Monday, December 29, 2014

Achievements of India in Science, Engineering and Technology - 2014

Prime Minister Narendra Modi at Srihari Kota Satellite Launch Station - PSLV 23 -  2 June 2014


December 2014

24 Dec
Panchi, wheeled version of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)Nishant capable of taking-off and landing using small airstrips had its maiden flight

20 Dec 2014

Successful Test Flight of LCA (Navy) Prototype 1 (NP1)

LCA (Navy) Prototype 1 (NP1), the first indigenously designed and developed 4th plus generation combat aircraft designed to operate from the decks of air-craft carriers, took-off majestically from Ski-Jump facility of Shore Based Test Facility at INS Hansa in Goa.

18 Dec
First Experimental Flight of India’s Next Generation Launch Vehicle GSLV MK-III Successful

The first experimental flight (GSLV Mk-III X/CARE) of India’s next generation launch vehicle GSLV Mk-III was successfully conducted today (December 18, 2014) morning from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota.

November 2014

Zero-carbon, flameless, no-smoke Fuel Saving LPG stove launched.

Agnisumukh Industrial applications assure LPG Saving more than 50%, cooks food 25% faster,gives the convention heat as charcoal, while cooking a vessel never gets blackened from bottom, temprature of food getting cooked can be regulated and monitored, loaded with safety device which cuts the LPG supply when flame goes off and finally gives you a call and an SMS when there is a gas leak, All these amazing features make Agnisumukh a much better technology in LPG than the present system.

Price List - Dec 2014

September 2014

15 September 2014 - 47th Engineers' Day in India
Theme: Making Indian Engineering World Class

5,378 publications were made by 2,943 faculty members of seven old IITs in the year 2009-10. 959 Phds were awarded from the seven IITs in the year 2009-10.

Bharat Forge Ltd. built a howitzer from scratch that has far greater firepower than the Bofors gun that's currently in use by Indian artillery. Bharat Forge is entering into a collaboration with Elbit Systems of Israel to work on the 155mm modernization programme.(Check whether it was announced by Government).

By late September or early Octber, Indian army will start testing the Bharat Forge's artillery product. An Ultra Light Gun is also ready for giving it for testing. Also, a 155 mm Ultra light gun is also under development and will be ready for testing by middle of the next year.
Indian Made Howitzers 2012 article in India Today


19 August
Patent for Sealing Assembly in a thrust bearing kingpin application greanted to Dr. S.T. Salunke, NRB Bearings, India.
Patent No. US 807842

16 August

Prime  Minister Narendra Modi commissioned the country's largest indigenously built warship, INS Kolkata.

                                          Picture source: PIB

8 August

Nano-technology based organic farm nutrients - To cost less but give more output

Nagarjuna Fertilisers Ltd and Prathista Industries Ltd have joined hands for marketing the novel nano-technology based organic farm nutrients to farmers. Prathista formally launches its newly-developed products on August 10.

Extracted through the process of fermentation, Prathista has employed for the first time nano-technology for producing cost-effective diversified nutrient fertilisers derived from glucose and sugar. The nano-technology component for the fertilisers has been provided by the Indian Council of Agriculture Research (ICAR). through a licencing agreement. ICAR  had been working on the related nano technology research for the last five years by earmarking a budget of Rs 5 crore.

According to Chief promoter of Prathista,  KVSS Sairam farmers would gain an average of 20 per cent additional yields coupled with an increase in micro organism levels in soil by shifting to these nutrient fertilisers in place of the traditional murate of potash (MOP) and diammonium phosphate (DAP) fertilisers. The fertiliser is being made available in liquid and granule formulations and is likely to be priced 20-30 per cent lower than the general MOP price of Rs 900 for a 50 kg bag. Thus, it is development of technology that gives more output  but costs less


To detect,  sickle cell anemia (SCA), scientists in India are developing a portable and affordable diagnostic kit, a lab-on-a-chip, that could be used by untrained health workers.

The team from the Indian Institute of Technology-Powai, (IIT-P) – Debjani Paul, Ninad Mehendale and Ammar Jagirdar will  the power of mobile phone  to extend their data processing, sharing and imaging prowess to craft inexpensive diagnostic kits for sickle cell anemia.

The team will engineer a microfluidic chip combined with a mobile phone-based diagnosis platform that could be used by relatively untrained health workers in remote rural areas. The kit will be developed over the next 18 months. The project  received a Grand Challenges Explorations grant this June (2014) to steer the idea forward. This project was funded through a collaboration of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation with the Indian government’s Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC) through the IKP Knowledge Park at Nalgonda in Telangana.

The patient will add a drop of blood, to a plastic microfluidic chip that is pre-loaded with reagents required to detect sickle cell anemia. The reacted blood will then flow to a detection zone within the chip where the red blood cells will be imaged by a mobile phone camera. The chip itself is low-cost and disposable, reducing the risks associated with transmission of blood from an infected person to the other.

