Saturday, March 28, 2015

Atal Bihari Vajpayee - Biography

President of India Confers Bharat Ratna on Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee 

27 March 2015

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The President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee conferred the Bharat Ratna on Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee this evening (March 27, 2015) in New Delhi. In a special gesture, the President conferred the Award in a ceremony held at the residence of Shri Vajpayee.

Shri Mohd. Hamid Ansari, Vice President of India; Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi; former President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam; former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh; Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh; senior members of the Cabinet; several Chief Ministers; leaders of political parties; members of Shri Vajpayee’s family and other dignitaries were present on the occasion.
(Release ID :117782)

24 December 2014
Vajpayee was awarded Bharat Ratna on 24 December 2014 by President of India.


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Birthday 25 December 1924

Atal Behari Vajpayee's birth took place on December 25, 1924 at Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh. His parents were Shri Krishna Bihari Vajpayee and Smt. Krishna Devi,  He studies in Victoria (now Laxmi Bai) College, Gwalior and DAV College, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, Shri Vajpayee holds an M.A (Political Science) degree. He also joined for legal studies along with his father. But he did not

 Shri Vajpayee participated in the freedom struggle and went to jail in 1942. He was Founder-member of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (1951). He became President of  Bharatiya Jana Sangh (1968-1973). He was leader of the Jana Sangh parliamentary party (1955-1977). He was detained during Emergency in 1975-77. He became a founder-member of the Janata Party (1977-1980), He became  India's External Affairs Minister in the Morarji Desai Government and performed admirably from March 24, 1977 to July 28, 1979.

Bharatiya Janata Party was formed after a split in Janata Party due to the former Jana Sangh members participating in RSS activities. Shri Vajpayee acted as  President of  BJP during 1980 to 1986. He was the leader of BJP parliamentary party during 1980-1984, 1986 and 1993-1996. He was Leader of the Opposition throughout the term of the 11th Lok Sabha.

Shri Atal Behari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister of India

Shri Vajpayee was Prime Minister of India from May 16-31, 1996.

He took oath a Prime Minister for a second time on March 19, 1998. Shri Vajpayee's 1998-99 stint as Prime Minister has been characterised as 'one year of courage of conviction'. It was during this period that India entered a select group of nations following a series of successful nuclear tests at Pokharan in May 1998. The bus journey to Pakistan in February 1999 was widely acclaimed for starting a new era of negotiations to resolve the outstanding problems of the sub-continent. India's honesty made an impact on the world community. Later, when this gesture of friendship turned out to be a betrayal of faith in Kargil, Shri Vajpayee was also hailed for his successful handling of the situation in repulsing back the intruders from the Indian soil. It was during Shri Vajpayee's 1998-99 tenure that despite a global recession, India achieved 5.8 per cent GDP growth, which was higher than the previous year. Higher agricultural production and increase in foreign exchange reserves during this period were indicative of a forward-looking economy responding to the needs of the people. "We must grow faster. We simply have no other alternative" has been Shri Vajpayee's slogan focussing particularly on economic empowerment of the rural poor. The bold decisions taken by his Government for strengthening rural economy, building a strong infrastructure and revitalising the human development programmes, fully demonstrated his Government's commitment to a strong and self-reliant nation to meet the challenges of the next millennium to make India an economic power in the 21st century. Speaking from the ramparts of the Red Fort on the occasion of 52nd Independence Day, he had said, "I have a vision of India : an India free of hunger and fear, an India free of illiteracy and want."

Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee was sworn-in as the Prime Minister of India for the third time by the President Shri K.R. Narayanan at an impressive ceremony in the forecourt of Rashtrapati Bhawan in New Delhi, on 13th October 1999.

With his third swearing as Prime Minister, he becomes the only Prime Minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to occupy the office of the Prime Minister of India through three successive mandates. Shri Vajpayee is also the first Prime Minister since Smt. Indira Gandhi to lead his party to victory in successive elections.

Experience as a Parliamentarian

Atal Behair Vajpayee had a long parliamentary experience. He has been a Member of Parliament since 1957. He was elected to the 5th, 6th and 7th Lok Sabha and again to the 10th, 11th and 12th Lok Sabha and to Rajya Sabha in 1962 and 1986. He has again been elected to Parliament from Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh for the fourth time consecutively. He is the only parliamentarian elected from four different States at different times namely - UP, Gujarat, MP and Delhi.

Elected leader of the National Democratic Alliance, which is a pre-election coming together of political parties from different regions of the country and which enjoys a comfortable backing and support of the elected Members of the 13th Lok Sabha, Shri Vajpayee was earlier elected leader of his own Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) parliamentary party which has also again emerged as the single largest party in the 13th Lok Sabha as was the case in the 12th Lok Sabha.

Shri Vajpayee has served on a number of important Committees of Parliament. He was Chairman, Committee on Government Assurances (1966-67); Chairman, Public Accounts Committee (1967-70); Member, General Purposes Committee (1986); Member, House Committee and Member, Business Advisory Committee, Rajya Sabha (1988-90); Chairman, Committee on Petitions, Rajya Sabha (1990-91); Chairman, Public Accounts Committee, Lok Sabha (1991-93); Chairman, Standing Committee on External Affairs (1993-96).

