Wednesday, March 8, 2017

Dairy Industry and Activity - Vision 2025

Present production 137.6 million tonnes.
The demand of milk and milk products in India is projected to increase to 142.9 million tonnes in 2015 and further to 191.3 million tonnes in 2020. The demand will further rise to 231.18 million tonnes in 2035.

The demand projections show that there is scope to increase diary farms at the various scale levels. Large scale diary farms having 200 milk giving animals may be encouraged to increase productivity and quality of milk. Also, setting up advanced diary plants and implementing modern IT systems like internet of things in the entire supply chain including the cattle will take place. Already, some diary plants have used RFID tags attached to animals to monitor their behaviour and inform the animal owners about various steps to be taken.

11 March 2017

The Government of India (GoI) has targeted INR 100,000 crore investment in the dairy industry from private players, which will include foreign direct investment (FDI).
► FDI is allowed in most aspects of dairy sector, including machines and equipment.
► This increase in investment  will increase the share of the organized sector in India leading to increase in adoption of technology in dairy farms.
A project report on diary farm for Vibrant Gujarat 2017 summit.

Milk procurement prices in the international market have fallen to $1,700 a ton from $4,000 since 2015 due to lower demand in China and New Zealand.

IoT is being implemented in Diary Farms and Diary Plants in India.

Average Lactation Yield of cattle in Gujarat (2014-15)
District                  Lactation Yield (litres)
Rajkot                        1839.1
Kutch                         1420.7
Junagadh                    2268.0
Banaskantha              1223.6
Surat                          1837.2

The Animal Husbandry and Dairy sector contributed about 5.1 % share to the Gujarat State Gross State Domestic Product in 2014-15

Present production 137.6 million tonnes.
Value Rs, 350,000 cr ($55 billion) is more than the combined value of paddy and wheat.
Every year increase in production of 8 to 9 million tonnes is envisaged.

8.475 million people working in dairy sector

As India's minister for agriculture, Radha Mohan Singh, told the Dairy Vision 2025 conference: "There are more than 15m farmers associated with 155,634 grass roots level milk cooperative societies across the country."

Amul is by far the biggest national brand in milk, and its owner, the Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF), is expecting  US$3.7bn in sales for the financial year ending March 2015.  In the next three years, it is going to invest about $500m,

Vision 2025 - Prepared by ICAR in 2007

Livestock rearing has been the back bone of Indian agriculture heritage. It is there from vedic age. Livestock comprising mainly cattle, buffalo. sheep and goat has a complimentary. supplementary. symbiotic and sustainable relationship with crop production under mixed farming system prevalent in the  country. 

 The milk production in year 1950-51 was merely 17 million tones.

India implemented a  white revolution plan that  resulted in more than five fold increase in milk production since independence. During the past one and half decade ( 1990 - 2004). milk production has grown at the  rate of nearly 4% per annum.

The quantity of milk handled by organized sector during seventies was approximately 6 millions litres per day and in the year 2003-04, this value increased to 73 millions liters per day. This had been possible by phenomenal growth in number of dairy plants numbering more than 678 in the year 2004. The export of dairy products increased from Rs. 13.98 million in 1990-91 to Rs. 6766.82
million in 2005-06. while imports increased from Rs. 40.52 million to Rs. 345.66 million
during the same period. Hence. the country is now a net exporter  of dairy products. 

The present milk availabity to 232 grams per day. However, it still falls short of the recommended nutritional requirement of 250g by ICMR. The demand of milk and milk products in India is projected to increase to 142.9 million tonnes in 2015 and further to 191.3 million tonnes in 2020. 

The country has a large population of milch animals - 46.86 million buffaloes, 11.23 million
crossbred cows and 47.22 million indigenous cattle, and their number has increased by 4.3% during 1997-2003. Over the years. the number of better milk yielding buffaloes and crossbred cows has increased. while the stock  of local cows has decreased . The productivity per animal is still far below.
The milk output per milch animal is still very low as against the world average (Indian average is 1380 liters against world average of 2350 liters per animal per year).

 It has. therefore. become essential to focus research on all aspects leading to improved productivity and better management practices. Although. India is maintaining number one position in milk production since 1999. the quality of milk and milk products needs to be improved. In this direction, awareness programmes for clean milk production are underway and still a lot  is required to be done as per stringent International quality standards. Also. it is time for focusing our research efforts to utilize our traditional knowledge in making newer dairy based foods for health.

Presently, India is holding about 200 million cattle and 105 million buffaloes.
But there is low scale of production. A majority of households produce small quantities of milk. Empirical evidence based on the large sample surveys (NSSO, 2005) indicate that level of milk production for 36 % households is only ≤500 litres/annum and for another 27 % between
500-1000 litres /annum. Such a tiny scale can provide some nutritional benefits to the family, but not enough surpluses for the market.

Only 15 % households produce >2000 litres/annum and contribute 50 % to the total milk production.
A considerable proportion of small landholders are taking up dairying as a commercial activity. Among the households producing more than 5000 litres of milk/annum, 54 % belong to marginal and small landholders. If efficiency of diary farms can be improved, there is scope for the economic upliftment of these small landholders.

 Despite of holding the number one position in milk production in the world for over a decade, the milk productivity in the country remains one of the lowest as compared to the many leading countries of the world. In India, the average milk productivity of crossbred cows, indigenous cows and buffaloes is only 6.44, 1.97 and 4.3 kg/day respectively.

Animal health is also poor.  The poor status of animal health stems from the extremely limited attention paid to preventive health care services and inefficiencies in provision of curative health services.

NDRI 2035 Vision

Indian Dairy Sector: Futuristic Outlook

The changes anticipated include, emergence of large scale (more than 200 animals) commercial dairy
farmers in several more regions other than in Punjab, Andhra and Maharashtra, where some such commercial farms are presently located.

Updated 11 March 2017, 14 March 2015

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