Agricultural:- "agriculture" includes horticulture, poultry farming, the rising of crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers, grass or trees of any kind, breeding of livestock including cattle, horses, donkeys, mules, pigs, breeding of fish and keeping of bees, the use of land for grazing, cattle and for any purpose which is ancillary to its cultivation or other agricultural purpose.
Classification of agricultural lands as per its use for cultivation:-
1 Warkas land
2 Jirayat land (Dry crop)
3 Bagayat or irrigated land
4 Rice land
1 The ‘warkas’ land is the land of the poor productivity. This land is used by the farmer during the monsoon to grow ‘low-grade’ millets such as nachani and warai. Its cultivation involved burning of the vegetation on the land, (rab manure) preparing the soil with a pick and sowing by hand.
2 Jirayat land is the land where cultivation is depends upon annual rainfall. The jirayat land is used for seasonal crops, kharif and rabi. The agricultural sessions of kharif crops starts from June and agricultural sessions of rabi crops are starts from September-October.
3 Bagayat or irrigated land:-.Cultivation of these lands is mainly dependent upon sources of water other than rain. Sources of water can be well, bandharas and supply from Government’s irrigation department.
4 Rice land:-In coastal and heavy rainfall area where main crop is rice, lands are classified into to two categories namely; rice land and warkas land.
Improvements for the Better Cultivation of the Land:-
"Improvement" in relation to land means any work which adds materially to the value of the land. The works which makes improvement in the land are
a) the construction of tanks, wells, water channels, embankments and other works for storage, supply or distribution of water for agricultural purposes;
b) the construction of works for the drainage of land or for the protection of land from floods, or from erosion or other damage from water;
c) the planting of trees and the reclaiming, clearing, enclosing, leveling or terracing of land;
d) the erection of buildings on or in the vicinity of the holding, elsewhere than in the gaothan required for the convenient or profitable use or occupation of the holdings ; and
e) the renewal or reconstruction of any of the foregoing works, or alternations therein or additions there to;
However the below mentioned works are not “improvements.”
i. Temporary wells and such water-channels, embankments, leveling, enclosures or other works, or petty alterations in or repairs to such works, as are commonly made by cultivators of the locality in the ordinary course of agriculture; or
ii. any work which substantially diminishes the value of any land wherever situated, in the occupation of any other person, whether as occupant or tenant;
MAHARASHTRA ACT No.XLI OF 1966
[THE MAHARASHTRA LAND REVENUE CODE. 1966]
[Received the assent of the President on the 22nd day of December 1966;
assent first published in the Maharashtra Government Gazette, Part IV.
on the 30th day of December 1966.]
39.Occupant to pay land revenue and Government lessee to pay rent fixed.
Every occupant shall pay as land revenue the assessment fixed under the provisions of this Code
and rules made thereunder; and every Government lessee shall pay as land revenue lease
money fixed under the terms of the lease.