Sunday, January 29, 2012

Dainik Bhaskar - India's Largest Newspaper Group

Published in January 2012
Performance highlight for YTD. Dec FY 2011-2012 and quarter 3 FY 2011-12

Reaches 1.92 crores readers per day across India 19.2 millions per day.
16 lac (spelling used in the advertisement)  more readers added in just one year.

Total revenue Rs. 11,032 million - Rs. 1103.3 crores
Avertising revenue  Rs. 8,651 million - Rs. 865.1 crores
PAT margin at 14.2%  Rs. 1,567 million, Rs. 156.6 crores

Total revenue Rs. 3,956 million - Rs. 395.6 croes
Avertising revenue  Rs. 3,059 million - Rs. 305.9 crores

Digital editions - 130 million page views per month - 4.19 million page views per day (in Dec 2011).  6.3 millon unique visitors per month

Wednesday, January 25, 2012


Branches of Knowledge of Hindu Dharma


Hindu Dharma, or the Hindu way of life is more technically called as Vedic dharma or Vedic way of life.


Hindu dharma has fourteen abodes or branches of knowledge.


There are four steps or dasas in learning. Reading, understanding what is read, living according to the teachings contained in what is read, and making others also live in accordance with them.


The Vedas – Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda, and Atharvaveda are the first four authoritative texts of vedic religion.


Six Angas or basic parts of Vedas are Siksha, Vyakarana, Chandas, Nirukta, Jyotisa and Kalpa.


The four upangas or sub parts are Mimamsa, Nyaya, Purana and Dhrmasastra.


The four more branches of intellectual  learning which are not part of learning dharma but are part of learning for living are Ayurveda, Arthasastra, Dhanuveda and Gandharva Veda.


Origin of Vedas

 Vedas are breath of the Paramatman. Brahma is the primordial sage who saw or received all the mantras of Vedas. They were imparted to him through his heart by the Paramatman.  Kanchi Swamiji, Chandrasekharendra Saraswati Swamiji said, Vedas are always present in the heart of Paramatman. They are not created by him.


 Content of Vedas

Vedas have Samhita, Brahmanas, Aranyaka and Upanishad as the principal parts.


Rigveda: The Rigveda Samhita is all in the form of poetry. The Rigveda Samhita has 10,170 RKs or Shlokas and 1,028 suktas.  It is divided into ten mandalas or eight astkas.


Yajurveda: Yajurveda has the description of worship associated with RKs and suktas.


Yajurveda is available in two different versions – Sukla and Krishna.


Samas of Sama Veda are sung with musical tones.


Athravana Veda: It has mantras with which one wards of misfortunes and disasters and indicates ways of fighting with enemies.


All Vedas have one common goal. The goal is the well-being of the entire world and all creatures living in it.



Brahmanas lay down the various rites to be performed.  Aranyakas provide more meaning to the mantras of samhitas. They are more oriented towards enquiry and understanding. Upanishads provide more detailed discussion on some specific issues.





Speeches of  Kanchi Swamiji, Chandrasekharendra Saraswati Swamiji,  Hindu Dharma, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, Mumbai, 2000


The motivation to write this knol is an orkut community:

Dharma Marga

The community is started by Pravin Choudhary .
He goes through every post in the community and responds to the posts every day. I try to follow his method for the communities that I started. But I can't match his routine.
The message Mr. Pravin Choudhary gives in his community profile is:
Today we have made ourselves too busy to care on religious values. Our attempt to talk over the piousness of every religion and spread the message of love and brotherhood for all human beings. We trust very strongly in 'All Religions are Same!' Sincerely we hate none. We hate all talk which divides us. Variations in religions must be tolerated and respected.  Wisdom must be shared as service to mankind.
Share your beautiful thoughts with all and learn good from all.
Dharmo Rakshati Rakshithaha
If you protect Dharma, Dharma will in turn protect you.
While I started writing on vedas beforehand, this community has a role to play in developing focus on behavior aspect. 
Hindu Dharma is based on Vedas. All the smrities and sutras are based on Vedas only. They elaborated the essential things in Vedas to make them more lucid and also to present their applications to contemporary issues.
My selection of 1000 statements from Sukla Yajurveda (Sukla yajurveda Sahasram) is also to further the same objective. It aims to bring before the current day public the behavioural prescrptions of Veda. It provides an opportunity to present managers of societies and other large groups to understand their implications for present day practice and come out with guidelines to their group members.
The directory of veda chapters written so far. (19th chapter is in progress now).
According to me brahmacharyam is learning period. Every child is to go through brahmacharyam before becoming a householder. Persons who want to study vedas go through a process of sankalpa called upanayanam. But according to me every child is to go through brahmacharyam. Every child has to learn something to earn his livelihood as well as to take care of himself and his family members in day to day life.
According to me sanyasi is a person who gives great service to the society but in return he expects very little from the society. A small piece of cloth to cover his secret parts is all he needs. He wants food at the time of lunch. He does not want a permanent house and he does not want any other comforts. He is prepared to use free goods that the nature provides and survive till God or nature allows him to survive. For a sanyasi, service to the society is service to God. In old age, our shastras say to people to take up sanyas. Give all wealth to children and expect very little from them.
Dharma Marga Community Members can write their comments and views here.
First click on the sign in icon at the top, then click on the edit button at the right hand top, wait for the edit tool bar to appear and write here.

Join Orkut Community


Knol Authors and Visitors


Kurukshetra, India


I downloaded the template. I am developing the knol about Kurukshetra following the template.



Kurukshetra is a place in India where the war described in the epic Mahabharata between Pandavas and Kauravas was fought.
It is a place of piligrimage to Hindus.
Kurukshetra is situated in the north Indian state of Haryana. Kurukshetra is close to the airfields of Chandigarh and Delhi. It is a road and rail junction serviced by taxis and buses of the Haryana Roadways and other state corporations.


