Saturday, October 31, 2015

District Level Logistics and Distribution Center - Business Opportunity in E Commerce World

Can you arrange for milk runs in your district supplying goods to customers and collecting goods from various suppliers in your district?  Such service may be in demand in E Commerce World. If you can deliver the package the next day and dispatch the goods collected on the same day or next day you may be a very important logistics chain partner for E Commerce companies.

A nationwide supply can be arranged as follows.

Collection from suppliers by District level logistcs one Day.
Despatch to state logistics center - One day
Despatch from state to state logistics center one day
State to District logistics center one day
District to customer one day.

Thus one week deliveries can be arranged into remotest parts of the country.

Design Can be a Big Business Opportunity in E Commerce World

Yes. You can create designs of various items like furniture, apparel, jewellery, gift items, travel accessories, writing instruments, stationery, plastic products, and sell these designs to interested manufacturers anywhere in India through E Commerce sites. In turn, the manufacturers sell the items manufactured giving credit to the designer. The designer has an agreement with online retail sites to sell items conforming to his designs. This means, designers created brands for their designs.

The designs can be approved by design agencies and they can conform to ISI Standards.

Designs can sold to interested manufacturers through district level E Commerce vendor developers.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel - Biography


The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi paying floral tribute to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel on Rashtriya Ekta Diwas, at Patel Chowk, in New Delhi on October 31, 2015.

Statue of Unity - In Honour of Sardar Patel






Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel's native place was Karamsad. While his actual date of birth was never officially recorded—31 October 1875 was  his date of birth on his matriculation examination papers. His family  lived in the village of Karamsad, Bombay Presidency, where his father Jhaverbhai owned a homestead. Somabhai, Narsibhai and Vithalbhai Patel were his elder brothers. He had a younger brother, Kashibhai and a sister, Dahiba.

Patel traveled to attend schools in Nadiad, Petlad and Borsad.  Patel passed his matriculation at the late age of 22.   Studying on his own with books borrowed from other lawyers and Patel  passed law  examinations within two years.   Patel set up his household in Godhra and was called to the bar. As a lawyear  Patel  earned  reputation as a fierce and skilled lawyer. He had  a daughter, Maniben, born  in 1904, and a son, Dahyabhai, born in 1906.

Patel practised law in Godhra, Borsad and Anand.  Patel was also the first chairman and founder of the E.M.H.S. "Edward Memorial High School" Borsad which is at presently known as Jhaverbhai Dajibhai Patel High School. In 1909, Patel's wife Jhaverba was hospitalised in Bombay (now Mumbai) to undergo a major surgical operation for cancer. Her health suddenly worsened and despite successful emergency surgery, she died in the hospital. Patel was given a note informing him of his wife's demise as he was cross-examining a witness in court. According to others who witnessed, Patel read the note, pocketed it and continued to intensely cross-examine the witness and won the case. Patel himself decided against marrying again. He raised his children with the help of his family and sent them to English-medium schools in Mumbai. At the age of 36, he journeyed to England and enrolled at the Middle Temple Inn in London. Finishing a 36-month course in 30 months, Patel topped his class despite having no previous college background.

Returning to India, Patel settled in the city of Ahmedabad and became one of the city's most successful barristers.

At the urging of his friends, Patel won an election to become the sanitation commissioner of Ahmedabad in 1917. While often clashing with British officials on civic issues, he did not show any interest in politics.  Patel was deeply impressed when Gandhi defied the British in Champaran for the sake of the area's oppressed farmers. Against the grain of Indian politicians of the time, Gandhi wore Indian-style clothes and emphasised the use of one's mother tongue or any Indian language as opposed to English—the lingua franca of India's intellectuals. Patel was particularly attracted to Gandhi's inclination to action—apart from a resolution condemning the arrest of political leader Annie Besant, Gandhi proposed that volunteers march peacefully demanding to meet her.

Patel gave a speech in Borsad in September 1917, encouraging Indians nationwide to sign Gandhi's petition demanding Swaraj—independence—from the British. Meeting Gandhi a month later at the Gujarat Political Conference in Godhra, Patel became the secretary of the Gujarat Sabha—a public body which would become the Gujarati arm of the Indian National Congress—at Gandhi's encouragement. Patel now energetically fought against veth—the forced servitude of Indians to Europeans—and organised relief efforts in wake of plague and famine in Kheda. The Kheda peasants' plea for exemption from taxation had been turned down by British authorities. Gandhi endorsed waging a struggle there, but could not lead it himself due to his activities in Champaran. When Gandhi asked for a Gujarati activist to devote himself completely to the assignment, Patel volunteered.  

Supported by Congress volunteers Narhari Parikh, Mohanlal Pandya and Abbas Tyabji, Vallabhbhai Patel began a village-to-village tour in the Kheda district, documenting grievances and asking villagers for their support for a statewide revolt by refusing the payment of taxes. Patel emphasised potential hardships with the need for complete unity and non-violence despite any provocation. When the revolt was launched and revenue refused, the government sent police and intimidation squads to seize property, including confiscating barn animals and whole farms. Patel organised a network of volunteers to work with individual villages—helping them hide valuables and protect themselves during raids. Thousands of activists and farmers were arrested, but Patel was not. The revolt began evoking sympathy and admiration across India, including with pro-British Indian politicians. The government agreed to negotiate with Patel and decided to suspend the payment of revenue for the year, even scaling back the rate. Patel emerged as a hero to Gujaratis and admired across India. In 1920, he was elected president of the newly formed Gujarat Pradesh Congress Committee—he  served as its president till 1945.

Patel supported Gandhi's Non-cooperation movement and toured the state to recruit more than 300,000 members and raise over Rs. 15 lakh in funds.] Helping organise bonfires of British goods in Ahmedabad, Patel threw in all his English-style clothes. With his daughter Mani and son Dahya, he switched completely to wearing khadi. Patel also supported Gandhi's controversial suspension of resistance in wake of the Chauri Chaura incident. He worked extensively in the following years in Gujarat against alcoholism, untouchability and caste discrimination, as well as for the empowerment of women. In the Congress, he was a resolute supporter of Gandhi against his Swarajist critics. Patel was elected Ahmedabad's municipal president in 1922, 1924 and 1927—during his terms, Ahmedabad was extended a major supply of electricity and the school system underwent major reforms. Drainage and sanitation systems were extended over all the city. He fought for the recognition and payment of teachers employed in schools established by nationalists  and even took on sensitive Hindu-Muslim Issues.

When Gandhi was in prison, Sardar Patel was asked by Members of Congress to lead the satyagraha in Nagpur in 1923 against a law banning the raising of the Indian flag. He organised thousands of volunteers from all over the country in processions hoisting the flag. Patel negotiated a settlement that obtained the release of all prisoners and allowed nationalists to hoist the flag in public.

