Wednesday, January 25, 2012

Vishnu Sahasra Nama Stotram - 1 to 200 Names

When you utter the word, the image comes into your mind. When you think of God's noble qualities, you would like to emulate them. You become a noble man by praising Lord's noble qualities.


Vishnu Sahasra Nama Stotram - విష్ణు సహస్ర నామములు

Glorious Names of Lord Vishnu: 1 to 50

Shloka 1

Visvam Vishnuh Vashatkaarah Bhoota-bhavya-bhavat-prabhuh

Bhoota-krit Bhoota-bhrit Bhaavah Bhootaatmaa Bhoota-bhaavanah

1. Visvam: The person who is the cause of universe, The person who created universe from himself with himself as cause and sustainer of it.

2. Vishnuh: He who pervades everything in the universe. Every thing in the universe contains him.

3. Vashatkaarah: For whom oblations are poured in yajnas with mantras ending with 'vashat'.

4. Bhoota-bhavya-bhavat-prabhuh: Lord of the past, future and present.

5. Bhoota-krit: Creator of all creatures and destroyer of all creatures. All creatures come from him, because of him and all creatures go back to him; go into him.

6. Bhoota-bhrit: One who nurtures and nourishes all living creatures.

7. Bhaavah: The person who is in everything in this universe.

8. Bhootaatmaa: The "Be' in all the living things. (Atma of all living beings).

9. Bhoota-bhaavanah: The person responsible for creating the living creatures.

Shloka 2

10. Poota-atmaa: The purest self (atma) in the universe.

11. Parama-atmaa: The supreme self (atma) in the universe

12. Muktaanaaam paramaa gatih: The final goal of all liberated souls

13. Avyayah: The person with no change or ageing, the indestructible person in the universe

14. Purushah: The supreme person among the persons. A person is the controller of the body (the body thought of as fort with nine door).

15. Saakshee: The witness to every happening in the world.

16. Kshetrajnah: Knower of body and its experiences

17. Aksharah: The indestructible person in the universe

Shloka 3

18. Yogah: The one person (the supreme being) who is understood and realized through yoga.

19. Yoga-vidaam netaa: One who is the leader or experts in yoga.

20. Pradhana-purusha-eesvarah: Lord of of pradhana and purusha. Purusha is the person who is the controller of the body and pradhana is maayaa which is responsible for many happenings in the universe, which happen because living beings participate in them.

21. Naarasimha-vapuh: The person who appeared as half human and half lion in Narasimha avatara and protected his devotee Prahlada and killed Hiranyakasipu, a mighty asura king and father of Prahlada.

22. Sreeman: Lakhsmi (Sree) stands for all powers and all faculties. Lakshmi is always in him and on him. Hence Vishnu is Sreeman.

23. Keshavah: The person who destroyed demon Kesin sent to kill child-Krishna by Kamsa.

24. Purushottamah: Supreme among purushas, the selfs or spirits (Every living being is made of perishable body and the spirit, self or atma)

Shloka 4

25. Sarvah: He himself is all the universe and everything in this universe.

26. Sharvah: He who gives auspiciousness to those who meditate upon Him and serve his creation.

27. Sivah: The one who is eternally pure.

28. Sthaanuh: The pillar, the supporter of the universe

29. Bhootaadih: The person who created the five elements (bhootas) space, air, fire, water, earth.

30. Avyayah Nidhih: The holder of inexhaustible treasure.

31. Sambhavah: The person who makes anything and everything possible by his own will.

32. Bhaavanah: One who gives everything to his devotees. The meaning of "Bhaavana' is to give. Telugu people term the amount given to vedic pundits as sambhaavana.

33. Bhartaa: The person who governs the entire living world.

34. Prabhavah: The person responsible for the creation of five elements from various beings and things in the universe emerge. The womb of all the five basic elements.

35. Prabhuh: The All-powerful, Almighty Lord.

36. Eesvarah: One who can do anything without the help of others.

37. Svayambhooh: The person who came into existence on his own.

38. Sambhuh: The person who brings auspiciousness - both for the inner self and outer body (comforts).

39. Aadithyah: Vishnu is one of the Adithyas who provide energy to the universe.

40. Pushkaraakshah: The person with eyes like lotus that show peace, joy and perfection.

41. Mahaasvanah: The person with a thundering voice that reaches people even if only a whisper is made. It is the compelling whisper of the Highest person.

