Saturday, March 31, 2012
Thursday, March 22, 2012
About the Book
"The seed in never seen. It works underneath the ground, is itself destroyed,and the tree which rises above the ground is alone seen."
Books Recommended by Gandhi to Understand The Ideas of Hind Swaraj
Some Chapters from Hind Swaraj
Friday, March 16, 2012
> In the Budget estimates for 2012-13, the Gross Tax Receipts are estimated at Rs 10, 77,612 crore which is an increase of 15.6 per cent over the Budget Estimates and 19.5 per cent over the revised estimates for 2011-12. After devolution to States, the net tax to the Centre in 2012-13 is estimated at Rs 7,71,071crore.
> The Non Tax Revenue Receipts are estimated at Rs 1,64,614crore and Non-debt Capital Receipts at Rs 41,650 crore. The total expenditure for 2012-13 is budgeted at Rs 14,90,925 crore. Of this Rs 5,21,025crore is the Plan Expenditure while Rs 9,69,900 crore is budgeted as Non Plan Expenditure.
> Individual income up to Rs 2 lakh will be free from income tax; income upto Rs 1.8 lakh was exempt in 2011-12. Income above Rs 5 lakh and upto Rs 10 lakh now carries tax at the rate of 20 per cent; the 20% tax slab was from Rs 5 lakh to Rs 8 lakh in 2011-12. A deduction of up to Rs 10,000 is now available for interest from savings bank accounts. Within the existing limit for deduction allowed for health insurance, a deduction of up to Rs 5000 is being allowed for preventive health check-up. Senior citizens not having income from business will now not need to pay advance tax.
> A provision of Rs 1,93,407crore for Defence Services including Rs 79,579 crore for capital expenditure.
> Rs 20,208 crore in the total Plan Outlay for the Department of Agriculture and Cooperation in 2012-13. The outlay for Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) is being increased to Rs 9217 crore in 2012-13.
> covering 8,800 km. under NHDP next year and increase in allocation of the Road Transport and Highways Ministry by14 per cent to Rs 25,360 crore in 2012-13.
> an allocation of Rs 15,850 crore has been made for ICDS scheme which is an increase of 58% and Rs 11,937 crore for National Programme of Mid-Day Meals in schools for the year 2012-13.
The Finance Minister proposed an increase in allocation by 21.7 per cent for Right to Education – Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan to Rs 25,555 crore and by 29 per cent for Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan to Rs 3,124 crore
Union Budget 2012-13 Summary Indian Express
Thursday, March 15, 2012
Jesus, Muhammed, Buddha, Nanak, Kabir, chaitanya, Shankara, Dayanand, and Ramakrishna were men who exercised an immense influence over and moulded the character of thousands of men. The world is richer for their having lived in it. And they were all men who deliberately embraced poverty as their lot.(Speeches and Writings of Mahatma Gandhi, G.A. Natesan, Madras, 1933, p.353)
Civilization in the real sense of the term consists not in the multiplication but in the deliberate and voluntary reduction of wants, which promotes real happiness and contentment and increases the capacity for service. One can reduce one’s wants by perseverance, and the reduction of wants make for happiness-a healthy body and a peaceful mind.
A satisfactory solution of the condition of labour must include the following:
(1) The hours of labour must leave the workmen some hours of leisure;
(2) They must get facilities for their own education;
(3) Provision must be made for an adequate supply of milk, clothing nad necessary education for their children;
(4) There should be sanitary dwellings for th workmen;
(5) They should be in a position to save enough to maintain themselves during their old age.
Anand Bazar Patrika, 3.8.1934.
Socialism and communism of the West are based on certain conceptions which are fundamentally different from ours. One such conception is their belief in the essential selfishness of human nature. I do not subscribe to it for I know that the essential difference between man and the brute is that the former can respond to the call of the spirit in him, can rise superior to the passions that he owns in common with the brute and, therefore, superior to selfishness and violence, which belong to the brute nature and not to the immortal spirit of man. That is the fundamental conception of Hinduism, which has years of penance and austerity at the back of discovery of this truth.Amrit Bazar Patrika, 2.8.1934
It goes without saying that I cannot hope to bring about economic equality of my conception, if I am the owner of fifty motor cars or even ten bighas of land, For that I have to reduce myself to the level of the poorest of the poor. That is what I have been trying to do for the last fifty years or more, and so I claim to be a foremost Communist.