(Interesting facts about your cities history.)
It is believed that the Rig Veda was composed in this place.
To be written Still


List the major attractions in the city. Some specific kinds of attractions (such as museums, monuments, restaurants and nightlife) may be listed in their own sections below. Especially consider indicating family-friendly locations.
Top 10 Sights
  • Link to the first sight
  • Link to the second
  • And so forth ...
  • ...
  • ...
  • ...
  • ...
  • ...
  • ...
  • ...


If your city has notable museums, list the best ones here. Give the address and contact information for each. Point to their websites, if available. Indicate the price range, or other significant information. Otherwise, you may omit this section. 


If your city has attractive or historically notable monuments, list the best ones here. What are good photo-opportunities, or good places to meet up? Give the address and contact information for each. Point to their websites, if available. Otherwise, you may omit this section. 


Describe a small number of major shopping areas, malls, or stores which the city might be especially notable for. Be selective, and highlight the very best your city has to offer. Are there products or services which are distinctive to your region? Do you have any commercial districts which draw traffic from beyond your region. Give the address and contact information for each. Point to their websites, if available.

Five Hidden Gems 
  • Link to the first...
  • The second ...
  • and so forth
  • ...
  • ...


Briefly describe some of the most notable and popular restaurants, especially any that are unique to or characteristic of your city or region. Identify the type of cuisine, and the approximate price range. Give the address and contact information for each. Point to their websites, if available.


Briefly describe several of the notable and popular evening recreation locations. Give the address and contact information for each. Point to their websites, if available.

Did you Know?
Provide interesting facts or tidbits of information about your city in boxes like this.

Getting There

Introduce the section on traveling to your city. You can go into more detail in the subsequent sections,  so just give an overview here.

By Air

Describe how to reach your city by air. For large cities, options may be abundant. For small cities, a visitor may benefit from local insight.

By Train

Describe how to reach your city by train from several major transportation hubs. Identity the train names or numbers. Estimate how much a ticket costs.

Did you Not Know?
Provide interesting facts or tidbits of information about your city in boxes like this.

By Bus

Describe how to reach your city by bus from several major locations to the north, south, east and west. Identify the bus lines. Point to helpful transportation sites.

Photo Gallery

Provide a number of views of the city, from different angles. Use the Image Captions feature to label each location. You can of course include images throughout the knol.


  • Provide links to additional resources about the city: government pages, other location directories or travel-related sites.

Veda Videos

Mantra Pushpam - Vedic Hymns in sanskrit
Rig Veda - 1 (1/5)




Hymns From The Vedas (Rigveda)  - Creation


Rig Veda - 1 (5/5)

Vedas in MP3

Lord Krishna - Is He a Historical Person?

Maha Bharat Yudh - Is It a Historical Fact?


"Krishna was a historical figure who lived towards the end of the Vedic Age. Traditional Indian accounts are closer to truth than those of Western Indology, which are colored by colonial and missionary biases and plagued by weak scholarship."
Prof. N.S. Rajaram September 4th, 1999
Since the life and career of Krishna lie within the century or so described in the great historical epic Mahabharata, if we can demonstrate the historicity of the characters and the principal episodes of the epic, we will essentially have established Krishna's historicity also.
Mention of Characters of Maha Bharata in Various Texts
Among Buddhist works Kunala Jataka mentions Krishnaa (i.e., Draupadi) in addition to Bhimasena, Arjuna, Nakula, Sahadeva and Yudhittila (Pali for Yudhisthira). Dhananjaya of the Kuru race (Arjuna) and Draupadi Svayamvara are referred to in Dhumakari Jataka. The same work refers also to Yudhisthira as an ancestor of the Kurus of Indapattana (i.e., Indraprastha) and also to Vidurapandita. In addition to these Mahabharata characters, Krishna himself is mentioned in Buddhist works such as Sutrapitaka and Lalitavistara [1].
Greek travelers who came to India following Alexander's invasion have left us some tantalizing references to Krishna and also to Indian historical records as they existed in their time. Authors like Pliny referred to Krishna as Heracles, derived from Hari-Krishna. They record that the Indian Heracles - our Krishna - was held in special honor by the Sourseni tribe one of whose major cities was Methora. We can recognize them as Shuraseni and Mathura. (Shura was the father of Vasudeva and the grandfather of Krishna.)

Indian Heracles (Krishna) is recorded by the Greeks as having lived 138 generations before the time of Alexander and Sandracottos which we may take to be c. 330 BC. Taking 20 years per generation, which is known to be a good average when ancient Indian dynasties are involved, we are led to the computation 2760 + 330 = 3090 BC which is remarkably close to the Kali date of 3102 BC. So a reckoning based on ancient Greek records takes us again to the traditional date of c. 3100 BC [1].









For More Study




Search for the Historical Krishna by N.S. Rajaram; Prism Books Pvt Ltd, Bangalore; 210 pp, Rs 165.00



Web Pages/Sites


Nirjala Ekadashi - A Full Day Without Even Water - Hindu Sacred Day

This fast is observed on Jyeshtha Shukla Ekadashi.
One has to abstain even from water from sunrise of Ekadashi to sunrise of Dwadashi and  this fast is known as Nirjali Ekadashi.  During the month of Jyestha the day is longer and one feels thirsty. As a result it is difficult to observe this vow. 
Vyas Muni told Bhimsen to observe this fast on Jyestha Shukla Ekadashi. By observing this fast on Jyestha Shukla Ekadashi  sins of eating on all prior ekadashis in the year will be destroyed and absolved, and you will get all the benefits normal fasting on all the Ekadashis , which have passed in the year.  Bhim was told so by Vyasa. Bhimsen very sincerely observed this fast, that is the reason why this Ekadashi is also named as Bhimsen Ekadashi.



Mahashivaratri - A Hindu Sacred Day and Festival

This it is celebrated on 23 February 2009.
It is celebrated every year on the 14th night of the new moon during the dark half of the month of Phalguna.
Celebrations are held in Shiva temples all over the country.
People fast throughout the day and ritual prayers are conducted in temples at night.