In April 1928, Sardar Patel returned to the freedom struggle from his municipal duties in Ahmedabad when Bardoli suffered from a serious predicament of a famine and steep tax hike. The revenue hike was steeper than it had been in Kheda even though the famine covered a large portion of Gujarat. After cross-examining and talking to village representatives, emphasising the potential hardship and need for non-violence and cohesion, Patel initiated the struggle—complete denial of taxes. Sardar Patel organised volunteers, camps and an information network across affected areas. The revenue refusal was stronger than in Kheda and many sympathy satyagrahas were undertaken across Gujarat. Despite arrests, seizures of property and lands, the struggle intensified. The situation reached a head in August, when through sympathetic intermediaries, he negotiated a settlement repealing the tax hike, reinstating village officials who had resigned in protest and the return of seized property and lands. It was during the struggle and after the victory in Bardoli that Patel was increasingly addressed by his colleagues and followers as Sardar.
Leading the Congress

As Gandhi embarked on the Dandi Salt March, Patel was arrested in the village of Ras and tried without witnesses, with no lawyer or pressman allowed to attend. Patel's arrest and Gandhi's subsequent arrest caused the Salt Satyagraha to greatly intensify in Gujarat—districts across Gujarat launched an anti-tax rebellion until and unless Patel and Gandhi were released. Once released, Patel served as interim Congress president, but was re-arrested while leading a procession in Mumbai. After the signing of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact, Patel was elected Congress president for its 1931 session in Karachi—here the Congress ratified the pact, committed itself to the defence of fundamental rights and human freedoms, and a vision of a secular nation, minimum wage and the abolition of untouchability and serfdom. Patel used his position as Congress president in organising the return of confiscated lands to farmers in Gujarat. Upon the failure of the Round Table Conference in London, Gandhi and Patel were arrested in January 1932 when the struggle re-opened, and imprisoned in the Yeravda Central Jail. During this term of imprisonment, Patel and Gandhi grew close to each other, and the two developed a close bond of affection, trust, and frankness. Their mutual relationship could be described as that of an elder brother (Gandhi) and his younger brother (Patel).

Patel's position at the highest level in the Congress was largely connected with his role from 1934 onwards (when the Congress abandoned its boycott of elections) in the party organisation. Based at an apartment in Mumbai, he became the Congress's main fund-raiser and chairman of its Central Parliamentary Board, playing the leading role in selecting and financing candidates for the 1934 elections to the Central Legislative Assembly in New Delhi and also for the Provincial elections of 1936. As well as collecting funds and selecting candidates, he would also determine the Congress stance on issues and opponents.[28] Not contesting a seat for himself, Patel nevertheless guided Congressmen elected in the provinces and at the national level. Patel would guide the Congress ministries that had won power across India with the aim of preserving party discipline—Patel feared that the British would use opportunities to create conflicts among elected Congressmen, and he did not want the party to be distracted from the goal of complete independence. But Patel would clash with Nehru, opposing declarations of the adoption of socialism at the 1936 Congress session, which he believed was a diversion from the main goal of achieving independence. In 1938, Patel organised rank and file opposition to the attempts of then-Congress president Subhas Chandra Bose to move away from Gandhi's principles of non-violent resistance. Patel considered Bose to want more power over the party. He led senior Congress leaders in a protest, which resulted in Bose's resignation. But criticism arose from Bose's supporters, socialists and other Congressmen that Patel himself was acting in an authoritarian manner in his defence of Gandhi's authority.

On the outbreak of World War II Patel supported Nehru's decision to withdraw the Congress from central and provincial legislatures, contrary to Gandhi's advice, as well as an initiative by senior leader Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari to offer Congress's full support to Britain if it promised Indian independence at the end of the war and install a democratic government right away. Gandhi had refused to support Britain on the grounds of his moral opposition to war, while Subhas Chandra Bose was in militant opposition to the British. The British rejected Rajagopalachari's initiative, and Patel embraced Gandhi's leadership again. He participated in Gandhi's call for individual disobedience, and was arrested in 1940 and imprisoned for nine months. He also opposed the proposals of the Cripps' mission in 1942.

While Nehru, Rajagopalachari and Maulana Azad initially criticised Gandhi's proposal for an all-out campaign of civil disobedience to force the British to Quit India, Patel was its most fervent supporter. Arguing that the British would retreat from India as they had from Singapore and Burma, Patel stressed that the campaign start without any delay. Though feeling that the British would not quit immediately, Patel favoured an all-out rebellion which would galvanise Indian people, who had been divided in their response to the war, In Patel's view, an all-out rebellion would force the British to concede that continuation of colonial rule had no support in India, and thus speed power transfer to Indians. Believing strongly in the need for revolt, Patel stated his intention to resign from the Congress if the revolt was not approved. Gandhi strongly pressured the All India Congress Committee to approve of an all-out campaign of civil disobedience, and the AICC approved the campaign on 7 August 1942. Though Patel's health had suffered during his stint in jail, Patel gave emotional speeches to large crowds across India, asking people to refuse paying taxes and participate in civil disobedience, mass protests and a shutdown of all civil services. He raised funds and prepared a second-tier of command as a precaution against the arrest of national leaders. Patel made a climactic speech to more than 100,000 people gathered at Gowalia Tank in Bombay (Mumbai) on 7 August. Historians believe that Patel's speech was instrumental in electrifying nationalists, who had been sceptical of the proposed rebellion. Patel's organising work in this period is credited by historians for ensuring the success of the rebellion across India. Patel was arrested on 9 August and was imprisoned with the entire Congress Working Committee from 1942 to 1945 at the fort in Ahmednagar. Here he spun cloth, played bridge, read a large number of books, took long walks, practised gardening. He also provided emotional support to his colleagues while awaiting news and developments of the outside.

In the 1946 election for the Congress presidency, Patel stepped down in favour of Nehru at the request of Gandhi. The election's importance stemmed from the fact that the elected President would lead free India's first Government. Gandhi asked all 16 states representatives and Congress to elect the right person and Sardar Patel's name was proposed by 13 states representatives out of 16, but Patel respected Gandhi's request to not be the first prime minister. As the first Home Minister, Patel played a key role in integration of many princely states into the Indian federation.

In the elections, the Congress won a large majority of the elected seats, dominating the Hindu electorate. But the Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah won a large majority of Muslim electorate seats. The League had resolved in 1940 to demand Pakistan—an independent state for Muslims—and was a fierce critic of the Congress. The Congress formed governments in all provinces save Sindh, Punjab and Bengal, where it entered into coalitions with other parties.

When the British mission proposed two plans for transfer of power, there was considerable opposition within the Congress to both. The plan of 16 May 1946 proposed a loose federation with extensive provincial autonomy, and the "grouping" of provinces based on religious-majority. The plan of 16 June 1946 proposed the partition of India on religious lines, with over 600 princely states free to choose between independence or accession to either dominion. The League approved both plans, while the Congress flatly rejected the 16 June proposal. Gandhi criticised the 16 May proposal as being inherently divisive, but Patel, realising that rejecting the proposal would mean that only the League would be invited to form a government, lobbied the Congress Working Committee hard to give its assent to the 16 May proposal. Patel engaged the British envoys Sir Stafford Cripps and Lord Pethick-Lawrence and obtained an assurance that the "grouping" clause would not be given practical force, Patel converted Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajendra Prasad and Rajagopalachari to accept the plan. When the League retracted its approval of the 16 May plan, the viceroy Lord Wavell invited the Congress to form the government. Under Nehru, who was styled the "Vice President of the Viceroy's Executive Council," Patel took charge of the departments of home affairs and information and broadcasting. He moved into a government house on 1, Aurangzeb Road in Delhi—this would be his home till his death in 1950.