Wednesday, March 14, 2012
The word Swaraj is a sacred word, a Vedic word, meaning self-rule and self-restraint, andnot freedom from all restraint which ‘independence’ often means.Young India, 19.3.1931
Real Swaraj will come not by the acquisition of authority by a few but by the acquisition of the capacity by all to resist authority when it is abused.Young India, 29.1.1925
Swaraj can be maintained, only when there is majority of loyal nad patriotic people to whom the good of the nation is paramount above all other considerations whatever including their personal profit.
Young India, 28.7.1921Original Knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/mahatma-gandhi-on-swaraj/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 911
I feel that India’s mission is different from that of others. India is fitted for the religious supremacy of the world… India can will all by soul force. History supplies numerous instances to prove that brute force is nothing before soul force. Poets have sung about it and seers have described their experiences.
(Speeches and Writings of Mahatma Gandhi, G.A. Natesan, Madras, 1933)
I would like to see India free and strong so that she may offer herself a willing and pure sacrifice for the betterment of the world. … He impotence affects the whole world.
(Young India, 17-9-1925)I do not want India to rise on the ruin of other Nations
Original Knol - http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/mahatma-gandhi-on-india/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 910
Saturday, March 10, 2012
Green Movement - Introduction
Green movement is related to the preservation of environment, popularly termed as sustainable development and environment.
It is difficult to find a good explanation of green movement even using the power of Google search engine ( http://www.greenlivingguide.org/what-does-the-green-movement-mean-to-you.html )
The Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organisation (CPHEEO)
The Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, is nodal Ministry in charge of various aspects of Urban Development including Urban Water Supply and Sanitation in the Country. The Ministry formulates the policies and strategies pertaining to various aspects of Urban Development including Water Supply, Sanitation and Municipal Solid Waste Management in the Country and also provides technical and financial assistance to the States.
The Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organisation (CPHEEO) is Technical Wing of the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, and deals with the matters related to Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Including Solid Waste Management in the Country.
The CPHEEO was constituted under the erstwhile Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) in 1953 as per the recommendations of the Environmental Hygiene Committee to deal with Water Supply and Sanitation in the Country. In 1973-74, the CPHEEO was affiliated to the Ministry of Urban Development (erstwhile Ministry of Works & Housing).Since then, it is functioning as the technical wing of the Ministry.
As per the Constitution of India, “Water, that is to say, water supplies" falls within the legislative jurisdiction of the State Governments vide item 17 of the List II-State List under Seventh Schedule referred to in the Article 246(3) of the Constitution and States are vested with the constitutional right to plan, implement, operate and maintain water supply projects.
Though water supply and sanitation is a State subject, the policies, strategies and guidelines are being provided by CPHEEO to the States & UTs Governments including Municipal Corporations / Committees. The CPHEEO plays a vital role in processing the schemes posed for external funding agencies including World Bank / JBIC/ ADB/ and Bilateral and Multilateral funding agencies and institutional financing such as LIC. It acts as an Advisory body at Central level to advise the concerned State agencies and Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) in implementation, operation & maintenance of urban water supply, sanitation and Solid Waste Management projects and helps to adopt latest technologies in these sub sectors.
Besides, the CPHEEO also implements centrally sponsored Accelerated Urban Water Supply Programme (AUWSP) for small towns (scrutinizing / approving the schemes received from State Departments from techno-economic angle), Solid Waste Management in 10 airfield towns, sponsors research studies, organizes training courses for the in-service engineers working in the water supply and sanitation sector.
PHE training was launched in 1956 as a Plan Programme to provide training to in-service Public Health Engineers so as to keep them abreast with the latest know-how in the field of Public Health / Environmental Engineering. At present, it sponsors Post Graduate Courses in Public Health Engineering / Environmental Engineering through 12 recognized academic institutions and over 60 Short Term & Refresher Courses through 21 academic institutions and training institutes under field departmensts.
In collaboration with UNDP, CPHEEO has brought out computer software for design of water supply distribution networks, sewerage networks, economical size of pumping main and distributed them to all the States & ULBs for extensive use.
CPHEEO has prepared and published the following Manuals, which are technical guide books for the help of field engineers:
* Manual on Water Supply & Treatment, Third Edition, Revised-updated, May 1999.
* Manual on Sewerage & Sewage Treatment, Second Edition, 1993.
* Manual on Municipal Solid Waste Management, 2000.
* Manual on Operation and Maintenance of Water Supply systems, 2005.