नागेन्द्रहराय त्रिलोचनाय, भस्मागरागाय महेश्वराय
नित्याय शुध्धाय दिगम्बराय, तस्मै '' काराय नमः शिवाय

मंदाकिनीसलिलचन्दनचर्चिताय, नन्दीश्वर प्रमथनाथ महेश्वराय
मन्दारपुष्प बहुपुष्पसुपुजिताय, तस्मै '' काराय नमः शिवाय

शिवाय गौरीवदनाब्जवृद सूर्याय दक्षाध्वरनाशकाय
श्री नीलकण्ठाय वृषध्वजाय, तस्मै 'शि' काराय नमः शिवाय

वसिष्ठकूम्भोद्भव गौतमार्य, मुनीन्द्र देवार्चिशेखराय
चन्द्रार्क वैश्वानरलोचनाय, तस्मै 'वा' काराय नमः शिवाय

यक्षस्वरुपाय जटाधराय, पिनाकहस्ताय सनातनाय
दिव्याय देवाय दिगम्बराय. तस्मै '' काराय नमः शिवाय

पंचाक्षरमिदं, पुण्यं, यः पठेच्छिवासन्निधौ
शिवलोकमवाप्नोति शिवेन सह मोदते












12 Jyotirlingas of Shiva - Eswara

(Uttar pradesh)
(Tamil nadu)
Mallikarjuna swamy
(Andhra pradesh)
(Madhya pradesh)
(Madhya pradesh)
(Uttara khand)
The shrine of Lord Mallikarjuna picturesquely situated on a flat top of Nallamalai Hills, Srisailam is reputed to be one of the most ancient kshetras in India. It is on the right side of the River Krishna in Kurnool District of Andhra Pradesh. This celebrated mountain is also named as Siridhan, Srigiri, Sirigiri, Sriparvatha and Srinagam. It has been a popular centre of Saivite pilgrimage for centuries.

The prominence of this Divya Kshetram is highlighted by the fact that while performing our daily household rituals we specify place of location of our existence with reference to Srisailam.

The presiding Deities of this kshetram Lord Mallikarjuna Swamy is one of the twelve Jyothirlingas and Goddess Bhramaramba Devi is one of the eighteen Mahasakthis and both are self-manifested. The unique feature of this kshetram is the combination of Jyothirlingam and Mahasakthi in one campus, which is very rare and only one of its kind.

There is a common belief in vogue that this Holy Kshetram exists from times immemorial. The antiquity and origin of God Mallikarjuna Swamy and Goddess Bhramaramba Devi is not known.

Vayu Puranam

Creation According to Vayu Puranam


In the beginning, there was nothing in the universe. The brahman (the divine essence) alone was everywhere. The brahman had neither colour nor scent, it could not be felt or touched. It had no origin, no beginning or no end. The brahman was constant and it was the origin of everything that was destined to be in the universe and the universe was shrouded in darkness.

When it was time for creation to begin, the brahman divided itself into three. The first part became Brahma, the creator of the universe. The second part was Vishnu, the preserver of the universe. And the third part was Shiva, the destroyer.

At the time of creation, water appeared in the universe and the water was everywhere. In the water was created a golden (hiranya) egg (anda) that floated like a gigantic bubble. Brahma was born inside the egg. Since garbha means womb, Brahma came to be known as Hiranyagarbha. Since he effectively created (bhu) himself (svayam), he is also referred to as Svayambhu.

Brahma had four faces.

Also inside the egg were all the worlds (lokas) that would be created, in embryonic form. The earth was there, with its land, mountains, oceans and rivers. The moon, the sun, the stars and the planets were there. Also present were gods, demons, humans and other living beings who would be created.

This was the original creation of the universe (sarga).

But at the end of one of Brahma’s days, a minor destruction takes place. The universe is once again flooded with water during Brahma’s night. Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are not however destroyed. Each of Brahma’s days is known as a kalpa (cycle). Thus, a minor destruction takes place at the end of every kalpa. When a new day dawns for Brahma, creation begins afresh. This periodical process of destruction (pralaya) and re-creation is known as pratisarga.

The present kalpa is known as varaha kalpa.



For more detailed summary of Vayu Puranam visit

The Bhagavad Gita - Summaries of Chapter

I am writing on Vedas. I am also trying to create lessons to learn Sanskrit. Within this context, reading the Bhagavad Gita is appropriate. I started reading Gita today and I am starting this knol to record my understanding of each chapter. The initial versions is that of  Sri A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. It is appropriate that I use his english version, as I am using the telugu detailed version of Swamiji for my reading now. The material will keep changing as I add my interpretation. I plan to write detailed summary of every chapter in due course of time.
Lord Krishna is the avatar (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu. Wherever, Krishna is mentioned, it is to be interpreted as Lord Vishnu. Vedas talk of unity in diversity. There is only one supreme Lord but all of us see many divine beings. We cannot see all of them at once. There is a difference in their messages.  The spiritual quest is to see that one great person through this diversity around us.
Chapter One:  Arjuna's Reactions on the Battle field.

In the battle field, at the start of the battle of the first day, Arjuna sees his intimate relatives, teachers and friends in both armies ready to fight and sacrifice their lives. he is overcome by grief and pity, his mind becomes bewildered, and he gives up his determination to fight and tells Krishna that he is not interested in fighting.
 Videos of Jyotirveda2

Chapter Two:  Krishna Starts his Answer 
In the first chapter, Arjuna submits to Lord Krishna as His disciple and tells him to show him the way from his predicament.  Krishna begins His teachings to Arjuna by explaining the fundamental distinction between the temporary material body and the eternal spiritual soul. The Lord explains the process of eternal soul leaving and entering physical bodies. He also talks of duties of a person on the earth. He tells Arjuna that action has to be done, but the result may not come as expected. A man must not blame himself for the lack of result, if the effort was done properly. A person who understand this will keep on serving the world and through this Lord of this world. This is the nature of selfless service to the Supreme and it is the characteristic of a self-realized person. A person ever-ready to serve the society but does not feel dejected when things do not go expected.

Chapter Three:  Karma-yoga.