Vallabhbhai Patel was one of the first Congress leaders to accept the partition of India as a solution to the rising Muslim separatist movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He had been outraged by Jinnah's Direct Action campaign, which had provoked communal violence across India and by the viceroy's vetoes of his home department's plans to stop the violence on the grounds of constitutionality. Patel severely criticised the viceroy's induction of League ministers into the government, and the revalidation of the grouping scheme by the British without Congress approval. Although further outraged at the League's boycott of the assembly and non-acceptance of the plan of 16 May despite entering government, he was also aware that Jinnah did enjoy popular support amongst Muslims, and that an open conflict between him and the nationalists could degenerate into a Hindu-Muslim civil war of disastrous consequences. The continuation of a divided and weak central government would in Patel's mind, result in the wider fragmentation of India by encouraging more than 600 princely states towards independence.[43] Between the months of December 1946 and January 1947, Patel worked with civil servant V. P. Menon on the latter's suggestion for a separate dominion of Pakistan created out of Muslim-majority provinces. Communal violence in Bengal and Punjab in January and March 1947 further convinced Patel of the soundness of partition. Patel, a fierce critic of Jinnah's demand that the Hindu-majority areas of Punjab and Bengal be included in a Muslim state, obtained the partition of those provinces, thus blocking any possibility of their inclusion in Pakistan. Patel's decisiveness on the partition of Punjab and Bengal had won him many supporters and admirers amongst the Indian public, which had tired of the League's tactics, but he was criticised by Gandhi, Nehru, secular Muslims and socialists for a perceived eagerness to do so. When Lord Louis Mountbatten formally proposed the plan on 3 June 1947, Patel gave his approval and lobbied Nehru and other Congress leaders to accept the proposal. Knowing Gandhi's deep anguish regarding proposals of partition, Patel engaged him in frank discussion in private meetings over the perceived practical unworkability of any Congress-League coalition, the rising violence and the threat of civil war.

Following Gandhi's and Congress' approval of the plan, Patel represented India on the Partition Council, where he oversaw the division of public assets, and selected the Indian council of ministers with Nehru. However, neither he nor any other Indian leader had foreseen the intense violence and population transfer that would take place with partition. Patel would take the lead in organising relief and emergency supplies, establishing refugee camps and visiting the border areas with Pakistani leaders to encourage peace. Despite these efforts, the death toll is estimated at between 5 to 10 lakh people. The estimated number of refugees in both countries exceeds 1.5 crore. Understanding that Delhi and Punjab policemen, accused of organising attacks on Muslims, were personally affected by the tragedies of partition, Patel called out the Indian Army with South Indian regiments to restore order, imposing strict curfews and shoot-at-sight orders. Visiting the Nizamuddin Auliya Dargah area in Delhi, where thousands of Delhi Muslims feared attacks, he prayed at the shrine, visited the people and reinforced the presence of police. He suppressed from the press reports of atrocities in Pakistan against Hindus and Sikhs to prevent retaliatory violence. Establishing the Delhi Emergency Committee to restore order and organising relief efforts for refugees in the capital, Patel publicly warned officials against partiality and neglect. When reports reached Patel that large groups of Sikhs were preparing to attack Muslim convoys heading for Pakistan, Patel hurried to Amritsar and met Sikh and Hindu leaders. Arguing that attacking helpless people was cowardly and dishonourable, Patel emphasised that Sikh actions would result in further attacks against Hindus and Sikhs in Pakistan. He assured the community leaders that if they worked to establish peace and order and guarantee the safety of Muslims, the Indian government would react forcefully to any failures of Pakistan to do the same. Additionally, Patel addressed a massive crowd of approximately 200,000 refugees who had surrounded his car after the meetings:
Patel clashed with Nehru and Azad over the allocation of houses in Delhi vacated by Muslims leaving for Pakistan—Nehru and Azad desired to allocate them for displaced Muslims, while Patel argued that no government professing secularism must make such exclusions. However, Patel was publicly defended by Gandhi and received widespread admiration and support for speaking frankly on communal issues and acting decisively and resourcefully to quell disorder and violence.

This event formed the cornerstone of Patel's popularity in post-independence era and even today, he is remembered as the man who united India. He is, in this regard, compared to Otto von Bismarck of Germany, who did the same thing in 1860s. Under the 3 June plan, more than 562 princely states were given the option of joining either India or Pakistan, or choosing independence. Indian nationalists and large segments of the public feared that if these states did not accede, most of the people and territory would be fragmented. The Congress as well as senior British officials considered Patel the best man for the task of achieving unification of the princely states with the Indian dominion. Gandhi had said to Patel "the problem of the States is so difficult that you alone can solve it". He was considered a statesman of integrity with the practical acumen and resolve to accomplish a monumental task. Patel asked V. P. Menon, a senior civil servant with whom he had worked over the partition of India, to become his right-hand as chief secretary of the States Ministry. On 6 May 1947, Patel began lobbying the princes, attempting to make them receptive towards dialogue with the future Government and trying to forestall potential conflicts. Patel used social meetings and unofficial surroundings to engage most monarchs, inviting them to lunch and tea at his home in Delhi. At these meetings, Patel stated that there was no inherent conflict between the Congress and the princely order. Nonetheless, he stressed that the princes would need to accede to India in good faith by 15 August 1947. Patel invoked the patriotism of India's monarchs, asking them to join in the freedom of their nation and act as responsible rulers who cared about the future of their people. He persuaded the princes of 565 states of the impossibility of independence from the Indian republic, especially in the presence of growing opposition from their subjects. He proposed favourable terms for the merger, including creation of privy purses for the descendants of the rulers. While encouraging the rulers to act with patriotism, Patel did not rule out force, setting a deadline of 15 August 1947 for them to sign the instrument of accession document. All but three of the states willingly merged into the Indian union—only Jammu and Kashmir, Junagadh, and Hyderabad did not fall into his basket.

Junagadh was especially important to Patel, since it was in his home state of Gujarat and also because this Kathiawar district had the ultra-rich Somnath temple which had been plundered 17 times by Mahmud of Ghazni who broke the temple and its idols to rob it of its riches, emeralds, diamonds and gold. The Nawab had under pressure from Sir Shah Nawaz Bhutto acceded to Pakistan. It was however, quite far from Pakistan and 80% of its population was Hindu. Patel combined diplomacy with force, demanding that Pakistan annul the accession, and that the Nawab accede to India. He sent the Army to occupy three principalities of Junagadh to show his resolve. Following widespread protests and the formation of a civil government, or Aarzi Hukumat, both Bhutto and the Nawab fled to Karachi, and under Patel's orders, Indian Army and police units marched into the state. A plebiscite later organised produced a 99.5% vote for merger with India. In a speech at the Bahauddin College in Junagadh following the latter's take-over, Patel emphasised his feeling of urgency on Hyderabad, which he felt was more vital to India than Kashmir:
If Hyderabad does not see the writing on the wall, it goes the way Junagadh has gone. Pakistan attempted to set off Kashmir against Junagadh. When we raised the question of settlement in a democratic way, they (Pakistan) at once told us that they would consider it if we applied that policy to Kashmir. Our reply was that we would agree to Kashmir if they agreed to Hyderabad.

Hyderabad was the largest of the princely states, and included parts of present-day Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Maharashtra states. Its ruler, the Nizam Osman Ali Khan was a Muslim, although over 80% of its people were Hindu. The Nizam sought independence or accession with Pakistan. Muslim forces loyal to Nizam, called the Razakars, under Qasim Razvi pressed the Nizam to hold out against India, while organising attacks on people on Indian soil. Even though a Standstill Agreement was signed due to the desperate efforts of Lord Mountbatten to avoid a war, the Nizam rejected deals and changed his positions. In September 1948, Patel emphasised in Cabinet meetings that India should talk no more, and reconciled Nehru and the Governor-General, Chakravarti Rajgopalachari to military action. Following preparations, Patel ordered the Indian Army to integrate Hyderabad (in his capacity as Acting Prime Minister) when Nehru was touring Europe. The action was termed Operation Polo, in which thousands of Razakar forces had been killed, but Hyderabad was comfortably secured into the Indian Union. The main aim of Mountbatten and Nehru in avoiding a forced annexation was to prevent an outbreak of Hindu-Muslim violence. Patel insisted that if Hyderabad was allowed to continue with its antics, the prestige of the Government would fall and then neither Hindus nor Muslims would feel secure in its realm. After defeating Nizam, Patel retained him as the ceremonial chief of state, and held talks with him.