42. Anaadi-nidhanah: The person who has no birth and death.

43. Dhaataa: The person who is the substratum for the world.

44. Vidhaataa: The person who dispenses the fruits of action

45. Dhaatur-uttamah: Dhaatus are identifiable but common elements that we observe. the body is made up of 7 dhaatus: marrow, bone, fat, flesh, blood, lower-skin and upper skin. Vishnu is himself a dhaatu as he is the person or thing responsible for the existence of everything in this universe. He is the most precious and valuable dhaatu.


46. Aprameyah: A person who cannot be measured.

47. Hrisheekesah: The Lord of sense organs and the Lord of Sun and Moon who excite the senses.

48. Padmanaabhah: The person from whose navel sprang the lotus, the seat of Brahma.

49. Amaraprabhuh: Lord of all deities.

50. Visvakarmaa: Sculptor of all objects in the universe and director of all dramas in the universe.

Glorious Names of Lord Vishnu: 51 - 100

51. Manuh: One meaning is the greatest thinker (Mananaseelah Manuh). The other meaning is the creator of vedas (mantras).

52. Tvashtaa: The person who dissolves the universe into himself.

53. Sthavishthah: The person who creates and re-creates this universe.

54. Sthaviro dhruvah: The most ancient person of the universe and the motion less person (time does not apply to him - he does not become old, does not change)

55. Agraahyah: The person who cannot be comprehended totally even by great sages.

56. Saasvatah: The permanent person in the universe.

57. Krishna: The person who provide pleasure always. The person who attracts people. The dark man. The person who cannot be understood.

58. Lohitaakshah: The person with red eyes (angry eyes towards evil minded people).

59. Pratardanah: The person who will totally dissolve this universe. He can totally destroy evil also.

60. Prabhootah: The everfull person. Everything is in abundance with him. He can give anything to devotees but it will not diminish anything from his possessions.

61. Trikakubdhaama: One who supports the three worlds - Earth, the world above and the world below

62. Pavitram: The person who gives purity to devotees.

63. Param Mangalam: By a mere remembrance of him, inauspiciousness will disappear and auspiciousness will appear in people. (In India, the tradition is to utter Vishnu's names before doing anything to make oneself pure (pavitram) and auspicious (in thinking and feeling).

Shloka 8

64. Easaanah: The Lord or Controller of all the five Great elements.

65. Praanadah: The person who gave life (pran) to all living beings.

66. Praanah: He himself is the life in every being (The creator of life (pran)).

67. Jyeshtah: The oldeest person.

68. Sreshtah: The most glorious person (The best person).

69. Prajaapatih:Prajas mean 'children'. Hence Great father. Creator of all creatures.

70. Hiranyagarbhah: On who dwells in the womb of the world.

71. Bhoogarbhah: The person who is the womb of this universe.

72. Maadhavah: The person who controls maayaa. The person who is beyond maayaa.

73. Madhusudhanah: The slayer of demon Madhu.

Shloka 9

74. Eesvarah: One who has all the powers in him.

75. Vikramee: One who is full of prowess.

76. Dhanvee: The great archer. Refers to Sri Ram

77. Medhavee: Supremely intelligent person.

78. Vikramah: The person who has special footsteps. Refers to Vamana avatara of Vishnu wherein he measured the universe in two steps.

79. Kramah: The all pervading person.

80. Anuttamah: A person who is incomarably great.

81. Duraadharshah: Person who cannot be attacked successfully. All powerful person.

82. Kritajnah: He knowls everything done by everybody in this universe.

83. Kritih: The person who rewards all actions of all people.

84. Aatmavan: He is the self in all beings. All selfs are created by him and he only resides in them.

Shloka 10

85. Suresah: Lord of suras (the persons in heaven who can bless their devotees for fulfilment their desires).

86. Saranam: The refuge for all.

87. Sarma: The person with infinite bliss.

88. Visvaretah: Seed for the universe and its objects

89. Prajaabhavah: He is the womb. He is the seed. He is the womb.

90. Ahah: He who does not ever destroy his followers.

91. Samvatsarah: Lord of time

92. Vyaalah: A slippery person who cannot be easily caught.

93. Pratyayah: The person whose very nature is knowledge. The most knowledgeable person in the world.

94.Sarvadarsanah:The person who sees all events in the universe

Shloka 11

95. Ajah: The unborn person.

96. Sarvesvarah: God of all gods.

97. Siddhah: The person who achieved all that is to be achieved.

98. Siddhih: He is the fruit of all actions. People want to become one with him.

99. Sarvaadih: He is the first first person in this universe.

100.Achyutah: One who has never fallen; one who has never failed.