Everyone must engage in some sort of activity in this material world. No body can sit idle in world. The basic nature of a human will not allow him to sit idle.
 But actions can either bind one to this world or liberate one from it.
At some stage in life, a person has to go beyond the desires of his sense organs and be ready to leave this world peacefully. Once a person attains this state, he is liberated. By acting for the pleasure of the Supreme, without selfish motives, one can be liberated from the law of karma (action and reaction) and attain transcendental knowledge of the self and the Supreme. The pleasure of supreme is the pleasure of people of the world. Service to people is service to God.

Chapter Four:  Transcendental knowledge.

Transcendental knowledge - the spiritual knowledge of the soul, of God, and of their relationship - is both purifying and liberating. Such knowledge is the fruit of selfless devotional action (karma-yoga). The Lord explains the remote history of the Gita, the purpose and significance of His periodic descents to the material world, and the necessity of approaching a guru, a realized teacher. Why a guru is required. A guru is a role model. A guru achieved it. He helps the disciple to achieve it.

Chapter Five:  Karma-yoga - Action in Krishna Consciousness.

Outwardly performing all actions but inwardly renouncing their fruits, the wise man, purified by the fire of transcendental knowledge, attains peace, detachment, forbearance, spiritual vision and bliss. INward renouncing of the fruit is equivalent to going beyond desire. The fruits are not any more for him alone. The fruits are for others if the effort succeeds due to the support from Lord.

Chapter Six:  Dhyana-yoga.

Ashtanga-yoga, a mechanical meditative practice, controls the mind and senses and focuses concentration on Paramatma (the Supersoul, the form of the Lord situated in the heart). This practice culminates in samadhi, full consciousness of the Supreme.

Chapter Seven:  Knowledge of the Absolute.

Lord Krishna or Lord Vishnu is the Supreme Truth, the supreme cause and sustaining force of everything, both material and spiritual. Advanced souls surrender unto Him in devotion, whereas impious souls divert their minds to other objects of worship as well as pleasing of sense organs without a limit.

Chapter Eight:  Attaining the Supreme.

By remembering Lord Krishna in devotion throughout one's life, and especially at the time of death, one can attain to His supreme abode, beyond the material world. Remembering at the time of death means accepting the death with happiness. Only a person who has done his required duties can die peacefully.

Chapter Nine:  The most confidential knowledge.

Lord Krishna is the Supreme Godhead and the supreme object of worship. The soul is eternally related to Him through transcendental devotional service (bhakti). By reviving one's pure devotion one returns to Krishna in the spiritual realm.

Chapter Ten:  The Opulence of the Absolute - The Splendor.

All wondrous phenomena showing power, beauty, grandeur or sublimity, either in the material world or in the spiritual, are but partial manifestations of Krishna's divine energies and opulence. As the supreme cause of all causes and the support and essence of everything, Krishna is the supreme object of worship for all beings.

Chapter Eleven:  The Universal Form (Viswa Roopa Darshanam).

Lord Krishna grants Arjuna divine vision and reveals His spectacular unlimited form as the cosmic universe. Thus He conclusively establishes His divinity. Krishna explains that His own all-beautiful humanlike form is the original form of Godhead. One can perceive this form only by pure devotional service.

Chapter Twelve:  Devotional Service (Bhakti-yoga).

Bhakti-yoga, pure devotional service to Lord Krishna, is the highest and most expedient means for attaining pure love for Krishna, which is the highest end of spiritual existence. Those who follow this supreme path develop divine qualities. Bhakti-yoga involves listening to the Lord all the time. Hanuman is the ideal for Bhakti Yoga.

Chapter Thirteen:  Nature, the Enjoyer and Consciousness.

One who understands the difference between the body, the soul and the Supersoul beyond them both attains liberation from this material world.

Chapter Fourteen:  The Three Modes of Material Nature.

All embodied souls are under the control of the three modes, or qualities, of material nature: goodness (Sattva), passion  (Rajas) and ignorance (Tamas). Lord Krishna explains what these modes are, how they act upon us, how one transcends them, and the symptoms of one who has attained the transcendental state.

Chapter Fifteen:  The Yoga of the Supreme Person.

The ultimate purpose of Vedic knowledge is to detach oneself from the entanglement of the material world and to understand Lord Krishna as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. One who understands Krishna's supreme identity surrenders unto Him and engages in His devotional service.

Chapter Sixteen:  The Divine and Demoniac Natures.

Those who possess demoniac qualities and who live whimsically, without following the regulations of scripture, attain lower births and further material bondage. But those who possess divine qualities and live regulated lives, abiding by scriptural authority, gradually attain spiritual perfection. Demons trouble the society by not following its mores and morals.

Chapter Seventeen:  The Divisions of Faith.

There are three types of faith, corresponding to and evolving from the three modes of material nature.  Acts performed by those whose faith is in passion and ignorance yield only impermanent, material results, whereas acts performed in goodness, in accord with scriptural injunctions, purify the heart and lead to pure faith in Lord Krishna and devotion to Him. Such pure people like Sankaracharya, Ramanujacharya etc. are remembered for ages and they stay with the Lord for ages.

Chapter Eighteen:  Conclusion - The Perfection of Renunciation.

Krishna explains the meaning of renunciation and the effects of the modes of nature on human consciousness and activity. He explains Brahman realization, the glories of the Bhagavad-gita, and the ultimate conclusion of the Gita: the highest path of religion is absolute, unconditional loving surrender unto Lord Krishna. This will prevent one from committing any sin, brings one to complete enlightenment, and enables one to return to Lord's eternal spiritual abode.
Source for Swamiji's Summaries