Widely travelled, Shri Vajpayee has been taking a keen interest in international affairs, upliftment of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, women and child welfare. Some of his travels abroad include visits such as - Member, Parliamentary Goodwill Mission to East Africa, 1965; Parliamentary Delegation to Australia, 1967; European Parliament, 1983; Canada, 1987; Indian delegation to Commonwealth Parliamentary Association meetings held in Canada, 1966 and 1994, Zambia, 1980, Isle of Man 1984, Indian delegation to Inter-Parliamentary Union Conference, Japan, 1974; Sri Lanka, 1975; Switzerland, 1984; Indian Delegation to the UN General Assembly, 1988, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1993 and 1994; Leader, Indian Delegation to the Human Rights Commission Conference, Geneva, 1993.

Literary Works 

He has many literary, artistic and scientific accomplishments to his credit. He edited Rashtradharma (a Hindi monthly), Panchjanya (a Hindi weekly) and the dailies Swadesh and Veer Arjun. His published works include "Meri Sansadiya Yatra" (in four volumes), "Meri Ikkyavan Kavitayen", "Sankalp Kaal", "Shakti-se-Shanti", "Four Decades in Parliament" (speeches in three volumes), 1957-95, "Lok Sabha mein Atalji" (a collection of speeches); Mrityu Ya Hatya", "Amar Balidan", "Kaidi Kaviraj Ki Kundalian" (a collection of poems written in jail during Emergency); "New Dimensions of India's Foreign Policy" (a collection of speeches delivered as External Affairs Minister during 1977-79); "Jan Sangh Aur Mussalman"; "Sansad Mein Teen Dashak" (Hindi) (speeches in Parliament - 1957-1992 - three volumes; and "Amar Aag Hai" (a collection of poems) 1994.

Shri Vajpayee has participated in various social and cultural activities. He has been a Member of the National Integration Council since 1961. Some of his other associations include - (i) President, All India Station Masters and Assistant Station Masters Association (1965-70); (ii) Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Smarak Samiti (1968-84); (iii) Deen Dayal Dham, Farah, Mathura, U.P; and (iv) Janmabhomi Smarak Samiti, 1969 onwards.

Well known and respected for his love for poetry and as an eloquent speaker, Shri Vajpayee is known to be a voracious reader. He is fond of Indian music and dance.


Vajpayee - Awards

Shri Vajpayee was conferred Padma Vibhushan in 1992 in recognition of his services to the nation. He was also conferred the Lokmanya Tilak Puruskar and the Bharat Ratna Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant Award for the Best Parliamentarian, both in 1994. Earlier, the Kanpur University honoured him with an Honorary Doctorate of Philosophy in 1993. He was conferred the Bharat Ratna Award on 24 December 2014.

POSITIONS HELD by Shri Atal Behari Vajpayee

1951 - Founder-Member, Bharatiya Jana Sangh (B.J.S)
1957 - Elected to 2nd Lok Sabha
1957-77 - Leader, Bharatiya Jana Sangh Parliamentary Party

1962 - Member, Rajya Sabha
1966-67 - Chairman, Committee on Government Assurances
1967 - Re-elected to 4th Lok Sabha (2nd term)
1967-70 - Chairman, Public Accounts Committee
1968-73 - President, B.J.S.

1971 - Re-elected to 5th Lok Sabha (3rd term)
1977 - Re-elected to 6th Lok Sabha (4th term)
1977-79 - Union Cabinet Minister, External Affairs
1977-80 - Founder - Member, Janata Party
1980 - Re-elected to 7th Lok Sabha (5th term)
1980-86- President, Bharatiya Janata Party (B.J.P.)

1980-84, 1986 and 1993-96 - Leader, B.J.P. Parliamentary Party
1986 - Member, Rajya Sabha; Member, General Purposes Committee
1988-90 - Member, House Committee; Member, Business Advisory Committee

1990-91- Chairman, Committee on Petitions
1991- Re-elected to 10th Lok Sabha (6th term)
1991-93 - Chairman, Public Accounts Committee
1993-96 - Chairman, Committee on External Affairs; Leader of Opposition, Lok Sabha
1996 - Re-elected to 11th Lok Sabha (7th term)

16 May 1996 - 31 May 1996 - Prime Minister of India; Minister of External Affairs and also incharge of Ministries/Departments of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Civil Supplies, Consumer Affairs and Public Distribution, Coal, Commerce, Communications, Environment and Forests, Food Processing Industries, Human Resource Development, Labour, Mines, Non-Conventional Energy Sources, Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension, Petroleum and Natural Gas, Planning and Programme Implementation, Power, Railways, Rural Areas and Employment, Science and Technology, Steel, Surface Transport, Textiles, Water Resources, Atomic Energy, Electronics, Jammu & Kashmir Affairs, Ocean Development, Space and other subjects not allocated to any other Cabinet Minister
1996-97 - Leader of Opposition, Lok Sabha
1997-98 - Chairman, Committee on External Affairs

1998 - Re-elected to 12th Lok Sabha (8th term)
1998-99 - Prime Minister of India; Minister of External Affairs; and also incharge of Ministries/Department not specifically allocated to the charge of any Minister
1999- Re-elected to 13th Lok Sabha (9th term)
13 Oct.1999 to 13 May 2004- Prime Minister of India and also in charge of the Ministries/Departments not specifically allocated to the charge of any Minister
2004 - Re-elected to 14th Lok Sabha (10th term)

Did not contest 2009 election.





Is Vajpayee Sick?

What made Bharat Ratna Vajpayee an Extraordinary Leader?
27 March 2015

A. B. Vajpayee: An Eloquent Speaker and a Visionary Parliamentarian
Sanjay Kaushik
APH Publishing, 323 pages

Updated  28 March 2015, 24 Dec 2014

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