Glorious Names of Lord Vishnu: 101 to 150

101. Vrishakapih: The person who uplifts dharma.

102. Ameyaatma: The person who has countless number of souls (atmaa) in him. He also takes the form of countless souls in the universe.

103. Sarva yoga vinissritah: One who is totally free of all attachments.

Shloka 12

104. Vasuh: The support of all elements.

105. Vasumanaah: The person with supremely pure mind.

106. Satyah: Only he will be there all the time. Rest of all creation is asatyah. It is created and dissolved.

107. Samaatmaa: He who is equally in all souls.

108. Sammitah: The person accepted by rishis as the supreme person.

109. Samah: The same person in all souls.

110. Amoghah: Everuseful person.

111. Pundareekakhshah: The person who can be fully experienced in the heart (Pundareekam: heart).

112. Vrishakarmaa: Vrisha means dharma (right conduct). The person who acts only to establish dharma.

113. Vrishaakritih: He is the form for Dharma. He is dharma personified.

Shloka 13

114. Rudrah: The person who liquidates all sorrows.

115 Bahusiraah: The person who has many heads

116. Babhruh: One who rules over the worlds.

117. Visvayonih: The person who is the cause of this universe. He is womb for this universe.

118. Suchisravaah: The person who has ears everywhere in the universe.

119. Amritah: The immortal person

120. Saasvata-sthanuh: The permanent and immoval person.

121. Vararohah: The person whom everybody wants to reach as the most glorious destination.

122. Mahatapaah: The person with great knowledge, great prosperity, and great strength.

Shloka 14

123. Sarvagah: One who pervades everything in the universe.

124. Sarvavid-bhaanuh: All knowing and dispelling all ignornance (illuminates every thing).

125. Vishvaksenah: The Almighty

126. Janaardanah: The person who takes care of good people and punished wicked people.

127. Vedah: Lord himself is called Vedah, because he only gives the knowledge of reality.

128. Vedavit: One who knows the Veda, the reality of this universe.

129. Avyangah: He has no imperfections in him.

130. Vedangah: The person whose very limbs are the Vedas.

131. Vedavit: The person who contemplates on Veda.

132. Kavih: A person who can visualize things. A visionary. A seer.

Shloka 15

133. Lokaadhyakshah: He presides over all the fields of activities in the universe.

134. Suraadhyakshah: President of deities and heavens.

135. Dharmaadhyakshah: The factor that makes all living organisms function.

136. Kritaakritah: He is at the same Sagunah and Nirgunah. He has manifested. He has not manifested.

137. Chaturaatmaa: The waker, dreamer, deep-sleeper and Tureeya are four states of self.

138. Chaturvyoohah: One who manifests into four mighty powers (vyooha). Vaasudeva, Samkarshana, Pradyumna and Aniruddha.

139. Chatur-damshtrah: This refers to narasimha avatara of Vishnu

140. Chaturbhujah: Maha Vishnu has four hands carrying the conch, the discuss (sudarasana chakra), the mace and the lotus.

Shloka 16

141. Bhrajishnuh: It llumines everything. It is not borrowing light from any other source.
142. Bhojanam: The next word is Bhoktaa. He is the food offered to Bhokta. and He is the person who takes the food also. All food we take is a manifestation of him. He is all around.
143. Bhoktaa: The eater of food. The experiencer of all sensations.
144. Sahishnuh: One who is capable for suffering in detachment all that is happening around him. Krishna allowed Sisupala 100 mistakes. He suffered 100 mistakes patiently.
145. Jagadaadijah: The person who was born at the very beginning of the world.
146. Anaghah: The who has no sins attached to him.
147. Vijayah: The person who has victory over maya (matter).
148. Jetaa: Ever successful person
149. Visvayonih: He who is the cause of the universe.
150. Punarvasuh: He comes again and again to live in various livng organisms.
Shloka 17