Supreme Industries makes CNG cylinders with composites.Exports to South Korea.

Intas Pharmaceutical launched blood cancer drugn Azacitidine at one fifth of the present cost.

National Awards for Technology Innovation in Petrochemicals & Downstream Plastics Processing Industry (2013 – 14)

July 17, 2014, 06.00 p.m. at Manekshaw Centre, New Delhi.

Liquid Crystal Polymers for Actuator Applications

The innovation deals with the “Development of Liquid Crystal Polymers for Actuator Applications”. Here a series of polyurethane (PU) based side-chain liquid crystal polymers (LCPs) with variable clearing temperatures was synthesized. It was found that the deformed structure was released slowly and
the original flat rectangular shape was recovered within 25secs. The LCPs were proposed to be a good actuator, as the shape memory recovery was excellent.

Haldia Institute of Technology, Haldia.

New Ultra High Molecular Polyethylene (UHMWPE) for Defense Applications

UHMWPE (ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene) due its
high impact strength, chemical resistance, heat resistance and
shelf life has emerged as a superior material designed for
lightweight and flexible body armour used globally.
Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) has taken the lead in
producing this special polymer by developing a patented
technology starting from catalyst to final product. RIL has
developed the capability and technology through the innovation
of a catalyst which polymerizes ethylene to give UHMWPE
having molecular weight ranging from 3-10 million. The polymer
has the desired properties to produce high tenacity fibers
suitable for defense applications.

High productivity-High Stiffness-Injection Molding PP Grade

A new
performance PP grade 1110 MAS was developed in house at
PADC. Compared to conventional grades in the market, it offers
higher stiffness & higher impact strength, higher productivity upto
18% at processor‟s end, superior optical properties and better
product aesthetics.

Indian Oil Corporation ltd,

An Improved Oropharyngeal Airway

This new Improved Oropharyngeal Airway has three suction holes and good shape of structure. It will make suction easy. After using it, there will be no need of leucoplast or adhesive (like micropore) to fix
on the body of patients. To make it more comfortable, Velcro is used. Patient will not be able to remove this airway despite of his willingness. This airway have very important role in the field of cure. It has not any kind of side effects. This Improved Oropharyngeal Airway is used for the patients in critical condition to keep their jaws open,

Shri Trebhuwan Singh Raman

June 2014

Nokia 225, internet access phone introduced at Rs. 3329.                  

9 June 2014
Brahmos missile's flight test from indigenously built INS Kolkata successful.
INS Kolkata is designed also indigenously.

Technology Achievements of Tata Steel During 2013- 14 - From Annual Report

Stabilisation of the new LD#3 & TSCR plant at Jamshedpur Works, with an installed capacity of
2.4 million tonnes per annum of HR coils. With this new mill, the product mix has expanded to include HR coils up to 1680 mm in width and also higher strength materials. The process has shorter cycle times.

During Financial Year 2013-14, a third test of HIsarna, a new technology which enables the direct input of coal and fine iron ore into the iron making furnace, was completed. A 60,000 tonnes per annum HIsarna pilot plant was built previously at the Tata Steel site in IJmuiden, the Netherlands, with support from the European Commission and the Dutch Government. Should the HIsarna technology prove technically
and commercially viable, the elimination of processing steps could reduce the emission of carbon dioxide from conventional iron making by 20%.

The spirit of innovation lies behind every action at Tata Steel. A continuous effort at developing cuttingedge
technologies and design solutions helps transform processes, improve inefficiencies, and enhance
customer experience. A few of the several high-impact innovations have been outlined below.

Track, a breakthrough in R&D, makes use of technology to cut peak noise levels in half on rail lines that
run through built up areas. This will allow train operators to meet growing transport demands without the extra decibels for trackside residents. The new technology has already allowed Thameslink trains in London to increase capacity through the recently redeveloped Blackfriars Bridge Station without any additional noise pollution for locals.
›› Nest-In is a mass housing solution developed jointly by Tata Steel Global R&D and Marketing and Sales; and is a product that is expected to revolutionise the rural and semi-urban markets for individuals and for communities. The solution uses light gauge steel sections joined together by a patented DippleClick technology to quickly erect houses by semi-skilled local people. Commercialisation was initiated in H2 Financial Year 2012-13 with the standard layout. Currently there are 12 layouts ranging from 100 to
650 sq. ft. in line with consumer requirements. Till date, more than 80,000 sq. ft. area has been covered under Nest-In, across India.