Governor General Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, Nehru and Patel formed the triumvirate which ruled India from 1948 to 1950. Prime Minister Nehru was intensely popular with the masses, but Patel enjoyed the loyalty and the faith of rank and file Congressmen, state leaders and India's civil services. Patel was a senior leader in the Constituent Assembly of India and was responsible in a large measure for shaping India's constitution. He is also known as the "Bismarck of India" Patel was a key force behind the appointment of Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar as the chairman of the drafting committee, and the inclusion of leaders from a diverse political spectrum in the process of writing the constitution.

Patel was the chairman of the committees responsible for minorities, tribal and excluded areas, fundamental rights and provincial constitutions. Patel piloted a model constitution for the provinces in the Assembly, which contained limited powers for the state governor, who would defer to the President—he clarified it was not the intention to let the governor exercise power which could impede an elected government. He worked closely with Muslim leaders to end separate electorates and the more potent demand for reservation of seats for minorities. Patel would hold personal dialogues with leaders of other minorities on the question, and was responsible for the measure that allows the President to appoint Anglo-Indians to Parliament. His intervention was key to the passage of two articles that protected civil servants from political involvement and guaranteed their terms and privileges. He was also instrumental in the founding the Indian Administrative Service and the Indian Police Service, and for his defence of Indian civil servants from political attack, he is known as the "patron saint" of India's services. When a delegation of Gujarati farmers came to him citing their inability to send their milk production to the markets without being fleeced by intermediaries, Patel exhorted them to organise the processing and sale of milk by themselves, and guided them to create the Kaira District Co-operative Milk Producers' Union Limited, which preceded the Amul milk products brand. Patel also pledged the reconstruction of the ancient but dilapidated Somnath Temple in Saurashtra—he oversaw the creation of a public trust and restoration work, and pledged to dedicate the temple upon the completion of work (the work was completed after Patel's death, and the temple was inaugurated by the first President of India, Dr. Rajendra Prasad).

When the Pakistani invasion of Kashmir began in September 1947, Patel immediately wanted to send troops into Kashmir. But agreeing with Nehru and Mountbatten, he waited till Kashmir's monarch had acceded to India. Patel then oversaw India's military operations to secure Srinagar, the Baramulla Pass and the forces retrieved much territory from the invaders. Patel, along with Defence Minister Baldev Singh administered the entire military effort, arranging for troops from different parts of India to be rushed to Kashmir and for a major military road connecting Srinagar to Pathankot be built in 6 months. Patel strongly advised Nehru against going for arbitration to the United Nations, insisting that Pakistan had been wrong to support the invasion and the accession to India was valid. He did not want foreign interference in a bilateral affair. Patel opposed the release of Rs. 55 crores to the Government of Pakistan, convinced that the money would go to finance the war against India in Kashmir. The Cabinet had approved his point but it was reversed when Gandhi, who feared an intensifying rivalry and further communal violence, went on a fast-unto-death to obtain the release. Patel, though not estranged from Gandhi, was deeply hurt at the rejection of his counsel and a Cabinet decision.
In 1949, a crisis arose when the number of Hindu refugees entering West Bengal, Assam and Tripura from East Pakistan climbed over 800,000. The refugees in many cases were being forcibly evicted by Pakistani authorities, and were victims of intimidation and violence. Nehru invited Liaquat Ali Khan, Prime Minister of Pakistan to find a peaceful solution. Despite his aversion, Patel reluctantly met Khan and discussed the matters. Patel strongly criticised, however, Nehru's intention to sign a pact that would create minority commissions in both countries and pledge both India and Pakistan to a commitment to protect each other's minorities. Syama Prasad Mookerjee and K.C. Neogy, two Bengali ministers resigned and Nehru was intensely criticised in West Bengal for allegedly appeasing Pakistan. The pact was immediately in jeopardy. Patel however, publicly came out to Nehru's aid. He gave emotional speeches to members of Parliament, and the people of West Bengal, and spoke with scores of delegations of Congressmen, Hindus, Muslims and other public interest groups, persuading them to give peace a final effort.

Patel was intensely loyal to Gandhi and both he and Nehru looked to him to arbitrate disputes. However, Nehru and Patel sparred over national issues. When Nehru asserted control over Kashmir policy, Patel objected to Nehru's sidelining his home ministry's officials. Nehru was offended by Patel's decision-making regarding the states' integration, having neither consulted him nor the cabinet. Patel asked Gandhi to relieve him of his obligation to serve, believing that an open political battle would hurt India. After much personal deliberation and contrary to Patel's prediction, Gandhi on 30 January 1948 told Patel not to leave the government. A free India, according to Gandhi, needed both Patel and Nehru. Patel was the last man to privately talk with Gandhi, who was assassinated just minutes after Patel's departure.

When Nehru pressured Dr. Rajendra Prasad to decline a nomination to become the first President of India in 1950 in favour of Rajagopalachari, he thus angered the party, which felt Nehru was attempting to impose his will. Nehru sought Patel's help in winning the party over, but Patel declined and Prasad was duly elected. Nehru opposed the 1950 Congress presidential candidate Purushottam Das Tandon, a conservative Hindu leader, endorsing Jivatram Kripalani instead and threatening to resign if Tandon was elected. Patel rejected Nehru's views and endorsed Tandon in Gujarat, where Kripalani received not one vote despite hailing from that state himself. Patel believed Nehru had to understand that his will was not law with the Congress, but he personally discouraged Nehru from resigning after the latter felt that the party had no confidence in him.
On 29 March 1949, authorities lost radio contact with a plane carrying Patel, his daughter Maniben and the Maharaja of Patiala. Engine failure caused the pilot to make an emergency landing in a desert area in Rajasthan. With all passengers safe, Patel and others tracked down a nearby village and local officials. When Patel returned to Delhi, thousands of Congressmen gave him a resounding welcome. In Parliament, MPs gave a long, standing ovation to Patel, stopping proceedings for half an hour. In his twilight years, Patel was honoured by members of Parliament and awarded honorary doctorates of law by the Punjab University and Osmania University.

Patel's health declined rapidly through the summer of 1950. He later began coughing blood, whereupon Maniben began limiting his meetings and working hours and arranged for a personalised medical staff to begin attending to Patel. The Chief Minister of West Bengal and doctor Bidhan Roy heard Patel make jokes about his impending end, and in a private meeting Patel frankly admitted to his ministerial colleague N. V. Gadgil that he was not going to live much longer. Patel's health worsened after 2 November, when he began losing consciousness frequently and was confined to his bed. He was flown to Mumbai on 12 December on advice from Dr Roy, to recuperate as his condition deemed critical. Nehru, Rajagopalchari, Rajendra Prasad and Menon all came to see him off at the airport in Delhi. Patel was extremely weak and had to be carried onto the aircraft in a chair. In Bombay, large crowds gathered at Santacruz Airport to greet him, to spare him from this stress, the aircraft landed at Juhu Aerodrome, where Chief Minister B.G. Kher and Morarji Desai were present to receive him with a car belonging to the Governor of Bombay, that took Vallabhbhai to Birla House. After suffering a massive heart attack (his second), he died on 15 December 1950 at Birla House in Bombay. In an unprecedented and unrepeated gesture, on the day after his death more than 1,500 officers of India's civil and police services congregated to mourn at Patel's residence in Delhi and pledged "complete loyalty and unremitting zeal" in India's service. His cremation was planned at Girgaum Chowpatty, however this was changed to Sonapur (Now Marine Lines) when his daughter conveyed that it was his wish to be cremated like a common man in the same place as his wife and brother were earlier cremated. His cremation in Sonapur in Bombay, was attended by a 10 lakh strong crowd including Prime Minister Nehru, Rajagopalachari, and President Rajendra Prasad.


