There were 111 million cultivators and 75 million agricultural labourers as per the 1991 census giving 185 million people as working on land.
In 2011 census, the figures were 119 million cultivators and 144 million agricultural labourers giving total number as 263 million who were working on land.
A study of Professor C.R. Mehta, Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering,Bhopal, machines are now supplying 90% of power required in agricultural operations. But still manpower is being used in number of operations - lower power required but still work or operation needs to be done.
Employment Statistics India - 12 Five Year Plan - 2012 -17
Updated 18 March 2017, 16 March 2015