalli Geetha





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Jana Jagruti Party Launched by Araku MP Kothapalli Geetha


24 August 2018

Observed that the hashtag  #JanaJagrutiParty is trending on Twitter.  On going into twitter flow for the hashtag found a link to the YouTube video. The video had 29 views at the time I visited. Decided to follow the development of the party.

#JanaJagrutiParty  Araku MP Kothapalli Geetha Announces New Party Jana Jagruti in Vijayawada | Launches Party Logo | iNews https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gREBaBWf7FA


It is interesting news as only some days back there was new that Jayaprada is going to enter Andhra Politics.

Araku MP Kothapalli Geetha announces Jana Jagruti Party

TNN, 24 August 18, 15.02 IST
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/amaravati/araku-mp-kothapalli-geetha-announces-jana-jagruti-party/articleshow/65529396.cms


Kothapalli Geetha About Jana Jagruthi Party Manifesto in Telugu

| Jana Jagruthi Party Launch | E3 Talkies
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Thursday, August 23, 2018

Productivity Improvement in Groundnut Cultivation





Vision India 2047
Productivity Improvement is an important activity in realizing the vision

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2018

Groundnut cultivation: Multiplying farm incomes in West Midnapore

11 April 2018
The groundnut cultivation package was  demonstrated by KVK, Midnapore in field demonstrations in 10 hectare area during rabi-summer season with TAG-24 variety. The farmers harvested 20 quintal/ha average yield with net return of Rs 25000/ha. The success prompted the KVK to conduct trials  during next kharif season where 12 quintal/ha and Rs 16000/ha net return could be realised.
https://www.ruralmarketing.in/industry/case-studies/groundnut-cultivation-multiplying-farm-incomes-in-west-midnapore

New Groundnut Varieties - ICGV 91114 (Devi) and ICGV 00351


“Compared to the local groundnut variety, I earned INR 2,000-3,000  more per acre from the new improved variety ‘Devi’,”  Bhubaneswar Biswal, a farmer Kalahandi district in  Odisha, India.

Groundnut is an important cash crop for Odisha state. It is cultivated on about 280,000 ha

Machine for Threshing


Threshing, a post-harvest activity, involves separation of pods from the groundnut haulms. This key activity is facing shortage of labor availability during the peak season. To tackle this issue, ICRISAT introduced dry plant threshers in Ganjam and Bolangir districts of Odisha. The results from field trials indicate that  50% reduction in cost is achieved  compared to manual threshing.


Over a span of 6-7 hours, the machine can thresh two hectares of groundnut plant (about 3,500 kg). Small heaps of plants are dried by keeping plants upside down to ensure easy threshing. This practice also contributes to better quality pods as they are away from the soil during the drying process.  Based on this success,  the use of threshers will be promoted in  12 major groundnut-growing districts  of Odisha (Jajpur, Jagatsinghpur, Balasore, Kendrapara, Dhenkhanal, Gajapati, Puri, Cuttack, Naupada, Ganjam, Kalahandi, Bolangir) of Odisha.

In a recently conducted a one-day training program on ‘Opportunities for Mechanization of Groundnut Production in Odisha’,  Dr Pradhan from Farm and Implements Unit of the Orissa University of Agriculture Technology (OUAT) discussed the importance of using seed drills to ensure line planting to facilitate inter-cultural operations, plant diggers, decorticators and graders.

Reducing post-harvest loss of seeds


Generally groundnut seeds are prone to quality deterioration and damage due to improper storage. Purdue Improved Crop Storage (PICS)-based triple layer plastic bags can be used to store groundnut pods without loss of viability for a period of eight months.

“This cost-efficient environment-friendly technology can be used by farmers to save and reuse their own seeds for the next season. It helps regulate moisture content and insect activity. The PICS bags can not only protect the pod quality but also prevent aflatoxin contamination.

http://www.icrisat.org/new-groundnut-varieties-increase-profits-with-50-cost-reduction-and-better-post-harvest-management/

2017
IOPEPC Kharif-2017 Survey of Groundnut Crop
District wise productivity or yield per hectare estimates were the top five ground producing states are given in the report based on the opinions expressed by farmers in those districts
Indian Oilseeds and Produce Export Promotion Council
(Under Ministry of Commerce, Govt. of India)
78-79, Bajaj Bhawan, Nariman Point, Mumbai – 400 021
Email: info@iopepc.org
www.iopepc.org
http://www.iopepc.org/Groundnut%20Survey%20Report-Kharif%202017.pdf

Trends in Area Production and Productivity of Groundnut in
Uttar Pradesh: Future Business Implications
Chandra Mohan Misra
Senior Research Associate, Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow
International Journal of Business and Management Invention
ISSN (Online): 2319 – 8028, ISSN (Print): 2319 – 801X
www.ijbmi.org || Volume 6 Issue 2 || February. 2017 || PP—65-70
https://www.ijbmi.org/papers/Vol(6)2/I06026570.pdf

2016

Sowing Advisories - Digital Communication


Sowing advisories, such as the sowing date, land preparation, soil test based fertilizer application, and so on from ICRISAT and Microsoft.