Middle Class in India

Valmiki Ramayana - Sanskrit Text, Meaning of Words, and Meaning of Shlokas

Visit for Sanskrit Text, Word Meaning and Shloka Meaning

Texts in various fonts including Deva Nagari

Hindi Translation

Meaning some stanzas and shlokas from Ramayana related places and persons

Parayana or Reading of Ramayan is recommended  from new year day (Chaitra Pratipada)

Ramayan - Balakanda - Sanskrit - English Meaning - Under compilation by me

District Level E Commerce Vendor Facilitator - A Business Opportunity in E Commerce World

E commerce websites provide an opportunity for  skilled persons any where in the country to become vendors of the site and have the entire India and even globe as their market place. According to my estimate, around 10,000 firms from each district in India have the opportunity of becoming a vendor on E commerce site in the first major phase of E commerce expansion in India. But how does the evolution come about. There is role for E Commerce Vendor facilitators as district level to provide the initial information to the potential vendors and handhold him to become a registered vendor on an online retail site and supply his goods and get money. From then on there is management consultancy opportunity to grow the business. The vendor can register for more sites and the facilitator can help him in the process.

This is an interesting opportunity to help entrepreneurs and create new entrepreneurs.

What is the business Opportunity. Let us start with an estimate of Rs 15 lakhs manufacturing cost for the vendor firms and 10,000 firms will have total Rs. 1500 crores as manufacturing cost.  So one can think of one time consultancy fee of Rs 100 crores and around Rs. 15 crores every year as income. On a 10 year basis the total come to Rs. 250 crores. It means an annual income of Rs. 25 crore.

Assume that 10 consultants succeed in this service segment, So you have Rs. 2,5 crore per year business opportunity. Go ahead and try your hand.

30 December 2015

Ecommerce facilitation by enet in Karnataka

Related Opportunity

District Level Quality Inspection and Control Opportunity - E Commerce Vendor Quality Assurance Opportunity

Digital Product Idea Development

District Level Quality Inspection and Control Opportunity - E Commerce Vendor Quality Assurance Opportunity

E commerce in China has 80 lakh vendors. In India also there is scope for developing such a vendor base. Every district in India can have a vendor base of 10,000 firms supplying or selling goods and services through online retail sites Amazon, Flip Cart, Snap Deal etc. But these vendors need to be certified, checked for quality for a certain number of initial transactions and then subjected to statistical quality control checks.

Hence there is self employment opportunity of persons interesting in setting up firms that take up quality certification and assurance services at district level for large number of vendors.

What is the size of business?

Each E commerce vendor is expected to sell goods whose manufacturing cost is equal to Rs. 15 lakhs. When we multiply it by 10,000 vendors per district the total for a district comes to Rs. 1500 crores. The quality control service fee is a part of it. If we take the fee as one percent the total business opportunity is Rs. 15 crores. If we think 5 firms will establish themselves in this business each firm can have business to the tune of Rs. 3 crore per year.

Ramayan - Balakanda - Sanskrit - English Meaning

तपस्स्वाध्यायनिरतं तपस्वी वाग्विदां वरम् ।

नारदं परिपप्रच्छ वाल्मीकिर्मुनिपुङ्गवम् ।।1.1.1

कोन्वस्मिन्साम्प्रतं लोके गुणवान्कश्च वीर्यवान् ।

धर्मज्ञश्च कृतज्ञश्च सत्यवाक्यो दृढव्रत:।।1.1.2

चारित्रेण च को युक्तस्सर्वभूतेषु को हित: ।

विद्वान्क: कस्समर्थश्च कश्चैकप्रियदर्शन: ।।1.1.3

आत्मवान्को जितक्रोधो द्युतिमान्कोऽनसूयक: ।

कस्य बिभ्यति देवाश्च जातरोषस्य संयुगे ।।1.1.4।

एतदिच्छाम्यहं श्रोतुं परं कौतूहलं हि मे ।

महर्षे त्वं समर्थोऽसि ज्ञातुमेवंविधं नरम् ।।1.1.5

श्रुत्वा चैतत्ित्रलोकज्ञो वाल्मीकेर्नारदो वच: ।

श्रूयतामिति चामन्त्त्र्य प्रहृष्टो वाक्यमब्रवीत् ।।1.1.6

बहवो दुर्लभाश्चैव ये त्वया कीर्तिता गुणा: ।

मुने वक्ष्याम्यहं बुद्ध्वा तैर्युक्तश्श्रूयतान्नर: ।।1.1.7

बुद्धिमान्नीतिमान्वाग्मी श्रीमान् शत्रुनिबर्हण: ।

विपुलांसो महाबाहु: कम्बुग्रीवो महाहनु: ।।1.1.9

बुद्धिमान् great intellectual, नीतिमान्  person proficient in ethical behavior
वाग्मी proficient in speeches, श्रीमान् possessing vast wealth,
शत्रुनिबर्हण: destroyer of foes, विपुलांस: broad shouldered, महाबाहु: strong-armed,
कम्बुग्रीव: possessing conchshaped neck, महाहनु: having prominent and strong cheeks.

महोरस्को महेष्वासो गूढजत्रुररिन्दमः ।

आजानुबाहुस्सुशिरास्सुललाटस्सुविक्रमः ।।1.1.10।।

महोरस्क: person having broad chest, महेष्वासः armed with a great bow (has a strong body to carry a bow),
गूढजत्रुः has strong collar bones, अरिन्दमः is destroyer of foes, आजानुबाहु: has arms extending up to knees,
सुशिराः has good looking head, सुललाटः has a large and beautiful forehead,
सुविक्रमः is endowed with mighty prowess.

समस्समविभक्ताङ्गस्स्निग्धवर्ण: प्रतापवान् ।

पीनवक्षा विशालाक्षो लक्ष्मीवान् शुभलक्षणः ।। 1.1.11

समः neither too tall nor too short, समविभक्ताङ्ग: with well proportioned limbs,
स्निग्धवर्णः has shining complexion, प्रतापवान् is mighty and powerful,
पीनवक्षा: strong well developed chest, विशालाक्षः with powerful and beautiful  eyes,
लक्ष्मीवान् lustrous body, शुभलक्षणः has auspicious qualities mentioned in palmistry

धर्मज्ञस्सत्यसन्धश्च प्रजानां च हिते रतः ।

यशस्वी ज्ञानसम्पन्नश्शुचिर्वश्यस्समाधिमान् ।।1.1.12

धर्मज्ञ: knower of appropriate duties of life - learned and skilled person,
सत्यसन्ध: stands by his words and truth, प्रजानाम् for his subjects, हिते in the good, रतः interested, यशस्वी renowned, ज्ञानसम्पन्नः full of knowledge, शुचिः pure, वश्यः obedient to elders and also to people  समाधिमान्   one who meditates and keeps himself calm.

प्रजापतिसमश्श्रीमान् धाता रिपुनिषूदनः ।

रक्षिता जीवलोकस्य धर्मस्य परिरक्षिता ।।1.1.13

प्रजापतिसमः equal to prajapatis श्रीमान्  wealthy man  धाता sustainer of the people
रिपुनिषूदनः destroyer of enemies, रक्षिता protector, जीवलोकस्य of all living beings, धर्मस्य of code of morals, परिरक्षिता protector.

