Wednesday, December 28, 2016

India - Modi's Visionary Leadership and Government - Vibrant Democracy



Development Inclusion - The Objective of Narendra Modi

Prime Minister Narendra Modi plans and implements projects across length and breadth of the country - Development Inclusion his theme.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has taken up mega projects. He is announcing and managing one mega project after another. Jana Dhan is a successful mega project. His dream of a toilet in every house and open defecation free villages is also a mega project. Shri Nitin Gadkari is working very actively on increasing the road network and also port network all over India. The projects of Narendra Modi are not concentrated in one location. They are projects touching length and breadth of the country and large number of people.

Demonetization of Rs. 500 and 1000 Notes

25 December

No queues in ATMs today also. But Rs. 500 notes were not available in ICICI Bank ATM also today. Yesterday they were available.

24 December 2016

I went around Hiranandani Estate roads, Vasant Leela and Vijaya Nagari Road, and Ghodbunder Road. Some ATMs are not working and some are working. But there are absolutely no queues at any of the ATMs. In ATMs of ICICI and HDFC Bank Rs. 500 notes are available. That shows, the demand for currency has been met and there is no anxiety in people now.

23 December 2016

Rs. 500 New Notes available in an ATM. If they come freely everyday from now, cash problems will ease out.

The current printing capacity in the country  can be managed to provide the daily required cash flow now.

Around 5000 crores can be printed per day, and this amount may be sufficient to take care of all medium value payments by people. Now many merchants are offering the facility of POS terminal and encouraging people to pay by swiping the card. So many high value payments that involve payment in thousands can be done through credit/debit cards. Hence cash requirement per month for an average family has come down.  Hotels, Medical shops. Fancy shops and Grocery shops have started using POS terminals.

16 December 2016

The Government and RBI have acquired control over the supply to new notes. The are announcing that Rs. 7.5 lakh crores new currency will be put back into banking system by December end. More importantly currency notes of Rs. 500 denomination will be made available in big numbers so that the cash cruch felt by the people due to the illiquidity of Rs. 2000 note will be addressed. Once the requirements of lower and middle classes is taken care of the money of bulk depositors can be exchanged.

2 lakh ATMs out of the 2.2 lakh ATMs have been recalibrated and measures are being taken to see that all ATMs have cash for withdrawal.

The First One Month

Indian Government led by the visionary leader, Shri Narendra Modi, has decided to undertake a massive currency exchange operation to attack black money, counterfeit currency being put into circulation by terrorist outfits with an announcement on 8 November. The strategy was appreciated by large majority of the country. But there were problems in the economy and also problems affecting people due to the lack of sufficient new currency in the system. But the Government stuck to its vision and decision and doing its best to request cooperation from the people for 50 days and also trying to find solutions to the problems as they are cropping in different parts of the country. The people of India are putting the faith in the vision of the government by remaining peaceful to a very large extent and bearing the inconveniences and also trying various other alteratives like cheque payments and card payments.

At the same time, the opposition parties are highlighting the problems being faced by people in the parliament as well as outside it. The ministers as well as party MPs, MLAs and other party workers of the ruling party are engaging in conversations to impress upon the protestors to give time to the government in completing this gigantic change effort which will reduce corruption and tax evasion in the country in the future. This is how vibrant democracy should work. A health debate on what people want at this point in time and the benefits and disadvantages of it. When a decision is taken, the inconveniences have to highlighted so that remedial actions when possible can be taken at the earliest while implementing the main decision.

There is a concern on slowdown of the economy. Hope Government announces the measures that it is taking to limit the possible negative effect of the demonetisation on the economy. Already excise duty on POS terminals is reduced. A good move to encourage more merchants to offer card payment facility.