“I have three acres of land and sowed groundnut based on the sowing recommendations provided through mobile phone.  My crops were harvested on October 28 last year, and the yield was about 1.35 ton per hectare.  Advisories provided for land preparation, sowing, and need-based plant protection proved to be very useful to me,”  Chinnavenkateswarlu, Farmer, Bairavanikunta village, Devanakonda Mandal in Kurnool district in AP.

He along with the 174 others achieved an average of 30% higher yield per hectare.

Sowing date as such is very critical to ensure that farmers harvest a good crop and digital tools can first determine optimal date and then communicate it quickly and in a timely way to farmers.
https://news.microsoft.com/en-in/features/ai-agriculture-icrisat-upl-india/

Groundnut yield jumps 30% on use of digital farming practices
By Ashish Kulshrestha, ET Bureau|Updated: Jan 09, 2017
http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/articleshow/56423815.cms



2013

A Survey on Area, Production and Productivity of Groundnut
Crop in India
Dr B. Madhusudhana
Department of Economics, S S B N Degree & PG College, Anantapuram – 515001, A.P
IOSR Journal of Economics and Finance (IOSR-JEF)
e-ISSN: 2321-5933, p-ISSN: 2321-5925.Volume 1, Issue 3 (Sep. – Oct. 2013), PP 01-07
http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jef/papers/vol1-issue3/A0130107.pdf


India

Year  Area            Production      Productivity
     (000’hectaes)    (000’tonnes)    Per hectare
                                      (in kgs)

1996-97 7596              8643           1138
2007-08 6917              8216           1188
Annual
Average 6783.917          7249.167       1066.833
Source: Directorate of Economics and Statistics India, Various issues 2009.



About Ground Crop in India

Groundnut:

Groundnut is the most important oilseed of India and accounts for a little less than half of the major oilseeds produced in the country.

Conditions of Growth:

It thrives best in the tropical climate and requires 20°-30°C temperature and 50-75 cm rainfall. Isohyet of 100 cm marks the upper limit of groundnut cultivation. It is highly susceptible to frost, prolonged drought, continuous rain and stagnant water.

Dry winter is needed at the time of ripening. It can be grown both as a kharif and as a rabi crop but 91 per cent of the total area under groundnut is devoted to kharif crop. Well drained light sandy loams, loams, red, yellow and black cotton soils are well suited for its cultivation.

Production and Distribution:

India is the largest producer of groundnut in the world and accounts for about one-third of the world’s production. There had been almost 150 per cent increase in the production of groundnut from 34.8 lakh tonnes in 1950-51 to a record production of 85.6 lakh tonnes in 1992-93.

 Production fell from 70.28 lakh tonnes in 2001-02 to 43.63 lakh tonnes in 2002-03 due to failure of monsoon rainfall in 2002-03.

Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh are the three main producers. These three states together account for over 65 per cent of total production of India. Gujarat is the largest producer contributing over 25 per cent of India’s total production.

Tamil Nadu is the second largest producer accounting for over 22 per cent of the total groundnut produced in India.

Andhra Pradesh is the third largest producer of groundnut in India and accounts for over 18 per cent of India’s total production. About 50 per cent of the state’s production comes from Chittoor, Kurnool and Anantpur districts, though other districts also produce sufficient groundnut.