रक्षिता स्वस्य धर्मस्य स्वजनस्य च रक्षिता ।

वेदवेदाङ्गतत्त्वज्ञो धनुर्वेदे च निष्ठितः ।।1.1.14

रक्षिता protector, स्वस्य  his own, धर्मस्य duties,  रक्षिता protector, स्वजनस्य च  and his own subjects, वेदवेदाङ्गतत्त्वज्ञ: knowledgeable about the nature of vedas and vedangas, धनुर्वेदे च  knowledge of archery, निष्ठित: accomplished.

सर्वशास्त्रार्थतत्त्वज्ञस्स्मृतिमान्प्रतिभानवान् ।

सर्वलोकप्रियस्साधुरदीनात्मा विचक्षणः ।।1.1.15

सर्वशास्त्रार्थतत्त्वज्ञ: knower of the meaning of all disciplines, स्मृतिमान्  remembers the texts,
प्रतिभानवान् is talented and intelligent , सर्वलोकप्रियः is beloved of all people, साधु:  courteous, अदीनात्मा without any grief (overcomes negative incidents quickly and remains happy) ,
विचक्षणः has demonstrated discrimination and is capable of identifying right things and right time to do things.

सर्वदाभिगतस्सद्भिस्समुद्र इव सिन्धुभिः ।

आर्यस्सर्वसमश्चैव सदैकप्रियदर्शनः ।।1.1.16

समुद्रः sea, सिन्धुभिः for the rivers, इव like, सद्भिः for good persons, सर्वदा ever, अभिगतः he is approachable, आर्यः man of virtue, सर्वसमः च एव  he treats all equally - rich and poor people, सदैकप्रियदर्शनः has a beautiful or pleasing face always.

स च सर्वगुणोपेत: कौसल्यानन्दवर्धन: ।

समुद्र इव गाम्भीर्ये धैर्येण हिमवानिव ।।1.1.17

गाम्भीर्ये in seriousness of his thoughts, समुद्र: इव like a sea, धैर्येण By courage, हिमवान् इव he is like Himavat mountain.

विष्णुना सदृशो वीर्ये सोमवत्प्रियदर्शन: ।

कालाग्निसदृश: क्रोधे क्षमया पृथिवीसम: ।।1.1.18।।

धनदेन समस्त्यागे सत्ये धर्म इवापर: ।

तमेवं गुणसम्पन्नं रामं सत्यपराक्रमम् ।।1.1.19।।

ज्येष्ठं श्रेष्ठगुणैर्युक्तं प्रियं दशरथस्सुतम् । 1119

प्रकृतीनां हितैर्युक्तं प्रकृतिप्रियकाम्यया ।।1.1.20।।

यौवराज्येन संयोक्तुमैच्छत्प्रीत्या महीपति: । 1120


Updated  31 Oct,  8 April 2015, 5 April 2015

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Saturday, October 24, 2015

Draft National Policy on Capital Goods Published - October 2015

The Department of Heavy Industry, in active consultation with industry associations & bodies has drafted a National Policy on Capital Goods.  This is the first time that a policy on Capital Goods is being framed. This is the most critical sector for achieving the vision of “Make in India” as the sector has multiplier effect on other sectors of economy. This National Policy on Capital Goods is envisaged to unlock the potential for this promising sector and establish India as a global manufacturing powerhouse.

The draft policy has been put on public domain for seeking comments, views and suggestions of stakeholders/ public in general at . The Department has sought comments on the draft policy by 31.10.2015.


Monday, October 19, 2015

Reliance Ecommerce Venture

Reliance plans to enrol 1.5 lakh vendors for its Ecommerce venture.

Rajasthan - Make in India Plans

Investor and Partnership Meet - November 2015

Focus Sectors

Indian Media and Entertainment Industry - Growth Prospects

CII gave the opinion that Indian Media and Entertainment industry has the potential to reach $100 billion by 2025.

Past information

The media and entertainment industry in India consists of different segments:  television, print, and films. It also includes smaller segments like radio, music, OOH, animation, gaming and visual effects (VFX) and Internet advertising.Now, there are more than 400 active channels in the country.

 And as per the combined survey report by KMPG and FICCI, the entertainment industry in India is expected to  reach US$20.09 billion by the year 2013. The industry was pegged at INR 5808 billion in 2009 as compared to INR 3565 billion in 2005. The Indian Media & Entertainment Industry grew from US$12.9 billion in 2009 to US$14.4 billion in 2010,  according to a report by the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) and research firm KPMG. The report also states that the industry is estimated  in 2011 to touch US$16.2 billion. The sector is projected to grow at a CAGR of 14 percent to reach US$28.1 billion by 2015.

Friday, October 16, 2015

Bharat Ratna Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam - Famous Engineer and Former President of India - Biography

Dr. Abdul Kalam breathed his last on 27 July 2015. He suddenly collapsed during a lecture at IIM Shillong, was taken to hospital and died there.

Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam: Born on 15th October 1931 at Rameswaram in Tamil Nadu.

After studying in a primary school in Ramaeswaran, Dr. Kalam went to Schwartz High School at Ramanathpuram from where he went to Tiruchchirapalli for his higher studies. Dr. Kalam wrote : “By the time I completed my education at Schwartz, I was a self-confident boy with the determination to be successful. The decision to go in for further education was taken without a second thought. To us, in those days, the awarness of the possibilities for a professional education did not exist; higher education simply meant going to college. The nearest college was at Tiruchchirapalli, spelled Trichinopoly those days, and called Trichi for short. “

After completing his BSc from St. Joseph’s college he joined the Madras Institute of Technology (MIT), for studying aeronautical engineering.

From MIT, he went to Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) at Bangalore as a trainee.  Dr. Kalam joined the Technical Centre (Civil Aviation) of the DTD&P (Air) as Senior Scientific Assistant on a basic salary of Rs. 250/-. From there, he joined the Indian Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), the predecessor of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). And thus Kalam started his much talked about career in rocket and missile technology.

After working for two decades in ISRO and mastering launch vehicle technologies, Dr. Kalam took up the responsibility of developing Indigenous Guided Missiles at Defence Research and Development Organisation as the Chief Executive of Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP). He was responsible for the development and operationalisation of AGNI and PRITHVI Missiles and for building indigenous capability in critical technologies through networking of multiple institutions. He was the Scientific Adviser to Defence Minister and Secretary, Department of Defence Research & Development from July 1992 to December 1999. During this period he led to the weaponisation of strategic missile systems and the Pokhran-II nuclear tests in collaboration with Department of Atomic Energy, which made India a nuclear weapon State. He also gave thrust to self-reliance in defence systems by progressing multiple development tasks and mission projects such as Light Combat Aircraft.

Dr. Kalam made significant contribution as Project Director to develop India's first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) which successfully injected the Rohini satellite in the near earth orbit in July 1980 and made India an exclusive member of Space Club. He was responsible for the evolution of ISRO's launch vehicle programme, particularly the PSLV configuration.

As Chairman of Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) and as an eminent scientist, he led the country with the help of 500 experts to arrive at Technology Vision 2020 giving a road map for transforming India from the present developing status to a developed nation. Dr. Kalam has served as the Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India, in the rank of Cabinet Minister, from November 1999 to November 2001 and was responsible for evolving policies, strategies and missions for many development applications. Dr. Kalam was also the Chairman, Ex-officio, of the Scientific Advisory Committee to the Cabinet (SAC-C) and piloted India Millennium Mission 2020.

Dr. Kalam took up academic pursuit as Professor, Technology & Societal Transformation at Anna University, Chennai from November 2001 and was involved in teaching and research tasks. Above all he took up a mission to ignite the young minds for national development by meeting high school students across the country.

Four of Dr. Kalam's books - "Wings of Fire", "India 2020 - A Vision for the New Millennium", "My journey" and "Ignited Minds - Unleashing the power within India" have become household names in India and among the Indian nationals abroad. These books have been translated in many Indian languages.