National Urban Sanitation Policy - India
Government has identified 100% sanitation as a goal during the 11th Five Year Plan. The ultimate objective is that all urban dwellers will have access to and be able to use safe and hygienic sanitation facilities and arrangements so that no one needs to defecate in the open.
The vision of the policy is that all Indian cities and towns become totally sanitised, healthy and liveable and ensure and sustain good public health and environmental outcomes for all their citizens with a special focus on hygienic and affordable sanitation facilities for the urban poor and women. The focus of the Policy is on Awareness Generation and Behavioural Change by generating awareness about sanitation and its linkages with public and environmental health amongst communities and institutions and also promoting mechanisms to bring about and sustain behavioural changes aimed at adoption of healthy sanitation practices;
In order to achieve this goal, the following activities shall be undertaken:
* Promoting access to households with safe sanitation facilities (including proper disposal arrangements);
Promoting community-planned and managed toilets wherever necessary, for groups of households who have constraints of space, tenure or economic constraints in gaining access to individual facilities;
* Adequate availability and 100 % upkeep and management of Public Sanitation facilities in all Urban Areas, to rid them of open defecation and environmental hazards;
Integrated City Wide Sanitation
Re-orienting Institutions and mainstreaming Sanitation by
* Mainstreaming thinking, planning and implementing measures related to sanitation in all sectors and departmental domains as a cross-cutting issue, especially in all urban management endeavours;
* Strengthening national, state, city and local institutions (public, private and community) to accord priority to sanitation provision, including planning, implementation and Operation & Maintenance (O&M) management;
* Extending access to proper sanitation facilities for poor communities and other un-served settlements;
Sanitary and Safe Disposal
100 % of human excreta and liquid wastes from all sanitation facilities including toilets must be disposed-off safely. In order to achieve this goal, the following activities shall be undertaken:
* Promoting proper functioning of network-based sewerage systems and ensuring connections of households to them, wherever possible;
* Promoting recycle and reuse of treated waste water for non-potable applications, wherever possible, will be encouraged.
* Promoting proper disposal and treatment of sludge from on-site installations (septic tanks, pit latrines, etc.);
* Ensuring that all the human wastes are collected safely confined and disposed-off after treatment so as not to cause any hazard to public health or the environment;
Proper Operation and Maintenance of all Sanitary Installations:
* Promoting proper usage, regular upkeep and maintenance of household, community and public sanitation facilities;
* Strengthening Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) to provide or cause to provide, sustainable sanitation services delivery
For achievement of the above goals, the government will support the following:
* States will be encouraged to prepare State Level Sanitation Strategies within a period of 2 years. Cities will be urged to prepare model City Sanitation Plans within a period of 2 years. Each state shall formulate its own State Urban Sanitation Strategy taking into account its local urban context. Cities will operationalize the state strategy by preparing and implementing City Sanitation Plans. The states will also be encouraged to formulate State Reward Schemes. A state level apex body will monitor the implementation of the state strategy, and a nodal agency will be appointed for planning and implementation. Each state and its cities would need to devise effective institutional arrangements at the city level. However, the ULB’s (or their equivalent structures) must be at the centre of all urban sanitation activities.
* Providing assistance for the preparation of Detailed Project Report (DPR) as per city sanitation plan as and when requests for funding are received;
* Promote public-private partnership in respect of key projects/activities identified in the city sanitation plan;
* Provide technical assistance and support for awareness generation and capacity building to states and cities within this financial year;
* Periodic rating of all Class 1 cities (423) in respect of Sanitation and recognition of best performers by instituting a National Award within this financial year; The award scheme will take into account output related parameters such as complete elimination of open defecation, elimination of open scavenging and personal protection to sanitary workers, safe collection and disposal of total human excreta, recycling and reuse of treated wastewater for non-potable applications, efficient and safe management of storm water and solid waste management, process related parameters such as monitoring and evaluation, observance of proper O&M practices, clear assignment of institutional responsibilities, sanctions for deviance on the part of polluters and outcome related parameters such as improved quality of drinking water, reduction in water borne diseases etc. On the basis of the rating scheme, cities will be classified as Red, Black, Blue and Green which would denote and increasing level of achievement of good environmental and health outcomes.