Updated 30 December 2016,  23 December 2016, 16 December 2016,  29 November 2016

Wednesday, December 21, 2016

Marathi Information - Essays and Stories

संघ प्रार्थनेचा अर्थ

हे वत्सल मातृभूमे, मी तुला सदैव नमस्कार करतो. हे हिन्दुभूमे, तू माझे सुखाने पालनपोषण केलेले आहेस. हे महामंगलमयी पुण्यभूमे, तुझ्यासाठी माझा हा देह समर्पण होवो. मी तुला पुनःपुन्हा वंदन करतो.
हे सर्व शक्तिमान परमेश्वरा, हिंदुराष्ट्राचे आम्ही पुत्र तुला सादर प्रणाम करतो. तुझ्याच कार्यासाठी आम्ही कटिबध्द झालो आहोत. त्या कार्याच्या पूर्ततेसाठी आम्हाला तू शुभाशीर्वाद दे. हे प्रभू, आम्हाला अशी शक्ती दे की, जिला आव्हान देण्याचे धैर्य जगातील अन्य कुणा शक्तीला व्हावयाचे नाही. असे शुध्द चारित्र्य दे की, ज्या चारित्र्यामुळे संपूर्ण विश्व नतमस्तक होईल आणि असे ज्ञान दे की, ज्यामुळे आम्ही स्वतः होऊन पत्करलेला हा काट्याकुट्यांनी भरलेला मार्ग सुगम होईल.

उच्च असे आध्यात्मिक सुख आणि महानतम अशी ऐहिक समृध्दी प्राप्त करण्याचे एकमेव श्रेष्ठतम असे साधन असलेली उग्र अशी वीरव्रताची भावना आमच्यात सदैव उत्स्फूर्त होत राहो. तीव्र आणि अखंड अशी ध्येयनिष्ठा आमच्या अंतःकरणात सदैव जागती राहो. तुझ्या कृपेने आमची ही विजयशालिनी संघटीत कार्यशक्ती आमच्या धर्माचे संरक्षण करून या राष्ट्राला वैभवाच्या उच्चतम शिखरावर पोहोचविण्यास समर्थ होवो.

।। भारत माता की जय ।।


माझ्या शाळेचे नाव ‘ ' आहे .
माझ्या शाळेती सर्व शिक्षक प्रेमळ आहेत . ते छान शिकवतात .
आमच्या वाचनालयात खूप पुस्तके आहेत .  मी तेथे खूप पुस्तके वाचली आहेत .
माझी शाळा आदर्श आहे .
माझी शाळा मला खूप आवडते .

 मदर टेरेसा

 मदर टेरेसा यांचा जन्म २७ ऑगष्ट १९१० रोजी युगोस्लाव्हिया देशातील ‘सकॉपये’या गावी झाला. वयाच्या १८ व्या वर्षी ऎन तारुण्यात उंबरठ्यावर असतानासर्व संगपरित्याग करून त्या  मिशनरी बनल्या. ६ जानेवारी १९२९ रोजी त्या भारतात कोलकत्ता आल्या. लॉरेटो मिशनच्या ‘सेंट मेरी हायस्कूल’ मध्ये त्यांनी भूगोल शिकवण्यास सुरुवात केली.

*  नंतर  ‘ अमेरिकन मेडिकल मिशन’ मध्ये त्यांनी वैद्यकिय उपचार आणि परिचारिका यांचे प्राथमिक शिक्षण घेतले.  मदर टेरेसा १९४८ साली कोलकत्ताच्या ‘मोतीझील’ या झोपडपट्टीत आपले सेवा कार्य सुरु केले. तेथे त्या  रोगी,अपंग-अनाथांची, प्रेमाणे सेवा करू लागल्या. कोलकत्ता मध्ये  कालिमातामंदिरातील धर्म शाळेत १९५२ साली त्यांनी ‘निर्मल हृद्य’हि संस्था प्रथम उघडली. १९५७ साली त्यांनी ‘महारोगी सेवा केंद्र’ सुरु केले.  मदर तेरेसा म्हणजे चालती बोलती प्रेम मूर्ती ” होती. १९६२ साली भारत सरकारने यांना ‘पद्मश्री’ हि पदवी देऊन त्यांचा बहुमान केला.

१९७८ मध्ये त्याना शांततेसाठी नोबेल पुरस्कार मिळाला.१९८० साली त्या ”भारतररत्न” झाल्या.

 ‘आदर्श’ म्हणून अशा व्यक्ती आपण सतत द्ल्यास्मोर ठेवून कार्य केले पाहिजे.

५ सप्टेबर १९९७ साली त्याचे निधन झाले.

More detailed essay is available in

Sunday, December 18, 2016

Pratah Smaranam By Adi Shankaracharya

YouTube Video



Vidyavahini upload


In the morning, I remember and think of  the Soul, the Self , which is existence-consciousness-bliss, which is the goal to be attained by Paramahamsa sannyasis. The Soul always witnesses the states of waking, dream and deep sleep. The persons who are able to perceive the Soul within them are in the fourth state beyond waking, dream and deep sleep.  I am that Brahman which is indivisible and not the aggregate of the five elements, ether, air, fire, water and earth.