Dr. Kalam is one of the most distinguished engineer-scientists of India with the unique honour of receiving honorary doctorates from 30 universities and institutions. He has been awarded the coveted civilian awards - Padma Bhushan (1981) and Padma Vibhushan (1990) and the highest civilian award Bharat Ratna (1997). He is a recipient of several other awards and Fellow of many professional institutions.

Dr. Kalam became the 11th President of India on 25th July 2002.

His focus is on transforming India into a developed nation by 2020.

29 July 2015 Wednesday

As a tribute to APJ Abdul Kalam, 200 muslims under the leadership of Samajwadi Party's Zameer Ullah Khan marched in Aligarh under the banner "Gauraksha Sangharsh Padyatra (March for the struggle to save cows" They appealed to all muslims not to slaughter cows as the act antagonizes the majority community.
(Times of India 30 July 2015, Page 15)

Kalam's Life in Pictures

Indira Awaas Yojana


Goverment wants to build 20 millions units by 2022 and provide a house to all?

2015 - 16 Targets

25,18,978 houses

Physical Target for 2014-15: 25,18,975

Units costing Rs. 70,000 and Rs. 75,000 in four hilly states.

Central share is 14,000 crores.

Details: Letter in April 2014

Statewise District Wise Plans



June 2014

Under MGNREGA, the labour component can be used in building house under Indira Awaas Yojana.. Government is providing Rs. 12,000 per house under MGNREGA scheme to be used in IAY.

Thursday, October 15, 2015

Dr. Suri Bhagavantam in Telugu

డా!సూరి భగవంతం (14  అక్టోబర్ 1909 - 6 ఫిబ్రవరి 1989)

సూరి భగవంతం కృష్ణాజిల్ల ఆకిరిపల్లి గ్రామంలో ఒక సంప్రదాయ కుటుంబంలో జన్మించారు.వీరి పాఠశాల కళాశాల విద్య అంతా నిజాం రాష్ట్రంలో జరిగింది.మెట్రిక్యులేషన్,బి.ఎస్సీలలో ప్రధమ శ్రేణిలో ప్రధమ స్థానం సంపాదించారు.మద్రాస్ విశ్వవిద్యాలయం నుంచి ఎం.ఎస్సీ డిగ్రీ పొందారు.తరువాత కలకత్తాలో ప్రఖ్యాత వైజ్ఞానికుడు సి.వి.రామన్ గారి దగ్గర శిష్యరికం చేశారు.

1932లో ఆంధ్ర విశ్వవిద్యాలయంలొ అధ్యాపకునిగా చేరారు.అప్పటికి ఆయన వయస్సు 22 సంవత్సరాలు మాత్రమే.1938 నాటికి ఆయన ప్రోఫెసర్ అయ్యారు. అంటే వారి 28వ సంవత్సరంలో ప్రొఫెసర్ పదవిని చేపాట్టారు.ఆయన పరిశోధనా పటిమకు గాని ఆంధ్రవిశ్వవిద్యాలయము ఆయనకు డాక్టరేట్ ప్రదానం చేసింది.1948-50ల మధ్య లండన్ లో ఇండియన్ సైంటిఫిక్ లైజాన్ ఆఫీసర్ గా పనిచేశారు.

1952-57ల మధ్య ఊస్మానియా యూనివర్సిటి వైస్-చాన్సలర్ గా పనిచేశారు.అంటే 42 సంవత్సరాల పిన్న వయస్సులో ఆపదవిని చేపట్టారు.అది ఆయన ప్రతిభకు తార్కాణం. 1957లో ఇండియన్ ఇన్స్టిట్యూట్ ఆఫ్ సైన్సెస్(బెంగుళూరు) కు డైరెక్టర్ గా నియమితులయ్యారు. 1961 వరకు ఆ పదవిలో వున్నారు.ఆ తర్వాత కేంద్ర రక్షణ మంత్రిత్వ శాఖకు సైంటిఫిక్ అడ్వైజర్ గా నియమితులయ్యారు.డిఫెన్స్ రిసర్చ్ అండ్ డెవలప్మెంట్ ఆర్గనైజేషన్ (డి.ఆర్.డి.ఓ) కు కూడా డైరక్టర్ గా వ్యవహరించి దానిని అత్యుత్తమ సంస్థగా తీర్చిదిద్దారు.మిస్సైల్స్,ఏరో ఇంజన్స్,ఎలక్ట్రానిక్ యుద్ద పరికరాల నిర్మాణ వంటి రంగాలలో పరిశోధనలకు ఆయన నేత్రుత్వం వహించారు.1961లో 'క్రిస్టల్ సిమెట్రి అండ్ ఫిసికల్ ప్రోపర్టీస్" అనే గొప్ప గ్రంధాన్ని వెలువరించారు. రామన్ ఎఫెక్ట్ పై విస్త్రుతమైన పరిశొధనలు చేశారు.పలు విశ్వవిద్యాలయాలు ఆయనకు గౌరవ డాక్టరేట్ లు ప్రధానం చేశాయి.

ఆయన 1989 ఫిబ్రవరి 6న కన్నుమూశారు.

Tuesday, October 13, 2015

2015 - Dasara - Nava Ratri - Vijayawada Kanaka Durga Temple

2015 శరన్నవరాత్రి ఉత్సవాలలో కార్యక్రమ వివరములు

మొదటి రోజుఆశ్వియుజ శుద్ద పాడ్యమి నాడు తెల్లవారుఝామున గం. 2.30 ని!!లకు స్నపనాభిషేకం, అనంతరం భక్తులకు ఉ!! గం 9.00 లకు దర్శనం ప్రారంభం అగును, అనంతరం అమ్మవారి విగ్రహం భవానీదీక్షా మంటపమునకు ఊరేగింపుగా తీసుకు వెళ్ళబడును.ఉదయం 9.30 ని!!లకు గణపతి పూజ, పుణ్యాహావాచకం, అఖండజ్యోతి, మంటప కలశస్ధాపన, అనంతరం ప్రత్యేక కుంకుమార్చన గం 10.00 లకు ప్రారంభం అగును మరియు యాగశాలలో చండీయాగం ప్రారంభం అగును.

రెండోరోజు  ఆశ్వియుజ శుద్ద విదియ నుండి ఆశ్వియుజ శుద్ద దశమి వరకు, భవానీ మండపంలో రెండు బ్యాచ్ లుగా ఉ!! గం. 7.00 నుండి గం. 9.00 లకు మరియు గం. 10.00 ల నుండి 12.00 ల వరకు ఉభయదాతలతో ప్రత్యేక కుంకుమార్చన జరుగును,
మొదటి రోజు నుండి చివరి రోజువరకు యాగశాలలో 10 మంది ఋత్విక్కులచేత ఉభయదాతలతో చండీయాగం, రుద్రయాగం, శ్రీ మల్లేశ్వరస్వామి వారి ఆలయంలో అభిషేకం నిర్వహించబడును.        

 ఆశ్వియుజ శుద్ద విదియ నుండి ఆశ్వియుజ శుద్ద దశమి వరకు ప్రతిరోజు ఉ.గం. 10.00 లకు రాజభోగ నివేదనలు జరుగును, మరియు సాయంత్రం గం. 7.00 ల నుండి గం. 8.00 వరకు మహానివేదన పంచహారతుల, చతుర్వేద స్వస్తి జరుగును.