Related Article

5 Farmers Who Prove Smart Agriculture Can Make You Rich
Farming too can be quite rewarding – both mentally and financially.
by Manabi Katoch
December 22, 2017
https://www.thebetterindia.com/125477/kisan-diwas-successful-farmers-lucrative-business/

Doubling of Farmers' Income - Committee Report Vol. 8
http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/DFI%20Vol-8A.pdf

India's Tryst With Destiny - 2012 Panel Discussion - Videos




Vision India 2047

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India's Tryst With Destiny: Debunking Myths that undermine Progress and Addressing New Challenges


Pre-Publication Discussion January 5, 2012
India International Centre, New Delhi


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Pressentation by Bibek Debroy - Present Niti Ayog Member
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Updated on 24 August 2018 - Vision 2047 Video added.
First published 26 May 2012

Wednesday, August 22, 2018

StartupRajasthan - iStart Rajasthan




Vision India 2047

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https://istart.rajasthan.gov.in/


iStart Rajasthan is a flagship initiative by the Government of Rajasthan intended to foster innovation, create jobs and facilitate investment. The program aims to nurture innovation and entrepreneurship which would further help in the economic growth and development of the state. Through this initiative, the State Government intends to build an environment where there would be an easy access to knowledge exchange and funding.All applications are reviewed on a real time basis.The processing time subject to all documents being approved in 3 working days.In addition to this we also work towards providing the Q-Rate score card on real time basis, while the official processing time is 10 working days.


http://www.startupoasis.in/


Rajasthan setting up largest startup incubation hub in the country
Apr 19, 2018

Udaipur in Rajasthan is aiming to set up the biggest startup hub in the country with a capacity to accommodate 700 newcomers.

Tuesday, August 21, 2018

Govinda Namamulu - Telugu script

1

శ్రీనివాస గోవిందా శ్రీ వెంకటేశా గోవిందా
భక్త వత్సల గోవిందా భాగవత ప్రియ గోవిందా
నిత్య నిర్మల గోవిందా నీలమేఘ శ్యామ గోవిందా
పురాణ పురుషా గోవిందా పుండరీకాక్ష గోవిందా
గోవిందా హరి గోవిందా గోకుల నందన గోవిందా

2
నంద నందనా గోవిందా నవనీత చోరా గోవిందా
పశుపాలక శ్రీ గోవిందా పాప విమోచన గోవిందా
దుష్ట సంహార గోవిందా దురిత నివారణ గోవిందా
శిష్ట పరిపాలక గోవిందా కష్ట నివారణ గోవిందా
గోవిందా హరి గోవిందా గోకుల నందన గోవిందా

3
వజ్ర మకుటధర గోవిందా వరాహ మూర్తీ గోవిందా
గోపీజన లోల గోవిందా గోవర్ధనోద్ధార గోవిందా
దశరధ నందన గోవిందా దశముఖ మర్ధన గోవిందా
పక్షి వాహనా గోవిందా పాండవ ప్రియ గోవిందా
గోవిందా హరి గోవిందా గోకుల నందన గోవిందా

4
మత్స్య కూర్మ గోవిందా మధు సూధనా హరి గోవిందా
వరాహ న్రుసింహ గోవిందా వామన భృగురామ గోవిందా
బలరామానుజ గోవిందా బౌద్ధ కల్కిధర గోవిందా
వేణు గాన ప్రియ గోవిందా వేంకట రమణా గోవిందా
గోవిందా హరి గోవిందా గోకుల నందన గోవిందా

5
సీతా నాయక గోవిందా శ్రితపరిపాలక గోవిందా
దరిద్రజన పోషక గోవిందా ధర్మ సంస్థాపక గోవిందా
అనాథ రక్షక గోవిందా ఆపధ్భాందవ గోవిందా
శరణాగతవత్సల గోవిందా కరుణా సాగర గోవిందా
గోవిందా హరి గోవిందా గోకుల నందన గోవిందా

6

కమల దళాక్షా గోవిందా కామిత ఫలదాత గోవిందా
పాప వినాశక గోవిందా పాహి మురారే గోవిందా
శ్రీముద్రాంకిత గోవిందా శ్రీవత్సాంకిత గోవిందా
ధరణీ నాయక గోవిందా దినకర తేజా గోవిందా
గోవిందా హరి గోవిందా గోకుల నందన గోవిందా


7
పద్మావతీ ప్రియ గోవిందా ప్రసన్న మూర్తే గోవిందా
అభయ హస్త గోవిందా అక్షయ వరదా గోవిందా
శంఖ చక్రధర గోవిందా సారంగ గదాధర గోవిందా
విరాజ తీర్థ గోవిందా విరోధి మర్ధన గోవిందా
గోవిందా హరి గోవిందా గోకుల నందన గోవిందా


8
సాలగ్రామ హర గోవిందా సహస్ర నామ గోవిందా
లక్ష్మీ వల్లభ గోవిందా లక్ష్మణాగ్రజ గోవిందా
కస్తూరి తిలక గోవిందా కాంచనాంబరధర గోవిందా
గరుడ వాహనా గోవిందా గజరాజ రక్షక గోవిందా
గోవిందా హరి గోవిందా గోకుల నందన గోవిందా