I worship in the morning the Supreme  Being who is described in the Vedas as unborn, changeless, and the highest, who is inaccessible to the mind and whom words cannot directly describe, but by whose blessing the faculty of speech functions, and who is described in the Upanishads by the words 'not this, not this'.

I salute (namaskar)  in the morning to the infinite, eternal Being who is known as the Supreme Being, who is beyond the darkness of ignorance, who shines like the sun, who is everything and on whom this entire universe appears in a misconception, just as a rope is misconceived as a snake.

One who reads every morning these three verses will attain the ultimate goal of mankind (moksha). 

Friday, December 16, 2016

Wealth Statistics and Information - India

Dec 2016

Private wealth on course to touch Rs 558 trillion by 2022, says Karvy Private Wealth
Karvy Private Wealth today said individual wealth grew 8.5 per cent to race past Rs 300 trillion mark at the end of 2015-16, driven by faster-clipped growth in physical assets, and will grow to Rs 558 trillion in the next five years.

November 2016

Indian richest own more than half of the wealth in India; second most unequal country in the world: Report
According to a World wealth report, top one percent of the Indian population have more than half (58.4 %) of the wealth in the country.

Indian household wealth wealth falls 0.8% to USD 3 trn in 2016: Credit Suisse

Due to adverse currency movements, India's household wealth has fallen by USD 26 billion to USD 3 trillion in the current year - Report by global financial services major Credit Suisse.

Thursday, December 15, 2016

Ancient India's Public Administration - Chapter - Society and Its Structure

A review of the  varna and caste systems is important to the student of ancient Indian polity. The varna and caste affected the status of the citizens and their duties as members of the body politic. From the commencement of the Brahmanic Period until recently, the position of a man in relation to society, and his duties, both public and private, depended largely upon the his caste,  than upon his individual capacity and character.

The duties of the different castes are thus defined by Manu :

Duties of the Brahmanas, teaching, studying, offering sacrifices, officiating at sacrifices, charity and acceptance of gifts ;

of the Kshatriyas, protection of the people, charity, performing sacrifices, study,

of the Vaisyas, cattle-rearing, agriculture, charity, performance of sacrifices, study, trade and
money-lending ;

of the Sudras,various services under the guidance of the three orders. To this list Chanakya adds agriculture, arts, and crafts as the occupations of the Sudras ;  and Vishnu mentions all industrial arts (sarva-silpani) as being within their province.

In the court of the king, brahmanas were the councillors of the king, and the chief officers of state, both executive and judicial. " To them," says Megasthenes, " belong the highest posts of government, the tribunals of justice, and the general administration of public affairs."

The Brahmanas and the Kshatriyas were the two most important classes in the early Indian society. They undertook the task of regulating vaishyas and sudras who are engaged in varta. Varta is the activity for living or subsistence.

Ancient India's Public Administration -Chapter - Introduction

In  Ancient India, the knowledge was divided into four heads for study, namely, Philosophy, the Vedas, Economics, and Politics.

Sources to Understand the Public Administration System of Ancient India

The sources of information regarding the systems of administration which prevailed in India in the
ancient times and the political ideas and ideals which moulded and shaped those systems, are: the Vedas, the Epics, the Smritis, the Puranas, the religious books of the Buddhists and the Jainas, dramatic literature, accounts of foreign travellers, epigraphic records, and lastly, a few treatises which deal specially with Politics. Arthashastra by Kautilya is an important treatise dealing with politics and economics of state/kingdom.

The Rajatarangini of Kalhana, about the Kings of Kashmir, is conforms more history. Much light is
also thrown on the political condition of India by the writings of poets like Bhasa and Kalidasa. The Mudra-Rakshasa of Visakhadatta, Mrichchakatika of Sudraka, the Harshacharita of Bana and the Dasakumara-charita of Dandin are also useful to learn about the government affairs of the day.
The story books, such as the Panchatantra, the Brihat-Katha, and the Katha-sarit-sagara provide information on the political ideas of the Hindus of that time. In Tamil literature the most well-known
works on the subject are the Mani-Mekalai and the Kural.