A National Advisory Group on Urban Sanitation (NAGUS) will be convened by the Ministry of Urban Development. It will be broad based and will include representatives of the Ministries of Health, Social Justice and Empowerment, Housing and Urban Poverty alleviation, Water resources, external experts and representatives of State Governments National Advisory Group on Urban Sanitation will assist the Ministry of Urban Development in implementing the National Policy.Ministry of Urban development will set apart resources to the extent of Rs 50 crore over a five year period for activities such as National awareness generation campaign, Rating and National award scheme, Capacity building and training ,State level strategies and sample City Sanitation Plans (CSPs) and the National Advisory group on Urban sanitation
The year 2008 has been declared the International year of Sanitation by the United Nations. The focus will be on raising awareness of the importance of sanitation and its impact on achieving the millennium development goals from three perspectives i.e hygiene, household sanitation and waste water, encouraging state governments and districts to promote and implement policies and actions for meeting the sanitation target and mobilising communities towards changing sanitation and hygiene practices through sanitation and health education campaigns.
30.66 million urban households which form 35.49% of the urban households suffer inadequate access to sanitation facilities. 7.87% households defecate in the open, 5.48% use community latrines and 19.49% use shared latrines. More than 37% of the human excreta generated is unsafely disposed. The percentage of notified and non-notified slums without latrines is 17% and 51% respectively. The National Urban Sanitation Policy approved by the Cabinet has been conceived taking these factors into consideration.
Source: Press Release Ministry of Urban Development ( http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=43437 )
First City Rating Exercise in India
The ranking was done on the basis of sanitation. Intention to implement the rating system was declared in the national sanitation policy. The ranking procedure was described in some detail in http://www.wsp.org/UserFiles/file/WSP_rating_cities.pdf .
The ranking exercise results in marks for a maximum of 100. Cities getting 90 to 100 marks are given the green rating. Cities between 65 and 90 are given the blue rating. Cities between 33.5 and 65 are rated black and towns with score less than 33.5 are rated red.
Chandigarh got the highest marks of 73.480 and got the blue rating.
Greater Mumbai got 45 marks
Thane got 41 marks.
Important Cities and Marks
Ahmedabad (50) Bengaluru (54) Bhopal Chennai (54) Delhi (61) Hyderabad (41)
Jaipur (34) Kolkata (49) Lucknow (49) Patna (38) Pune (43) Surat (69)
The full Ratings List of all cities : http://pib.nic.in/archieve/others/2010/may/d2010051103.pdf
Rating Parameters: www.pib.nic.in.
Green Cities of USA
1. Burlington, Vermont
2. Ithaca, New York
3. Corvallis, Oregon
4. Springfield, Massachusetts
5. Wenatchee, Washington
For the bigger list of 25 cities
Reactions of City Administrations
Chandigarh administration is preparing a green code for the city to improve environment in the city stil more
( http://www.thinkindiaresearch.org/think-india-research-foundation/2010/05/green-code-for-the-cleanest-city-soon-.html )
City Sanitation Plans
Under national plan, cities are being encouraged to come up with sanitation plans.
See a tender notice by Agra Municipal Corporation for a sanitation plan ( http://tenders.indiamart.com/details/521382292/ )
Green Building Movement in Indian Cities
Other News Related to Green City Activities
CII developing Green rating system for cities, October 2009
New Culture of Urban Sanitation in Mumbai (1988)
Green Cities Movement - Ecocities Movement Around the World
Sustainable and green city development
Green Sustainable Communities - The Future
Getting Started in Green Building
Cities Alliance - Global Body
Knol Number 2530
Thursday, March 8, 2012
http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/mahatma-gandhi-on-nationalism/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 912
Mahatma Gandhi on Village Industries
The idea behind the village industries scheme is that we should look to the villagers for the supply of our daily needs and that, when we find that some needs are not so supplied, we should see whether with a little trouble and organization they cannot be profitably supplied by the villagers. In estimating the profit, we should think of the villager, not of ourselves. It may be that in the initial stages, we might have to pay a little more than the ordinary price and get an inferior article in the bargain. Things will improve, if we will interest ourselves in the supplier of our needs and insist on his doing and take the trouble of helping him to do better.
Village economy cannot be complete without the essential village industries such as hand-grinding, hand-pounding, soap-making, paper-making, match-making, tanning, oil-pressing, etc. Congressmen can interest themselves in these and, if they are villagers or will settle down in villages, they will give these industries a new life and a new dress. All should make it a point of honour to use only village article whenever and wherever available.
