Thursday, December 3, 2015

Bharat Ratna Dr. Rajendra Prasad - Biography

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi paying homage at the portrait of the former President, Late Dr. Rajendra Prasad on the occasion of his 131st birth anniversary, at Parliament House, in New Delhi on December 03, 2015.

Bharat Ratna Dr. Rajendra Prasad was born on 3 December 1884

When Prasad was five years old, a Moulavi, an accomplished Muslim scholar, tutored him in the Persian language, Hindi and arithmetic. Then studied at  T.K. Ghosh's Academy in Patna for a period of two years and  secured first in the entrance examination to the University of Calcutta and was received  a scholarship.

Prasad joined the Presidency College, Calcutta in 1902. He graduated with First Division  in March 1905. He  did his M.A. in Economics with first division from the University of Calcutta in December 1907.  Prasad was instrumental in the formation of the Bihari Students Conference in 1906 in the hall of the Patna College. It  produced  leaders from Bihar like Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Shri Krishna Singh and Deep Narayan Singh.
He became a faculty  of English at the Langat Singh College of Muzaffarpur in (Bihar) and went on to become the principal. But,  he left the college for his legal studies. In 1909, while pursuing his law studies in Kolkata he also worked as Professor of Economics at Calcutta City College. In 1915, Prasad appeared in the examination of Masters in Law, passed the examination and won a gold medal.

In the year 1916, he joined the High Court of Bihar and Odisha.

Prasad was a volunteer for Indian National Congress  during 1906 annual session organised in Calcutta, He joined the Indian National Congress in the year 1911, when the annual session was again held in Calcutta. During the Lucknow Session of Indian National Congress held in 1916, he met Mahatma Gandhi. During one of the fact-finding missions at Champaran, Mahatma Gandhi asked him to come with his volunteers. As soon as the motion of Non-Cooperation was passed by Indian National Congress in 1920, he left his lucrative career of lawyer and teachig activities to aid the movement.

He also responded to the call by Gandhi to boycott Western educational establishments by asking his son, Mrityunjaya Prasad, to drop out of his studies and enroll himself in Bihar Vidyapeeth, an institution he along with his colleagues founded on the traditional Indian model.

He was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress during the Bombay session in October 1934.

He completed his Doctorate in Law from Allahabad University in 1937.

He again became the president when Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose resigned in 1939. On 8 August 1942, Congress passed the Quit India Resolution in Bombay which led to the arrest of many Indian leaders. He was arrested from Sadaqat Ashram, Patna and sent to Bankipur Central Jail.After the formation of Interim Government of 12 nominated ministers under the leadership of Jawaharlal Nehru on 2 September 1946, he got the Food and Agriculture department.

He was elected the President of Constituent Assembly on 11 December 1946.  On 17 November 1947 he became Congress President for a third time after Jivatram Kripalani submitted resignation.

Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected India's First President. He served as President for two terms,  After relinquishing the office of the President of India on May 1962, he returned to Patna on 14 May 1962 and stayed in the campus of Bihar Vidyapeeth. He was  awarded the Bharat Ratna, the nation's highest civilian award.

He died on 28 February 1963.

Books Authored by Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Satyagraha at Champaran (1922)
India Divided (1946)
Atmakatha (1946), his autobiography
Mahatma Gandhi and Bihar, Some Reminiscences" (1949)
Bapu ke Kadmon Mein (1954)
Since Independence (published in 1960)
bharitya shiksha
At the feet of mahathma Gandhi

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