The Greek traveller,  Megasthenes, who was attached for several years as Ambassador to the
Court of Chandragupta Maurya, was a very careful observer of facts and events which came under his direct notice. His writings arer one of the most important sources of information regarding the condition of the country in the fourth century before Christ. Many Chinese pilgrims visited India during the period between the fourth and eighth centuries A.D., and the accounts left by them, especially those left by Fa Hian, Hiuen Tsiang,  and I-Tsing, are of very great use to people interested in the affairs of ancient India.

The epigraphic records are invaluable for the elucidation of the facts of the history of India. Be-
sides, they give us many useful hints about the political affairs of the periods to which they relate.
 Asoka's inscriptions and the inscriptions of the Guptas are the most important. Some of the Ceylon inscriptions are of special interest in this regard. Useful information is available in many of the copperplate records of grants made by kings and others.


Google-Book Link

Saturday, December 10, 2016

India's Foreign Policy - Modi Doctrine and Strategy - Open Discussion

10 December 2016

Mumbai Tarun Bharat  organized an open discussion session based on the book The Modi Doctrine - New Paradigms in India's Foreign Policy. Two editors of the book, Vijay Chautahiwale and Uttam Kumar Sinha participated in the discussion and answered various issues raised by the participants.

I was a participant in the programme. Prof Rahul Deshmukh, Computer Science Department, IIT Bombay was also there. He is working on Indic Wikipedia especially Marathi Wikipedia as a member of the administrative board of Wikipedia, India.

Report on The Programme in Marathi

Table of Contents of the Book

Foreword | Arun Jaitley | Modi's Foreign Policy as Problem Solving
Modi: A Global Leader But India First
Chapter 1 | The Modi Phenomenon: Rebooting Indian Foreign Policy | Cleo Paskal
Chapter 2 | Harnessing Multilateral Orders to India's Interests and Principles | Ramesh Thakur
Chapter 3 | Diaspora Factor in Modi's Diplomacy | Sreeram Chaulia

Rajmandala of Bilateral and Regional Connect

Chapter 4 | Steady Progress on India–US Security Ties under Modi Government | Lisa Curtis
Chapter 5 | India's Land Boundary Agreement with Bangladesh: Its Importance and Implications | Tariq A Karim
Chapter 6 | Narendra Modi: The Leader with Clear Vision | Karan Bilimoria
Chapter 7 | India and Sri Lanka: Right Leadership at the Right Time | Asanga Abeyagoonasekera
Chapter 8 | Modi's Modernising Effect: A Perspective from Nepal | Hari Bansh Jha
Chapter 9 | India–Afghanistan Relations: A Review | Shakti Sinha
Chapter 10 | Framework for Sustainable Relationship between Bangladesh and India | Shahab Khan
Chapter 11 | India–Japan Relations on a New High | Takenori Horimoto
Chapter 12 | India–Germany Relationship: Strengthening the Strategic Partnership | Christian Wagner and Gaurav Sharma
Chapter 13 | Modi in Central Asia: Widening Strategic Perimeter | P Stobdan
Chapter  14 | India–Mongolia: Spiritual Neighbours and Strategic Partners | Gonchig Ganbold

Thematically Tied to the World

Chapter 15 | Enhancing Economic and Strategic Space: Key Goals of Prime Minister Modi's Diplomacy | Mukul Asher
Chapter 16 | Cleaning Rivers in India: Experiences from Bavaria/Germany | Martin Grambow, Uttam Kumar Sinha and Hans-Dietrich Uhl
Chapter 17 | Energy Security: A Priority Concern for the Modi Government | Virendra Gupta
Chapter 18 | Modi's Economic Diplomacy: Turning Conventions on their Head | Manoj Ladwa
Chapter 19 | Defence Diplomacy: Good, and Needs to Get Better | Nitin A Gokhale
Chapter 20 | India's NSG Membership Quest: Completely Justified | Satish Chand
Chapter 21 | Modi and India's Civilisational Quest | Anirban Ganguly

Some Observations and Comments on the Essays included in the Book

Chapter 1 | The Modi Phenomenon: Rebooting Indian Foreign Policy | Cleo Paskal

Cleo Paskal is  Associate Fellow at Chatham House, the Royal Institute of International Affairs London, UK.  She says “Modi’s foreign policy during his first two years in power has been like getting a master class in geopolitics.” She points out that in Pacific region only two of the 14 Pacific Island Countries (PICs) have an Indian high commission whereas China has an embassy in every PIC that it has relations with. It shows that density of relationships in the region is low. Unless relationships are established and maintained with key people on the ground,  information flows may be less than complete.”