Ahobila Mutt


Srinivasacharya, son of Kidambi Kesavacharya was born on 18th August 1379 AD at Thirunarayanapuram (Melkote), Karnataka. His father Kesavacharya, himself a learned man, sent him to Kancheepuram to study at the feet of Ghatikasatham Ammal, a very great scholar of those days.
Young Srinivasacharya, hardly twenty years of age(1398),  one day woke up in an exciting mood.
In the dream,  he saw Lord Lakshmeenarasimha of Ahobilam  and he heard his command to appear before him at Ahobilam and don the robe of a sanyasi and be instructed in his future mission of life there.  He informed  his Guru,  Gatikasatham Ammal his dream. The guru  told his disciple Srinivasacharya to obey the mandate.
So he wended his way to
Ahobilam. Having arrived there, he climbed the hill amidst dense forest (which
Thirumangai Azhvar describes as one which none can reach except God), had a dip
in the river Bhavanasini and took up abode in that wilderness. Meanwhile
Mukundaraya, the local chieftain also reached the, place to receive him on
divine command. Lord Narasimha appeared before Srinivasacharya in the form of a
sanyasi and initiated him with the "Preshmantra", gave him 'Sanyasa asrama'''
and named him 'Satakopa Jeeyar'. Thus was born Sri Ahobila Mutt and its First


Hymns, Prayers, Stotras and Videos

________________ ________________

Republic Day Greetings to All Indians - 2012

                                               Google Doodle of 26 January 2012

Monks of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa Order and Their Books

Direct Disciples of Shri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa

Swami Vivekananda (Naren)
Swami Brahmananda (Rakhal)
Swami Premananda
Swami Yogananda
Swami Shivananda (Taraknath)
Swami Saradananda (Sharat Chandra Chakravarty)
Swami Ramakrishnananda
Swami Turiyananada
Swami Niranjanananda
Swami Adbhutananda
Swami Akhandananada
Swami Trigunathithananda
Swami Abhedananda
Swami Advaitananda
Swami Subhodananda
Swami Vijnananda
Source: The Eternal Companion: Life and Spiritual Teachings of Swami Brahmananda, by Swami Yatiswarananda, Swami Prabhavananda and others,  Sixth Edition, Sri Ramakrishna Math, Mylapore, Madras (Chennai) - 600 004, 1978.

Important Events in Their Life

Swami Vivekananda (Naren)
Swami Brahmananda (Rakhal)
Swami Premananda

Swami Yogananda

Swami Yogananda was the first among the monastic disciples of the Master to enter Mahasamadhi.
Swami Shivananda (Taraknath)
Swami Saradananda
Date of Birth : 23 December 1865
Swami Saradananda went to the United States in 1896 on the request of Swami Vivekananda. His calm and gentle disposition, courteous and loving manners and able exposition of Vedanta won him many friends and admirers in America.
Saradananda was called back to Kolkata by Vivekananda and was made the General Secretary of Ramakrishna Math and the Mission, a post which he held for nearly three decades till the end of his life.
He wrote the monumental biography of Sri Ramakrishna known as Sri Ramakrishna Lila Prasanga in Bengali (translated later into English under the title Sri Ramakrishna the Great Master). His great works included  the construction of the temple dedicated to Holy Mother in 1921 on the spot where her sacred body was cremated in Belur Math, and another temple at Mother’s birthplace in Jayrambati in 1923.

Swami Ramakrishnananda
Swami Turiyananada
Swami Niranjanananda
Swami Adbhutananda
Swami Akhandananada
Swami Trigunathithananda
Swami Abhedananda
Swami Advaitananda
Swami Subhodananda
Swami Vijnananda
Swami Shivananda
Swami Saradananda
Swami Ramakrishnananda
Swami Turiyananada
Swami Niranjanananda
Swami Adbhutananda
Swami Akhandananada
Swami Trigunathithananda
Swami Abhedananda
Swami Advaitananda
Swami Subhodananda
Swami Vijnananda

Books on or by the Swamijis

Swami Vivekananda (Naren)
Swami Brahmananda
The Eternal Companion: Life and Spiritual Teachings of Swami Brahmananda, by Swami Yatiswarananda, Swami Prabhavananda and others,  Sixth Edition, Sri Ramakrishna Math, Mylapore, Madras (Chennai) - 600 004, 1978. (First Edition 1931).
Swami Premananda
Swami Premananda-Teachings and Reminiscences by Swami Prabhavananda
God lived with Them by Swami Chetanananda
Swami Yogananda
Swami Shivananda
Swami Saradananda
Sri Ramakrishna - The Great Master: Vol. 1& 2
Hardcover - 1081 Pages (Year: 1998)
Sri Ramakrishna Math
Glimpses of a Great Soul by Swami Asheshananda
Swami Ramakrishnananda
Swami Turiyananada
Swami Niranjanananda
Swami Adbhutananda
Swami Akhandananada
Swami Trigunathithananda
Swami Abhedananda
swami Advaitananda
Swami Subhodananda
Swami Vijnananda

Tapas - Consistent Creative Thinking

Chinmayananda said consistent creative thinking is called tapas.
In Indian scriptures, various rishis (saints) and rajas (kings) were said to have done tapas and acquired great intellectual powers and military powers.
What is tapas? Explaining tapas as consistent creative thinking that is focused on discovery and invention makes sense. That is what now scientists are doing.
Creative thinking requires mental concentration. In the philosophical tradition, the mind is to be withdrawn from the sense-organs and focused on intellectual ideal.
This knol will be used to identify other references to tapas in Hindu scriptures.

Ramakrishna Mission - USA Branches

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa - Biography and Teachings - Birthday 18 February

Vedanta Society, Berkeley

Vedanta Society
2455 Bowditch Street
Berkeley, California 94704-2429
Phone: 1-510-848 8862
Fax: 1-510-845 4583

The centre was started in 1939 and is located near the university in Berkeley. It is a branch of Ramakrishna Math, and Swami Aparananda is its minister-in-charge.


  1. library with 2904 books.
  2. Regular worshipmeditation, and celebration of special religious events.
  3. Spiritual counselling to seekers.
  4. Lectures on Sundays, classes on Tuesdays and Thursdays, and discussion on Vedanta scriptures on other weekdays.
  5. Invited by different organizations and colleges, the swami delivered several lectures in the neighbourhood and other cities of the United States as well as in Canada. He also participated in several interfaith meetings. He gave fortnightly talks in the Society's house at San Jose.

Ramakrishna Vedanta Society, Boston

Ramakrishna Vedanta Society
58 Deerfield Street
Boston, Massachusetts 02215
Phone: 1-617-536 5320

Started in 1910 and shifted to its present location in 1941, this branch of Ramakrishna Math has Swami Tyagananda as the monk-in-charge.


