Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya was an eminent engineer and statesman and played a key role in building
of modern India.
Birthday : 15 September 1860
Birth Place: Muddenahalli village (Kolar District, Karnataka)
• 1881: B.A. from Central College Bangalore.
• 1883: Civil Engineering from Science College in Poona.
• Sir M. Visvesvaraya started his engineeringcareer with Government of Bomaby as an Assistant Engineer at Nasik.
As an engineer, he achieved some marvelous feats.
He devised a new irrigation system called the Block System.
He devised steel doors to stop the wasteful flow of water in dams.
He was the architect of the Krishnaraja Sagara dam in Mysore.
• In 1912, Maharaja of Mysore appointed Visvesvaraya as his Dewan.
As Dewan of Mysore, he worked tirelessly for educational and industrial development of the state.
When he was the Dewan many new industries came up. The Sandal Oil Factory, the Soap Factory, the Metals
Factory, the Chrome Tanning Factory, was some of them. Of the many factories he started the most
important is the Bhadravati Iron and Steel Works.
• In 1913 Bank of Mysore renamed as State Bank of Mysore.
• Sir M. Visvesvaraya voluntarily retired as Dewan of Mysore in 1918. He worked actively even after his
• In 1920 He was the Chairman of Bhadravati Iron and Steel Works – as its Chairman he rescued it from becoming extinct. He Published a Book named Reconstructing India
In 1955, he was honoured as Bharat Ratna