Chapter 4 | Steady Progress on India–US Security Ties under Modi Government | Lisa Curtis

Lisa Curtis is Senior Research Fellow at the Heritage Foundation. She observes that  Modi has pursued a bolder and more innovative foreign policy than his predecessor, Manmohan Singh. She appreciates the fact that this Indian government has established  bonhomie between US and India.

Chapter 5 | India's Land Boundary Agreement with Bangladesh: Its Importance and Implications | Tariq A Karim

Former ambassador of Bangladesh to India, Tariq A Karim in his essay, explains the significance of providing access to enclaves in normalising  bilateral ties between India and Bangladesh.

Chapter 2 | Harnessing Multilateral Orders to India's Interests and Principles | Ramesh Thakur

Ramesh Thakur is  professor in the Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University.
according to him,  India’s long pursuit for the elusive permanent seat at the UN Security Council sis an exercise in futility. Instead of putting more effort to get benefit of funds from the International Monetary Fund and World Bank,  Thakur advises India to  divert  energies to get more financial resources out of G-20 and BRICS.

Chapter 3 | Diaspora Factor in Modi's Diplomacy | Sreeram Chaulia

Sreeram Chaulia is Professor and Executive Director of the Centre for Global Governance and Policy at the OP Jindal Global University. He emphasizes the importance of the diaspora in forging closer Indo-Western ties. He  explains the benefits of Modi's  address to  the big Indian-American crowd at Madison Square.  American Congressmen realised that the mood of Indians in USA is highly positive to Modi. This made them to develop a positive turnaround from the hostility displayed by them earlier.  Modi not only addressed and impressed the educated and affluent Indian in USA and UK, but also understood and addressed the concerns of poorer Indians in Dubai who are looking forward to a better future in Gulf or India under the leadership of the new Prime Minister.

Modi is orienting  the Indian Foreign Service (IFS) towards India’s business interests. The  detractors may question the utility of many foreign tours of Modi. But  takes an extra push by the Prime Minister for change to occur in the IFS officers focus and  purpose.

India's Foreign Policy Related Articles, Essays and Blog Posts

2015 - India's Foreign Policy Related Articles, Essays and Blog Posts

Is There a Modi Doctrine
14 June 2015

Modi’s Foreign Policy @365: Course Correction
July 2015

Saturday, December 3, 2016

Make in India - District Industries Centres Programmes


Motivation Campaigns:

District Industries Centre identifies the entrepreneurs and renders all assistances by co-ordinate efforts with line departments to commission the small-scale industrial units chosen by them. The motivation conducted yields the result of desire by changing the students’ population as entrepreneurs. The District Industries Centre, Pudukkottai conducts motivation campaigns in all the Blocks with the assistance of Panchayat Presidents and also for the final year students of colleges of Engineering and Arts, Polytechnics and also Industrial Training Institutes. Likewise seminars on specific areas namely Information technology, silk weaving, etc. are being arranged in co- ordination with the voluntary organisations. The motivation and seminars done at grass root level creates a desire among the student population to choose self-employment opportunity instead of waiting for wage employment.

Enterpreneurship Development Programme for Women:

Government of Tamilnadu has announced a scheme to train 5 Lakhs women in entrepreneurial skills for self-employment. The Tamilnadu Corporation for Development of Women Limited, Department of Industries and Commerce, Tahdco , and Departments of Agriculture, Backward Classes and Rural Development are the implementing agencies of this scheme. The Industries and Commerce Department has been allocated a target of 25,000 women per year for training in 5 years working out to 1,25,000 women in 5 years. This year,  District Industries Centre ,Viluppuram, will impart training for 950 women.

Make in India - Orissa

3 December 2016

2016 November 30 - December 2,  Investor Meet

Investment Intent -  2.03 lakh crores


Chemicals, Petrochemicals and Plastics
Ancillary and Downstream in Metal sector
Textiles and Apparel
Food Processing including Seafood
Electronics Manufacturing and IT

What is missing is the infrastructure creation of micro and small industries.

February 2016

The Odisha Investors' Meet organised during Make In India Week in Mumbai from February 13-18, received an overwhelming response.

Odisha garnered investment commitments worth Rs 70,959 crore.