9
వానర సేవిత గోవిందా వారథి బంధన గోవిందా
ఏడు కొండల వాడా గోవిందా ఏకత్వ రూపా గోవిందా
రామ క్రిష్ణా గోవిందా రఘుకుల నందన గోవిందా
ప్రత్యక్ష దేవ గోవిందా పరమ దయాకర గోవిందా
గోవిందా హరి గోవిందా గోకుల నందన గోవిందా


10
వజ్ర మకుటదర గోవిందా వైజయంతి మాల గోవిందా
వడ్డీ కాసుల వాడా గోవిందా వాసుదేవ తనయా గోవిందా
బిల్వపత్రార్చిత గోవిందా భిక్షుక సంస్తుత గోవిందా
స్త్రీ పుం రూపా గోవిందా శివకేశవ మూర్తి గోవిందా
గోవిందా హరి గోవిందా గోకుల నందన గోవిందా

11

బ్రహ్మానంద రూపా గోవిందా భక్త తారకా గోవిందా
నిత్య కళ్యాణ గోవిందా నీరజ నాభా గోవిందా
హతి రామ ప్రియ గోవిందా హరి సర్వోత్తమ గోవిందా
జనార్ధన మూర్తి గోవిందా జగత్ సాక్షి రూపా గోవిందా
గోవిందా హరి గోవిందా గోకుల నందన గోవిందా

12

అభిషేక ప్రియ గోవిందా అభన్నిరాసాద గోవిందా
నిత్య శుభాత గోవిందా నిఖిల లోకేశా గోవిందా
ఆనంద రూపా గోవిందా అధ్యంత రహిత గోవిందా
ఇహపర దాయక గోవిందా ఇపరాజ రక్షక గోవిందా
గోవిందా హరి గోవిందా గోకుల నందన గోవిందా

13
పద్మదలక్ష గోవిందా పద్మనాభా గోవిందా
తిరుమల నివాసా గోవిందా తులసీ వనమాల గోవిందా
శేష సాయి గోవిందా శేషాద్రి నిలయ గోవిందా
శ్రీ శ్రీనివాసా గోవిందా శ్రీ వేంకటేశా గోవిందా
గోవిందా హరి గోవిందా గోకుల నందన గోవిందా


Updated 22 August 2018
First posted on 23 July 2018

Resources for Startups in India - Finance, Marketing, Production, Land, Equipment and Human




Micro Startups



Mudra Finance


Under the aegis of Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana (PMMY), MUDRA has created three products i.e. 'Shishu', 'Kishore' and ‘Tarun’ as per the stage of growth and funding needs of the beneficiary micro unit. These schemes cover loan amounts as below:

Shishu: covering loans up to ₹50,000
Kishore: covering loans above ₹50,000 and up to ₹5,00,000
Tarun: covering loans above ₹5,00,000 and up to ₹10,00,000


https://www.bankofbaroda.com/mudra-loan.htm

https://www.icicibank.com/Personal-Banking/loans/pradhan-mantri-mudra-yojana.page?#toptitle

https://www.mudra.org.in/


Ideas for Micro Startups



Building A Microstartup: A Published Project In A Month
PUBLISHED JULY 24, 2017
https://micropreneur.life/building-a-microstartup-project-in-a-month/


Building a Micro Startup Part 1: Deciding on a Product / Service
Spotting an opportunity, exploring ideas & choosing what to create
Posted by Captain Codeman in business on Jun 26, 2017
https://www.captaincodeman.com/2017/06/26/building-a-micro-startup-part-1-deciding-on-a-product-service

https://microstartups.org/



Small Business Startup


Calculate your startup costs
How much money will it take to start your small business?
https://www.sba.gov/business-guide/plan-your-business/calculate-your-startup-costs



From 2 founders to 1000 employees — how a small-scale startup grew into a global community
TransferWise
https://medium.com/transferwise-ideas/from-2-founders-to-1000-employees-how-a-small-scale-startup-grew-into-a-global-community-9f26371a551b



Medium Size Startup

https://www.startupindia.gov.in/

http://www.startup-india.org/


https://grow.google/startups/


https://inc42.com/startups/


Large Scale Startup

https://www.startupindia.gov.in/



https://www.startups.co/


USA Funding Sources



Where to Find Startup Business Loans for small and micro startups 2018

BENJAMIN PIMENTEL
January 2, 2018
https://www.nerdwallet.com/blog/small-business/start-up-business-loans-for-bad-credit/

Saturday, August 11, 2018

India - Industrial Economy - 1954





Industrial production recorded considerable progress in 1952. As
will be seen from the statement below the index of industrial production in
1952 stood at 128.9. 