1. There should be two models of village-one as is existing today and the other an improved one. The improved village will be clean all throughout. Its houses, its roads, its surroundings and its fields will be all clean. The condition of cattle should also improve. Books, charts, and pictures should be sued to show what industries give increased income and how.
2. It must show how to conduct the various village industries, wherefrom to obtain the needed implements, how to make them. The actual working of each industry should be demonstrated. Along with these the following should also find place:
(a) Ideal village diet.
(b) Comparison between village industry and machine industry.
© Model lessons on rearing animals.
(d) Art section.
(e) Model of village latrine.
(f) Farm-yard manure v. chemical manure
(g) Utilization of hides, bones, etc. of animals.
(h) Village music, musical instruments, village dramas.
(i) Village games, village akadas, forms exercise.
(j) Nai Talim
(k) Village medicine.
(l) Village maternity home.
Subject to the policy enunciated in the beginning, this list may be further expanded. What I have indicated is by way of example only, it should not be taken to be exhaustive. I have not made any mention of the Charkha and other village industries as they are taken for granted. Without them the exhibition will be absolutely useless.
There is no human institution but has its dangers. The greater the institution the greater the chances of abuse. Democracy is a great institution and therefore it is liable to be greatly abused. The remedy, therefore, is not avoidance of democracy but reduction of possibility of abuse to a minimum.
Young India, 7.5.1931
A popular state can never act in advance of public opinion. If it goes against it, it will be destroyed.
Young India, 30.7.1931
The democracy or the Swaraj of masses can never come through untruthful and violent means, for the simple reason that the natural corollary to their use would be to remove all opposition through the suppression or extermination of the antagonists.
My notion of democracy is that under it the weakest should have the same opportunity as the strongest. That can never happen except through non-violence.
True democracy cannot be worked by twenty men sitting at the centre. It has to be worked from below by the people of every village.
Original post http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/mahatma-gandhi-on-democracy/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 913
Article by Diwakar Sharma in Hindi on knol
Under Creative Commons 3.0
http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/mahatma-gandhi-on-business-and-ethics/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 938
http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/durga-devi-lalita-devi-aarati-bhajan/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 2922#
Annavaram Temple will be reopened for Public from 14.3.2012
Panchayatana Yagna from 8.3.2012
Places of Tourist Interest
- Sree Veera Venkata Satyanaryana Swamy Darshan in the main temple on the ratnagiri hill.
- The temple of Sri sita rama, as keshatra palakulu
- The shrines of vana durga and kanaka durga near by. Godess Vanadurga held in great venaration and devi is said to be seen even to this day in the nights going about the holy precincts perpetually guarding the lord.
- The temple of gramadevatha (Village deity ) is in the village at the foot of the hill.
How to Reach the Place
Hotels to Stay
|Choultry's Name||Rent per Day|
|Sri Seetha Rama Satram||Rs 150.00|
|Sri Centinary Satram||Rs 300.00|
|Sri Vana Durga Satram||Rs 150.00|
|T.T.D Satram||Rs 075.00|
|Satya Niketan (Annavaram Town)||Rs 150.00|
|Guest House Name||Rent per Day|
|Sri Satyadeva Guest House||Rs 250.00|
|Donar Cottage||Rs 150.00|
|Eswar Lake View Guest House||Rs 3000.00|
|Vinayaka Guest House(Full Suit)||Protocol|
|Main Guest House||For VIPs|
|Paying Guest House||Rs 150.00|
|6 VIP Rooms(A/C)||Rs 700.00|
|T.T.D VIP Rooms||Rs 150.00|
|Prakash Sadan VIP Cottages|
|Ordinary Room||Rs 450.00|
|Corner Room||Rs 500.00|
|Special Room||Rs 550.00|
|A.C. Room||Rs 700.00|
|Double Room||Rs 1500.00|
Annavaram - 533406.
East Godavari Dist.,
Phone : 08868-238121,238125,238163
Fax : 08868-238124
Email : email@example.com
Some more phone numbers
|50.||Assistant Executive Officer
|51.||Assistant Executive Officer
|52.||Assistant Executive Officer
|53.||Assistant Executive Officer
|54.||Executive Engineer (9491249959)
For Cottage Donation Scheme
Full list of telephone numbers
Air, Bus, Train, Tours and Travels - Details
http://knol.google.com/k/narayana-rao/mahatma-gandhi-on-alcohol/ 2utb2lsm2k7a/ 931