  1. A shrine for prayer and meditation.
  1. Celebration of the birthdays of Sri Ramakrishna, Holy Mother Sarada Devi, Swami Vivekananda, Jesus, the Buddha and Sri Krishna.
  1. Sunday lectures and weekly classes.
  1. Swami Tyagananda gave lectures at the Boston and Harvard Universities, and also at MIT.
  1. A children's camp, regular classes, and a retreat for devotees at the Society's Sarada Ashrama, 60 km to the southeast at Marshfield, which also maintained a shrine for daily prayer and meditation.

Vivekananda Vedanta Society, Chicago

Vivekananda Vedanta Society of Chicago
14630 South Lemont Road,
Homer Glen, IL 60491
Phone: 1-708 301 9062
Fax: 1-708-301 9063

Vishnu Sahasra Nama Stotram - 1 to 200 Names

When you utter the word, the image comes into your mind. When you think of God's noble qualities, you would like to emulate them. You become a noble man by praising Lord's noble qualities.


Vishnu Sahasra Nama Stotram - విష్ణు సహస్ర నామములు

Glorious Names of Lord Vishnu: 1 to 50

Shloka 1

Visvam Vishnuh Vashatkaarah Bhoota-bhavya-bhavat-prabhuh

Bhoota-krit Bhoota-bhrit Bhaavah Bhootaatmaa Bhoota-bhaavanah

1. Visvam: The person who is the cause of universe, The person who created universe from himself with himself as cause and sustainer of it.

2. Vishnuh: He who pervades everything in the universe. Every thing in the universe contains him.

3. Vashatkaarah: For whom oblations are poured in yajnas with mantras ending with 'vashat'.

4. Bhoota-bhavya-bhavat-prabhuh: Lord of the past, future and present.

5. Bhoota-krit: Creator of all creatures and destroyer of all creatures. All creatures come from him, because of him and all creatures go back to him; go into him.

6. Bhoota-bhrit: One who nurtures and nourishes all living creatures.

7. Bhaavah: The person who is in everything in this universe.

8. Bhootaatmaa: The "Be' in all the living things. (Atma of all living beings).

9. Bhoota-bhaavanah: The person responsible for creating the living creatures.

Shloka 2

10. Poota-atmaa: The purest self (atma) in the universe.

11. Parama-atmaa: The supreme self (atma) in the universe

12. Muktaanaaam paramaa gatih: The final goal of all liberated souls

13. Avyayah: The person with no change or ageing, the indestructible person in the universe

14. Purushah: The supreme person among the persons. A person is the controller of the body (the body thought of as fort with nine door).

15. Saakshee: The witness to every happening in the world.

16. Kshetrajnah: Knower of body and its experiences

17. Aksharah: The indestructible person in the universe

Shloka 3

18. Yogah: The one person (the supreme being) who is understood and realized through yoga.

19. Yoga-vidaam netaa: One who is the leader or experts in yoga.

20. Pradhana-purusha-eesvarah: Lord of of pradhana and purusha. Purusha is the person who is the controller of the body and pradhana is maayaa which is responsible for many happenings in the universe, which happen because living beings participate in them.

21. Naarasimha-vapuh: The person who appeared as half human and half lion in Narasimha avatara and protected his devotee Prahlada and killed Hiranyakasipu, a mighty asura king and father of Prahlada.

22. Sreeman: Lakhsmi (Sree) stands for all powers and all faculties. Lakshmi is always in him and on him. Hence Vishnu is Sreeman.

23. Keshavah: The person who destroyed demon Kesin sent to kill child-Krishna by Kamsa.

24. Purushottamah: Supreme among purushas, the selfs or spirits (Every living being is made of perishable body and the spirit, self or atma)

Shloka 4

25. Sarvah: He himself is all the universe and everything in this universe.

26. Sharvah: He who gives auspiciousness to those who meditate upon Him and serve his creation.

27. Sivah: The one who is eternally pure.

28. Sthaanuh: The pillar, the supporter of the universe

29. Bhootaadih: The person who created the five elements (bhootas) space, air, fire, water, earth.

30. Avyayah Nidhih: The holder of inexhaustible treasure.

31. Sambhavah: The person who makes anything and everything possible by his own will.

32. Bhaavanah: One who gives everything to his devotees. The meaning of "Bhaavana' is to give. Telugu people term the amount given to vedic pundits as sambhaavana.

33. Bhartaa: The person who governs the entire living world.

34. Prabhavah: The person responsible for the creation of five elements from various beings and things in the universe emerge. The womb of all the five basic elements.

35. Prabhuh: The All-powerful, Almighty Lord.

36. Eesvarah: One who can do anything without the help of others.

37. Svayambhooh: The person who came into existence on his own.

38. Sambhuh: The person who brings auspiciousness - both for the inner self and outer body (comforts).

39. Aadithyah: Vishnu is one of the Adithyas who provide energy to the universe.

40. Pushkaraakshah: The person with eyes like lotus that show peace, joy and perfection.

41. Mahaasvanah: The person with a thundering voice that reaches people even if only a whisper is made. It is the compelling whisper of the Highest person.

42. Anaadi-nidhanah: The person who has no birth and death.

43. Dhaataa: The person who is the substratum for the world.

44. Vidhaataa: The person who dispenses the fruits of action

45. Dhaatur-uttamah: Dhaatus are identifiable but common elements that we observe. the body is made up of 7 dhaatus: marrow, bone, fat, flesh, blood, lower-skin and upper skin. Vishnu is himself a dhaatu as he is the person or thing responsible for the existence of everything in this universe. He is the most precious and valuable dhaatu.


46. Aprameyah: A person who cannot be measured.

47. Hrisheekesah: The Lord of sense organs and the Lord of Sun and Moon who excite the senses.

48. Padmanaabhah: The person from whose navel sprang the lotus, the seat of Brahma.

49. Amaraprabhuh: Lord of all deities.

50. Visvakarmaa: Sculptor of all objects in the universe and director of all dramas in the universe.

Glorious Names of Lord Vishnu: 51 - 100

51. Manuh: One meaning is the greatest thinker (Mananaseelah Manuh). The other meaning is the creator of vedas (mantras).