Rise in production was recorded in cotton textiles, jute goods,
sugar, salt, matches, pap|r and paper board, electric lamps, art silk
yarn and sewing machines. The continued prevalence of industrial
peace and increased supply of raw materials were two of the important
factors responsible for the larger volume of production. There was,
however, a decline in the output of some industries - producing
aluminium, pumps, diesel engines, machine tools, looms, hurricane lanterns,
dry and storage batteries, super-phosphate, sulphuric acid, soda ash, paints,
enamels, leather, glass and woollen goods.

In 1948 there were 13,120 perennial and 2,786 seasonal factory es-
tablishments in India. These together accounted for 6.6 per cent of the
total national income.

According to the Census of Manufactures, the total
productive capital employed in 29 groups of industries was about Rs. 483
crore — Rs. 196 crore being fixed capital and Rs. 287 crore working capital.
Making allowance for the industries not covered by the census, the total
productive capital employed in Indian industries was of the order of
Rs. 650 crore. The total labour force employed in the factories was about
25 lakh. In 1948, India attained the eighth place among the foremost
industrial nations of the world.

Cotton textiles and jute are two of the country’s oldest and most impor-
tant industries. Although the first cotton mill in India was erected at
Calcutta in 1818, the real beginnings of the industry were made in Bombay
in the year 1854. The capital and enterprise were predominantly Indian.
The foundations of the jute industry were laid near Calcutta in 1855,
mostly with foreign capital and enterprise. The progress of the two
industries over the past fifty years is illustrated in the following statement :





Cotton textiles and jute were the only major industries which had
developed substantially before World War I. The War gave a further
impetus to industrial development. The policy of discriminating protec-
tion was adopted in 1922 on the recommendation of the Indian Fiscal
Commission. This measure did much to help the growth of Indian
industries. Between 1922 and 1939, the production of cotton piece goods
was more than doubled, that of steel ingots increased 8 times and of paper
2i times. The protected sugar industry achieved progress so speedily
between 1932 and 1936 that the country became self-sufficient in sugar.
About the same time the cement industry had also begun to grow, and by
1935-36 it was able to meet about 95 per cent of the total needs of the
country. The production of matches, glass, vanaspatiy soap and several
engineering industries also recorded a large increase during this period. An
electrical goods industry was also started.

The Second World War created favourable conditions for the maximum
utilisation of existing capacity in Indian industries. Several new industries
also came into existence. Among othd: things, they 'produced ferro-alloys.



non-ferrous metals, diesel engines, pumps, bicycles, sewing machines, soda
ash, caustic soda, chlorine and super-phosphate. The manufacture of
machine tools and simple machinery, cutlery and pharmaceuticals was also
commenced. In the immediate post-war period a new range of industries
grew up. They were concerned with the manufacture of ball and roller
bearings, carding engines, ring frames and locomotives. The fertiliser,
cement, sheet glass, caustic soda and sulphuric acid industries were
expanded.

Till recently, the major emphasis in industrial development in India
was on consumer goods industries, while the development of basic capital
goods industries lagged behind. The output of consumer goods such as cotton
textiles, sugar, soap, mat 9 hes and salt is, on the whole, sufficient to meet the
present domestic demand. In the case of capital goods industries and indus-
tries manufacturing intermediate products, the available capacity is inadequ-
ate even for ‘present requirements, while the production of iron and steel re-
presents hardly 50 per cent of the country’s present demand. In the case of
aluminium, ferro-alloys, caustic soda and soda ash, fertilbers and petroleum
products, domestic supply is far short of demand. Only a small beginning
has so far been made in the manufacture of plant and machinery (including
textile machinery), synthetic drugs, anti-biotics, dye-stuffs and chemicals.


Details about certain major industries are further given.

https://archive.org/stream/in.ernet.dli.2015.85206/2015.85206.India-A-Reference-Annual-1954_djvu.txt 










Sunday, August 5, 2018

Modinomics - Three Pillars - Development, Distribution and Discipline

The three pillars of Modi's Governance and Economic policy making are Development, Distribution for Welfare increase and Discipline.

The point was well described in a book on Modinomics by Dr. Govilkar.
In the book release function organized in Thane you on 5 August 2018, the author explained that Modi's excellence is in details. He implemented many schemes effectively and efficiently.