He was former CEO of Saraswat Bank.
He was chemical and fertilizer minister and then environment minister in the first National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government, Prabhu excelled in his work in the cabinet. Prabhu also served as chairman of task force for the inter-linking of rivers project.
He is considered close to Prime Minister Narendra Modi. He was the head of a high-level Advisory Group for Integrated Development of Power, Coal and Renewable Energy for reforms in the power sector, and is also working on or is a member of over a dozen major international organisations and panels.
Suresh Prabhu is also involved two doctoral projects one on Public Finance from Mumbai University and the other from Berlin University on Climate Change.