52. Tvashtaa: The person who dissolves the universe into himself.

53. Sthavishthah: The person who creates and re-creates this universe.

54. Sthaviro dhruvah: The most ancient person of the universe and the motion less person (time does not apply to him - he does not become old, does not change)

55. Agraahyah: The person who cannot be comprehended totally even by great sages.

56. Saasvatah: The permanent person in the universe.

57. Krishna: The person who provide pleasure always. The person who attracts people. The dark man. The person who cannot be understood.

58. Lohitaakshah: The person with red eyes (angry eyes towards evil minded people).

59. Pratardanah: The person who will totally dissolve this universe. He can totally destroy evil also.

60. Prabhootah: The everfull person. Everything is in abundance with him. He can give anything to devotees but it will not diminish anything from his possessions.

61. Trikakubdhaama: One who supports the three worlds - Earth, the world above and the world below

62. Pavitram: The person who gives purity to devotees.

63. Param Mangalam: By a mere remembrance of him, inauspiciousness will disappear and auspiciousness will appear in people. (In India, the tradition is to utter Vishnu's names before doing anything to make oneself pure (pavitram) and auspicious (in thinking and feeling).

Shloka 8

64. Easaanah: The Lord or Controller of all the five Great elements.

65. Praanadah: The person who gave life (pran) to all living beings.

66. Praanah: He himself is the life in every being (The creator of life (pran)).

67. Jyeshtah: The oldeest person.

68. Sreshtah: The most glorious person (The best person).

69. Prajaapatih:Prajas mean 'children'. Hence Great father. Creator of all creatures.

70. Hiranyagarbhah: On who dwells in the womb of the world.

71. Bhoogarbhah: The person who is the womb of this universe.

72. Maadhavah: The person who controls maayaa. The person who is beyond maayaa.

73. Madhusudhanah: The slayer of demon Madhu.

Shloka 9

74. Eesvarah: One who has all the powers in him.

75. Vikramee: One who is full of prowess.

76. Dhanvee: The great archer. Refers to Sri Ram

77. Medhavee: Supremely intelligent person.

78. Vikramah: The person who has special footsteps. Refers to Vamana avatara of Vishnu wherein he measured the universe in two steps.

79. Kramah: The all pervading person.

80. Anuttamah: A person who is incomarably great.

81. Duraadharshah: Person who cannot be attacked successfully. All powerful person.

82. Kritajnah: He knowls everything done by everybody in this universe.

83. Kritih: The person who rewards all actions of all people.

84. Aatmavan: He is the self in all beings. All selfs are created by him and he only resides in them.

Shloka 10

85. Suresah: Lord of suras (the persons in heaven who can bless their devotees for fulfilment their desires).

86. Saranam: The refuge for all.

87. Sarma: The person with infinite bliss.

88. Visvaretah: Seed for the universe and its objects

89. Prajaabhavah: He is the womb. He is the seed. He is the womb.

90. Ahah: He who does not ever destroy his followers.

91. Samvatsarah: Lord of time

92. Vyaalah: A slippery person who cannot be easily caught.

93. Pratyayah: The person whose very nature is knowledge. The most knowledgeable person in the world.

94.Sarvadarsanah:The person who sees all events in the universe

Shloka 11

95. Ajah: The unborn person.

96. Sarvesvarah: God of all gods.

97. Siddhah: The person who achieved all that is to be achieved.

98. Siddhih: He is the fruit of all actions. People want to become one with him.

99. Sarvaadih: He is the first first person in this universe.

100.Achyutah: One who has never fallen; one who has never failed.

Glorious Names of Lord Vishnu: 101 to 150

101. Vrishakapih: The person who uplifts dharma.

102. Ameyaatma: The person who has countless number of souls (atmaa) in him. He also takes the form of countless souls in the universe.

103. Sarva yoga vinissritah: One who is totally free of all attachments.

Shloka 12

104. Vasuh: The support of all elements.

105. Vasumanaah: The person with supremely pure mind.

106. Satyah: Only he will be there all the time. Rest of all creation is asatyah. It is created and dissolved.

107. Samaatmaa: He who is equally in all souls.

108. Sammitah: The person accepted by rishis as the supreme person.

109. Samah: The same person in all souls.

110. Amoghah: Everuseful person.

111. Pundareekakhshah: The person who can be fully experienced in the heart (Pundareekam: heart).

112. Vrishakarmaa: Vrisha means dharma (right conduct). The person who acts only to establish dharma.

113. Vrishaakritih: He is the form for Dharma. He is dharma personified.

Shloka 13

114. Rudrah: The person who liquidates all sorrows.

115 Bahusiraah: The person who has many heads

116. Babhruh: One who rules over the worlds.

117. Visvayonih: The person who is the cause of this universe. He is womb for this universe.

118. Suchisravaah: The person who has ears everywhere in the universe.

119. Amritah: The immortal person

120. Saasvata-sthanuh: The permanent and immoval person.

121. Vararohah: The person whom everybody wants to reach as the most glorious destination.

122. Mahatapaah: The person with great knowledge, great prosperity, and great strength.

Shloka 14

123. Sarvagah: One who pervades everything in the universe.

124. Sarvavid-bhaanuh: All knowing and dispelling all ignornance (illuminates every thing).

125. Vishvaksenah: The Almighty

126. Janaardanah: The person who takes care of good people and punished wicked people.

127. Vedah: Lord himself is called Vedah, because he only gives the knowledge of reality.

128. Vedavit: One who knows the Veda, the reality of this universe.

129. Avyangah: He has no imperfections in him.

130. Vedangah: The person whose very limbs are the Vedas.

131. Vedavit: The person who contemplates on Veda.

132. Kavih: A person who can visualize things. A visionary. A seer.

Shloka 15

133. Lokaadhyakshah: He presides over all the fields of activities in the universe.

134. Suraadhyakshah: President of deities and heavens.

135. Dharmaadhyakshah: The factor that makes all living organisms function.

136. Kritaakritah: He is at the same Sagunah and Nirgunah. He has manifested. He has not manifested.

137. Chaturaatmaa: The waker, dreamer, deep-sleeper and Tureeya are four states of self.

138. Chaturvyoohah: One who manifests into four mighty powers (vyooha). Vaasudeva, Samkarshana, Pradyumna and Aniruddha.

139. Chatur-damshtrah: This refers to narasimha avatara of Vishnu

140. Chaturbhujah: Maha Vishnu has four hands carrying the conch, the discuss (sudarasana chakra), the mace and the lotus.

