Sunday, August 31, 2014

N. Chandrababu Naidu - Biography

Naidu was born in Naravari Palle, Chittoor district on April 20, 1950. Naidu attended primary school in Seshapuram until class five and the Chandragiri Government High School until class nine. He went to Tirupati and studied  there from class 10 until he received his master's degree. Naidu completed his BA degree in 1972. Got an  MA in economics in 1974. In 1974, he began work towards a PhD on the topic of  the economic ideas of N. G. Ranga. Naidu did not complete his PhD, as he got involved in politics.

Naidu entered politics as a youth leader from Chandragiri. During the Emergency he was appointed Pulicherla Youth Congress president. He received a Congress ticket in 1978 elections h from the Chandragiri constituency and he was elected to the Andhra Pradesh assembly. He became Minister of Technical Education and Cinematography in T. Anjaiah's cabinet. at age 28 and became  the state's youngest assembly member and minister.

Telugu film hero, Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (NTR) proposed marriage to Naidu with  his daughter Bhuvaneswari and a large wedding was held in Madras.

In  1982,  NTR  created the Telugu Desam Party. Naidu remained in the Congress Party, standing again in the Chandragiri constituency against TDP candidate Venkatarama Naidu. The TDP swept the election. The Indian National Congress suffered its first defeat in the state since independence. Naidu joined the TDP after his defeat. Naidu became NTR's trusted lieutenant. When Nadendla Bhaskara Rao staged a coup against NTR in August 1984, Naidu helped his father-in-law regain power by rallying the MLAs before the President of India at Rashtrapati Bhavan and NTR appointed Naidu general secretary of the party. He began playing an important role in the TDP after Rao's coup attempt.

NTR opted for mid-term elections after regaining the chief ministry.  Naidu slowly gained power in the TDP.
In the 1989 Assembly elections, Naidu stood in his native constituency of Kuppam and won by a slender margin of about 5,000 votes.The Congress Party regained power in the 1989 state elections.  Naidu was a member of the opposition.

In 1994 the TDP regained power.  Naidu became Finance and Revenue Minister in NTR's cabinet. On 23 August 1995, Naidu engineered an internal party coup against NTR in the name of saving  the party. He became Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh on 1 September 1995, and was chosen Telugu Desam Party president. NTR's sons, actors Nandamuri Harikrishna and Nandamuri Balakrishna, and son-in-law Daggubati Venkateswara Rao supported Naidu in the coup.

As chief minister, Naidu advocated short-term sacrifice to turn Andhra Pradesh into an Asian tiger over the next 20 years. He slashed food subsidies (among other things), and raised power tariffs.

CNN and Time gave Naidu widespread coverage; CNN said "In just five years, he has turned an impoverished, rural backwater place into India's new information-technology hub", and Time magazine named him South Asian of the Year. Naidu was the West's favourite Indian; Tony Blair and Bill Clinton visited him in Hyderabad, the state capital, and the Governor of Illinois proclaimed Naidu Day in his honour.

Naidu produced a vision statement, "Vision 2020", with US consultants McKinsey & Company which proposed:

Universal, low-cost education and healthcare
Rural employment
Replacement of small investors with large corporations

In 1999 election, The Telugu Desam Party, led by Naidu, won a majority in the state legislature: 185 of 294 seats in the Assembly and 29 of 42 in the 1999 general election, making it the second-largest party in the BJP-led NDA coalition government.

Hyderabad was developed during Naidu's rule. Naidu said, "If you want to develop a state, you have to make its main cities a showpiece." Hyderabad is the capital of Andhra Pradesh.  Coining the slogan "Bye-bye Banglore, hello Hyderabad", Microsoft Corporation has established a software-development centre in Hyderabad, the second such centre outside Seattle. Naidu encouraged other global IT companies (IBM, Dell, Deloitte, Computer Associates and Oracle) to move to Hyderabad, making presentations to global CEOs convincing them to invest in his state.

On 1 October 2003 Naidu survived a land-mine blast, escaping with a fractured left collarbone and hairline fractures of two right ribs. The blast occurred about 16:00 IST when Naidu was travelling in a convoy to the Lord Venkateswara temple in the Tirumala hills for the annual Brahmotsavam festival.

In 2004 elections, the Telugu Desam Party (led by Naidu) failed to retain power. It won only  47 of 294 seats in the state assembly and five of 42 in the Lok Sabha.

According to Naidu, the 2004 election loss was primarily due to a severe drought and anti-incumbency sentiment. However, he was seen to have ignored the large rural population with his policies, failing to reach poorer voters. Years of drought and increasing debt have increased the suicide rate.

For the assembly and lok sabha election taking place in Andhra Pradesh in two to be separated states - Seemandhra and Telangana, Naidu's TDP is contesting in alliance with BJP.

12 May 2014 Municipal election results were announced in Andhra Pradesh, and the Telugu Desam Party won large number of municipalities and corporations. Does it mean a big victory in Assembly and Lok Sabha elections also. Prakash Javadekar thinks so.

Sorting out the problems in alliance - 18 April 2014


Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh for eight years, eight months and 13 days (1995–2004)
At 28, the state's youngest assembly member and minister
Voted IT Indian of the Millennium in a poll by India Today and 20:20 Media
Longest-serving opposition leader of opposition in the Andhra Pradesh assembly

2014 Assembly Elections

Telugu Desam Party under the leadership Chandrababu Naidu won the assembly elections in the Andhra Pradesh State and Naidu became the chief minister. The residuary state if formed with a big deficit to start with. Centre has promised to make good the deficit. Naidu has taken up the leadership of the state at a challenging time. He is promising all round development of the state in various cities and towns of A.P. this time instead of concentrating on only one urban area. The Hyderabad experience is a big lesson to all states.

Birthdays - Famous Indians

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