Tata Steel R&D together with CSIR-NML took up the challenge to develop a low cost, online and fast method for online sensing of alumina in iron ores. The online detection of alumina is crucial as iron ore fines in India have 3~5.5% of alumina compared to 1% worldwide, thus affecting blast furnace productivity. This initiative resulted in an innovation that enables the blast furnace operation to decide on effective blend planning and impurity reduction. The innovation has been protected by two patents.
›› Bake Hardened 260 is a new hi-tech steel grade developed by Tata Steel Europe, which protects cars from dents and makes door and bonnets 7% lighter. The lighter steel will improve cars’ fuel efficiency while a special strengthening technique enables vehicles to withstand everyday knocks in the car park.

Research on repeated failure of stirrups during earthquakes revealed poor workmanship and noncompliance of prescribed standards. To resolve this, Tata Tiscon developed Superlinks – stirrups made of high strength ribbed TMT reinforcement bar in commonly used sizes. Superlinks are manufactured through automatic and sophisticated machines, using strict quality control to ensure consistency, quality and accurate dimensions. Superlinks sales in Financial Year 2013-14 reached 7500 tonnes, an increase by 5 folds over Financial Year 2012-13.

Tata Steel’s Sustainable Building Envelope Centre (SBEC) in Europe has developed a range of colour-coated steel panels that use natural day light to heat homes, saving as much as 50% of a typical household annual fuel bill. This technology known as Colorcoat Renew SC absorbs about half of the light energy hitting its surface and generates as much as 500 watts per square metre – heating an average home with just five panels.
›› Tata Steel India has introduced Tiscon Readybuild – ready to use Rebars for construction projects. This addresses customer pain points related to unavailability of skilled labour, scrap loss, space constraint and pilferage at sites. Eight centres with a capacity of 1,80,000 tonnes per annum have been established across the country to supply Readybuild to 500+ sites annually. These centres are quality certified and provide doorstep service to the project sites. Readybuild centres are the first of their kind to be set up by
a steel company in India.
›› PAVISE is an efficient and cost-effective armour developed by Tata Steel Europe, for military vehicles, as well as for defended infrastructure such as watch towers or sangars. It has now been tested up to NATO Standardization Agreement Level 4 to create armour capable of resisting both small arms and heavy machine gun fire with armourpiercing projectiles.
›› Phase Change Material (PCM) has been developed at Tata Steel’s Sustainable Building Envelope Centre (SBEC). When installed in a building, it reacts to the temperatures it is exposed to – as the room trends toward overheating, the phase change material melts and absorbs the excess heat. PCM self regulates the temperature of a room without the need for traditional heating or cooling devices.

›› Tata Steel has unveiled a range of sophisticated new electrical steel products which reduce electricity losses by 20-30% compared to conventional grain-oriented grades. The new products are being made by Tata Steel subsidiary, Cogent Power at their Orb works in Newport, South Wales. These high-grade products will make a significant contribution to the preservation of natural resources, by reducing energy lost in the generation and transmission of electricity.
›› Tata Steel, JCB Landpower and GKN have teamed up to develop the Company’s most productive tractor yet. Using innovative design and engineering methods, engineers have been able to reduce the weight of the next generation of JCB Fastrac machines making them leaner on fuel consumption, able to handle bigger loads and safer than previous models while retaining the strength required by farmers around the world.
›› To integrate new steels into the production processes seamlessly, Tata Steel has held Value Analysis Value Engineering (VAVE) workshops on 5 different auto models in 2012-13 in India. The weight saving across models has been 15-20 kgs per vehicle by the use of forming simulations and use of high strength steels.

Brahmos Mini is being developed by Brahmos Aerospace. It has plans to export missiles. The agreement with Russia includes exports to other countries.


The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) on 17 December 2013 unveiled the first indigenously developed thalassaemia and sickle cell anaemia testing kit. The testing kit was developed by the National Institute of Immuno Haematology (NIIH) in Mumbai. The testing kit screens for eight genetic mutations, six of which can cause thalassaemia and two sickle cell anaemia.

The kit would bring down the cost of screening for both the genetic diseases to a tenth of present cost of Rs.15,000 to Rs. 20,000, which is being charged in the private sector. The testing kit would be of immense help for premarital and post-pregnancy counselling. This is because two carriers of a defective gene have a 25 per cent chance of having a baby born with thalassaemia.

Indian Institute of Natural Resins and Gums (IINRG) in Namkum has developed a specialized fruit coating formulation that increases shelf life by two weeks, preserves moisture and protects fruits from germs.

Rupees 2.84 lakh drug will cost Rs. 8,880. Natco pharma sought compulsory drug license from Bayer.

IISc scientists developed a new thyroid drug for hyperthyroidism
Govindsmy Mugesh is emmber of the team.


Launch of ACE by Tata Motors
Developed two cylinder engine as the engine for ACE in 2002.

Setting up the irradiation unit for onions at Lasalgaon, Nashik


No comments:

Post a Comment