ఆశ్వియుజ శుద్ద షష్ఠి నాడు  న సాయంత్రం గం. 5.00 లకు అర్చక మహాసభ భవానీ దీక్ష మండపం నందు జరుగును.          మూలానక్షత్రం సందర్భమున గం. 4.౦౦ ల నుండి గం. 5.౦౦ ల మధ్య ప్రభుత్వం తరుపున శ్రీ ముఖ్యమంత్రివర్యులచే శ్రీ అమ్మవార్కి పట్టువస్త్ర సమర్పణ.        

ఆశ్వియుజ శుద్ద అష్టమి న సాయంత్రం గం. 5.00 లకు వేద విద్వత్సభ భవానీ దీక్ష మండపం నందు జరుగును.

        ఆశ్వియుజ శుద్ద దశమి న ఉ!! గం. 12.00 లకు పూర్ణాహుతి, కలశజ్యోద్వాసన, సాయంత్రం గం. 4.00 లకు తెప్పోత్సవం ఊరేగింపు శివాలయం నుండి ప్రారంభం.         రాత్రి గం!! 7.00 లకు నటరాజస్వామి వారి దేవాలయం వద్ద శమీపూజ జరుగును.

దసరా మహోత్సవములు – 2015
వ.సం వారము తిది శ్రీ అమ్మవారి దివ్య అలంకరములు
ది:13-10-2015 మంగళవారము ఆశ్వయుజ శుద్ధ పాడ్యమి శ్రీ స్వర్ణకవచ దుర్గాదుర్గాదేవి
ది:14-10-2015 బుధవారము ఆశ్వయుజ శుద్ధ పాడ్యమి(మిగులు) శ్రీ బాలా త్రిపుర సుందరీ దేవి
ది:15-10-2015 గురువారము ఆశ్వయుజ శుద్ధ విదియ శ్రీ గాయత్రి దేవి
ది:16-10-2015 శుక్రవారము ఆశ్వయుజ శుద్ధ తదియ శ్రీ మహాలక్ష్మిదేవి
ది:17-10-2015 శనివారము ఆశ్వయుజ శుద్ధ చవితి శ్రీ అన్నపూర్ణా దేవి
ది:18-10-2015 ఆదివారము ఆశ్వయుజ శుద్ధ పంచమి శ్రీ లలిత త్రిపుర సుందరి దేవి
ది:19-10-2015 సోమవారము ఆశ్వయుజ శుద్ధ షష్ఠి శ్రీ సరస్వతీ దేవి(మూలానక్షత్రం)
ది:20-10-2015 మంగళవారము ఆశ్వయుజ శుద్ధ సప్తమి శ్రీ దుర్గా దేవి
ది:21-10-2015 బుధవారము ఆశ్వయుజ శుద్ధ అష్టమి శ్రీ మహిషాసురమర్ధినీ దేవి
 ది:22-10-2015 గురువారము ఆశ్వయుజ శుద్ధ నవమి/దశమి శ్రీ రాజరాజేశ్వరి దేవి

నవరాత్రి (దసరా)

ఈ దసరా పండుగకి మనము ఆ తల్లికి చేయవలసిన నైవేద్యము, ఆ తల్లికి ఇష్టమైన రంగు
   వ.సం శ్రీ అమ్మవారి దివ్య అలంకరములు రంగు     నైవేద్యం
1 బాలత్రిపుర సుందరి నీలం రంగు ఉప్పు పొంగల్
2 గాయిత్రి దేవి పసుపు రంగు పులిహోర
3 అన్నపూర్ణా దేవి లేత రంగు కొబ్బరి అన్నం
4 శ్రీ లలితా త్రిపుర సుందరీ దేవి ఆకాషం రంగు అల్లం గారెలు
5 సరస్వతి దేవి కనకంబరం రంగు పెరుగన్నం
6 మహాలక్ష్మీ దేవి తెలుపు రంగు రవ్వకేసరి
7 దుర్గాదేవి మెరున్ రంగు (ముదురు ఎరుపు)   కదంబం (వెజిటబుల్,  రైస్ కలిపి వండే ఐటం)
8 మహిషాసురమర్థిని దేవి ఎర్రటి ఎరుపు రంగు బెల్లమన్నం
9 రాజరాజేశ్వరి దేవి ఆకుపచ్చ రంగు పరమాన్నం

Dasara Festival-2014


During 9 days the following alankarams will be performed to Sri Ammavaru.




Aaswayuja Suddha Padyami

Sri Swarna kavachalankrutha Devi


Aaswayuja Suddha Vidiya

Sri Bala Thripura Sundari Devi

27-09-2014 Saturday - Aaswayuja Suddha Thadiya

Sri Gayathri Devi

28-09-2014 Sunday  - Aaswayuja Suddha Chaviti

Sri Annapoorna Devi

29-09-2014 Monday - Aaswayuja Suddha Panchami

Sri Lalitha Thripura Sundari Devi

30-09-2014 Tuesday - Aaswayuja Suddha Sasthi

Sri Mahalakshmi Devi

01-10-2014 Wendnesday - Aaswayuja Suddha Saptami
Sri Saraswathi Devi

02-10-2014 Thursday - Aaswayuja Suddha Astami

Sri Durga Devi & Sri Mahishasura Mardhini Devi

03-10-2014 Friday - Aaswayuja Suddha Navami & Dhasami (Vijaya Dasami)

Sri Rajarajeswari Devi


The Government will present Pattu Vastrams on 01-10-2014 (Saraswati Alankaram)  between 4.00 PM  To 5.00 PM.

The Poornahuti, Kalasa Udvasana, Teppostavam aam and Semipooja will be conducted on 03-10-2014 i.e on Vijayadasami Day.

Type of Dharshanam Timing Free/                                      Cost Number of persons allowed
Dharma Dharshanam       4:00AM to 9:00 PM Free
Mukha Mandapam              4:00AM to 5:45 PM, 6:15PM to 9:00 PM Five Rupees One person
Pratyeka Dharshanam      5:00AM to 5:45 PM , 6:30PM to 9:00 PM Twenty Five Rupees One person
Antaralayam Dharshanam  5:00AM to 9:00 PM , 6:30PM to 9:00 PM Fifty Rupees One person

Monday, October 12, 2015

Vijayadashami - Dasara - Dussehra - Articles and Videos - Collections



______________ ______________


Raja Rajeshwari

Durgi Lakshmi

Collection of articles on Dusserah

विजयदशमी - Vijayadashami - Dasara - Dussehra - Hindi

Original post at 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 5548

Devi Saraswati - Aarti, Bhajan, Ashtottar and Sahasra Nama and Stotras - Collection

108 Names of Durga Mata - YouTube Video

Kali Puja Arati - Bengali YouTube Videos

Dasara Puja - Durga Puja Vidhanamu - Vivaramulu - Telugu

2015 - Dussehra - Vijaya Dashami - Navaratri Festival

13 October - The Nine day prayer starts

22 October -  Vijaya Dashami  -   The Dashami  thithi should be in the evening.

One time reading schedule of Durga Sapta Shati during Nav Ratri

Chapter 1 (Madhu kaitabha samhaara) is to be read for 1st day,
Chapter 2, 3 and 4 (Mahishhasura samhaara) to be read on 2nd day,
Chapter 5 and 6 (Dhuumralochana vadha) on the 3rd day,
Chapter 7 (Chanda Munda vadha) on 4th day,
Chapter 8 (Rakta biija samhaara) on 5th day,
Chapter 9 and 10 (Shumbha Nishumbha vadha) on 6th day,
Chapter 11 (Praise of Narayani) on 7th day,
Chapter 12 (Phalastuti) on 8th day,
Chapter 13 (Blessings to Suratha and the Merchant)on 9th day
Chapter 14 (Aparadha Kshamaprarthana) on 10th day