Glorious Names of Lord Vishnu: 151 to 200

151. Upendrah: Younger brother Indra in Vamana avataar, or superior to Indra (in another meaning)
152. Vaamanah: One of the ten great incarnations (avataars) of Vishnu.
153. Praamsuh:One whose body is vast.
154. Amoghah: The person whose actions have great purpose.
155. Suchih: Spotlessly clean person
156. Oorjitah: Has infinite stength and energy
157. Ateendrah: Beyond Indra. Lord of the Gods
158. Samghrahah: He collects and holds the entire universe
159. Sargah: The person who created this world out of himself
160. Dhritaatmaa: He supports himself by himself.
161. Niyamah: He is the appointing authority for everybody else in this universe.
162. Yamah: The administrator of this universe.
Shloka 18
163. Vedyah: The person who is to be known and understood.
164. Vaidyah: The supreme doctor of the world.
165. Sadaa Yogee: All attempts to attain oneness with self is called yoga. The lord has it always.
166. Veerahaa: He who destroys even mighty enemies.
167. Maadhavah: He who helps meditation and thinking. Lord of knowledge.
168. Madhuh: He is the honey. He is the nectar. He is the person who creates greatest happiness in people when they are in contact with him.
169. Ateendriyah: He lends vitality to sense organs.
170. Mahaamaayah: Supreme master of maayaa. He is the substratum on which maayaa acts.
171. Mahotsaahah: Enthusiastic accomplisher
172. Mahaabalah: The person with supreme strength
Shloka 19
173. Mahaabuddhih: The resorvoir of all intelligence
174. Mahaaveeryah: Veeryam is the essence behind all creation. For anything created in this universe, a small speck of material and an idea in the briefest of the briefest terms are required to begin. Veeryam is the material cause of the creation. God is the supreme source for the creation of universe and every being in it. 
175: Mahaasaktih: All powerful. He can do any amount of work in a short time.
176: Mahaadyutih: Of great illumination. In as assembly of people, he attracts the attention of everybody due to his illluminating personality.
177. Anirdesyavapuh: One whose form is indescribable. He himself is the universe. Every being in this universe is a small part of him.
178. Sreeman: He is courted by the all glories. They go to him.
179. Ameyaatmaa: The person with immeasurable souls (aatmaas). He is a part of every being in this universe.
180. Mahaadridrhik: The person who supports mountains. He supported Mandara Mountain in the form of a great tortoise when Devatas and Asuras churned the ocean of nectar. He also lifted Govardhana as Krishna to protect his villagers from heavy rains.
Shloka 20
181. Maheshvaasah: The persons who wields a great bow. (Rama avataar)
182. Maheebhartaa: The husband of Earth, Bhoodevi. Also the supporter of earth.
183. Sreenivaasah: The permanent of abode Sree (Mahalakshmi). All the wealth of the universe lies in him only.
184. Sataamgatih: The direction, path, and goal for devotees. 
185. Aniruddhah: He cannot be resisted by anyone.
186. Suraanandah: The angels and deities of heaven look up to him for happiness.
187. Govindah: The supporter of earth, cows, speech and Vedas.
188. Govidaampathi: Govit means a person who knows Veda. Lord is the goal of seers who are govits. 
Shloka 21
189. Mareechih: Most shining body.
190. Damanah: He can control all negative tendencies
191. Hamsah: The person who knows I am he (I am Brahma).

192. Suparnah: The bird with beautiful wings
193. Bhujagottamah: The best of the serpents - Ananta

194. Hiranyanaabhah: He supports Hiranyagarbha, the creator, Brahma at his navel.
195. Sutapaah: One who does glorious Tapas. Consistent creative thinking is called Tapas.

196. Padmanabhah: At the navel of Lord Narayana, the Vishnu, there is a lotus from which the creator Brahma arose.

197. Prajaapatih: Father of all people. Pati has the meaning of father. Vishnu is the source from which all creatures have emerged and he is rightly called as the father.
For the next part


Thousand Ways to The Transcendental:
Vishnu Sahasranaama Commentary by Swami Chinmayananada
Central Chinmaya Trtust, Mumbaii - 400072



Sukla Veda Sahasram

I am trying to prepare Sukla Veda Sahasram. 1000 statements from Sukla Yajurveda. I am planning to write around 15 statements from each chapter.
Directory Veda Knols
Sukla Yajurveda - Chapter 1
The chapter being written currently
Sukla Yajurveda - Chapter 21 - Selected Statements

Learning Sanskrit Through English


Learning Sanskrit Through English - Part 1


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