Shloka 16

141. Bhrajishnuh: It llumines everything. It is not borrowing light from any other source.
142. Bhojanam: The next word is Bhoktaa. He is the food offered to Bhokta. and He is the person who takes the food also. All food we take is a manifestation of him. He is all around.
143. Bhoktaa: The eater of food. The experiencer of all sensations.
144. Sahishnuh: One who is capable for suffering in detachment all that is happening around him. Krishna allowed Sisupala 100 mistakes. He suffered 100 mistakes patiently.
145. Jagadaadijah: The person who was born at the very beginning of the world.
146. Anaghah: The who has no sins attached to him.
147. Vijayah: The person who has victory over maya (matter).
148. Jetaa: Ever successful person
149. Visvayonih: He who is the cause of the universe.
150. Punarvasuh: He comes again and again to live in various livng organisms.
Shloka 17

Glorious Names of Lord Vishnu: 151 to 200

151. Upendrah: Younger brother Indra in Vamana avataar, or superior to Indra (in another meaning)
152. Vaamanah: One of the ten great incarnations (avataars) of Vishnu.
153. Praamsuh:One whose body is vast.
154. Amoghah: The person whose actions have great purpose.
155. Suchih: Spotlessly clean person
156. Oorjitah: Has infinite stength and energy
157. Ateendrah: Beyond Indra. Lord of the Gods
158. Samghrahah: He collects and holds the entire universe
159. Sargah: The person who created this world out of himself
160. Dhritaatmaa: He supports himself by himself.
161. Niyamah: He is the appointing authority for everybody else in this universe.
162. Yamah: The administrator of this universe.
Shloka 18
163. Vedyah: The person who is to be known and understood.
164. Vaidyah: The supreme doctor of the world.
165. Sadaa Yogee: All attempts to attain oneness with self is called yoga. The lord has it always.
166. Veerahaa: He who destroys even mighty enemies.
167. Maadhavah: He who helps meditation and thinking. Lord of knowledge.
168. Madhuh: He is the honey. He is the nectar. He is the person who creates greatest happiness in people when they are in contact with him.
169. Ateendriyah: He lends vitality to sense organs.
170. Mahaamaayah: Supreme master of maayaa. He is the substratum on which maayaa acts.
171. Mahotsaahah: Enthusiastic accomplisher
172. Mahaabalah: The person with supreme strength
Shloka 19
173. Mahaabuddhih: The resorvoir of all intelligence
174. Mahaaveeryah: Veeryam is the essence behind all creation. For anything created in this universe, a small speck of material and an idea in the briefest of the briefest terms are required to begin. Veeryam is the material cause of the creation. God is the supreme source for the creation of universe and every being in it. 
175: Mahaasaktih: All powerful. He can do any amount of work in a short time.
176: Mahaadyutih: Of great illumination. In as assembly of people, he attracts the attention of everybody due to his illluminating personality.
177. Anirdesyavapuh: One whose form is indescribable. He himself is the universe. Every being in this universe is a small part of him.
178. Sreeman: He is courted by the all glories. They go to him.
179. Ameyaatmaa: The person with immeasurable souls (aatmaas). He is a part of every being in this universe.
180. Mahaadridrhik: The person who supports mountains. He supported Mandara Mountain in the form of a great tortoise when Devatas and Asuras churned the ocean of nectar. He also lifted Govardhana as Krishna to protect his villagers from heavy rains.
Shloka 20
181. Maheshvaasah: The persons who wields a great bow. (Rama avataar)
182. Maheebhartaa: The husband of Earth, Bhoodevi. Also the supporter of earth.
183. Sreenivaasah: The permanent of abode Sree (Mahalakshmi). All the wealth of the universe lies in him only.
184. Sataamgatih: The direction, path, and goal for devotees. 
185. Aniruddhah: He cannot be resisted by anyone.
186. Suraanandah: The angels and deities of heaven look up to him for happiness.
187. Govindah: The supporter of earth, cows, speech and Vedas.
188. Govidaampathi: Govit means a person who knows Veda. Lord is the goal of seers who are govits. 
Shloka 21
189. Mareechih: Most shining body.
190. Damanah: He can control all negative tendencies
191. Hamsah: The person who knows I am he (I am Brahma).

192. Suparnah: The bird with beautiful wings
193. Bhujagottamah: The best of the serpents - Ananta

194. Hiranyanaabhah: He supports Hiranyagarbha, the creator, Brahma at his navel.
195. Sutapaah: One who does glorious Tapas. Consistent creative thinking is called Tapas.

196. Padmanabhah: At the navel of Lord Narayana, the Vishnu, there is a lotus from which the creator Brahma arose.

197. Prajaapatih: Father of all people. Pati has the meaning of father. Vishnu is the source from which all creatures have emerged and he is rightly called as the father.
For the next part


Thousand Ways to The Transcendental:
Vishnu Sahasranaama Commentary by Swami Chinmayananada
Central Chinmaya Trtust, Mumbaii - 400072



Sukla Veda Sahasram

I am trying to prepare Sukla Veda Sahasram. 1000 statements from Sukla Yajurveda. I am planning to write around 15 statements from each chapter.
Directory Veda Knols
Sukla Yajurveda - Chapter 1
The chapter being written currently
Sukla Yajurveda - Chapter 21 - Selected Statements

Learning Sanskrit Through English


Learning Sanskrit Through English - Part 1